From DRDO Techfocus January 2008 issue
2007 round up by Dr. VK Atre
Successful launch of Interceptor Missile (AAD)
Last month on December 6, we took a significant step towards developing Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD), when an endo-atmospheric interceptor missile killed 'hostile' missile off the Orissa coast. This is milestone in itself as India has joined the elite club of USA, Russia, and Israel.
Successful launch of Agni III Missile
The Agni III (A3-02) was successfully launched on 12 April, 2007. All the mission objectives were fully met.
In another milestone, Users had also conducted operationalisation training flight trials of Agni-I system on 5 Oct 2007.
Mobility trials as part of user's trial for Army were conducted at Pokharan during 11 to 29 Jun 2007. Flyover Trials of Akash weapon system as part of Air Force user trials was conducted at Pokharan during 15 to 17 Nov 2007. User's trials for Air Force were also successfully conducted at ITR, Chandipur during 13 to 19 Dec 2007.
Brahmos Missile System
The first batch of land version of BrahMos missile systems including advanced Fire Control System, Launch Complex, Mobile Command Post and certain number of missiles has been handed over to the Army. Thus Indian Army is the only land force in the world to have supersonic cruise missile for land attack. Installation of unique multi missile vertical launcher has been completed on board INS Ranvir, providing vertically launched capability from ships for cruise missiles. The missile, capable of firing from underwater, is ready for evaluation test so that future submarines will have BrahMos missiles for ship and land target applications. Substantial progress has been in the development of air version and its interface with different types of aircrafts. Actions have been initiated to increase the production capability of BrahMos missile.
Handing over Samyukta Hardware to Army
The completion of production orders of SAMYUKTA EW System (for Army) is in advance stage. Out of 3 comm blocks, 2 blocks have been supplied to Army and out of 2 non comm blocks, one comm has been supplied. The remaining one block each of comm and non comm block are under factory acceptance tests.
Under this EW program for the Navy, the Sangraha systems have been successfully developed and inducted into Indian Navy. Users have placed repeat orders on M/S BEL for more such systems. Total production value is worth more than Rs 700 crores.
As part of Akash system, 3D CAR and Rajendra Radars have provided excellent detection and tracking of targets in group mode testing.
Handing over of 14 Nos of MBT Arjun to the Army
Combat engineering has always been a major field of work for DRDO to meet the requirements of our services. Numbers of equipments have been successfully developed and delivered to users. Army has placed an order for 124 Nos of MBTArjun with the DRDO in March 2000. The production of MBT Arjun is now streamlined and the tanks are being delivered to Army as per schedule. 14 Nos of MBT have already been handed over to Army. The AUCRT of 2 out of these 14 tanks has commenced and have proved successful in all the parameters. Another 30 Nos of tanks are likely to be delivered by 2008.
The Under Barrel Grenade Launcher (UBGL) has successfully gone through troops trial and has been strongly recommended by users for induction into services.
The modifications suggested in Modern Sub-Machine Carbine(MSMC) have been carried out and the weapon is ready for confirmatory users trial.
Army has placed an indent worth Rs 1300 crores for Pinaka Weapon System including various types of vehicles. Accuracy enhancement of Pinaka through Trajectory Correction System (TCS) is being carried out jointly by ARDE and IMI Israel.
Influence Mine Mk II has been introduced into service and Army has placed an indent for 20,000 MK-II mines.
Submarine Sonar USHUS has been successfully inducted into service and is shortly completing its sea trials.
Whereas NAGAN, the towed array sonar and MAAREECH, the torpedo Defence System are under User Associated Trials.
Navy has also given clearance for DRDO designed Low Frequency Airborne Sonar System for its sea trials onboard ALH. As regards to naval weapon systems, DRDO has successfully handed over Fire Control System for Helicopter Launched Torpedoes, an Integrated Advance Weapon Control System, lAC MoD (0) for ships and Processor Based Exercise Mines to Indian Navy.
In addition, path breaking research and development have taken place in the field of stealth technologies, corrosive protection technologies and Bio degradation techniques. The Users have also recognized the indigenous development of marine steel weld consumables, underwater paints and other technologies towards enhanced operational availability of the warships.
The fuel cell power plant with integrated methanol reformer has entered the production engineering phase and is expected to be launched as a product during the year ahead.
Weaponisation, Sensor-Integration and Drop Tank Test of LCA
LCA Tejas continues to fly superbly in 2007 also. Till Dec., 2007 LCA has completed 785 flights. The Light Combat Aircraft 'TEJAS' program achieved the most significant milestone, when it successfully test fired the Close Combat Missile R-73. This historic event marked the beginning of weaponisation, which is the focus of the current initial operational clearance (IOC) phase of the program. Air-to-air missile integration and testing especially on a fly by wire aircraft is a very complex task involving interfaces with aerodynamics, engine air intake, control laws, flight control system, avionics system, electrical and other general system of aircraft.
LCA Tejas PV-1 created another milestone as it made a successful first flight with two 800 ltrs drop tanks under the wing stations. The flight proved functionalities of the on-board stores management system in the 'heavy stores' mode.
Tejas LCA programme received yet another major fillip with the first successful flight test on PV-2 using Litening Pod, which can provide the pilot with day & night picture of terrain, Laser ranging and Laser spot seeking (LDP).
The LCA team consisting of members from IAF, HAL-ARDC, ADA, CEMILAC and DG-AQA have worked together for several months to
achieve this success in first attempt.
Positioning of Defence Strategic Technologies and Systems
Indiginisation of AB Steel for Naval Weapon platforms
It is indigenously developed High quality AB class Steel which finds application in naval ship building. The production of AB Class Steel has been established at SAIL plants.
NBC Equipment and Advanced Materials
Order worth more than Rs 2000 crores has been placed by Army for a range of NBC products like NBC permeable suit Mark-IV,NBC Recce Vehicle, Autojet, Injector, NBC field Shelters, and RPL Dosimeter. Orders of about Rs 500 crores have already been realized.
The Materials Labs contributed to the Services through deliverance of Environmental Survey Vehicle developed for Indian Navy to measure radioactivity in air, water, soil and other environmental matrices and in successful completion of user trials for modernization of NBC Protection System of BMP-2 & 2K.
Combat Free Fall Oxygen System and Protective Clothing
This has been developed for paratroopers. It consists of pre-breather console, portable bailout oxygen system, demand oxygen regulator, and oxygen mask, helmet, jumpsuit, gloves, boots, goggles, jack-knife. The system has been accepted by Army.
Order placed for 2000 Nos HAPO bags by Army
This portable, life saving, first aid kit i.e HAPO bag is already under production. It is used for treatment of high altitude pulmonary edema, a hazard associated with rapid ascent to altitudes more than 2700m. It has been accepted by the Army and an order for 2000 bags has been placed.
In the Year 2008, we will continue our thrust on ongoing tasks on TOT and productionisation of systems like Interceptor missiles for AAD, Akash Surface-to-air-missile, Nag anti-tank missile, LRSAM, Weapon Locating Radar, Rohini, Revathi and Bharani radars, Advanced Experimental Torpedoes, Bridging Systems, Sub Machine Carbines, EOFCS etc,.
In the coming decade DRDO will focus on the development of futuristic technologies relating to systems like Multi-role Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft, Integrated Surveillance, Unmanned Combat Air Vehicles, Air-to-air Missiles Astra, Hypersonic Vehicles, Airborne EW, Multi Sensor Data Fusion, Active Phased Array Multi Function Radar, Unmanned
Ground Vehicles, Autonomous Underwater Vehicles etc,.
Last edited by K Mehta on 03 Jan 2008 16:59, edited 2 times in total.