B4 the Axe-e-Admin falls on this, let me point out that others have done a lot of work on these things: Example
Cyclone and Storm Surge, Pedestrian Evacuation and Emergency Response in IndiaHere is the UNICEF Emergency Response site.
[quote'In recent times, UNICEF has been an active member of the UN Disaster Management Team (UNDMT) in India. UNICEF also has regular disaster preparedness programmes where communities are motivated to build on their traditional knowledge and coping mechanisms to deal with annual climate-based phenomena such as floods.
With it’s network of 13 field offices covering 16 states in India – UNICEF has played a critical role of in times of crisis by gathering information, conducting rapid assessments and providing a platform for the UNDMT to coordinate the UN system’s response in areas where it has a presence.
Over the last two decades, India has borne the brunt of several major natural disasters such as the Latur Earthquake in 1993; the Orissa super cyclone in October 1999, the Bhuj earthquake in January 2001, the Tsunami strikes in December 2004 and lastly, the earthquake in Jammu & Kashmir.
During emergencies, children are especially vulnerable to disease, malnutrition and violence. Measles, diarrhoea, acute respiratory infections, malaria and malnutrition are the major killers of children during humanitarian crises. Therefore, emergency immunization is one of UNICEF’s priority interventions, along with vitamin A supplementation and therapeutic feeding centres.
UNICEF also works to ensure safe supplies of drinking water, and to improve sanitary conditions for communities and the displaced. UNICEF also advocates for early resumption of schooling as key to restoring a semblance of normalcy in the lives of affected children.
Building Back Better for Children
In responding to emergencies, UNICEF commits itself to not just bringing the situation back to how it was before the emergency, but if possible, in so doing, to build back better. This has been its guiding principle in restoring and rebuilding education, health, nutrition, water and sanitation systems after major natural calamities. [/quote]
Some examples from flood relief, 2007:
UNICEF together with the Government of India Health Department have set up 90 mobile medical teams and about 200 medical relief sites in the flood affected districts. These teams examine approximately 25,000 patients a day and thus far, a total of over 120,000 patients have been examined and medically treated.
UNICEF also worked with the Government of India Health Department in reaching and vaccinating 15,000 children against measles and provided Vitamin A and 250,000 tablets of iron folic acid (IFA) tablets to 15,000 pregnant women and adolescent girls in the 8 worst affected districts.
UNICEF has despatched 10 trucks of relief materials to district magistrates/special district magistrates; 8 trucks to chief medical officers (CMOs) in the affected districts and 13 trucks to UNICEF-supported NGOs in 13 flood affected districts. The relief materials include:
- 500,000 halogen tablets for water purification
- 1 million IFA tablets
- 200,000 ORS sachets
- 9,000 tarpaulin sheets
- 40,000 PUR for purifying water
- 25,000 kg bleaching powder,
- 8,000 Life Straws (these can purify 700 litres of water per straw), and
- Large quantities of candles, jerry cans, plastic mats, etc
My take is, however, why can't a superpower like India, where floods occur EVERY YEAR, get to the point where these things are already present locally?
I have a friend in coastal Florida who tells me that preparing for hurricanes is now standard practice, they have the stuff ready to board up the house, get enough drinking water and food supplies, have emergency fuel and means to cook, etc.