Maybe I should not post this without looking at the entire CTBT document, but what the heck.
There are two separate treaties to talk about
The first is th NPT and the second is the CTBT
From an Indian viewpoint this entire NPT thing appeared like a system geared to create haves and have nots. And among the have not the system created a "bipolar monotheistic" system in which you were required to believe in a God and that God could would give you a nuclear umbrella because you were allied with the Western bloc or were an ally of the Soviet Union. Nations that professed belief in neither of these two competing God ands claimed that there were many Gods were left out in a limbo. The NPT in my view is trash. The NPT is like the man from the Cape and the P5 represent the ape in this wonderful epic poem
There was a man from the Cape
Who wanted to make love to an ape
The ape said, "You fool"
"I've got a square tool"
"and I'll bu**er your a*se out of shape"
What about the CTBT?
The CTBT document helpfully linked by SwamyG is herehttp://www.ctbto.org/fileadmin/content/ ... y_text.pdf
Please take time to read its 191 pages while I go have a beer, and tell me about it when I get back..
No seriously . India actually took part in the CTBT negotiations and is one of the 44 so called "Annex 2 nations" of the CTBT. (More on that below)
But the basic provisions of the CTBT are:
1. Each State Party undertakes not to carry out any
nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear
explosion, and to prohibit and prevent any such nuclear
explosion at any place under its jurisdiction or control.
2. Each State Party undertakes, furthermore, to refrain
from causing, encouraging, or in any way participating in the
carrying out of any nuclear weapon test explosion or any
other nuclear explosion.
The CTBT requires the signature of all 44 of the annex 2 states which are:
Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium,
Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia,
Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Egypt, Finland,
France, Germany, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic
Republic of), Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands,
Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Poland, Romania, Republic of
Korea, Russian Federation, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of
America, Viet Nam, Zaire.
This map explains it:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CTBT_ ... pation.svg
Now I may be mistaken here - it's 6-30 AM - I have not had my beer and you guys have not told me about the document, but the CTBT is all about avoiding testing that can be detected by a monitoring apparatus defined in the treaty text.
Signing the CTBT demands that everyone stops testing - except those states who can do clandestine testing by simulation and micro-explosions that nobody else can detect. If India can do that, perhaps the CTBT can be signed - because anyway nobody else is going to test. It may be a fun thing to sign - like playing Russian roulette and see if Pakistan signs - or tests instead.
In any case the CTBT cannot come into force until all 44 Annex 2 states sign
China, US and Iraq have signed and not ratified
Now guess which 4 annex 2 states have not signed at all
Tadaaaaaa < music >
Now wasn't someone worrying that India was clubbed with these nations? Naturally. India is part of the group and is clubbed with them. Even when we belong to the religion we claim exemption and pretend to be secular.
India's behavior with regard to CTBT is the behavior of a bunch of frauds. Perhaps we should sign.