Viv S wrote:
Ideally speaking, the NSG was never required to be raised. The army's special forces (or a JSOC-type organisation in the future) had the wherewithal to create a world-class CT force permanently on call for all contingencies. Something on the lines of the SAS's Counter Revolutionary Warfare wing. But seeing as the NSG already has already well established and already has extensive training infrastructure, and recruits from all state police forces, it needs to be the nodal agency for all CT training nationwide.
The NSG was specifically raised to not have the regular SF tackle such domestic contigencies. The impetus for NSG was Op Bluestar in 1984, where the use of army special forces escalated the situation in the eyes of the people. The fact that the military is used for domestic law & order situation has a big impact on general populace. Also training & tactics required for urban HR/CT ops are quite different from the regular SF doctrine. Thus the NSG, which comes under the MHA, is a very wise move. Having the NSG staffed by army chaps with SF background alongside paramil & police personnel was a very good move. However the plot was lost when the NSG was deployed for VVIP security. Once that happened, the primary objective of the NSG got diluted and its resources stretched to the limits on non-core tasks.
Of late though after 26/11, they have recused themselves from some of the inane tasks which are sufficiently handled by other forces. NSG was always meant to be a last line of defence force, but depending on situation they may be the first/main response agency viz hijacking, etc. The central govt had encouraged the states to depute personnel to NSG and then used them as a nucleus to form their own special police teams for tackling local incidents. Hardly any were proactive about this, except for AP & TN (These are the ones I know of, there may have been others too). Most states wanted the NSG to do the work of local police, who were rather lazy to get of their bums. Prime example is Karnataka, where the NSG was used for combing operations for Veerappan! The NSG, very rightly, walked of the operation since they are not geared for such ops and it's not part of their SOP resulting in underutilization of resources.
States such as AP & TN realised the advantages of having a crack police force to do some heavy lifting and raised their own commando force. The TNCF and Greyhounds have been nurtured well by NSG trained local officers and they regulary exercise with the NSG to keep themselves updated. The success of TNCF & Greyhounds also illustrates the points being belaboured by tsarkar, Austin, et al. that only a local force can tackle/contain the imminent threat due to terrorists/hostiles. No operation can be successful without local intelligence and backup as seen from the Veerappan operation by TNCF or the anti-Naxal ops by Greyhounds, all of which had immense intelligence gathering and preparation before the final climax.
Coming to Mumbai's woes, I had posted about the farce of F1 earlier - Click here
F1 cannot grow until it is made to apply for entire Maharashtra and given a place above the Mumbai police in terms of chain of command/heirarchy. Else it is going to be a still born which will die in due course. Also the proliferation of many units viz. ATS, Crime Branch, Special Branch, QRT and now F1 along with its turf battles has fubar'ed the situation. Anyone remember the Mumbai Police commandos raised a decade ago by MN Singh and trained by Col. MP Choudhury. The force was disbanded within 2-3 years.
TNCF and Greyhounds have a clear mandate and are free of any turf battles as well as political interferences to a maximum extent. In a sense these forces offer refuge to folks who want to go about policing without getting into the corruption. TN & AP police are as corrupt as the next state but realized that having a effective sword arm staffed with motivated people keeps the public at large happy about the law & order situation, which allows the regular force to go about their 'business'
Mumbai needs a similar detente to be arrived at before we can think of an effective local SWAT team. In other words, Mumbai is well and truly naked when (not if) the next terrorist attack takes place.