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PostPosted: 23 Feb 2012 12:20 
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Chinese military meets with Indonesian Defense Minister and Sri Lankan Guests


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PostPosted: 23 Feb 2012 12:48 
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Russia will deliver Su-35 fighters and “Triumph” air defense systems to China

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China hopes to acquire new Russian S-400 Triumph air defense system by 2015, but only the question of delivery of Su-35 fighters to this country is being discussed at the moment, Rossiyskaya Gazeta reports.

"The Chinese party has shown interest in acquisition of a number of Su-35 jets and submitted a proposal to us in 2011. At present this problem is being elaborated by the designated institution of Russia", - said the First Deputy Director General of Federal Service of Military-Technical Cooperation, Alexander Fomin.

Speaking of prospects of air defense systems deliveries to China, Fomin has reminded that during a period from 1993 to 2010 a large number of Russian air defense missile systems, including S-300PMU2 “Favorit”, have been delivered to China.

"As for further cooperation with China in the area of air defense, at present the Chinese partners are showing interest in acquisition of next-generation S-400 Triumph air defense systems. They want to acquire the first batch in 2015", - Fomin said.

According to Fomin, the prospects of deliveries of S-400 Triumph air defense systems to China may be defined in proportion to deliveries of these systems to the Russian armed forces.

"At present the construction of additional capacities for production of S-400 Triumph air defense systems is being carried out. China has not shown interest in acquisition of other Russian air defense systems yet", - Fomin said.


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PostPosted: 23 Feb 2012 14:05 
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^ Win for fatherland, like lawyer.... Sell S-400 air defence system to China and T-50 to India.... keep both sides in competition and fatherland's pockets full .... keep money flowing :wink: :wink:


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PostPosted: 23 Feb 2012 15:33 
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^^^
well when we are busy buying Rafales, C-17s, Apaches, C-130s, P8Is, 414s etc; they are busy buyig Su-35, S400s.. Simple..


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PostPosted: 23 Feb 2012 16:03 
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The Chinese and Russians are working on new IPR agreement and that would be the first step for any future defence deal . We have similar IPR agreement with Russian for new deals takes care of many aspect including respecting IP of both parties.

The Russian now want to ensure that they do not reverse engineer any more stuff and get paid for lic.

Chinese has little option but to go the Russian way for new hardware no one is selling them any ways , India has far more diverse market to procure.


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PostPosted: 23 Feb 2012 16:24 
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Austin wrote:


Can some gurus throw some light please?

What air defence system do we have currently?

Is our current air defence system strong enough to stop Chinese attack?

What are our plans to modernise it?

Are we developing our own air defence system? If so, when will it be accomplished?

Aren’t Russians developing S – 500?

Do we need S - 400 or S - 500?

In case of war with China, would we be able to penetrate Chinese air space if they have S400 (they may develop it better in next few years)?

Can any air defence system be jammed electronically?

I know that China is upgrading its air defence system primarily against USA but it has a negative impact on us as well.

Also, aren’t Russians playing one off against the other to make good bucks? Can we not pressurise Russians not to sell S400 to Chinese as we are their major customer?


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PostPosted: 23 Feb 2012 16:38 
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Our current air defense capabilities(missiles and guns) suk. Most of them are outdated.


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PostPosted: 23 Feb 2012 19:13 
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Will wrote:
Our current air defense capabilities(missiles and guns) suk. Most of them are outdated.

The most important component of the Indian air defense system - the surveillance network - is undergoing massive upgrades and will be netted into a digital data network. Indian ground based air defenses, with the induction of indigenous, JV and imported missile batteries will result in one of the most capable and challenging air defense environments in the world.

When viewed in conjunction with the airfield and airbase infrastructure development programs, induction of more capable fighter-bombers and force multiplier assets as well as steady progress on the ABM front - the air defense outlook is reasonably rosy vis-a-vis china.

Air offensive against China on the other hand is a whole different ball game.


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PostPosted: 23 Feb 2012 20:53 
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the nearest economic supertargets of value in china that would make them sit up and take notice are probably high value plants in Chengu and Chongqing. they are 1500 and 1750km one way from hashimara respectively.

Kuming the capital of Yunnan is around 1300km from hashimara and 850km from tezpur. it is not a economic CoG afaik, definitely not in the league of chengdu.

hainan island is around 1800km from tezpur if you want to strike a vital military target.

so I dont think ANY plane incl rafale with 5 drop tanks can make the round trip to any of these targets with a realistic payload and have any margin of safety in terms of range and detours. they are also way outside the surveillance bubble of Phalcons orbiting over Assam.

we are talking Blackjacks and Boners here if we want that kind of client-site H1b hitting power. thats not happening.

OR

we need air launched Nirbhays in quantity with 1000km of range in lo-lo-lo mode. offshore the whole thing and let the nirbhay manage client interactions. strike planes fly within our phalcon bubbles to the edge, release nirbhays and come back. that way almost every economic target starting from guangzhou and shenzhen back up the pearl river valley can be targeted in need be.

needless to say we'd also need more bases in the NER and existing bases upsized to gwalior, jamnagar, hindon and jodhpur type shakinaw levels...not a cemented strip in the middle of a rice field with grass growing through gaps in the concrete and a couple of guys sleeping below the shade provided by a mothballed Mig23 airframe :rotfl:

and addl awacs, tankers, ELINT birds, logistical planes and helicopters, satellite bases, SAM units too.


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PostPosted: 23 Feb 2012 21:21 
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Badar wrote:
Will wrote:
Our current air defense capabilities(missiles and guns) suk. Most of them are outdated.

The most important component of the Indian air defense system - the surveillance network - is undergoing massive upgrades and will be netted into a digital data network. Indian ground based air defenses, with the induction of indigenous, JV and imported missile batteries will result in one of the most capable and challenging air defense environments in the world.

When viewed in conjunction with the airfield and airbase infrastructure development programs, induction of more capable fighter-bombers and force multiplier assets as well as steady progress on the ABM front - the air defense outlook is reasonably rosy vis-a-vis china.

Air offensive against China on the other hand is a whole different ball game.


Well, I was pointing out to the current state of affairs. Yes, upgrades are happening ,but the way things work in our country the question is how many years will it take. Hope the current system isnt put to the test before the upgrades are through.


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PostPosted: 24 Feb 2012 12:24 
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Austin wrote:


S-400 Triumph deal is just a matter of time but the SU-35 is not gonna happen. Why spend billions on SU-35, Eurofighter or Rafale when the 5th Gen era is just around the corner ? Its pretty stupid.


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PostPosted: 25 Feb 2012 00:10 
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X-POSTED NOTICE RE: STRATFOR “Strategic Forecasting” // “Global Intelligence”

Rakshaks,

I’m not sure how much “play” this story got – I’ve had my head down for a few weeks now – but perhaps this event provides an opportunity you’ll want to avail yourself of:

It recently made the news that one of America’s “thought-leader” think tanks “STRATFOR” was badly hacked, probably by the Chinese, and a list of all their subscribers was revealed, including a virtual “who’s who” in the US Government’s Departments of State and Defense. Indeed, STRATFOR stuff has been required reading for this lot since forever.

Well, in response to this enormous security breach, STRATFOR has removed the (completely compromised) password/login rigmarole and is now offering all of its web content for free.

Go to http://www.stratfor.com/ where the top line reads “Temporarily offering all content for free”. The “Geopolitical Diary” and “Analysis” sections are particularly interesting.

There are literally hundreds of articles on all sorts of (security/defense/geopolitical) topics, many of which will greatly interest Rakshaks.

Certainly, it is interesting to read what those folks are reading – it provides a window on their world, which after all, we all share.

Enjoy!


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PostPosted: 25 Feb 2012 01:15 
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Don wrote:
Austin wrote:


S-400 Triumph deal is just a matter of time but the SU-35 is not gonna happen. Why spend billions on SU-35, Eurofighter or Rafale when the 5th Gen era is just around the corner ? Its pretty stupid.

What does it tell you when officials representing the CPC are involved in these discussions? Add the J11B and the mythical J30 to your list of incredibles as well to round it off.


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PostPosted: 25 Feb 2012 03:08 
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^ not happening unless the Russians have something that can easily check the Su-35 i.e. Pakfa. Not much trust there. Triumf? Could be.


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PostPosted: 25 Feb 2012 10:10 
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http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=271_1330077192


The all-terrain walking excavator ET110 built by XCMG, China's 3rd largest
construction machinery manufacturer, was customized for complex terrains such as hills and waterways. XCMG had a demo for this funny spider at bauma China 2010.
The concept of mobile excavator was proposed by a swiss engineer named Ernst Menzi about half a century ago.


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PostPosted: 25 Feb 2012 11:01 
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nice piece of work. the steam powered spider thing in will smith's wild wild west was more scary though.


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PostPosted: 25 Feb 2012 12:29 
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Austin wrote:
The Chinese and Russians are working on new IPR agreement and that would be the first step for any future defence deal . We have similar IPR agreement with Russian for new deals takes care of many aspect including respecting IP of both parties.

The Russian now want to ensure that they do not reverse engineer any more stuff and get paid for lic.

Chinese has little option but to go the Russian way for new hardware no one is selling them any ways , India has far more diverse market to procure.

The Russian have been trying to sell CHina their SU-35 for a while now and the Chinese are simply not interested. Soon the other windows even on advance SAM's or engines will be closed too.


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PostPosted: 25 Feb 2012 13:27 
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Shankaraa wrote:
Austin wrote:


Can some gurus throw some light please?

What air defence system do we have currently?

Is our current air defence system strong enough to stop Chinese attack?

What are our plans to modernise it?

Are we developing our own air defence system? If so, when will it be accomplished?

Aren’t Russians developing S – 500?

Do we need S - 400 or S - 500?

In case of war with China, would we be able to penetrate Chinese air space if they have S400 (they may develop it better in next few years)?

Can any air defence system be jammed electronically?

I know that China is upgrading its air defence system primarily against USA but it has a negative impact on us as well.

Also, aren’t Russians playing one off against the other to make good bucks? Can we not pressurise Russians not to sell S400 to Chinese as we are their major customer?


IMHO the question should be reversed. How will acquisition of S-400 impact the performance of Raffy, SU-30MKI and LCA ? A follow up question would be, how would Raffy and EFT fare against S-400? Finally what air defenses do we have to negate the possible acquisition of SU-35 by PLAAF?


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PostPosted: 25 Feb 2012 13:30 
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Don, you mean the Russians have been begging China to buy the engines for the magnificent 5th and 6th generation birds that China has been flying? heh. All Russia really had to do was stop supplying engines and the SU35s would've been paid for in full by China. You do understand the Russkies have China by the b@lls, right?


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PostPosted: 25 Feb 2012 13:39 
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MArten are you not aware of the Chinese Hanghang engine(WS-XX), it is supposed to supercruise/have thrust vectored nozzles and a life of 2000000 hrs and Russia is planning to buy it for the t-50.


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PostPosted: 25 Feb 2012 13:40 
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Ravi Karumanchiri wrote:
X-POSTED NOTICE RE: STRATFOR “Strategic Forecasting” // “Global Intelligence”

Rakshaks,

I’m not sure how much “play” this story got – I’ve had my head down for a few weeks now – but perhaps this event provides an opportunity you’ll want to avail yourself of:

It recently made the news that one of America’s “thought-leader” think tanks “STRATFOR” was badly hacked, probably by the Chinese, and a list of all their subscribers was revealed, including a virtual “who’s who” in the US Government’s Departments of State and Defense. Indeed, STRATFOR stuff has been required reading for this lot since forever.

Well, in response to this enormous security breach, STRATFOR has removed the (completely compromised) password/login rigmarole and is now offering all of its web content for free.

Go to http://www.stratfor.com/ where the top line reads “Temporarily offering all content for free”. The “Geopolitical Diary” and “Analysis” sections are particularly interesting.

There are literally hundreds of articles on all sorts of (security/defense/geopolitical) topics, many of which will greatly interest Rakshaks.

Certainly, it is interesting to read what those folks are reading – it provides a window on their world, which after all, we all share.

Enjoy!

Thanks Ravi for the info. Statfor has some decent analysis which worthy to be read.


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PostPosted: 26 Feb 2012 03:17 
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A pic of the newest Chinese 5th gen stealth fighter that they are apparently working on.

Image

Quote:
A scale-down model of J-21 was unveiled by the 601 Institute at the first International UAV Innovation Grand Prix held in Beijing in September 2011. It was first rumored in April 2011 that 601/SAC are developing a 4th generation medium multi-role stealth fighter as J-21. The aircraft has a conventional design featuring twin engines and DSIs similar to both American F-22 and F-35. The prototype could initially be powered by the 8.5t class WS-13 turbofan but later by the new 9.5t class "medium thrust" engine. A full-scale metal model may have been built in early 2011. The first prototype has been under construction since late 2011. First flight was projected to be in September 2012. J-21 is expected to be promoted at the international market as well as a low-cost alternative to American F-35.


http://cnair.top81.cn/J-10_J-11_FC-1.htm#J-21


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PostPosted: 26 Feb 2012 03:56 
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One at a time, lads - currently the chinese fifth generation crafts's focus is about being invisible. "Not falling to the ground" is still work in progress and the engine already looks nice with that chrome plated rims. Plus it is supposed to carry a stepney engine in its "very very large internal storage".

Anyways, if you are invisible to everyone and fall to the ground, that should be ok for H&D, right? So why beat up poor outsourced drones, who are trying to earn an honest living by informing us "only today, offer not going to last" deals?

Rafale recently did some interesting real world missions, not just fifth-gen emissions. Reason for takleef indeed amongst what PAF refer to as "limp old men of PLAAF'. Them bad paksters.


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PostPosted: 27 Feb 2012 03:11 
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Video of J-20 testing some maneuverable move


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PostPosted: 27 Feb 2012 06:01 
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ashi wrote:

Is this new? I thought I saw a similar video several months ago. 5'50" to 6'27" - 180 degree turn - about 2.5-3G I guess.


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PostPosted: 27 Feb 2012 08:32 
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I don't think it would be called J21. It is almost clear now that this plane by Shenyang is developed mainly for export purpose, without money and number (such like J21) from the PLA. It is called AMF (advanced multi-role fighter?) now More like the FC-1 (or called JF-17 by Pakistanis), currently it is for business although we do not exclude the possibility of future buying from the Chinese air force or navy.

Nick_S wrote:
A pic of the newest Chinese 5th gen stealth fighter that they are apparently working on.

Image

Quote:
A scale-down model of J-21 was unveiled by the 601 Institute at the first International UAV Innovation Grand Prix held in Beijing in September 2011. It was first rumored in April 2011 that 601/SAC are developing a 4th generation medium multi-role stealth fighter as J-21. The aircraft has a conventional design featuring twin engines and DSIs similar to both American F-22 and F-35. The prototype could initially be powered by the 8.5t class WS-13 turbofan but later by the new 9.5t class "medium thrust" engine. A full-scale metal model may have been built in early 2011. The first prototype has been under construction since late 2011. First flight was projected to be in September 2012. J-21 is expected to be promoted at the international market as well as a low-cost alternative to American F-35.


http://cnair.top81.cn/J-10_J-11_FC-1.htm#J-21


Last edited by wrdos on 27 Feb 2012 08:44, edited 1 time in total.

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PostPosted: 27 Feb 2012 08:43 
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It was taken Feb.26, or yesterday, the most fresh video of J-20.
It was said that several big bosses arrived Chengdu yesterday, so the company got almost all of their new birds on sky to give a show. Not only J-20, but also J-10b, J-10as and a trainer also.

shiv wrote:
ashi wrote:

Is this new? I thought I saw a similar video several months ago. 5'50" to 6'27" - 180 degree turn - about 2.5-3G I guess.


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PostPosted: 27 Feb 2012 10:14 
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wrdos wrote:
I don't think it would be called J21. It is almost clear now that this plane by Shenyang is developed mainly for export purpose, without money and number (such like J21) from the PLA. It is called AMF (advanced multi-role fighter?) now More like the FC-1 (or called JF-17 by Pakistanis), currently it is for business although we do not exclude the possibility of future buying from the Chinese air force or navy.

That's not very good marketing, I think. Most countries will probably say, "if the Chinese themselves are not using their own aircraft, why should we buy it?" I wonder how many customers they will find in this situation (aside from the Pakis, who'll buy it if they have no other choice).


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PostPosted: 27 Feb 2012 11:09 
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Sure, we all know that it is not a good marketing. AVIC,the Shenyang Institute (601) especially, hope badly that the Air Force and/or Navy could finally buy some planes AMF finally. But who knows they will succeed or not, especially now.

Shenyang's history of export has been very terrible. They sold many J-6 (mig19) out but it was decades ago. The following J-8 and J-8IIM is totally a failure for the international market.

Hope them good luck with the AMF, we can only say.

ArmenT wrote:
wrdos wrote:
I don't think it would be called J21. It is almost clear now that this plane by Shenyang is developed mainly for export purpose, without money and number (such like J21) from the PLA. It is called AMF (advanced multi-role fighter?) now More like the FC-1 (or called JF-17 by Pakistanis), currently it is for business although we do not exclude the possibility of future buying from the Chinese air force or navy.

That's not very good marketing, I think. Most countries will probably say, "if the Chinese themselves are not using their own aircraft, why should we buy it?" I wonder how many customers they will find in this situation (aside from the Pakis, who'll buy it if they have no other choice).


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PostPosted: 27 Feb 2012 11:22 
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J-21 design to me looks very conventional but with LO characteristics , very F-22ish type except for the change in intake design and DSI bump.

Perhaps a cheap affordable fighter its aiming for ? While J-20 is on the upper tier.


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PostPosted: 27 Feb 2012 12:03 
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it does have some similarity to the JF17 in terms of wings, elevators, intake...in my opinion this is the direction in which JF17 would evolve in its next iteration (not MLU), but perhaps a JF18 model taking off from this model.

the paks would find it hard to afford a J20 sized heavy strike plane.

but PRC surely has another model in the works, in the size of J10/Typhoon/F22 as its primary vlo a2a plane going fwd...this is where all the A1 teams and $$ would be pouring in now, while J20 keeps the spotters entertained and JF18 keeps the pakis happy. the pakis would leverage its volume production scale instead of a pak-only JF18 bird.


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PostPosted: 27 Feb 2012 13:56 
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Hmmm, I don't think it is from JF17 thread. There are some similarity of course, but every fighter share many with each other.
AMF is 2 engine, 5 gen or 4.5 gen fighter from Shenyang, not Chengdu which is the mother of JF17, a cheap single engien, 3.5~4gen light fighter with a thread back to J-7. You might know that Shenyang and Chengdu are rival to each other and leading different routes in the Chinese aeroplane manufacture sector.

JF17 is too small and at the first moment everybody knows that it would have no future in the Chinese military, but AMF is regarded much more hopeful.

Singha wrote:
it does have some similarity to the JF17 in terms of wings, elevators, intake...in my opinion this is the direction in which JF17 would evolve in its next iteration (not MLU), but perhaps a JF18 model taking off from this model.

the paks would find it hard to afford a J20 sized heavy strike plane.

but PRC surely has another model in the works, in the size of J10/Typhoon/F22 as its primary vlo a2a plane going fwd...this is where all the A1 teams and $$ would be pouring in now, while J20 keeps the spotters entertained and JF18 keeps the pakis happy. the pakis would leverage its volume production scale instead of a pak-only JF18 bird.


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PostPosted: 27 Feb 2012 20:02 
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The rivalry between Chengdu and Shenyang is heating up again. There are reports that Chengdu is also developing a single engine fifth gen fighter.

I think the market for a small to medium size fifth generation fighter is wide open. The traditional sellers are having their own issues. The American with their JSF are facing teething problems and massive cost escalation. The Europeans are practically bankrupt. I think there room for new players if they play their cards right. I know the Korean / Indonesian KF-X are moving ahead. There are several other paper projects that will take time. So I think this is a good investment.....

Back shot of J-21

Image


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PostPosted: 28 Feb 2012 19:54 
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PostPosted: 29 Feb 2012 10:12 
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Surprise surprise..the Chinese have expressed an interest in the Su-35 fighters and S-400 Triumph SAMs. No doubts what they will eventually intend to do with those if they do land a contract for them with Russia. And the Russians are even considering the request, it seems. I guess they deserve to be ripped off with reverse engineered Su-35, sorry J-XX Jing Jangs and HQ-XXs.

China requests Su-35 fighter buy


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PostPosted: 29 Feb 2012 10:22 
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they would likely hope to get a good look at its 117S engine, ECM suite and RCS reduction measures.


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PostPosted: 29 Feb 2012 11:40 
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Most likely China would like to catch up with the technological gap irrespective of how their local program goes and would like to hedge against it much like we do.

PLAAF does not have any thing more modern then MKK which is inferior to IAF MKI and S-300PMU2 SAM which was signed in late 90's.

Su-35 would provide PLAAF an effective counter against IAF technological superiority in MKI and Rafale plus it would play well against JSF that Australia plans to buy , S-400 sam too would add potent punch over S-300PMU2.

Most likely the production variant of J-20 will be powered by AL-117S engine of Su-35 which has decent thrust ( 14.5 T ) and excellent T/W ratio to power that big fighter , much in line with using AL-31 series for J-10/11/MKK

Probably also an indication what ever they are developing locally i.e J-10 ,J-20 etc are not paying enough ooomp hence the need to import. From Russia pov they would be happy to sell them latest but gen minus export quality stuff and keep check of its own security and earn revenue.

The final outcome of the deal will depend on satisfactory resolution of IPR agreement .... Putin at one recent occasion indirectly without mentioning China said we dont steal like them and pay the full lic fees.


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PostPosted: 29 Feb 2012 11:46 
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Hmmm, every a couple of months, we can heard some news from the Russian side, Chinese shows interest to this or that, blah, blah. :)
Please show some patience and let's wait and see.

I can bet, in the future, China will never buy any Russian fighters with a quantity more than 5 per each model, more likely 2 or 3 and even from a country other than Russia. As you know, for the research purpose only. :roll:

BTW, America also tries to import Russian planes, each time several of them too.

Kartik wrote:
Surprise surprise..the Chinese have expressed an interest in the Su-35 fighters and S-400 Triumph SAMs. No doubts what they will eventually intend to do with those if they do land a contract for them with Russia. And the Russians are even considering the request, it seems. I guess they deserve to be ripped off with reverse engineered Su-35, sorry J-XX Jing Jangs and HQ-XXs.

China requests Su-35 fighter buy


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PostPosted: 29 Feb 2012 13:40 
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take it FWIW...
China's J-15 Has Been Spotted On The Deck Of The Varyag


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PostPosted: 29 Feb 2012 20:31 
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http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/46559385/ns ... nce-space/

China's advances in space unnerve US military leaders

Quote:
Nation is quickly developing technology with indisputable defense applications

By Mike Wall

updated 2/28/2012 2:19:04 PM ET 2012-02-28T19:19:04
Print Font: +-The rise of China's space program may pose a potentially serious military threat to the United States down the road, top American intelligence officials contend.

China continues to develop technology designed to destroy or disable satellites, which makes the United States and other nations with considerable on-orbit assets nervous. Even Beijing's ambitious human spaceflight plans are cause for some concern, since most space-technology advances could have military applications, officials say.

"The space program, including ostensible civil projects, supports China's growing ability to deny or degrade the space assets of potential adversaries and enhances China's conventional military capabilities," Army Lt. Gen. Ronald Burgess, director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, wrote in testimony presented before the U.S. Senate's Armed Services Committee Feb. 16.

Burgess was delivering the DIA's annual assessment of threats to U.S. security and interests around the globe


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China's big space dreams

China has made no secret of its ambitious space goals. In 2003, it became the third nation — after the United States and the Soviet Union — to independently launch a person into orbit.

In November 2011, China successfully docked two robotic spacecraft in Earth orbit, a key step in its quest to have a manned space station up and running by 2020. Beijing also hopes to land an astronaut (called a "taikonaut") on the moon after its planned 60-ton orbital outpost is operational.

This past December, China joined the United States and Russia as the only nations with operational homegrown satellite navigation systems. China's Beidou system — whose name translates as "Big Dipper" — is somewhat rudimentary at the moment, consisting of just 10 satellites and covering a swath of the Asia-Pacific region from Australia in the south to Russia in the north.

However, China envisions a global system with 35 satellites by 2020. The emergence of Beidou should eventually make China far less dependent on the GPS constellation, which is operated by the United States military and is currently the world's dominant satnav network.

Beidou "will enable subscribers outside of China to purchase receivers and services that give civilian and military applications greater redundancy and independence in a conflict scenario that employs space assets," Burgess wrote.

China operates many other satellites, for research, weather monitoring, communications and reconnaissance purposes. But it's tough to know exactly what the nation is getting out of these spacecraft, even the seemingly innocuous ones, according to Burgess.



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Anti-satellite technology

China is developing some space technology with indisputably military applications. In January 2007, the nation shot down one of its own weather satellites with a missile, spawning thousands of new pieces of space junk.

The test drew strong criticism from the United States and other countries. But China has continued to develop its anti-satellite (ASAT) capabilities in the years since, aided by advances across various sectors of its space program, according to Burgess.

Beijing "is developing jammers and directed-energy weapons for ASAT missions," he wrote. "A prerequisite for ASAT attacks, China's ability to track and identify satellites, is enhanced by technologies from China's manned and lunar programs as well as technologies and methods developed to detect and track space debris."

The United States has long enjoyed playing a dominant role in space, giving the nation the "ultimate high ground" in military conflicts for decades, experts say. ASAT capabilities — whether they're developed by China or other nations — represent a genuine threat to this dominance, Burgess and other analysts contend.

"From the counter-space perspective, Russia and China continue developing systems and technologies that can interfere with or disable vital U.S. space-based navigation, communication, and intelligence collection satellites," Burgess wrote.


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