why has this greek blood thing come in between???
Murugan, good work man!....this was another much needed thread on BR.
sroy, you got it right with the Battle of Tarain......it was indeed a turning point in Indian history. But I guess, if we are going chronologically then we should first look at the wars waged by Mahmud Ghaznavi against the Hindu Shahi kings.
so here it is:
1001-03 AD: Jaipal, Peshawar
Jaipal was the king of Hindushahi Kingdom. Mahmud had already fought against him, when Subuktagin was the king of Ghazni. When Mahmud became the king, he decided to attack on Hindushahi Kingdom, as its king, Jaipal, was his old enemy.
In 1001, Mahmud attacked the Hindushahi Kingdom. 15,000 Hindu soldiers were killed. Jaipal was defeated and captured. He was presented before Mahmud with his 15 other relatives; 500,000 enslaved persons were also brought along.
Mahmud looted all his wealth. He received 250,000 Dinars to free Jaipal. About 5,00,000 Indians were taken to Ghazni as slaves. Though Jaipal was freed, but he refused to survive his disgrace. He cast himself upon a funeral pyre and died.
next came his son Anandpal Shahi:
Anandpal was the son of Jaipal, and now became the king of Hindushahi Kingdom.
In 1008, Mahmud attacked on Anandpal. Anandpal called other Hindu kings to help him. The kings of Ujjain, Gwalior, Kalinjar, Kannauj, Delhi, Ajmer etc. came to help him with their armies. In the battlefield of Peshawar, both the armies remained standing before each other, but no one attacked. Meanwhile the Khokhars (a race) also came there to help Hindus. Mahmud deployed 6,000 archers to attack. Khokhars attacked the Muslims and killed approximately 5,000 Muslims.
Unfortunately, Anandpal's elephant became infuriated and ran from the battlefield. As soon as Anandpal left the battlefield, the Hindu army got confused and ran away. Muslims chased them and killed 20,000 Hindus. Thus, the best organized national efforts ever made by medieval Hindu India against the foreigners ended.
Defeats the last Shahi King Trilocanpala
......didnt find much on Trilochanpal......would be great if someone else could post more about him.
Very sad story of the Hindu Shahi kings......entire generation laid down their lives.
btw, Anandpal Shahi's defeat really represents the type of warefare in medival times - wherein once the leader was killed (or the elephant going bizzare in this case) everyone else fled the battlefield.
Most historians consider this the only instance in Hindu history where the kings were truly dedicated to the cause of defeating the invaders for the sake of their religion.
A little googling also gave me an interesting tidbit which I thought was rather "queer". To quote wikipedia itself:
"It is related that Mahmud fell in love with a young male slave by the name of Ayaz. The love he bore his favourite, and the latter's devotion, became a staple of Islamic lore, emblematic of ideal love affairs. The Sultan, because of the power of his love, becomes "a slave to his slave." Ayaz became the paragon of the ideal beloved, and a model of purity in Sufi literature.
In 1021 the Sultan raised Ayaz to kingship, awarding him the throne of Lahore, which the Sultan had taken after a long siege and a fierce battle. The poet Sa'adi was among those celebrating the two. "Under the Turkish Ghaznavid, Seljuq, and Khawarazmshah rulers of Iran in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, pederasty
was quite common in courtly circles."
available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahmud_of_Ghazni
...ahem ahem ...... wonder what the paki lurkers will say to this ..considering that one of their missiles is named Ghaznavi too !