China’s greatest concern, as I see it, is protecting her trade route and its trade is basically through Indian Ocean, be it from the Middle East (Oil) or Africa. However, much that China would like to gain ascendancy in the Indian Ocean, India remains an impediment along with the US and the various Straits are under ‘control’ of the US and one indirectly by India.
If one recalls Adm Mehta’s address and reads between the lines, what he left unsaid was that to counter the Chinese, the strategy would be dominating the Indian Ocean – the jugular to China’s prosperity. This, and the indigenous naval ship building activity including the nuclear submarine, has China worried. China’s Worry
China has taken what she requires of India i.e. Aksai Chin. It was to secure the KKH and also the atomic test area of Lop Nur. KKH is vital to China in case the Indian Ocean route is disrupted since it is the alternate route for oil transhipped from the Gwadar port (they are building a oil pipeline along the KKH alignment).
The ceding of Shaksgam by Pakistan was strategically important for China. It ensured that the KKH was secure from any further Indian deployment that could threaten the KKH. Going to the north-west of the Siachen glacier at Dzingrulma — as it does at present — the line moves from NJ 9842 through Bilafond, Saltoro Kangri, Sia La, Baltoro, to join the central part of the Shaksgam area of Jammu-Kashmir which Pakistan illegally ceded to China. But if it were to go north-eastward of the Siachen glacier from Dzingrulma, the line would move on to join the India-China boundary between the eastern corner of Pakistani-ceded Shaksgam and the western corner of Chinese-occupied Aksai China. This is where the strategic Karakoram Pass is situated.
Therefore, on the Western Front, China is secure, but keeping the border dispute open ended for future requirement.
On the Eastern Front, China has built a road and also constructing the Sino-Myanmar oil pipeline linking Myanmar's deep-water port of Sittwe with Kunming, capital of China's southwestern Yunnan Province. In addition they have planned a connection to Chittagong. All this has been done to ensure that the oil supply to China is not disrupted for long, as also a part of the encircling of India plan.
Chinese are a pragmatic people and farsighted. They are inscrutable since they hold their cards close to their chest. These incursions are basically to send a message to the Asian neighbourhood that they are the big boys in the block, in case successful to occupy area, it helps in increasing the strategic depth and most importantly, divert Indian defence budget to refurbish the Indian Army and Airforce wherein funds for the Navy are diminished.
I wonder if the Maoist menace is not a part of China’s game-plan to divert funds and start a war against Maoist that becomes unending and wasteful in funds!
As far as Maoists are concerned, a Sri Lanka should be done and damn what pinkos have to say!
The Indian Ocean is China's Achilles Heel!