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Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 24 Feb 2019 11:42
by Prem ... sID=564706
In a first, India to attend OIC meeting

New Delhi, Feb 23 (IANS): India, for the first time, will attend a the meeting of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) as "guest of honour" with External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj invited to address the inaugural plenary of its council of ministers meeting next month.
Sushma Swaraj has been invited by United Arab Emirates (UAE) Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan to address the inaugural plenary of the 46th Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers slated to take place in Abu Dhabi on March 1-2.The External Affairs Ministry said in a statement it was happy to accept the invitation which was a "welcome recognition" of the presence of 185 million Muslims in India and of their contribution to its pluralistic ethos, and of India's contribution to the Islamic world.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 27 Feb 2019 12:00
by arun
X Posted from the Terroristan thread.

Balakot Islamic Terrorist training camp strike by India is described by the US Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo in his statement as “Indian counter-terrorism actions”.

Demands the Mohammadden Terrorism Fomenting Islamic Republic of Pakistan take steps for “de-escalating current tensions by avoiding military action” and also takes “meaningful action against terrorist groups operating on its soil”.

Pompeo’s statement is not the usual equal=equal US statements of old.

Concern Regarding India-Pakistan Tensions

Press Statement
Michael R. Pompeo
Secretary of State
Washington, DC
February 26, 2019

Following Indian counter-terrorism actions on February 26, I spoke with Indian Minister of External Affairs Swaraj to emphasize our close security partnership and shared goal of maintaining peace and security in the region. I also spoke to Pakistani Foreign Minister Qureshi to underscore the priority of de-escalating current tensions by avoiding military action, and the urgency of Pakistan taking meaningful action against terrorist groups operating on its soil. I expressed to both Ministers that we encourage India and Pakistan to exercise restraint, and avoid escalation at any cost. I also encouraged both Ministers to prioritize direct communication and avoid further military activity.

From US State Department here:

Concern Regarding India-Pakistan Tensions

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 27 Feb 2019 12:07
by arun
Prem wrote:
In a first, India to attend OIC meeting

New Delhi, Feb 23 (IANS): India, for the first time, will attend a the meeting of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) as "guest of honour" with External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj invited to address the inaugural plenary of its council of ministers meeting next month.
Sushma Swaraj has been invited by United Arab Emirates (UAE) Foreign Minister Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan to address the inaugural plenary of the 46th Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers slated to take place in Abu Dhabi on March 1-2.The External Affairs Ministry said in a statement it was happy to accept the invitation which was a "welcome recognition" of the presence of 185 million Muslims in India and of their contribution to its pluralistic ethos, and of India's contribution to the Islamic world.

OIC still playing Taqiyyah and Kitman style games notwithstanding invitation to India to be guest of honour at the OIC meeting commencing a few days hence. Usual one sided statement supporting the Mohammadden Terrorism Fomenting Islamic Republic of Pakistan issued by the OIC Contact Group on Jammu and Kashmir :

OIC Contact Group Meeting on Jammu and Kashmir Calls for Immediate De-escalation in the Region

Date: 26/02/2019

The OIC Contact Group on Jammu and Kashmir held an emergency meeting at the OIC General Secretariat in Jeddah on 26thFebruary 2019 ahead of the 46thSession of the Council of Foreign Ministers to be held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates on 1-2 March 2019. The meeting expressed deep concern over the heightened tension in the region and called for immediate de-escalation.

The meeting was chaired, on behalf of the Secretary General by Assistant Secretary General Amb Hameed A. Opeloyeru, and attended by Foreign Secretary of Pakistan Tehmina Janjua, and the Permanent Representatives of Azerbaijan, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Niger as well as the President of Azad Jammu and KashmirMasood Khan.

In his opening remarks, speaking on behalf of the OIC Secretary General, the Assistant Secretary General strongly condemned the recent wave of repression, brutal killing of innocent Kashmiri civilians by the Indian occupied forces, frequent incidents of rape especially of minor girls. He reiterated OIC’s principled position on supporting the people of Jammu and Kashmir in achieving their legitimate rights, including the right of self-determination. He also emphasized that conflict shall be resolved in accordance with the aspiration of the Kashmiri people and the OIC and United Nations resolutions.

Pakistan Foreign Secretary apprised the participants on the recent Indian threats to regional peace and security and continued Indian repression and recent escalation in atrocities against the innocent Kashmiris. The Foreign Secretary reaffirmed Pakistan’s political, moral and diplomatic support to the people of Indian Occupied Kashmir in their just struggle to achieve the inalienable right to self-determination. She recalled Pakistani Prime Minister’s concrete offer for dialogue to India.

The Contact Group appreciated Prime Minister of Pakistan’s offer for peace and dialogue to India to resolve all issues. The members of the Contact Groupreiterated their continued support to the people of Jammu and Kashmir. They called on India to immediately stop repressive security operations against the people of Jammu and Kashmir, respect the fundamental and basic human rights and address the dispute in accordance with the relevant OIC and United Nations Security Council resolutions on the subject as well as the wishes and aspirations of the Kashmiri people, the principle of self-determination and human rights.

The Contact Group called on the OIC and the UN Secretaries General to use their good offices to put an end to the dangerous escalation by India, which threatens regional peace and security. It was underscored that priority should be given to peace and dialogue.

From OIC website here:

OIC Contact Group Meeting on Jammu and Kashmir Calls for Immediate De-escalation in the Region

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 27 Feb 2019 12:22
by arun
X Posted.

Statement of Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Marise Payne post India’s strike on the Balakot Mohammadden Terrorism Training camp. Not the usual equal=equal statement that one is accustomed to:

India-Pakistan tensions over terrorist attack

Media release

26 February 2019

The Australian government is concerned about relations between India and Pakistan following the horrific terrorist attack in Jammu and Kashmir on 14 February, which Australia has condemned.

India’s Foreign Secretary has stated that India has now conducted operations targeting terrorist groups based in Pakistan.

Pakistan must take urgent and meaningful action against terrorist groups in its territory, including Jaish-e-Mohammed which has claimed responsibility for the 14 February bombing, and Lashkar-e-Taiba.

Pakistan must do everything possible to implement its own proscription of Jaish-e-Mohammed. It can no longer allow extremist groups the legal and physical space to operate from its territory.

These steps would make a substantial contribution to easing tensions and resolving the underlying causes of conflict.

Australia urges both sides to exercise restraint, avoid any action which would endanger peace and security in the region and engage in dialogue to ensure that these issues are resolved peacefully.

From here:


Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 28 Feb 2019 22:05
by arun
X Posted from the Terroristan thread.

The Mohammadden Terrorism Fomenting Islamic Republic of Pakistan under signature of Shah Mehmood Qureshi writes a letter to OIC Secretary General Dr Yousef bin Ahmad Al-Othaimeen saying that they have told the UAE that they will boycott of OIC Meet if invitation to India is not withdrawn.

So are the Arab Overlords at the apex of the Mohammadden belief based totem pole going to listen to the lowly Miskeens of the Mohammadden Terrorism Fomenting Islamic Republic of Pakistan and oblige :eek: :?: Is patron UAE who are financially bailing out the Islamic Republic going to treat squawks from near bankrupt client with anything but contemptuous refusal to withdraw invitation to India :-o :?:

I expect the Mohammadden Terrorism Fomenting Islamic Republic of Pakistan will not succeed and will thereafter claim that the went easy on the move of having India disinvited in the interest of :wink: Peace :lol: :

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan officially conveyed to the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) on Wednesday that it may have to boycott the upcoming OIC’s foreign ministers conclave if the invitation extended to the Indian external affairs minister to be guest of honour at its inaugural session is not withdrawn.

In a letter written to OIC Secretary General Dr Yousef bin Ahmad Al-Othaimeen, Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said Pakistan had asked the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to withdraw the invitation to Indian external affairs minister or else it would be compelled to reconsider its decision to attend the meet. ………………………

From Dawn:

Islamabad apprises OIC of reservation over invite to India

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 03 Mar 2019 07:41
by Prem

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 04 Mar 2019 23:54
by Prem

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 12 Mar 2019 13:26
by arun
X Posted from the Terroristan thread.

All three of the Mohammadden majority “Four Fathers” aka “Fore Fathers” of the Mohammadden Terrorism Fomenting Islamic Republic of Pakistan interact with our Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the same day ie: 11th March via phone and face to face meeting :roll: .

Mere coincidence or is there something afoot :?:

Our Ministry of External Affairs press Releases on the 3 interactions:

1.PM's telephonic conversation with Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi

2.Visit of Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of Saudi Arabia to India (March 11, 2019)

3. PM’s telephonic conversation with President of Turkey

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 30 Mar 2019 17:27
by Mukesh.Kumar
Indian couple stabbed in Munich. Husband dead.

Indian Man Dead, Wife Injured In Munich Stabbing Attack By Immigrant

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 30 Mar 2019 18:31
by Vips
Need to check if the culprit was a paki who got entry in Germany as an immigrant.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 03 Apr 2019 11:31
by arun
Reviewing India’s Foreign Policy Toward Europe Under Narendra Modi : France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Russia remain India’s four most important European partners.:

The Diplomat

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 07 Apr 2019 12:16
by MeshaVishwas
The situation in Libya has suddenly worsened. There is fighting in Tripoli. Indian Embassy in Tunisia @IndiainTunisia has evacuated the entire contingent of 15 CRPF personnel yesterday itself. I appreciate the excellent work by Indian Embassy in Tunisia.
Hope any Indian there is evacuated before the Saudi Barbarian General ransacks Tripoli and slaughters thousands.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 15 Apr 2019 14:07
by SSridhar
In a show of intent, external affairs ministry sets up Indo-Pacific wing - Indrani Bagchi, ToI
Making a strong strategic statement, India has just set up an Indo-Pacific division in the foreign office. The brainchild of foreign secretary Vijay Gokhale, the new division is intended to give a coherent architecture to the policy, which was articulated by PM Narendra Modi at the Shangri-La Dialogue in 2018.

The division, which started work this week, will be headed for the moment by joint secretary Vikram Doraiswami, for whom it will be an additional charge apart from Bangladesh and Myanmar. MEA’s territorial divisions are crucial for policy making, so the creation of an Indo-Pacific division is a big step by the government.

The division will integrate the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Asean region and the Quad to the Indo-Pacific table. Its not clear whether the different trilateral groupings in the Indo-Pacific theatre, like the India-Japan-US, India-Australia-Indonesia and India-Australia-Japan would be part of this division’s responsibility.

The US recently renamed its Pacific Command to the Indo-Pacific Command as it seeks to give teeth to its Indo-Pacific policy. In India, the policy will be run by the MEA, though it is expected that as it moves along, it will work with the defence ministry which runs its own Indo-Pacific policy — for instance, Indian ships are currently touring Vietnam on a goodwill visit en route to China, while others are in Mozambique to provide relief.

India is planning to put greater energy to the IORA because the heart of its Indo-Pacific policy is rooted in the Indian Ocean. This integrates the blue economy part of the Indian policy with the security part — a trilateral security mechanism between India, Sri Lanka and Maldives used to be the core of the latter, until Abdulla Yameen’s China outreach drowned that out. With a new government in Male, that might be resurrected.

In its Indo-Pacific diplomacy, India has repeatedly placed Asean at the centre of its policy. Asean by itself does not actually speak as a united entity, particularly when confronted by China’s overwhelming presence, for, while Asean is wary of China, it is equally wary of the US and its allies, preferring to keep the Asean region outside great power politics. It is this that India wants to address and engage with. Singapore, Vietnam and now Indonesia are key partners in the region for India. This will also involve the Quad and taking this new grouping to the region.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 24 Apr 2019 11:52
by SSridhar
A natural next step - Harinder Sidhu, The Hindu
This month was a historic moment in the India-Australia bilateral relationship. Under our joint naval exercise known as AUSINDEX, we saw the largest ever peacetime deployment of Australian defence assets and personnel to India.

The third iteration of our bilateral naval exercise, AUSINDEX, which has just concluded (April 2-16), builds on a fourfold increase in our defence engagement — from 11 defence exercises, meetings and activities in 2014 to 38 in 2018. The Indian Navy’s Eastern Naval Command hosted an impressive array of high-end Australian military hardware, including the Royal Australian Navy’s flagship, HMAS Canberra and the submarine, HMAS Collins. The Canberra is the size of a small aircraft carrier. She can carry over 1,000 troops and 16 helicopters. These vessels were joined by frigates, aircraft and around 1,200 sailors, soldiers and airmen and women.
As well as being Australia’s largest defence deployment to India, the exercise was the most complex ever carried out between our defence forces. For the first time, our navies undertook anti-submarine warfare exercises. And in a similar show of trust and cooperation, Indian and Australian maritime patrol P-8 aircraft flew coordinated missions over the Bay of Bengal.

Mark of greater alignment

The strategic trust on display during AUSINDEX is representative of a deepening strategic alignment between our countries. When Australia’s Foreign Minister, Marise Payne, visited India earlier this year, in January, she emphasised our shared outlook as free, open and independent democracies, as champions of international law, as supporters of an open and inclusive Indo-Pacific and as firm believers that ‘might is not right’. These shared values underline our deepening cooperation.

A key element of Australia’s Indo-Pacific strategy is partnering with India in the vibrant Indian Ocean Region. India is a leader in this region and Australia is a natural partner for addressing shared challenges. We must continue to work together to combat transnational crime, terrorism, people smuggling, and illegal fishing, in order that we may all enjoy a peaceful and prosperous Indian Ocean Region.

As the nation with one of the longest Indian Ocean coastlines and with more than half of our goods trade departing Indian Ocean ports, Australia is committed to addressing humanitarian and environmental challenges in our Indian Ocean neighbourhood.

Australia is playing its part in the Indo-Pacific region through major new initiatives in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. We are undertaking a substantial step up in our support for Pacific Island countries. In November 2018 we announced the Australian Infrastructure Financing Facility for the Pacific. This AU$2 billion initiative will boost Australia’s support for infrastructure development in Pacific countries.

Our security relationships with Pacific Island countries have also been enhanced. We will establish a Pacific Fusion Centre to provide real-time surveillance data for countries across the region as well as enhancing policing and military training both bilaterally and through regional centres.

We are also building on our significant diplomatic and economic relationships with Southeast Asia to build resilience and prosperity in our region. Our recently announced Southeast Asia Economic Governance and Infrastructure Initiative, worth AU$121 million, will help unlock Southeast Asia’s next wave of economic growth.

Growing links

All this activity is happening against the backdrop of a rapidly expanding India-Australia relationship. Our people-to-people and economic links are on the rise. The Indian diaspora in Australia is both strong and growing. One in 50 Australians today was born in India; almost 90,000 Indian students studied in Australia last year; and over 350,000 tourists visited Australia from India in 2018. We are working together to see India become a top three trading partner for Australia by 2035.

So, on the one hand, we should welcome the successful AUSINDEX exercise as a step up in our strategic partnership. At the same time, we should recognise it also as the natural next step in a friendship between Australia and India that is marked by growing trust, understanding and camaraderie. That is really something to celebrate.

Harinder Sidhu is the Australian High Commissioner to India

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 27 Jun 2019 07:04
by SSridhar
Securing the Indian Ocean sea-lanes - G.Parthasarathy, Business Line
Recently published figures on global exports of countries are interesting. China, whose exports were less than India’s in 1948, is today the world’s largest exporter, with annual exports of $1.99 trillion. Even the US lags behind China, with annual exports of $1.46 trillion. India, with annual exports of $268.6 billion, ranks twentieth — behind Singapore and Taiwan.

Those who believe that India can match China’s regional influence, on its own, should remember these facts. India will have to be measured and realistic in seeking to balance Chinese power across the Indian Ocean. We are working with and advising littoral countries against becoming overly dependent on China. Our effort is to balance Chinese power, in cooperation with partners like Japan, the US, European Union members Germany and France and like-minded Asian countries, like Indonesia and Vietnam.

With foreign trade and investment gaining importance in promoting national influence in today’s world, safeguarding maritime security is becoming increasingly important. India is, therefore, paying greater attention now, to the security of its sea-lanes, across its Indian Ocean “neighbourhood”.

This “neighbourhood” extends from Aden and the Straits of Hormuz, the narrow gateway in the oil rich Persian Gulf, astride India’s western shores, to the Malacca Straits. It is across these sea-lanes that over 60 per cent of the world’s petroleum exports move, on maritime routes.

These sea-lanes, which move across the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in our east, are also the strategic routes for the flow of oil, from across the Indian Ocean, to the Pacific Ocean. The Straits of Malacca are regarded as crucial “choke points” for the world’s sea-borne oil supplies. Security of Indian Ocean sea-routes from Hormuz to Malacca, therefore, remains crucial for India’s national security.

India gets over 70 per cent of its oil supplies across the sea routes of the Indian Ocean. The imperatives of energy security are becoming increasingly complex, because of rivalries and tensions, within the Indian Ocean Region, as India now faces a growingly assertive China. Beijing receives most of its oil imports from across the Indian Ocean through the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Straits of Malacca. An estimated 16 million barrels of oil are transported across the Straits of Malacca daily.

Global dimension

China would have realistically and hopefully recognised that any land-based adventure across its borders with India, could lead to disruption in its supplies of oil and gas, crossing the narrow Straits of Malacca.

Interestingly, China is sparing no effort to expand the Myanmar Port of Kyaukpyu, in the Bay of Bengal. This port is linked to China’s Yunnan Province, by a network of pipelines across Myanmar.

Security of the sea-lanes in the Indian Ocean now has global dimensions. Apart from rivalries within the region, its geopolitics is substantially influenced or challenged by the US and its allies like Japan on the one hand, and rivals like China on the other. Tensions across the Indian Ocean region also arise from the sectarian, Shia-Sunni and civilisational Arab-Iranian, rivalries.

Interestingly, Iraq is the only major Arab power, with a majority Shia population. It carefully balances its ties between its Sunni Arab brethren and Iran. Superimposed on these rivalries, are Israeli-Palestinian tensions, with Islamic countries paying mostly lip service, to the Palestinian cause.

While both China and India have avoided involvement in these regional rivalries, India has growing concerns about China’s ambitions for military bases across the Indian Ocean region
, given its growing naval presence in the region. China uses its economic clout to offer credits for infrastructure projects, which lead recipients into a “debt trap”.

Beijing has invested $590 million in building a naval base in Djibouti in the Horn of Africa. Interestingly, the US, France and Japan have bases nearby. China took over control of the Hambantota Port in Sri Lanka, after Colombo was unable to repay Chinese credits, extended for the port project. The port of Mombasa in Kenya appears headed in the same direction, as also the airport in Zambian capital Lusaka. India has been drawing the attention of smaller countries to the dangers of getting exposed to excessive debt liabilities with China. China also extends significant support and patronage to political leaders like former Maldivian President Abdulla Yameen, who are “encouraged” to ignore Indian concerns and interests.

Clear strategy

Prime Minister Modi has evolved a clear strategy to deal with partner countries across the Indian Ocean. India has taken a number of measures to promote economic and security cooperation with Island states like Mauritius, Seychelles and Maldives. The “special relationship” that India enjoys in Mauritius was evident, by the presence of Maldives Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth in the swearing in ceremonies of Modi, both in 2014 and 2019. Three Indian built Fast Patrol Boats have been supplied in Mauritius in recent years.

Describing the extensive maritime ties with Mauritius, Modi noted: “As frontline states of the Indian Ocean, Prime Minister Jugnauth and I agree that it is our responsibility to ensure collective maritime security around our coasts and in our Exclusive Economic Zone.” Ties with the Maldives, including in maritime cooperation, have been revived, after the visit of Modi to Maldives, almost immediately after he was sworn in for his second term. Ties with the Seychelles are also being strengthened.

There are concerns that China appears to be undertaking an effort in Colombo, like it did in Hambantota, to take over management of yet another strategic port, in Sri Lanka. India has recently offered to participate in building a container terminal in Colombo, in collaboration with Japan. The bulk of the cargo handled in Colombo, is destined for India.

China has, however, made a serious mistake by making untenable claims on maritime borders, with virtually all its maritime neighbours. It is facing a serious problem with Indonesia, which has, on the other hand, demarcated its maritime boundaries with India. Rejecting Chinese claims on its “Natuna Islands,” Indonesia asserted: “China’s territorial claims in the South China Sea have no legal basis under international law”.

Prime Minister Modi and Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo agreed recently that India would cooperate in building the Sabang Port, in Indonesia, located close to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Indian navy is now well positioned to meet security challenges across the sea-lanes of the Indian Ocean. Contrary to popular perception, India is moving steadily towards playing an increasingly significant role in its Indian Ocean neighbourhood.

The writer is a former High Commissioner to Pakistan

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 19 Aug 2019 07:36
by Vips
PM Modi’s diplomatic outreach this week to Europe and Gulf amid Pakistan propaganda.

PM Narendra Modi will undertake a hectic diplomatic outreach this week by visiting France and two key Gulf states — UAE and Bahrain eyeing to build narrative on Kashmir and against Pak-sponsored terror.

Modi will visit Paris on Aug 22 for a bilateral summit and subsequently make trips to UAE and Bahrain before returning to France for G-7 Summit on Aug 25, sources indicated to ET. Visits to UAE and Bahrain, both traditional allies of Pakistan, are critical at this stage when Pakistan is trying to internationalize the Kashmir issue.

This will be Modi’s third visit to UAE since 2015 as he seek to deepen strategic partnership with leaders of UAE. This will be PM’s maiden trip to Bahrain.

Modi would receive the Order of Zayed, the highest civil decoration of the UAE which was conferred earlier in April 2019 in recognition of the distinguished leadership of Prime Minister Modi for giving a big boost to bilateral relations between the two countries. The award in the name of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the founding father of the UAE, acquires special significance as it was awarded to Prime Minister Modi in the year of the birth centenary of Sheikh Zayed. UAE has supported India’s decision on Article 370 describing it as internal decision.

During Bahrain visit, Prime Minister would be meeting and holding talks with His Royal Highness Prince Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, Prime Minister of Bahrain to discuss entire spectrum of bilateral relations and also regional and international issues of mutual interest. Modi would also launch the renovation of Shreenathji (Shree Krishna) temple in Manama.

The PM is expected to meet some other G-7 leaders and special invitees during his stay in France. The meeting with the French President and other meetings with world leaders is significant ahead of UNGA next month as Pakistan is yet again try to internationalise Kashmir issue after failing in first two attempts in UNSC.

French President Emanuel Macron has taken a leaf out of PM Narendra Modi’s book to fight terror, global inequality, women empowerment and access to clean water – priorities for G7 Summit being hosted in resort town of Biarritz.

The G-7 Summit in France (Aug 24-26) where Indian PM Modi is an invitee for the first time will feature security, counter-terrorism and deradicalization as key priorities. Modi will be part of two G-7 outreach sessions on Aug 26 — Digital Technology and Climate change, sources informed.

Inviting India for Digital Technology segment of G-7 isimportant development recognising India’s prowess in digital sector, sources said, adding, India’s invite for G-7 must be analysed from Indo-French strategic partnership, personal chemistry between Modi and President Macron and French leadership role in Europe.

The Summit is expected to draw roadmap to combat terrorist financing, echoing Modi’s long- standing position on this issue. The Indian PM has repeatedly urged powerful nations to control terror financing on a war-footing.

Led by France the Summit will also attempt to tighten norms against use of the Internet for terrorist purposes.

Macron’s aim through G-7 Presidency is also to provide tangible, effective and innovative solutions for global citizens below the poverty line; provide children with access to schools; women with contraception. This is similar to Modi’s vision.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 10 Sep 2019 15:29
by jaysimha

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 16 Sep 2019 08:43
by SSridhar
India, Australia to elevate strategic partnership - Dinakar Peri, The Hindu
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh is expected to visit Australia in November when both countries are likely to conclude the long-pending mutual logistics support agreement and a broader maritime cooperation agreement to elevate the strategic partnership, defence and diplomatic sources said.

“The mutual logistics support agreement, information exchange and a broader maritime agreement, including maritime domain awareness, are expected to be concluded soon. These will lead to greater interoperability and help in elevating the strategic partnership,” a diplomatic source told The Hindu.

There have been a series of high-profile visits aimed at elevating the partnership, the source said, and more visits have been scheduled. Navy chief Admiral Karambir Singh went to Australia and New Zealand early this month. “Defence Minister Rajnath Singh is likely to visit Australia in November, and the mutual logistics support agreement will be signed then,” a defence source confirmed.

The two countries have steadily expanded cooperation in maritime domain awareness. The information exchange agreement, with a border mandate, is important for better maritime domain awareness, the source added.

Australia has been keen on a mutual logistics support agreement and submitted a draft after India signed the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement with the U.S. in 2016. But New Delhi said it would consider more such agreements only after the first was operationalised. India has since signed such agreements, the latest with South Korea early this month.

The bilateral naval exercise, AUSINDEX, held earlier this year saw the participation of the largest Australian naval contingent ever sent to India, with over 1,000 men. Officials of both countries said that with more engagement, the mutual logistics support agreement would facilitate cooperation by simplifying paperwork and procedures, which are “pretty huge”.

The Indian Navy and the Royal Australian Navy are partners in the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS), a maritime cooperation construct conceptualised by the Indian Navy in 2008. “Both Navies are also co-chairs for the IONS working group on information-sharing and interoperability, for which the inaugural meeting was hosted by Australia in June 2019,” the Navy said in a statement earlier.

Logistics agreements are administrative arrangements facilitating access to military facilities for exchange of fuel and provisions on mutual agreement simplifying logistical support and increasing operational turnaround. The defence cooperation between India and Australia is underpinned on the Memorandum on Defence Cooperation 2006, the Joint Declaration on Security Cooperation 2009 and the bilateral Framework for Security Cooperation 2014.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 19 Sep 2019 13:55
by pankajs ... 0002811904
Constantino Xavier @ConstantinoX

Strong European statement on China (Xinjiang, Hong Kong), but not a word about #Kashmir: silence speaks volumes about new trust in EU-India relations. Despite concerns, Brussels gives India the benefit of doubt and rebuffs NGO and Pakistani lobbies.

The EU statement is embedded in the original tweet for anyone interested.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 20 Sep 2019 03:49
by Vips
Foreign policy: ‘Latin American and Caribbean to get more attention in next five years’.

The Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region is going to get more focus in the coming years which are line with the government’s policy to expand its interactions and presence with the region.

At a press conference in New Delhi on the occasion of 100 days of the government, external affairs minister has promised that the LAC region will get more attention in the next five years as compared to the previous five years. While the Minister of State V Muraleedharan has recently visited Argentina, Peru, Columbia, and the Dominican Republic, there have been meetings with other leaders from the region during various international forums including the G-20 and G-7 summits in Japan and France respectively.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi had meetings with the President of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro on the sidelines of G-20 summit in Osaka, Japan earlier this year, when both leaders had discussed cooperation in trade and investment, agriculture and the biofuels and climate change.

Modi has also had a meeting with the President of Chile Sebastian Pinera on the sidelines of the G-7 summit in France last month.

Several ministerial-level meetings have taken place with the countries in the region and on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) next week, in New York Modi will be participating in two summits on the sideline. These are India-Caribbean (CARICOM) Island Summit and the India-Pacific Island Summit, and the focus is going to be on the blue economy, climate change, and partnering for development projects.

In the first-ever India-Caribbean Island summit heads of will include Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Out of these 20 member countries, 15 are full members and the rest are associate members. There is a large population of the Indian Diaspora too in these Caribbean countries.

India has increased its engagement with these countries and has also announced humanitarian aid of $ one million to the Bahamas which was hit by Hurricane Dorian which had destructed the island country.

Modi will participate in the third Forum for India-Pacific Islands Cooperation (FIPIC) or India Pacific Island countries summit also which will take place in New York. The first meeting had taken place in 2014 in Fiji and in 2015 it had taken place in Jaipur in 2015. India has been providing $200,000 every year to 14 Pacific Island countries which form the grouping.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 29 Sep 2019 04:55
by Vips
India's fine balancing act with Quad and BRICS meet in New York.

India has engaged in a fine balancing act engaging Quadrilateral or Quad states and BRICS members on the sidelines of UNGA in New York.
Foreign Minister S Jaishankar engaged with his counterparts from BRICS as well as USA-Japan-Australia in Quad format on Thursday in what was almost back to back meets.

Even as Jaishankar tweeted about Quad meet it appears that India wants to keep first Quad foreign minister meet low-profile in public domain amid Chinese sensitivities over this mechanism (Unnecessary dhoti shivering by the indians. Its time we grow a pair and stand upto china which is openly taking a stand against India in favor of Porkistan at the UNGA). The Quadrilateral, however, favours a free and open Indo-Pacific amid China’s aggressive postures in the region.

While a joint statement on BRICS Foreign Minister's meet was released, there was no such statement for Quad meet. The Ministry of External Affairs too did not comment on the meeting.

The US State Department, however, offered remarks on the Quadrilateral meet; “...had another important multilateral session, a meeting with the Quad partners – the U.S., Australia, India, and Japan. This grouping has met four times in the past two years at the senior officials level, at my level, but today’s event, which was hosted by Secretary Pompeo with his counterparts, was a significant elevation of the level of our dialogue and
really demonstrates the leadership of all four countries in institutionalizing this gathering of like-minded Indo-Pacific partners.

In the ministerial – and I know you heard some from Assistant Secretary Stilwell – we had a wide-ranging discussion of our collective efforts to advance a free and open IndoPacific, but also touching on counterterrorism, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, maritime security cooperation, development finance, and cybersecurity. I would say that the U.S. and Indian joint participation in the Quad also demonstrates the strength of the U.S.-India relationship and our shared commitment to, again, advancing a values-based policy towards the region,” Acting Assistant
Secretary for the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs Alice Wells told media in New York.

Meanwhile, the BRICS Ministers in their joint statement expressed their concern over continued conflicts in several regions around the globe, which undermine international security and stability.

The BRICS Ministers urged all States to refrain from promulgating and applying any economic, financial or trade measures not in accordance with the rules of the WTO, international lawand the Charter of the United Nations that impede the full achievement of economic and social development, particularly in developing countries.

The five Foreign Ministers also expressed their conviction that a comprehensive approach is necessary to ensure an effective fight against terrorism.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 30 Sep 2019 00:59
by vishvak
Just to point out IFS personnel did a nice job at UNGA and not to forget how without diplomatic heft it would be less possible to tackle mediaeval mindset with/without UNGA.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 01 Oct 2019 23:17
by Vips
The Full Jaishankar: 7 think-tanks in 7 days; after New York, India’s foreign policy czar works on Washington.

In American TV business, the term Full Ginsburg refers to an appearance by one person on all five major Sunday morning talk shows on the same day. It is named after William Ginsburg, the lawyer for Monica Lewinsky during the scandal involving President Bill Clinton, who was the first person to accomplish the feat in 1998. No such term has been coined for someone appearing before five think-tanks in Washington DC, but the “Full Jaishankar” may well become a benchmark for engaging the foreign policy brains’ trust in the United States.

Even accounting for appearances stretching across a week between other strenuous meetings and encounters, India’s new external affairs minister SJaishankar’s blitz in Washington DC – a city someone said has more think tanks than some countries have battle tanks – constitutes the most intense interaction between New Delhi and Washington’s weighty foreign policy community since the exertions of his one-time boss and predecessor Jaswant Singh in the aftermath of the Shakti nuclear test. A former foreign secretary and ambassador to the US, Dr J, in a span of 72 hours, is jousting with five of Washington DC’s most prestigious talk shops: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Atlantic Council, Center for Strategic and International Studies, The Brookings Institution, and the Heritage Foundation, not to speak of engaging the US Congress. This, after having already engaged with the Center for Foreign Relations and Asia Society in New York on the sidelines of UN General Assembly.

That New Delhi wants to engage the world beyond Pakistan is no great secret, its vision broader and wider in scope than that of India- and Kashmir-obsessed Pakistan. Which is why despite the clamor about the Kashmir issue in the run-up to the UN meet and thereafter, Jaishankar listed meeting 42 foreign ministers, holding 36 bilateral meetings, eight pull asides, seven multilaterals/plurilaterals and three speaking engagements, in addition to supporting Prime Minister Modi’s own engagements with more than a dozen world leaders. More is happening in Washington DC currently, including meetings with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Defence Secretary Mark Esper, National Security Advisor Robert O’Brien, and Acting Homeland Secretary Kevin McAleenan.

But inasmuch as New Delhi’s engagement with the US and the global community is broad-based, with strategic ties with major nations and trade with all topping the agenda, the Kashmir issue has bubbled up in meetings, affording India an opportunity to explain its stand on a matter where Islamabad has mendaciously subverted the narrative, including that fact that the erstwhile state legally acceded to India and it is Pakistan which has illegally annexed what it calls “Azad Kashmir.” The UN resolutions that Islamabad keeps yammering about also calls on Pakistan to vacate the portion it has seized (no such direction to India) before any steps can be considered relating to plebiscite, a process which in any case is infructuous given the demographic and geographical changes in the region, including Pakistan ceding portions of the erstwhile state to China.

In a media briefing (separate ones for US and Indian journalists amid all other engagements), Jaishankar said the subject of Kashmir came up in at least half his meetings, with concern centering mostly on the civil liberties issue rather than New Delhi’s scrapping of Article 370. He explained to interlocutors that Article 370 was a temporary provision in India’s constitution from the get-go and it was always due to be removed, and the current security dragnet in the Valley was aimed primarily at preventing loss of life. “I like my internet but it not equal to (loss of) life,” Jaishankar said, referring to criticism about curtailment of communication.

India’s foreign policy czar was also dismissive of the idea that New Delhi’s move in Jammu and Kashmir had re-hyphenated India with Pakistan, telling a journalist, "You are really being very semantic about it. How do you hyphenate a country, which is one-eighth of your economic size. which is reputationally your exact opposite?" By that logic India should not do anything which would bring Pakistan into the conversation at all, he added.

In the face of sporadic concern about the human rights situation from some US lawmakers, Jaishankar foresaw a “prudent return to normalcy” in Kashmir. He also waved off repeated offers of mediation on the issue saying there would be no change in India’s position of 40 years that it is a bilateral matter that brooked no third-party intervention.

The external affairs minister will attend a reception on Wednesday in the US Congress to commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and the 90th birth anniversary of Martin Luther King Jr. The event will also feature House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, the top-ranking Democratic leader. Following apprehensions and criticism in some quarters about the Modi dispensation being seen as too close to the Trump establishment, New Delhi has been at pains to emphasize that its engagement with US is bipartisan and cuts across party lines.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 02 Oct 2019 13:28
by schinnas
Jaishankar is not just a mild manner cerebral person as portrayed earlier. He can be a tough taskmaster and talk tough when needed as well. All his recent public talks and interviews have been impressive would be an understatement. After Doval, Jaishankar is the best find Modi and Amit Shah have in their administration.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 02 Oct 2019 14:58
by pankajs
Masterful ... Must watch for folks interested in FP. A strong country helmed by a strong leader fronted by a thinking and articulate diplomat, one gets such straight forward talk. Too many points to make notes.

[11:50]The west did not want India to get too weak, it didn't want India to get too strong.
They support India's growth to be able to balance China in the mid to long run.

However, many on this forum have had the sense that Bakistan is propped up by the US/West to ensure that they have the means to keep tie India down if it ever starts getting too strong and acting independently.

Btw, Bakistan is but one tool deployed to control India. The others are cultivating lobbies within India ranging from political actors to bureaucrats to civil society to NGOs.

There are narrative factories within Indian and outside to keep India under pressure ranging from Human rights organizations to US/World media to US universities that are used to generate anti-India and anti-yindu propaganda. Plus the Social science departments in the US universities are used to indoctrinate and train brown sepoys to serve the cause of the master. All this while the US/West administrations officially support the Indian stand/actions.

Then there are the US/West built world order and institutions like WB/IMF, NPT, CTBT, UN, UNSC, UNHRC, etc that are all used to keep Indian unbalanced.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 02 Oct 2019 15:17
by pankajs
I have yet to watch ...

EAM's remarks at Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington D.C

Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 02 Oct 2019 15:33
by Peregrine
A UNSC without India affects UN's credibility: Jaishankar – PTI


- India asserted it has a "good case" to become a permanent member of the UN Security Council and a UNSC without it affects - the United Nation's credibility

- "If you have ...a United Nations where the most populous country in the world — may be in 15 years — with the third largest economy is not in the decision making of the United Nations, I grant you, it affects the country concerned” he added

WASHINGTON: India on Tuesday asserted it has a "good case" to become a permanent member of the UN Security Council and a UNSC without it affects the United Nation's credibility.

Amid India's consistent growth as a potent power on global stage, the point was made by external affairs minister S Jaishankar before an influential Washington audience after a major foreign policy speech at a top US think tank, the Centre for Strategic and International Studies.

"If you have a United Nations where the most populous country in the world — may be in 15 years — with the third largest economy is not in the decision making
of the United Nations, I grant you, it affects the country concerned. But I would also suggest it affects the United Nations' credibility," said Jaishankar in response to a question after his speech.

"Obviously, we are biased. We believe we have a good case,” he asserted.

"It's not just the Security Council. Look, say how the peacekeeping operations (are being undertaken) around, who actually kind of decide. There are other angles. I mean, you could argue, who gives the budget and therefore that should be a factor. That's a reasonable proposition," he said.

"This is one of the key challenges facing the world today, which is all that we took as given over the last 70 years. I'm not suggesting they're going to disappear or they'll become irrelevant, but surely things are happening beyond them. And that
is creating a new kind of international relations. It's something which we all need to get real about,” Jaishankar asserted.

Noting that one doesn't have to look too far into the future, he said one actually needs to look back into the past.

"Just look back at the last five years, 10 years, 15 years. What we have seen is that many institutions have come under stress because they've lost legitimacy, vitality, (and) efficiency," he said.

"If significant countries don't get the substantial interests sorted out, they start looking elsewhere. If you look at the trade, the fact is that you have a proliferation of free trade agreements today and that is because there is the feeling that the
global trading arrangement was not going to happen," he said.

"We see that often in security situations (also) where, if you look at — may be the last decade or two — in the Middle East, you actually have coalitions of countries, partly because they are the only countries who have an interest or in some cases
they couldn't convince other countries or in some cases they went to the United Nations (but) didn't get the way and so decided they'd do something else,” he said.

This is the reality, he said.

“I accept, I mean, it would not be my case that I would abandon an institution and say an ad hoc solution is preferable to an institution. "Everybody's first choice would be the normative choice. But what you have is the reality of countries, which look beyond or look around,” said Jaishankar.

Cheers Image

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 02 Oct 2019 15:42
by Manish_Sharma
Seema Sirohi
Think tank tour of
extremely important. Here are some points made by him at the
this morning. How India relates to the West: Two centuries of humiliation. A recent study shows that $45 trillion taken out of India by the British over 200 years.

: India made choices in 1947. Took what were western values and made them universal. If you believe democracy is an ethically superior model, it was because India sustained it.

: Last 70 years the west was supportive of India's rise in education, devt. etc but conservative when it came to security and defence issues. The west didn't want India to be either too weak or too strong. Stirred the porridge just right.

: West came to India's help after the 1962 war but didn't support India in 1971. Within the span of a decade, two different responses. Internal US thinking laid out by Eisenhower wanted to keep India in play-a weak India was a problem but a strong India equally so.

: How do you create convergences? We are coming from a different place, different history. While power of the west remains strong, underwrites the international system. But a strategic and cultural rebalancing underway since 2008 financial crisis.

: Two propositions: The west needs India for its market, human resources, burden sharing. India needs the west for its growth. Every major growth story happened cos of the west - Japan, Korea, ASEAN and China. Question: Is a new compact beta west & India possible?

: If the rebalancing is to be reflected, first there should be a realisation that it's happening and then new methods of working must be found. Requires different conversations, different collaborations.

India wd hedge enough to have a bargaining hand. To the extent India has diff. equities doesn’t detract from working together. She have understanding of a changed India. Democratisation has had its own impact – pol, social aspects. Old elite is out of business.

: New set of people, own sense of roots, who relate to the world differently. How to do you build bridges, role of diaspora is imp. Treatment of diaspora abroad becomes a factor in our relations with other countries.

: India was not at the high table in 1947. How do you make world order more contemporaneous? UN Sec Council membership is one. As India rises – what kind of power will India be? One part of answer lies with the west.

: Data as d new oil: Not an autarkic statmt. Data has a value in int'l market, can be traded. Noone gives anything of value for free. As data gets more relevant to doing business, I'm sitting on data mine of 1.2 billion people. Will try 2 leverage it. Wouldn’t u? ... 07784?s=20

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 02 Oct 2019 16:49
by ArjunPandit
vishvak wrote:Just to point out IFS personnel did a nice job at UNGA and not to forget how without diplomatic heft it would be less possible to tackle mediaeval mindset with/without UNGA.

this is a kind of a diplomatic my living memory i remember such diplomatic initiatives on the following incidents
1. pokharan
2. kargil war
3. op parakram
4. Nuclear deal (dont think it was of this scale)
it can't be just 370..we have endured far worse than that in 90s with support from only a collapsed USSR/Russia

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 02 Oct 2019 18:24
by Vips
Look at the dichotomy.Back in the 90's a weak India had a Sure-Fire Veto umbrella from Russia. Now economically and militarily stronger we cant be sure if we have that.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 02 Oct 2019 18:34
by schinnas
Art 370 is bigger than Kargil or Op Parakram. It removes the very reason for existence of Pakistan. So IK Niazi has made it a rallying call to whip up sentiments and keep the country united. In order to keep the issue burning and alive, Pakistan is bound to indulge in one mischief after another which might invite some strong response from India. It is important to prepare the diplomatic ground for that.

We may need to extend the curbs in Kashmir indefinitely until good sense dawns amongst the local populace. So it's good to keep key countries on our side and key think tanks to see the true perspective so we don't lose the perception battle. We were found wanting on the media management already.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 02 Oct 2019 19:33
by NRao

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 02 Oct 2019 19:39
by ArjunPandit
schinnas wrote:Art 370 is bigger than Kargil or Op Parakram. It removes the very reason for existence of Pakistan. So IK Niazi has made it a rallying call to whip up sentiments and keep the country united. In order to keep the issue burning and alive, Pakistan is bound to indulge in one mischief after another which might invite some strong response from India. It is important to prepare the diplomatic ground for that.

We may need to extend the curbs in Kashmir indefinitely until good sense dawns amongst the local populace. So it's good to keep key countries on our side and key think tanks to see the true perspective so we don't lose the perception battle. We were found wanting on the media management already.

1. thats true..kargil and parakram the pakistan was visibly on the wrong side of the line..
2. while i do not say that it's their reason for existence, IMHO it is hindu/india hatred even if we give kashmir they will not stop..they are chasing kashmir like a dog...the same way they were during independence..they didnt know what to do with the nation...its another thing 72 years on..they still dont..makes me thing how soon would they get 72'd ?
3. I think we should extend it long as we want..heck israel is managing far worse situations, we can surely can manage it. Continuous elections will certainly divert internal detractors (with majority of country behind the govt on this). External ones have their own problems.
4. The only country that needs to be managed right now is china..their conflict with the US is a good thing for us..we'll have to play the game a bit on western terms

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 03 Oct 2019 00:05
by vishvak
we can surely can manage it

How long after 1947 do we have such a position.. hopefully good resource are provided to MEA for maintaining momentum and measure changes.

How about a jihadi fundoo pseudo-lefty scale jf-1 to jf-17 and penalize anyone over level 7 (there is no level zero but there are countries that will need some help/heft from some where).

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 03 Oct 2019 15:32
by pankajs
I tend to agree with this view. Far too many Indians have viewed the recent flurry of engagements by the Indian minister of EA through the prim of India-Bakistan dynamics. ... 7311298560
Tanvi Madan @tanvi_madan

I can see why folks are assessing this from an India-Pakistan prism, but I actually think there's been more focus in these comments on India's approach to foreign policy, partnerships, etc -- and there's some interesting stuff to sift through there.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 03 Oct 2019 15:42
by pankajs ... 578523.ece
Jaishankar reiterates India’s claim over Pakistan-occupied Kashmir
“The point I was making was a very simple one. My sovereignty and my jurisdiction is laid out by my maps. My maps have been there for over 70 years. Now, that’s my claim,” Mr. Jaishankar said to a group at The Heritage Foundation, a conservative think-tank in Washington DC.

And naturally if I have a claim, as you would have a claim, as anybody would have a claim, you would hope one day that if there are territories in your claim over which you don’t have physical jurisdiction, one day you will. It’s as simple as that.”

Important to keep hammering that point at available opportunity.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 15 Nov 2019 13:18
by pankajs
EAM's lecture at Ramnath Goenka Excellence in Journalism Awards 2019

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 15 Nov 2019 19:15
by pankajs
Transcript of the above speech by the Indian FM ... cture_2019
A nation that has the aspiration to become a leading power someday cannot continue with unsettled borders, an unintegrated region and under-exploited opportunities. Above all, it cannot be dogmatic in approaching a visibly changing global order.

Hint: India will try to settle its border and will be pragmatic about it. Indian recently did a land swap with Bangladesh where it gave more than it got back.

Who next? China or Bakistan pr both? Of course, a settlement cannot be unilateral.

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 15 Nov 2019 19:51
by pankajs
S Jaishankar In conversation with C Raja Mohan at RNG Lecture 2019 ... 0780997632
Saurabh Vashist @saurabhvashist_

1/8 @DrSJaishankar to @MohanCRaja "There is liberal fundamentalism at work.. I have seen publications suggesting that NRC issue started with this govt. which shows how strongly prejudice can override diligence... My reputation is not decided by a newspaper in New York."
2/8 ...this is our debate within the country which often gets linked with other peoples' debates outside & what you often see are not policy assessments but frankly polemics. So, I would take polemics with more than a grain of salt."
6/8 .. I see sometimes attempts at passing judgments and making very condescending comments. That's for me history and they have got to understand that. Today, we are in a different position. They are in a different position."
8/8 "The more you run away from the reality that this neighbor has built an industry of terror to pressurize you, there's no point living in denial because if you live in denial, he will only increase it. He thinks it has then got normalized."

Re: Indian Foreign Policy

Posted: 20 Nov 2019 00:38
by ramana
Please post Dr S. Jaishankar's interview to Der Spiegel.

Thanks in advance.