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Indus Water Treaty

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Peregrine
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Indus Water Treaty

Postby Peregrine » 02 Apr 2018 02:41

X Posted on the Terroristan Thread

Kharif crops likely to suffer due to severe water shortage

ISLAMABAD : With up to 60 per cent water shortage at rim stations, the upcoming Kharif crops face a serious challenge.

The situation is compounded by less water availability in two major reservoirs — Tarbela and Mangla dams – that hit dead.

The water crisis caused by climate change not only posing a threat to the Kharif crops, it also led to a drop in hydel generation to an alarming level, causing elongated loadshedding across the country.

The total hydel generation dropped to 1,050 megawatts (MW) due to cut in water releases from dams against the installed capacity of 7,000MW.

At present, Tarbela is generating 325MW and Mangla, 200MW.

Keeping in view the shortages in the system, Indus River System Authority (Irsa) on Sunday decided to close downstream water releases from Chashma for Punjab with immediate effect.

Irsa Spokesperson Khalid Rana said, “So from April 4, Taunsa Panjnad Link Canal will be closed.”

“Today, shortages to Punjab and Sindh have increased to 60 per cent at rim stations," the spokesperson added.

The Irsa advisory committee that met on March 29 had projected 31 per cent water shortages in early Kharif during the sowing season due to higher losses and less water inflows into rivers.

Punjab and Sindh would face 31 per cent water shortage. However, Balochistan and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa have been exempted from water shortage during the Kharif season that lasts from April 1 to November 30. Rice, sugarcane, cotton and maize are some of the key crops of the season.

However, against the projection of 31 per cent water shortage for early Kharif, the shortages have reached to an alarming level of 60 per cent at a time when the Kharif crops’ sowing season is about to start.

Due to less water releases from dams, farmers would be depending on groundwater.

Pakistan Metrological Department and Wapda representatives also informed the meeting that the country had received 50 per cent less snow in catchment areas.

Moreover, Irsa decision to cut water share of Punjab and Sindh is also related to less water inflows from rivers.

The water share of Punjab was reduced to 26,000 cusecs from 29,000 cusecs, and that of Sindh to 17,000 cusecs from 20,000 cusecs.

“Still running with a discharge of 2,000 cusecs, Irsa will decide about CJ on Monday (today),” the spokesperson said, adding, “Temperatures at Skardu touched 20 degrees, the flows have yet to increase which is quite alarming.”

“However, the situation will clear in the next 48 hours,” he said, adding, “Water shortage would also definitely have a bad impact on hydel generation as Tarbela and Mangla dams are still at dead level.”

“The Irsa recorded water inflow of only 44,000 cusecs today, compared with an inflow of 123,000 cusecs last year,” Rana said, adding, “Last year, Skardu temperature was 16.7 degree and discharge was 27,600 cusecs. Today, temperature is 20.6 degree but the discharge level is 17,000 cusecs.”

The country had witnessed less water availability for the Rabi crops from October 1, 2017 to March 29, 2018.

Total water shortage had been anticipated at 33 per cent during Rabi corps. The total water availability was estimated at 36.17maf, but it remained at 24.06maf.

Punjab was estimated to face 35 per cent, Sindh (34 per cent), K-P (26 per cent) and Balochistan (7 per cent) water shortage during the entire Rabi season.

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Re: Indus Water Treaty

Postby Kashi » 02 Apr 2018 05:42

^ I wonder how soon before they start blaming India.

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Re: Indus Water Treaty

Postby Anoop » 05 Apr 2018 05:23


anupmisra
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Re: Indus Water Treaty

Postby anupmisra » 05 Apr 2018 08:31

Pakistan approaches World Bank after India builds Kishanganga on Neelum

Having confirmed that India has completed the controversial Kishanganga hydropower project, Pakistan has asked the World Bank to recognise its responsibility under the Indus Waters Treaty of 1960 to address its concerns over two disputed projects.
urging the international organisation to “recognise its responsibility” and play its role to ensure that India abided by the provisions of the 1960 treaty while building the projects.
there was no doubt that India had completed the 330MW Kishanganga project during the period the World Bank “paused” the process for constitution of a Court of Arbitration (COA) as requested by Pakistan in early 2016.
Pakistan had called for resolution of disputes over Kishanganga project on the Neelum river and 850MW Ratle hydropower project on the Chenab.
The official said the letter had reached the bank’s head office in Washington and had been delivered to its vice president concerned as confirmed by Pakistan’s director to the bank.
When asked what the government expected now that India had completed the Kishanganga project, the official said the authorities could not just sit back and had to take the matter to its logical conclusion.
Islamabad had received reports in August of 2017 that New Delhi had completed the Kishanganga project as per the design that had been objected to by the former.
a Pakistani delegation of the Indus Waters Commission was not allowed to visit various controversial projects in India, including Kishanganga and Ratle schemes.
Under the treaty, in case the parties fail to resolve disputes through bilateral means the aggrieved party has the option to invoke the jurisdiction of the International Court of Arbitration or the neutral expert under the auspices of the World Bank.
Pakistan’s experience with both the international forums — neutral expert and CoA — has not been satisfactory for varying reasons and outcomes, partially due to domestic weaknesses including delayed decision-making.
Islamabad has been under criticism at home for losing its rights through legal battles instead of building diplomatic pressure in world capitals to stop India from carrying out “water aggression”.
Pakistan believed that Kishanganga’s pondage should be a maximum of one million cubic metres instead of 7.5 million cubic metres
It believes the Indian design of Ratle project would reduce Chenab flows by 40 per cent at Head Marala and cause considerable irrigation loss to crops. The Ratle dam is believed to be three times larger than the Baglihar dam.


https://www.dawn.com/news/1399675/pakis ... -on-neelum

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Re: Indus Water Treaty

Postby arun » 05 Apr 2018 10:30

^^^

On completion of the scheme, Pakistan proposed some modifications to partially address its concerns over the Kishanganga project’s design for water storage without affecting its power generation capacity, but in vain.


No question of entertaining any request by the Mohammadden Terrorism Fomenting Islamic Republic of Pakistan for design modification of the Kishanganga project after the International Court of Arbitration has pronounced on the matter back in December 2013.

Any way Kishanganga is done and truly dusted. NHPC press release of 3 days ago:

Press Release

NHPC commissions 330 MW Kishanganga Hydroelectric Project, Jammu & Kashmir

Press Release
02/04/2018


The third unit (110MW) of the Kishanganga Hydroelectric Project (3 x 110MW) of NHPC at Bandipora, Jammu & Kashmir has been successfully synchronised with the grid and has also achieved its rated full load successfully at 23:58 Hrs on 30.03.2018. This marks the commissioning of all three units of Kishanganga Project, as the first and second units have already been commissioned on 13th March and 21st March 2018 respectively.

The Kishanganga project envisages diversion of water of Kishanganga River to underground Power House through 23.25 KM long Head Race Tunnel to generate 1713 million units per annum. The Project is covered under the Indus Waters Treaty signed between India and Pakistan. Apart from the many states which would be the project’s energy beneficiaries, 12% free power generated from the project shall be provided to the state of Jammu & Kashmir. The NHPC team achieved this milestone with their relentless hard work and dedication. The cooperation of the local community near project vicinity, district & state administration and other stake holders was instrumental in completing the project.

******

Date: 31.03.2018
Faridabad


Clicky



Regards the Ratle project it is well to note the 4 objections of the Mohammadden Terrorism Fomenting Islamic Republic of Pakistan as it will serve a bench mark of who is the winner or loser when the project gets completed:

About the Ratle project, Pakistan had four objections. Freeboard should be one metre instead of two metres, pondage should be a maximum of eight million cubic metres instead of 24 million, intake level should be at 8.8 metres and spillways at the height of 20 metres.

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Re: Indus Water Treaty

Postby arun » 05 Apr 2018 10:52

Benjamin Walsh seems to have a good understanding of the cussed national psyche of the Mohammadden Terrorism Fomenting Islamic Republic of Pakistan of taking no responsibility for problems but instead blaming other countries; India in the case of the Islamic Republics water woes. :

Pakistan Must Stop Blaming India for Its Water Woes

4 APRIL 2018
Benjamin Walsh, Research Analyst, Global Food and Water Crises Research Programme

Background

Delegates from India and Pakistan met in India from 29 to 30 March as part of the annual meeting of the Indus Water Commission, a requirement under the Indus Water Treaty. It was the 114th meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC). Prior to the meeting, sources believed that Pakistan would raise concerns over the building of Indian dams. The Pakul Dul and Lower Kalnai, under construction in Jammu and Kashmir, were expected to feature, and the Ratle project being built on a tributary of the River Chenab is also seen by Pakistan as being in breach of the Indus Water Treaty (IWT). Under the IWT, the Indus, Jhelum and Chenab are reserved for Pakistan, and the Ravi, Sutlej and Beas are reserved for India. The Indus meetings, however, are not only used for the discussion of transboundary issues.

Comment

The meetings are usually coloured by preconceived perspectives as to the intentions that India has for Pakistan and vice-versa. Pakistan is especially apt at using the forums to blame India for the vast majority of its national water woes. Pakistan sees India as overly belligerent and determined to cut off an already vulnerable country’s access to the water it needs to fuel its agricultural industry. At times, Pakistan has attempted to combat what it sees as Indian intransigence with heavy international pressure. In 2016, Pakistan initiated proceedings to have India referred to the International Court of Arbitration in The Hague over India’s planned dams on the Kishenganga and Ratle rivers. It has especially welcomed the pressure China has placed on India. The annual Indus meetings are another tool that Pakistani politicians and media types employ to blame India for their country’s water crisis.

A common theme that surfaces at every annual meeting of the PIC is the idea that Indian dam building is the reason why Pakistan finds itself so water scarce. The IWT grants Pakistan the right to diplomatically challenge any Indian hydro project or development strategy that involves building on rivers that flow into Pakistan, and rightly so. Nonetheless, Pakistan’s insistence on bringing up Indian dam building as the reason why Pakistan is so water-scarce is not just a common staple of bilateral water diplomacy, but a product of Pakistan’s India-centric foreign policy that attempts to exonerate the many domestic barriers to Pakistani water security.

There is nothing wrong with using the PIC to challenge Indian hydro projects. Overextending the Commission’s mandate and using those challenges to blame India for many problems arguably caused by domestic Pakistani policy is, however, demonstrable of the real problem: wilful neglect.

The Pakistani media, as well as the Indian media when it covers Pakistan, have realised that anti-Indian coverage boosts viewership and ratings. The vast majority of Pakistanis probably know that serious environmental damage caused by flooding and heavy rainfall is not caused by India, but by their own government’s inability to prepare for them. It is much easier for citizens to believe, and for politicians to argue, that domestic water problems could not possibly be the fault of domestic policymakers.

As this author has written elsewhere, Pakistan does more to blame India than it does to construct any sort of domestic capability aimed at managing existing water supplies. India has built thousands more dams than Pakistan and, while complaining of Indian troublemaking, Pakistan has refused to financially contribute to the management of the rivers that flowing into it from Afghanistan. Even though India is adhering to its legal obligations under the IWT, including the 2013 ruling by The Hague that requires India to provide a minimum of nine cubic metres per second of water in the Kishanganga River, Pakistani politicians complain that it is an ‘inefficient forum for resolving water issues’.

Given that Pakistan has taken a treaty designed to promote transboundary co-operation and attempted to use it to appease its India-centric foreign policy, it is, therefore, no surprise that that is Pakistan’s overall assumption of the IWT and the PIC. The “inefficient forum” has been called just that because Pakistani politicians have expected it to address Pakistan’s water crisis in a way that they would like it to. For Pakistan, in that light, the forum is unlikely to be successful because politicians are treating a domestic crisis as a foreign policy problem. Pakistan needs to focus on the effects that rapid urbanisation, poor urban planning, high youth unemployment, the population bomb and government corruption has on the country’s water problems. It seems that a readjustment of perspective might be a more useful first step to take.



From Future Directions International:

Pakistan Must Stop Blaming India for Its Water Woes

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Indus Water Treaty

Postby Peregrine » 05 Apr 2018 16:36

Pakistan approaches World Bank over Kishanganga project: Report

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan has informed the World Bank about India's completing of the Kishanganga hydropower project during the bank's "pause" period and has urged it to "recognise its responsibility" under the Indus Waters Treaty, a media report said today.

Pakistan has approached the World Bank, the mediator between the two countries of the water distribution treaty, in the past and raised issues over Kishanganga and Ratle projects in Jammu and Kashmir.

It has been flagging concern over designs of India's five hydroelectricity projects - Pakal Dul (1000 MW), Ratle (850 MW), Kishanganga (330 MW), Miyar (120 MW) and Lower Kalnai (48 MW) - being built/planned in the Indus river basin, contending these violate the treaty.

The power division of the energy ministry sent a fresh communique early this week to the bank's vice president urging the international organisation to ensure that India abided by the provisions of the 1960 treaty while building the projects, a government official told Dawn newspaper.

The official said the letter had reached the bank's head office in Washington and had been delivered to its vice president concerned as confirmed by Pakistan's director to the bank, the report said.

The official said there was no doubt that India had completed the Kishanganga project during the period the World Bank "paused" the process for constitution of a Court of Arbitration (COA) as requested by Pakistan in early 2016.

The Pakistan's request was countered by India by calling for a neutral expert.

Pakistan had called for resolution of disputes over Kishanganga project on the Neelum river and Ratle hydropower project on the Chenab.

Asked about the government's next move, the official said the authorities could not just sit back and had to take the matter to its logical conclusion.

Pakistan had received reports in August last year that New Delhi had completed the Kishanganga project as per the design that had been objected by Islamabad, the report said.

The letter was sent to the World Bank after a Pakistani delegation of the Indus Waters Commission was not allowed to visit various projects in India, including Kishanganga and Ratle schemes, it said.

Pakistan has raised objections over the design of the hydel project in Jammu and Kashmir, saying it is not in line with the criteria laid down under the Indus Water Treaty between the two countries.

In December 2016, the bank had announced that it had "paused" the process for either appointing a COA or a neutral expert and started mediation between the two countries on how to advance and develop consensus in the light of the treaty on the mechanism for resolution of faulty designs of the two projects.

Since then, the bank has arranged two rounds of talks between the two sides but the Indians kept on building the project, the report alleged.

The last round of bank-facilitated and secretary-level talks between India and Pakistan were held in Washington in September that ended in disappointment for Pakistan, it said.

In view of the inability of the parties to agree on whether a COA or a neutral expert is the way forward, the World Bank is reported to have called another round of discussions to minimise the differences but failed to bring New Delhi to the negotiating table.

Under the provisions of the Indus Waters Treaty, the waters of the eastern rivers -- the Sutlej, Beas and Ravi -- had been allocated to India and that of the western rivers -- the Indus, Jhelum and Chenab -- to Pakistan except for certain non-consumptive uses.

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Re: Indus Water Treaty

Postby anupmisra » 05 Apr 2018 17:03

Two words: Fait Accompli.

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Re: Indus Water Treaty

Postby SSridhar » 05 Apr 2018 17:16

Pakistanis are, as usual, trying to be clever-by-half. As far as we all know, the CoA had given its final arbitration. India had to follow the modified plan for sedimentation control. It was therefore Pakistan's usual tactic to raise another objection to stall the project. There was a stalemate on whether to go for a NE (as demanded by India) or another CoA (as demanded by Pakistan). This administrative process was 'paused' pending discussions and not the project activities per se.

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Re: Indus Water Treaty

Postby anupmisra » 05 Apr 2018 19:05

SSridhar wrote:Pakistanis are, as usual, trying to be clever-by-half. ....This administrative process was 'paused' pending discussions and not the project activities per se.


Standard Operating Procedures.

This sudden paki move is another one in the grand chain of "tactical moves" employed by the paki leaderans to placate their clueless, hungry and thirsty awaam. It temporarily deflects the actual responsibility for a short while. Now the public has something to do - vent their ire against the minorities, have talk shows by pakijabis in their accented erdoo to cuss and discuss how to deal with the "mooh mein raam raam, bagal mein chhuri" type Hindus.

Waiting for their senile talk show hosts threaten to destroy these dams by atami bums.

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Re: Indus Water Treaty

Postby Prem » 10 Apr 2018 00:24


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Indus Water Treaty

Postby Peregrine » 16 Apr 2018 15:45

X Posted on the Terroristan Thread.

Water politics: a disastrous recipe for Pakistan

ISLAMABAD: Per-capita availability of water has declined to 1,000 cubic metres, which places Pakistan in the category of water-scarce countries. Despite the lower per-capita availability, Pakistan continues to waste water at an alarming pace.

Water conveyance efficiency of Pakistan is 55% and irrigation efficiency is 41%. Almost 45 MAF of water is lost during canal and watercourse flow. Pakistan also wastes large quantities of water due to lack of water storage facilities. The country has storage capacity for merely 30 days against the minimum requirement of 120 days.

Significance of storage also has special relevance for Pakistan as the country receives 84% water during the summer season. Precipitation also varies considerably across the country ranging from 100 mm (Balochistan) to 1,500 mm (Northern Areas). Variability is too applicable in terms of seasons, about 60% precipitations occur during July-September.

Non-availability of storage facilities paves the way for the wastage of water in summer and scarcity during rest of the year. The situation will be further aggravated in the future due to climate change and increasing population.

A report by the United Nations Development Programme said that water demand would increase by 14% in 2025 due to increase in population (2017 million). However, estimates need to be revised as population is increasing at a higher rate as compared to government estimates. Last year’s population census shows that Pakistan has a population of 221 million. So we have already crossed the mark of 217 million with the government unable to invest in the sector.

Water is direly needed in every sphere of life including agriculture, livestock, industry, environment and domestic. Agriculture is a major consumer of water with 93% followed by the domestic and industrial sectors.

Water is also a cheap and renewable source of energy. Hydropower can contribute in multiple ways to the national economy. It will help to make our industry competitive in the international market. Our GHG emissions would be lower, which will project Pakistan as an environment and climate-friendly country. Many countries are investing in production of hydropower on a larger scale. Norway produces about 96% of its electricity from hydropower installations. LET US HAILTerroristan's steady march towards becoming the SECOND LAND OF SAND, but of course without Oil and other resources of the ORIGINAL LAND OF SAND!

Despite the multifaceted challenges, the sector is still a victim of political point-scoring and interests. Provinces are fighting over the distribution of water and building of storage facilities. The Kalabagh Dam is the worst victim of this political game and point-scoring. The dam had to be built in early 1980s or 1990s according to the World Bank report way back in 1960s. But it is still on the list of disputed items and provinces are unable to resolve the issue. Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa’s (K-P) political parties have developed an elaborate list of objections on various grounds but the most prominent is logging of the city. However, these objections need to be verified by sold, independent and scientific research and evidences.

Sindh has its own objections due to a trust-deficit. Sindh feared that being a low riparian country it might have to suffer water shortage due to dam building. There are also frequent complaints about the non-availability of water which are used to create bad blood about Punjab. The reality is that we are not storing water for the lean period, as 84% is available during summer months (about 128 MAF). Another major element of debate is distrust about Punjab. For resolving issues Punjab must come forward to clear all doubts of smaller provinces. It is necessary to build storage capacity on a priority basis.

Currently Pakistan has storage facility of only 11 MAF and uses almost 45 MAF during summers from the available water for crops, animals, industry and household purposes. This means that the rest of the amount of water is being discharged in the sea. Average annual flow down the Kotri has been calculated at about 31 MAF. It is worth mentioning here that required amount of flow down the Kotri is 8.6 MAF, which means that 23 MAF is wasted every year. So there is a problem of mismanagement. Balochistan is mostly missed in the debate on water sharing and distribution. Balochistan criticises Sindh for low availability of water, as Balochistan is low riparian to Sindh. Balochistan has vast potential for agriculture and generation of livelihoods for hundreds of thousands of people.

Unfortunately, it could not exploit its potential due to lack of availability of water for a number of reasons. First, Balochistan lies in semi-arid to hyper-arid areas where precipitation rate is very low. Second it does not get its required amount from the available resources due to lack of water storage facilities across the country. Third, there is political bargaining among the provinces to get major chunk of available water. It has turned Balochistan into a non-productive region.

Climate change will aggravate the situation. In the short-term there would be floods due to rapid glacier melting and erratic rainfall patterns. In the long-run, the country will have to face shortage of water, which will further worsen the prevailing situation. Recently UNDP categorised Pakistan as one the countries most affected by climate change.

Pakistan has to realise that we have reached a point where we need to take practical measures to tackle the crisis.

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Re: Indus Water Treaty

Postby ArjunPandit » 16 Apr 2018 22:52

is there a fixed no. of baki population? i have seen wide ranging numbers from 200-250Mn

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Indus Water Treaty

Postby Peregrine » 17 Apr 2018 18:42

ArjunPandit wrote:is there a fixed no. of baki population? i have seen wide ranging numbers from 200-250Mn
ArjunPandit Ji :

I refer you to the Terroristan Population Survey:

I refer you to the Pakistan Population Survey :

2. POPULATION : (000)

Terroristan : 1951 : 33,7401961 : 42,880 - 1972 : 65,309 1981 : 84,254 - 1998 : 132,352

You will note that in the 20 Years Period 1951 - 1972 and 1961 - 1981 the Population has Doubled.

On this Basis during the Period 1998 to 2018 the Population will have also AT LEAST DOUBLED (what with Improved Health Facilities whereby the Longevity of the Population has Increased to the extent that the Terroristani Press has reported the Champions of Procreation wherein One Couple had 43 Children and the other Couple had 32 Children and are both aiming for a Century.)

As such I would humbly opine that the Terroristani Population in the Period 1998 to 2018 has also DOUBLED. This leads me to state with confidence that the Terroristani Population is now - in 2018 - Twice the 1998 Population i.e. a Rounded Figure of NOT LESS THAN 265 Million AND MOST LIKELY SUBSTANTIALLY MORE".

Here's hoping that the Terroristanis will not surprise me and ensure that their Population in 2020 is well near the 300 Million Mark.

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Indus Water Treaty

Postby Peregrine » 17 Apr 2018 19:17

X Posted on the Terroristani Thread.

Pakistan says WB helped India complete Kishenganga project

ISLAMABAD: The pause taken by the World Bank in December 2016 that is still in place over the finalisation of mechanism for either appointing a COA or a neutral expert has provided the time enough to India to complete the Kishenganga project, Pakistan told the Bank about its apprehension in clear words in its second communication seen by The News.

It is pertinent to mention that The News had published the story on its edition of November 2017 with headline of “India completes Kishenganga project with faulty design.” However, Pakistan wrote the letter to World Bank on April 3, 2018, saying that the pause taken by the Bank has provided the time to Indian side to erect the Kishenganga project. INDIA'S ERECTION IS INCLUDING AND NOT LIMITED TO THE KRISHANGANGA PROJECT.

The pause was taken because of the impasse that had emerged in the wake of stance taken by Pakistan and India as former wanted the resolution at the level of Court of Arbitration of the disputed projects of Kishenganga and Rattle Hydropower projects, being constructed on Jehlum and Chenab rivers by India, whereas latter desired the decision by Neutral Expert. This had compelled World Bank to announce ‘pause’ on December 12, 2016 till the agreement on procedure or mechanism between the parties to the dispute --- Pakistan and India.

World Bank that brokered the Indus Waters Treaty in 1960 helped India in erection of the Kishenganga project with ‘faulty designs’, says the latest communication sent to the Bank. “We have asked the Bank’s president to do away with the pause and constitute the court of arbitration recalling that the top management of the Bank had initiated the process of lots draws to select the personality for appointing three umpires for Court of Arbitration and under the lots draws, the name of World Bank’s president was selected. Why are the Terroristanis continuously harping about INDIA'S ERECTION?

Pakistan argued saying that since the World Bank’s president has been selected to name three umpires for COA, so it should further initiate the process to complete the task and initiate the arbitration’s proceedings. Pakistan and India each will nominate their two judges and this is how the court of arbitration will be comprising 7 judges. In the communication with the Bank, Pakistan further asked if the ‘pause’ continues unabated, then India will also be able to complete the Rattle hydropower project with the objectionable deigns that will inflict the huge loss to the water inserts of the lower riparian country.

The top government official said that Pakistan still has the opportunity to get the design of erected Kishenganga modified in such a way that the project will not hurt and Pakistan water interests would also be ensured once the COA is constituted and Pakistan gets the justice. He said that ball is in the court of World Bank and if it does not move, then non-other than the Bank will be responsible for any misadventure between the two nuclear power as the water is lifeline of Pakistan. This constant and repeated reference to India's ERECT, ERECTED AND ERECTION by the Terroristanis IS AN INDICATION OF TERRORISTAN'S CONSTANT PARANOIA which in my opinion is an indication of the Terroristani's instinct or thought process believed to be heavily influenced by anxiety or fear, often to the point of delusion and irrationality.

Under the dispute resolution enshrined in Indus Waters Treaty, World Bank has the role as it is also the party to the dispute between Pakistan and India. Pakistan had called for resolution of disputes over Kishanganga project on the Neelum River and 850MW Rattle hydropower project on the Chenab.

Pakistan believed that Kishanganga’s poundage should be a maximum of one million cubic meters instead of 7.5 million cubic meters, intake should be up to four meters and spillways should be raised to nine meters.

About the Rattle project, Pakistan had four objections. Freeboard should be one meter instead of two meters, poundage should be a maximum of eight million cubic meters instead of 24 million, intake level should be at 8.8 meters and spillways at the height of 20 meters.

It believes the Indian design of Rattle project would reduce Chenab flows by 40 per cent at Head Marala and cause considerable irrigation loss to crops. The Rattle dam is believed to be three times larger than the Baglihar dam.

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