Sachin wrote: If I am not mistaken there is a well established process for this. .
Here is the actual laid down procedure which Jail Authority would follow in execution of Warrant of Death Sentence. also known as Execution Warrant.
Action on final confirmation of sentence
11.44. The State Government shall fix the date of execution if Mercy Petition is rejected.
11.45. On receipt from the Government of the final confirmation and the date of execution of the prisoner sentenced to death:-
(i) the prisoner and his relatives will be informed about the date of execution by the Superintendent, and
(ii) The prisoner’s will may be prepared in accordance with his wish.
Note: No prisoner sentenced to death shall be executed on a public holiday.
Arrangement for execution
11.46. On receipt of the date of execution of the prisoner, the Superintendent shall be authorized to fix the time of execution
sufficiently in advance. A report intimating the time of the execution shall be sent to the Inspector General, the Sessions Judge and the Government.
Note:- The execution shall take place early in the morning before it gets bright. The latest time of the day for different seasons will be in accordance with orders passed separately by the Government.
11.47. The Executive Engineer shall arrange the inspection of the gallows every quarter and before the date of a hanging as and when intimated by the Superintendent.
11.48. The Medical Officer shall report in the medical report about the drop to be given to the prisoner at least four days before the date on which the prisoner is to be executed.
11.49. The Medical Officer of the prison shall work out the details of the length of the drop to be given to a prisoner on principles shown below:-
(i) if the prisoner weighs less than 100 lbs. or 45 kgs, he should be given a drop of 8 feet or 2.5 mtrs.;
(ii) If the prisoner weighs from 100 to 133 lbs. or 45 to 60 kgs, he should be given a drop of 7 feet 8 inches or 2.3 mtrs.
(iii) If the prisoner weighs more than 133 lbs. or 60 kgs, but not more than 166 lbs. or 75 kgs, he should be given a drop of 7 feet or 2.2 mtrs.;
(iv) if the prisoner weighs more than 166 lbs. or 75 kgs. but not more than 200 lbs. or 91 kgs, he should be given a drop of 6 feet 6 inches or 2 mtrs.;
(v) if the prisoner weighs more than 200 lbs. or 91 kgs, he should be given a drop of 6 feet 1.83 mtrs.;
11.50. Provided that so long as the extreme limits of 6 feet or 1.83 mtrs on the one hand and 8 feet or 2.5 mtrs on the other hand are adhered to if, owing to physical peculiarity of the prisoner, the Medical Officer is of opinion that the drop should be increased or decreased, effect should be given to the Medical Officer’s opinion.
Note:- The above calculations are based on the assumption that the execution rope will be made of cotton yarn / manila of 1 inch to 1-½ inches or 2.59 to 3.81 cms Diameter.
11.51. The following measures shall be adopted regarding the fixing of the length of the rope to permit the required drop. The height of the prisoner to the angle of the jaw immediately below the left ear shall be accurately measured, as should also be the height from the drop shutter, when fixed in position, to the lower portion of the ring in the beam to which the rope will be affixed. These two measurements will determine the distance when the prisoner is standing in position on the drop, from the point of the latter’s jaw to the ring in the beam. The measurement of the prisoners neck shall also be carefully taken, the neck measurement and the height measurement to angle of jaw being carried out immediately after the prisoner has been admitted. The length of rope for any given drop shall be the length of the drop plus the distance from the angle of the prisoner’s jaw to the ring in the beam.
11.52. The gallows shall be inspected and the rope tested in the presence of the Superintendent the evening before the execution; he being personally responsible that these arrangements are properly made. A new rope need not necessarily be used for every execution but the Superintendent shall see that the rope is carefully tested. As a rule, a dummy or a bag of sand weighing 1½ times the weight of the prisoner, hung and dropped between 6 and 8 feet or 1.83 and 2.50 mtrs. will afford a safe test of the rope. Two spare ropes for each prisoner shall always be kept ready in reserve on the scaffold to meet any contingency.
11.53. Wax / butter shall be applied to the loop of the rope. After testing, the ropes and other equipment shall be securely locked and
sealed in a steel box and shall be kept in charge of the Deputy Superintendent.
Venue and presence of officers and others
11.54. All executions shall take place at the prison to which the warrant is directed, unless expressly ordered otherwise. Executions
shall usually be carried out in a special enclosure attached to, or within the walls, of the prison.
11.55. The Superintendent, Deputy Superintendent, Assistant Superintendent in charge and Medical Officer shall be present at all
executions. An Executive Magistrate deputed by the District Magistrate shall attend the execution and countersign the warrant. If
the prisoner so desires, a priest of his faith may be allowed, at the discretion of the Superintendent, to be present at the place of
execution, subject to the requirements of security and prison discipline.
11.56. Relatives of the prisoner and other prisoners shall not be allowed to witness the execution. The Superintendent may, however, permit social scientists, psychologists, psychiatrists, etc. who are conducting research to be present. The Superintendent’s discretion shall prevail in the matters relating to grant of permission to witness execution. As a matter of general policy, other persons shall not be permitted to be present.
11.57. A police guard of not less than ten constables and two Head Constables or an equal number from the prison Armed Guards, shall be present at every execution. The Superintendent of Police will supply the guard on application, where no armed guard of the prison exists.
11.58. Prisoners of all categories shall be kept locked up until the execution is over.
11.59. The Superintendent, the Executive Magistrate, The Medical Officer and the Deputy Superintendent will visit the prisoner in his cell before the hour fixed for execution. The Superintendent and the Executive Magistrate shall then identify the prisoner as the person named in the warrant and read over to him a translation of the warrant in his mother tongue. Any other documents requiring attestation by the prisoner such as his will etc. shall be signed and attested in the presence of Superintendent and the Executive Magistrate. The hands of the convict shall be pinioned behind his back.
11.60. A cotton cap with flap shall be put on the prisoners face just before he enters the gallows-enclosures. The prisoner should not be allowed to see the gallows.
11.61. On the arrival of the prisoner at the scaffold, he shall be a made over to the batch of executioners.
Note:- The required number of executioners may always be posted at the Headquarters / Central Prison / Prison where executions have to be carried out. The executioners shall be trained in all matters pertaining to execution of prisoners. At fixed intervals, the
executioners shall be required to practice on dummies.
Duty of Executioners
11.62. The duty of the executioner or executioners shall be:-
(i) to place the prisoner exactly under the part of the beam to which the rope is attached,
(ii) to strap the prisoner’s hand tightly, and
(iii) to put the noose round the neck tightly, the knot or metal eye being just in front of and below the angle of the jaw, so as to run up behind the ear when the prisoner falls and receives the jerk. Care must be taken to adjust the rope so that the part to which the metal eye belongs shall pass in front of the throat. The noose should be kept tight, having been adjusted by means of a stiff leather washer on the rope. The flap of the cap should hang in front free from the rope.
11.63. The Superintendent shall see that the rope round the neck of the prisoner is adjusted properly and the knot is in proper position.
11.64. The operations mentioned above should be done simultaneously and as quickly as possible. On completion of all these operations the Superintendent shall give a signal, on seeing which the executioner in charge shall push the lever to let down the trap-door.
11.65. The body shall remain suspended for half an hour and shall then be taken down only after the Medical Officer has certified that life is extinct.
Note:- For each execution, the executioner shall be paid requisite execution fees.
Disposal of body
11.66. The body of the executed prisoner shall be disposed of according to the religious requirements.
11.67. If the executed prisoner’s relatives make a written application for performing the last rites, the Superintendent may, in his discretion, allow such request, provided that the relatives give an undertaking in writing that they will not make a public demonstration at cremation / burial. In cases where the Superintendent thinks that there is a likelihood of a public demonstration, he has the authority to refuse such permission. In cases of disposal of the body of executed prisoner, in whose case there is likelihood of public demonstration, the Superintendent shall consult the District Magistrate and arrangements for the disposal of the body shall be made according the requirements of the situation. In such event, the Superintendent shall act in accordance with the instructions of the District Magistrate.
11.68. The body of the executed prisoner shall be taken out of the prison with all solemnity. A municipal hearse or ambulance shall be
used for the transportation of the body to the cremation / burial ground. The Superintendent is authorized to incur all reasonable
expenditure required for the transportation and disposal of the dead body.
11.69. The Superintendent shall return the warrant, to the Court which issued it with an endorsement in the prescribed form (Appendix-9) to be countersigned by the Medical Officer and the Executive Magistrate.
11.70. The Superintendent shall submit the execution report to the Inspector General of Prisons