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Managing Chinese Threat (09-08-2014)

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Re: Managing Chinese Threat (09-08-2014)

Postby SSridhar » 20 Mar 2017 18:22

China warns India over invite to Dalai Lama to Buddhist meet - PTI
China today warned India not to go against its "core concerns" to avoid disruption in bilateral ties after New Delhi invited the Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai Lama to an international Buddhist seminar in Bihar.

"In recent days the Indian side, in total disregard of China's stern representation and strong opposition, insisted on inviting the 14th Dalai Lama to attend the international conference on Buddhism held by the Indian government," Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying told reporters here.

"China is strongly dissatisfied and firmly opposed to it," she said.

"We urge the Indian side to clearly see the anti-China splittist nature of the Dalai group and honour its commitment on Tibet and related questions, respect China's core concerns and avoid China-India relations from being further disrupted and undermined," she said.

The 81-year-old Dalai Lama inaugurated an international seminar on Buddhism on March 17 in Rajgir in Bihar's Nalanda district, about 100 km from the capital Patna.

Buddhist monks and scholars from various countries participated in the seminar 'Buddhism in 21st Century'.

Earlier this month, China had objected to India permitting the Dalai Lama to visit Arunachal Pradesh which it regards as Southern Tibet.

China is strongly opposed to the Dalai Lama visiting disputed areas, Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang had said.

"China's position on eastern section of China-India border dispute is consistent and clear. The Dalai clique has long been engaging in anti-China separatist activities and its record on the border question is not that good," he had said.

China views the Nobel Peace laureate, who fled into exile in India after a failed uprising against Chinese rule in 1959, as a dangerous separatist.

China in the past held talks with him for reconciliation after he fled from Tibet. But no such talks were held after President Xi Jinping took over as the new leader in 2012 and Beijing kept pressure on various countries not to host him.

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Re: Managing Chinese Threat (09-08-2014)

Postby Prem » 21 Mar 2017 02:13

China Turns Top Mid-Range Missiles Toward Taiwan ... z4btt65dzd

The Chinese military has turned its highly-accurate mid-range precision missiles towards Taiwan, the island’s defense minister confirmed Monday.The People’s Liberation Army Rocket Force has moved DF-16 missiles into position for strikes on Taiwan, Defence Minister Feng Shih-kuan said in an address to the legislature’s Foreign Affairs and National Defense Committee. Feng said that he was confident Taiwan “has adequate weaponry to shoot it down outside its borders,” reports the South China Morning Post.The DF-16, a product of China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp, is a highly-accurate, road-mobile, mid-range ballistic missile with a reported strike range of approximately 620 miles, reports the China Daily. The PLAAF trained with modified DF-16s during this past Spring Festival.Xu Guangyu, a retired general and now a strategy researcher, suggested that the DF-16 missile fills “the gap that previously existed with the absence of a medium-range ballistic missile in the PLA’s arsenal.” The missiles can strike targets along the first island chain, which runs from Japan to Taiwan to the Philippines.

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Re: Managing Chinese Threat (09-08-2014)

Postby SSridhar » 21 Mar 2017 16:00

Duterte's 'can't stop China' comment raises concern - Straits Times
Just before he left for Myanmar on Sunday, President Rodrigo Duterte said, when asked about a news report that the Chinese are planning an environment monitoring station on Scarborough Shoal, that "we cannot stop China from doing these things".

"We can't take on China. The Americans couldn't. They were too afraid. Now, (the Americans) want us to go to war (with China). It would be a massacre," he later told reporters in Naypyitaw.

His comments are a far cry from when he declared, when he was running for president in 2015, that he would ride a jet ski to Scarborough to plant the Philippine flag there. Later, shortly after he took office last June, he said that the remark was merely "hyperbole to stress a point that we will not give up anything there".

But now, with China pouring billions' worth of trade and investments into the Philippines, Mr Duterte seems to be singing a different tune, and it is not sitting well with pundits who see another "Mischief" episode unfolding.

In 1994 and 1995, China built a small structure on stilts over Mischief Reef, in the Spratlys chain of islands, shoals, reefs and rocks in the southern half of the South China Sea, just 217km from the coast of the Philippines' Palawan island. At the time, Beijing reassured Manila that the structure - a platform topped by four octagonal structures, with a Chinese flag waving overhead - was merely a fishermen's shelter.

Two decades later, that shelter has become an island fortress.

Justice Antonio Carpio, the Philippines' top legal expert on the South China Sea disputes, said Mr Duterte has the constitutional obligation to defend it, even if he thinks his military is ill-equipped.

"Any statement that the Philippines cannot stop China from building on Scarborough Shoal actually encourages China to build on Scarborough Shoal," he said.

The judge added that Manila can always file a strong diplomatic protest. Mr Duterte could also send in his navy with a clear warning to Beijing that an attack will trigger a treaty that calls on the United States to come to the Philippines' aid.

More than any other feature in the South China Sea that the Philippines claims, Scarborough Shoal stirs up the most intense feelings among Filipinos, who refer to this large coral atoll as "Panatag" (calm), because of the way the Chinese moved on it. China seized control of the shoal from the Philippines in 2012. It has restricted access to it since then, barring Filipino fishermen from the area, often chasing them away with water cannon and helicopters.

There is also the matter of whether the US will let China build anything on Scarborough Shoal.

Turning it into an island will allow the Chinese to complete a "strategic triangle", along with bases on Woody Island in the Paracels near Vietnam and in the Spratlys, which will give it total control over the 3.2 million sq km South China Sea.

Said Mr Heydarian: "The key question at this point is: Does China think that because it is offering huge economic incentives, the Philippines is willing to go soft on its territorial claims and sovereign rights in the Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea?"

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Re: Managing Chinese Threat (09-08-2014)

Postby SSridhar » 21 Mar 2017 20:37

Chinese projects stuck due to Prachanda's pro-India policies: State Chinese media - PTI
Ahead of Nepal Premier Prachanda's fence-mending visit to China this week, state-run media here has slammed him saying that ties have fallen to a "low ebb" with most of the Chinese projects stuck due to his "pro-India" policies.

An article in the state-run Global Times said for quite some time Prachanda, the Prime Minister and the chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), had been friendly toward China.

The article recalled his past close association with China as well as his anti-India rhetoric.

However, since assuming office for the second time as Prime Minister in August last year he has visited India twice and warmly welcomed President Pranab Mukherjee in Kathmandu last November, the article noted.

"Given Prachanda's pro-India foreign policy, the Sino- Nepalese relationship has fallen into low ebb," it said.

Prachanda, who succeeded 'pro-China' Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli, will embark on a five-day visit to China from March 23 during which he will attend the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference.

He is also expected to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping, who last year skipped Nepal during his South Asia tour, apparently upset over lack of progress over much-advertised projects like China-Nepal rail linkages and instead met Prachanda in Goa on the sidelines of the BRICS summit.

For China, the fall of the Oli regime was a big disappointment and a setback to its planned big push into Nepal through Tibet with rail and highway linkages to expand its influence in the landlocked country which was dependent on India for all its supplies, according to analysts.

Today's article was critical of Prachanda for the fall of the Oli government and for failing to push projects.

"It is widely believed in Nepal that Prachanda has toppled the pro-China government led by Oli under New Delhi's manipulation and paved the way for the Nepali Congress to build a pro-India government in the future," the article said.

Prachanda and Sher Bahadur Deuba of the Nepali Congress "both vowed that they would carry out the deals signed with Beijing during Oli's China visit last March, but actions speak louder than words", the article said.

"Until today, no substantial progress has yet been made," it said.

"Prachanda will transfer his power to Deuba soon after May 14, when the local-level elections will be held. Even if Prachanda would ink some vital deals with Beijing, they will most likely face the same fate of those signed during Oli's China visit -- being suspended by Deuba," the article stated.

However, although the tour takes place towards the end of his second term as Nepal's Prime Minister, it is undoubtedly good news for ties between Beijing and Kathmandu, the article said.

"Nevertheless, in order to win more support for his party in the upcoming local elections and dispel the accusation of being pro-India, Prachanda might sign some critical agreements with Beijing this time," it noted.

Among the pacts that he may sign are the construction of Sino-Nepal railway, upgrading the China-Nepal Araniko Highway and the road linking the Gyirong Port in China's Tibet Autonomous Region and Kathmandu as well as a Sino-Nepalese free trade deal, the article said.

"Yet when examining whether a foreign government or party is friendly to China, implementation of the agreements is more important than signing the deals," it said.

"Several projects in Nepal involving Chinese companies, such as Upgrade Kathmandu Ring Road Second Phase Project, the Pokhara International Airport, the Gautam Buddha International Airport in Lumbini and the West Seti Hydropower Project have been consistently blocked for various reasons," it noted.

China has every reason to require the Nepalese government to safeguard the interests of Chinese investors and contractors, the article contended.

The article also said "Beijing, New Delhi and Kathmandu ought to abandon the outdated zero-sum mindset, set aside their disputes, agree to disagree, start to seek common interests and strive for prosperity."

"Prachanda's term is about to come to an end. A China tour at this point and possible deals with the Chinese side can be a significant sign of improvement in the bilateral relationship," it said.

No matter which political party comes to power, China would like to advocate cooperation. China is always ready to help Nepal to develop its economy and achieve prosperity, the article said.

"Nepal can become another 'iron friend' of China in South Asia," it said.

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Re: Managing Chinese Threat (09-08-2014)

Postby SSridhar » 21 Mar 2017 20:46

If India doesn't stop vigilance on neighbours, China will have to fight back: Media - PTI
India is trying to undermine China's efforts to maintain close ties with Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bhutan, the official media here said today and warned New Delhi that Beijing will fight back if its core interests are violated.

"...It is India that has been treating South Asia and the Indian Ocean as its backyard with a hard-line manner. Its uneasiness toward Beijing's growing influence in the region is obvious," an article in the state-run Global Times said, referring to critical reports in the Indian media about Chinese Defence Minister Chang Wanquan's visit to Sri Lanka and Nepal.

"For instance, New Delhi is one of the crucial reasons why China and Bhutan, which is controlled by India economically and diplomatically, have not yet established diplomatic relations," the article said.

"India's vigilance against China has also affected Sri Lanka and Nepal's relations with Beijing. Even if they are trying to balance between the two giant neighbours, New Delhi still regards their neutrality as a pro-Beijing policy," it said.

"China hopes India can understand the pursuit of China and regional countries for common development, and be part of it. However, New Delhi doesn't share this thinking, instead seeking to balance China," it said.

"If such tendencies in India continue, China will have to fight back, because its core interests will have been violated. This is not what we hope for, but the ball is in India's court," it said. {So, relations with countries around is another 'core interest' for China apart from Tibet, Taiwan and Indo-China Sea? China keeps on adding to its list of 'core interests' and demanding that everyone accede to it.}

The article also said whenever a top leader from India's neighbouring countries visits China, the Indian media would hype that India is losing them or "China's emerging weight in South Asia will be New Delhi's new threat".

"Most of India's peripheral countries are also Beijing's neighbours. Promoting stable relations with surrounding nations plays a vital role in any country's own domestic development. New Delhi should stop being extremely sensitive toward each and every move between China and its neighbours," it said.

"Sri Lanka and Nepal are actually looking forward to joint projects with China, given their poor infrastructure," it said, adding when an increasing number of Chinese companies get established in these countries, it is inevitable for Beijing to boost defence collaboration with them to "protect not only China's, but also the region's interest".

"So far, the Indian government is confused when it comes to policies toward China. It seems that New Delhi is attempting to find a way, including intensifying its communication with the Dalai Lama, to display its strength and leverage in order to put pressure on or counterbalance Beijing," it said referring to participation of the Tibetan spiritual leader in an international Buddhist seminar in Bihar.

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Re: Managing Chinese Threat (09-08-2014)

Postby ranjan.rao » 21 Mar 2017 23:29

Core interest is the flavor of the month

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Re: Managing Chinese Threat (09-08-2014)

Postby SSridhar » 22 Mar 2017 10:53

Dalai Lama sets the tone for his Northeast trip - The Hindu
Making another outreach to the Chinese people on Tuesday, the Dalai Lama, Tibetan spiritual leader, appreciated their interest in Buddhism.

The moves comes against the backdrop of his much-publicised visit to Northeast India, including Arunachal Prades
h, which the Chinese government has opposed.

“The Chinese hardliners consider me a troublemaker, but the general Chinese people are very positive. For the past few years, every week some Chinese from mainland China come to see me. Whenever we meet, the Chinese Buddhists cry,” he told a news agency.

The spiritual figure is expected to travel to Guwahati by March-end to begin the Northeast trip. From Guwahati, the Dalai Lama is expected to travel to Tawang, where he will hold a series of ceremonies.

The trip to Tawang has already drawn opposition from Beijing with the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs criticising the plans because of China’s territorial claims over the region. China’s criticism also drew a response from Congress MP Shashi Tharoor, who said it was invalid.

“We are not recognising the Dalai Lama as a political leader. But we do recognise him as a spiritual leader. So China’s stand is irrelevant. If we want to invite a major Buddhist leader to a conference, then it is our privilege,” Dr. Tharoor said.

‘Negative persona’

At a public function in New Delhi on Tuesday, Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar said India-China relationship had a negative public persona in India.

The response of Mr. Jaishankar underlines the continued differences between India and China over a number of issues including territorial claims, counter-terror measures and Tibet.

Mr. Jaishankar obliquely referred to India-China differences on terrorism and said, “Nothing has globalised more than terrorism, yet responses to it remain very tactical, national; therefore remain very limited.”

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Re: Managing Chinese Threat (09-08-2014)

Postby SSridhar » 22 Mar 2017 19:59

Japan navy inducts second helicopter carrier Kaga as it pushes against China's influence in Asia - Reuters
YOKOHAMA: Japan's second big helicopter carrier, the Kaga, entered service on Wednesday, giving the nation's military greater ability to deploy beyond its shores as it pushes back against China's growing influence in Asia.

Accompanied by a military band, Maritime Self Defence Force commanders took possession of the 248 metre (813.65 ft) long vessel at the Japan Marine United shipyard in Yokohama near Tokyo, where it was docked next to its sister ship the Izumo.

"China is attempting to make changes in the South China Sea with bases and through acts that exert pressure is altering the status quo, raising security concerns among the international community," Vice Minister of Defence Takayuki Kobayashi said at the ceremony attended by about 500 people

Japan's two biggest warships since World War Two are potent symbols of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's push to give the military a bigger international role. They are designated as helicopter destroyers to keep within the bounds of a war-renouncing constitution that forbids possession of offensive weapons.

In its biggest show of naval power in foreign waters in more than 70 years, Japan plans to dispatch the Izumo in May on a three-month tour through the South China Sea
, sources with knowledge of the plan told Reuters earlier.

The addition of the Kaga means Japan will be able to mount overseas operations more often in the future. It will be based in Kure in western Japan, which was home to Japan's most famous World War Two battleship, the Yamato. The Izumo operates from Yokosuka near Tokyo, which is also where the US Seventh Fleet's carrier, the Ronald Reagan, is based.

The Japanese ships can operate up to nine helicopters each from their decks. They resemble the amphibious assault carriers used by U.S. Marines, but lack their well deck for launching landing craft and other vessels.

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Re: Managing Chinese Threat (09-08-2014)

Postby SSridhar » 23 Mar 2017 18:12

China reaches out to West Asia - Atul Aneja, The Hindu
China is in the middle of a complex diplomatic dance with West Asia, by engaging rivals such as Syria, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Iran, all at the same time.

On Tuesday, visiting Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Chinese President Xi Jinping announced an “innovative comprehensive partnership” between both countries.

China-Israel ties

China’s focus in the “partnership” is on maximising absorption of Israel’s technology in hi-tech and other advanced domains. That dovetails well with the ‘Made in China-2025’ strategy of transitioning China’s manufacturing to the advanced level by leveraging the Internet, Big Data and robotics among the key tools.

In that endeavour, China is pursuing the industry 4.0 model pioneered by Germany. In his remarks as paraphrased by Xinhua, President Xi singled out “innovation cooperation” as the motor driving overall ties with Israel.

In turn, Mr. Netanyahu narrowed down on clean energy, agriculture, investment, finance and medical services among the top priority areas.

Israel hopes to participate in the Belt and Road Initiative — fast becoming a litmus test defining the health of any nation’s ties with China.

Unperturbed by the complex web of rivalries and friendships, the Chinese are also aiming high in building ties with the region’s controversial heavyweight, Saudi Arabia.

Last week Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud was in Beijing.

With energy, and infrastructure investments by China as the centre, the two countries ended up signing agreements and letters of intent worth around $65 billion involving investment, energy, space and other areas.

Strong relationship

Xinhua quoted Mr. Xi as saying that China will support the Kingdom’s “Saudi Vision 2030” plan — a blueprint for reducing Riyadh’s dependence on oil, and reliance on other drivers of the economy such as infrastructure development — where China is a world leader — apart from health, education and tourism.

Closer ties with Riyadh have not diluted China’s strong relationship with Iran, Saudi Arabia’s archrival, highlighting Beijing’s non-zero sum approach to the region.

China and Russia have been active partners preventing “regime change” in Syria, which is also strongly backed by Iran.

As China’s interests permeate deeper, what role should Beijing play in fractious web of international diplomacy in the region? Global Times , a tabloid affiliated with the flagship People’s Daily group has advised in an op-ed on Wednesday that China should distance itself from a deeper involvement in West Asia’s foggy smoke-and-mirrors politics.

“The complexity of Middle East affairs should be fully recognised. China’s ability to influence the region still lags behind the U.S., the EU and even Russia. China is faced with a complicated geopolitical situation, and the Middle East is not in the core area of China’s diplomatic interests,” opines the daily.

It adds: “Under such circumstances, China should continue its present stance and work firmly on economic cooperation. To strengthen its economic power and partnership in a low-profile manner is the right strategy for China's Middle East policy.”

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