it's true. i would say overall china has surpassed the US.
On what assumptions would you make such a statement?
Just because some (vested interests) keep repeating this ad nauseum does not make it so.
For starters some considerations:
1/ stealing technology and making screwdrivergiri modifications is not building up intellectual and research infrastructure
2/ limiting what people say and do by using social credit scores, prevents the truly curious mind from exploring the limits of understanding.
3/ forcing apparatchiks from doing governmental bidding by using governmental influence and producing things which no one really needs, does not make you an manufacturing powerhouse
4/ more old people than young workers forces governmental expenditure towards looking after the old, leaving limited funds for raising living standards. True automation and AI are a few decades away. China officially gets old in 2030. That's just 12 years away.
5/ the ruined environment due to rampant and uncontrolled industrialisation will need a lot of time=money to fix. China can't afford that and at the same time be at war with 8 of its neighbours.
6/ while the talking heads constantly say how the ever intelligent Chinese keep learning from the mistakes of FSU and Japan, what they fail to account for is essential and objective opposition to policies which perhaps a few can see are unlikely to work (e.g. BRI)
There might be more points but I won't be carried away with the zeitgeist that Chinese are the most intelligent, most benevolent and are constantly playing 'GO' while the rest of the world is playing marbles.