Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 26 Mar 2019 10:23

Italy joins China's New Silk Road project - BBC
Posted a few days late.
A total of 29 deals amounting to €2.5bn ($2.8bn) were signed during Chinese President Xi Jinping's visit to Rome.

The project is seen as a new Silk Road which, just like the ancient trade route, aims to link China to Europe.

Italy's European Union allies and the United States have expressed concern at China's growing influence.

What is the Chinese project about?

The new Silk Road has another name - the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) - and it involves a wave of Chinese funding for major infrastructure projects around the world, in a bid to speed Chinese goods to markets further afield. Critics see it as also representing a bold bid for geo-political and strategic influence.

It has already funded trains, roads, and ports, with Chinese construction firms given lucrative contracts to connect ports and cities - funded by loans from Chinese banks.

The levels of debt owed by African and South Asian nations to China have raised concerns in the West and among citizens - but roads and railways have been built that would not exist otherwise:

What projects were signed in Rome?

On behalf of Italy, Deputy Prime Minister Luigi Di Maio, leader of the populist Five Star Movement, signed the umbrella deal (memorandum of intent) making Italy formally part of the Economic Silk Road and The Initiative for a Maritime Silk Road for the 21st Century.

Ministers then signed deals over energy, finance, and agricultural produce, followed by the heads of big Italian gas and energy, and engineering firms - which will be offered entry into the Chinese market.

China's Communications and Construction Company will be given access to the port of Trieste to enable links to central and eastern Europe. The Chinese will also be involved in developing the port of Genoa.

What's in it for Italy?


Italy is the first member of the G7 group of developed world economies to take money offered by China.

It is one of the world's top 10 largest economies - yet Rome finds itself in a curious situation.

The collapse of the Genoa bridge in August killed dozens of people and made Italy's crumbling infrastructure a major political issue for the first time in decades.

And Italy's economy is far from booming.

The country slipped into recession at the end of 2018, and its national debt levels are among the highest in the eurozone. Italy's populist government came to power in June 2018 with high-spending plans but had to peg them back after a stand-off with the EU.


Mr Di Maio told a news conference: "Italy has arrived first on the Silk Road and therefore other European countries at this moment have taken a stance on our trade decisions.

"They have taken a critical view and they have the right to this opinion."

"We do not want to override our European partners. We firmly remain in the Euro-Atlantic alliance and we remain allies of the United States in Nato," he added.

There is, however, dissent within the Italian government. Mr Di Maio's coalition partner, the other Deputy Prime Minister, Matteo Salvini, who heads the right-wing League, was conspicuously absent from all official ceremonies.

Mr Salvini has warned that he does not want to see foreign businesses "colonising" Italy.


"Before allowing someone to invest in the ports of Trieste or Genoa, I would think about it not once but a hundred times," Mr Salvini warned.

What's in it for China?

Italy's move is "largely symbolic", according to Peter Frankopan, professor of Global History at Oxford University and a writer on The Silk Roads.

But even Rome admitting the BRI is worth exploring "has a value for Beijing", he said.

"It adds gloss to the existing scheme and also shows that China has an important global role."

"The seemingly innocuous move comes at a sensitive time for Europe and the European Union, where there is suddenly a great deal of trepidation not only about China, but about working out how Europe or the EU should adapt and react to a changing world," Prof Frankopan told the BBC.


"But there is more at stake here too," he added. "If investment does not come from China to build ports, refineries, railway lines and so on, then where will it come from?"

The "made in Italy" label carries a reputation for quality worldwide, and is legally protected for products items processed "mainly" in Italy.

In recent years, Chinese factories based in Italy using Chinese labour have been challenging that mark of quality.


Better connections for cheap raw materials from China - and the return of finished products from Italy - could exaggerate that practice.

'Predatory' investment


The agreements signed in Rome come amid questions over whether Chinese firm Huawei should be permitted to build essential communications networks - after the United States expressed concern they could help Beijing spy on the West.

That was not part of the negotiations in Italy.

But a little over a week before the deal was due to be signed, the European Commission released a joint statement on "China's growing economic power and political influence" and the need to "review" relations.

As President Xi toured Rome, EU leaders in Brussels considered their approach for relations with China.

"Our aim is to focus on achieving a balanced relation, which ensures fair competition and equal market access," Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, said.

In March, US National Security Council spokesman Garrett Marquis pointed out that Italy was a major economy and did not need to "lend legitimacy to China's vanity infrastructure project".

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby Aditya_V » 26 Mar 2019 16:48

China is never going to able to enforce its deals in Europe, the Europeans are going to pocket the money and China will have to grin and bear it. The Chinese think they are being too clever, well I feel the Chinese more and more are going the way of Imperial Japan.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby ArjunPandit » 26 Mar 2019 17:10

^^well it suits italian thiefs.
remember the biggest indian thief in recent times is from italy :). Mods delete if it

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Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby Peregrine » 27 Mar 2019 03:34

China destroys 19,000 maps showing Arunachal as part of India

BEIJING: Chinese authorities have destroyed nearly 29,000 world maps that showed Arunachal Pradesh as a part of India. The maps were destroyed as they contradicted Beijing’s claim that India’s north-eastern frontier state is an extension of China’s Tibetan region. The maps also depicted as a separate country. China considers Taiwan as one of its provinces.

The Chinese authorities also revealed inadvertently that local publishers were ignoring government orders against printing “objectionable” maps with “wrongdepiction of the Sino-Indian border” and Taiwan.

A total of 28,908 maps in 803 boxes were confiscated and destroyed by the Chinese customs in the eastern port city of Qingdao.

The destroyed maps were produced by a company in east China's Anhui province and were meant to be exported to an unspecified country whose name has not been revealed.

Such seizures take place from time to time but this was the largest amount to be disposed of in recent years, the Chinese ministry of natural resources, the provincial government of Shandong and the Qingdao customs said in a joint press conference last week.

China has named and shamed foreign companies, including Gap and MAC Cosmetics, for printing maps that it didn’t approve. But such violation was taking place in China itself, local authorities revealed.

Chinese authorities inspected the domestic map market more than 100 times and uncovered over 10,000 “incorrect maps” until the big seizure in Qingdao was made.

"What China did in the map market was absolutely legitimate and necessary, because sovereignty and territorial integrity are the most important things to a country. Both Taiwan and South Tibet are parts of China's territory which is sacred and inviolable based on the international law," Beijing based Global Times quoted Liu Wenzong, professor from the department of International Law of China Foreign Affairs University.

Chinese media said the crackdown was aimed at enhancing public awareness on national sovereignty and raising people's ability to identify such ‘problematic’ maps, said the report.

The map’s printers also failed to show Taiwan as part of Chinese territory. China regards Taiwan as one of its provinces although it has its own flag, currency, military and elected government. "If the wrong maps were circulated inside the country and abroad, it would have caused great harm to China's territorial integrity in the long run," Liu said.

China has been claiming that Arunachal is a part of its South Tibet Autonomous Region and reiterates this vociferously every time any Indian political functionary visits the frontier state. When Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited the frontier state in February, China’s foreign ministry said its government has never recognised ‘the so called Arunachal Pradesh’ and is firmly opposed to the Indian leader’s visit to the east section of the China-India boundary and that visit of the Indian leadership may further ‘complicate the boundary question’.

A decade ago, names of places in Arunachal were written in Mandarin, instead of English or Hindi, in Google satellite maps. Those were eventually taken off after India protested. In 2017, China’s civil affairs ministry announced that it had standardised the names of six places in ‘South Tibet’ in Chinese characters, Tibtean and Roman alphabets.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby chetak » 27 Mar 2019 10:59

VKumar wrote:India should increase customs duty on all Chinese imports to 200%.


why are we reacting??

the cheeni are playing to their CPEC script including their concerns and ambition of occupying afghanistan. They do not want India in the equation for any trade with central asia and beyond and they want chabahar for themselves but with India completely out of it.

Our response should be tibet and negating the stoopide one china policy which the hans have rammed down our throats with a pliant, apprehensive, and fearful congi govt along with the subservient MEA babudom in tow.

the cheeni are not our friend and neither are they our well wishers. We cannot modify their behavior unless we introduce pain into the equation.

If there is the perfidious paki, then there is tibet and if there is one china policy, there has to be an equivalent one India policy with full and unconditional reciprocity.

Regarding trade, there are any number of Indians who will subvert this policy of boycott and continue the trade as usual.

Just jack up the taxes on all cheeni goods, from where ever they emanate but do not tax at the port of entry but at the point of first sale so that these shady importers take the massive hit and learn their lesson.

If the courts intervene, bring in an ordinance and bypass them pronto. They also should learn their place.

Any customs officers or customs agents or importers found collaborating with the hans should be immediately jailed without bail under the NSA for subverting Indian interests.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby ricky_v » 28 Mar 2019 18:12

https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/China-People-s-Congress/China-grooms-Xi-s-successor-skipping-a-generation
The future party leader candidates,
The most well-known of the so-called "after '70" crowd is Hu Haifeng, the 46-year-old son of former President Hu Jintao and party secretary of Lishui, a small city in Zhejiang Province. The younger Hu is expected to be promoted to party secretary of Xian in Shaanxi Province, making him the party boss of northwestern China's main city and putting him in a position equal in significance to vice governor of the province.

Another contender is 43-year-old Qie Yingcai, who became China's youngest mayor late last year as head of Xiangyang in Hubei Province, according to Chinese media. He is also a veteran of the party's General Office. At his local people's congress, Qie said that he wants Xiangyang to be a model city for new energy vehicles and smart cars as part of his effort to reform local industry.

China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission Vice Chairman Zhou Liang, 47, served as secretary to Vice President Wang Qishan during his tenure as Beijing mayor. He is seen as a close aide to Wang, having assumed a post at the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection when Wang was appointed secretary of the anti-corruption watchdog.

Zhuge Yujie, 47, has spent his entire career in Shanghai and currently serves as secretary-general of the party's Shanghai municipal committee, a rank on a par with a vice provincial governor.

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Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby Peregrine » 29 Mar 2019 04:07

X Posted on the Terroristan Thread

US, China in bitter showdown at UN over sanctions on Azhar - Chidanand Rajghatta, Sachin Parashar and Saibal Dasgupta

The US and China seem headed for a showdown at the UN over Jaish chief Masood Azhar with Beijing accusing Washington of "forcefully moving" a resolution in the Security Council intended to compel China to make public its reasons for stalling efforts to tag him as a "global terrorist".

With Beijing persisting with a "technical hold", preventing the sanctions committee of the UNSC from designating the Jaish-e-Muhammed chief as a terrorist, Washington has sought to raise the heat by seeking a discussion in the council - inviting a sharp Chinese retort that it should act with caution.

Acting with the support of France and the UK, the US bumped up the issue of listing Azhar on Wednesday.

The move came two weeks after China, for the fourth time, put a hold on a proposal to list him under the 1267 Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee of the council.

Never before has a terrorist of interest to India been targeted at the council in this manner. The other 14 members of the council are said to be supporting the proposed ban.

Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang said in Beijing that the US was undermining the authority of the sanctions committee. "This is not in line with resolution of the issue through dialogue and negotiations. This has reduced the authority of the committee as a main anti-terrorism body of the UNSC and this is not conducive to the solidarity and only complicates the issue," Geng said.

"We urge the US to act cautiously and avoid forcefully moving forward this resolution draft," China said, using unusually blunt language as the Trump administration made good its expressed intent to take the JeM chief's issue to the UNSC since the sanctions committee had been repeatedly thwarted.

Adding to the friction was US secretary of state Mike Pompeo calling out the contradiction of China's forcible detention of Uighur Muslims while supporting terror groups like JeM. "The world cannot afford China's shameful hypocrisy toward Muslims. On one hand, China abuses more than a million Muslims at home, but on the other, it protects violent Islamic terrorist groups from sanctions at the UN," Pompeo said.

The US resolve in pushing China reflects a determination to press down on Pakistan in the wake of the JeM claiming responsibility for the suicide bombing in Pulwama despite its efforts to withdraw from Afghanistan, a strategy that is seen to require the cooperation of Pakistan. Its cruciality to US plans is seen as a factor that emboldens the Pakistan military to "sanction" a big attack in J&K.

The US move means that China, if it doesn't lift the "technical hold", will likely have to explain publicly for the first time the rationale behind its support to the leader of a UN-designated terrorist group. It is understood that the next step for the council is\to have informal discussions on the resolution.

Though China as a permanent member can veto the draft resolution in the UNSC, the development further isolates Beijing at a time when the international community is running out of patience with Pakistan's sponsorship of terrorism and China's decision to shield it. JeM's claim for the Pulwama attack only deepened the unease. Proceedings of the sanctions committee were in camera but a UNSC vote, if it comes to that, will be on record.

The US-China clash over Azhar came against the backdrop of Pompeo meeting a delegation of Uighur Muslims, tens of thousands of whom are said to have been corralled in internment camps as Beijing tries to staunch what it sees as Islamic radicalism.

If the council fails to arrive at a consensus, then it could consider putting the resolution to vote, leading to an open discussion. The US, France and the UK, which have worked together to bring the proposal, will hope in such a scenario that China, fearing isolation, abstains to allow the ban to go through.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 29 Mar 2019 11:33

Government blacklists Chinese solar gear company after failing to honour contract - Kaavya Chandrasekaran, Economic Times
India plans to blacklist China Sunergy (CSUN), as the Chinese solar module supplier has failed to meet its contractual obligations with local project developers, new and renewable energy secretary Anand Kumar said.

This is the first time that the ministry is considering such a step against a foreign solar equipment supplier. “We will soon issue an advisory to people not to buy from them,” Kumar told ET.

The ministry is also planning to prepare a list of approved suppliers to shield Indian companies from the risk of dealing with unreliable suppliers, he said.

Almost 90% of solar cells and modules used in Indian projects are imported, the bulk of them from China. The CSUN Group is one of the leading Chinese manufacturers with a production capacity of 1.2 gigawatts. The company didn’t respond until press time Thursday to an email seeking comment.

Solar project developers Acme Solar, RattanIndia and Refex Energy had complained to the ministry that CSUN had failed to honour contracts with them.

According to a petition filed by Acme Solar at the International Arbitration Centre, Singapore, CSUN had agreed to supply it solar modules of an aggregate capacity of 30MW. Acme paid an advance of $2.95 million, which was about 30% of the purchase price or equal to the cost of 9MW of equipment. CSUN failed to dispatch 9W of modules by the agreed deadline, and did not return the advance either, it alleged. The Singapore arbitration court upheld Acme’s appeal.

“The risk which Indian developers carry is over dependence on Chinese manufacturers,” said a developer. “If you quote low tariffs and work with not so reliable suppliers, cases such as this could be the downside.”

In an effort to reduce over dependence on Chinese equipment, India imposed a 25% safeguard duty on the import of solar panels and modules, mostly from China and Malaysia, from end-July 2018 for a year. It will be followed by a 20% duty for six months and 15% for another six. This has raised the cost of installing solar projects and consequently tariffs, but has not yet spurred any additional investment in local manufacturing.

In a letter addressed to Kumar, dated March 13, Refex Energy also urged the ministry to deny the entry of CSUN’s modules to India. “We would request you to please take steps to blacklist the company in India, deny BIS certificate and not allow entry of their modules in India,” said the letter. Refex claimed it placed an order with CSUN for procurement of 40MW of capacity which CSUN defaulted on. It also did not return the advance ($1.12 million) paid by Refex either, it claimed.

Yarrow Infrastructure, part of the RattanIndia Group, sent a similar letter to Kumar in February. “We request you to kindly direct the appropriate authority at Indian custom ports to hold back the custom clearance of the products being imported by CSUN into Indian territory so that no product of CSUN is allowed to enter Indian territory,” it said. The company claimed that it entered into an agreement with CSUN for supply of 20MW of modules out of which only 2.77MW was delivered.

ET has seen copies of the letters from Refex and RattanIndia.

The ministry is in the process of preparing an approved list of solar equipment manufacturers globally which it hopes will help Indian developers choose prudently. “The list will be operationalised by March next year,” {That long?} Kumar said.


The Indian companies have to recover their money.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby nandakumar » 29 Mar 2019 12:11

SSridhar wrote:Government blacklists Chinese solar gear company after failing to honour contract - Kaavya Chandrasekaran, Economic Times
India plans to blacklist China Sunergy (CSUN), as the Chinese solar module supplier has failed to meet its contractual obligations with local project developers, new and renewable energy secretary Anand Kumar said.

This is the first time that the ministry is considering such a step against a foreign solar equipment supplier. “We will soon issue an advisory to people not to buy from them,” Kumar told ET.

The ministry is also planning to prepare a list of approved suppliers to shield Indian companies from the risk of dealing with unreliable suppliers, he said.

Almost 90% of solar cells and modules used in Indian projects are imported, the bulk of them from China. The CSUN Group is one of the leading Chinese manufacturers with a production capacity of 1.2 gigawatts. The company didn’t respond until press time Thursday to an email seeking comment.

Solar project developers Acme Solar, RattanIndia and Refex Energy had complained to the ministry that CSUN had failed to honour contracts with them.

According to a petition filed by Acme Solar at the International Arbitration Centre, Singapore, CSUN had agreed to supply it solar modules of an aggregate capacity of 30MW. Acme paid an advance of $2.95 million, which was about 30% of the purchase price or equal to the cost of 9MW of equipment. CSUN failed to dispatch 9W of modules by the agreed deadline, and did not return the advance either, it alleged. The Singapore arbitration court upheld Acme’s appeal.

“The risk which Indian developers carry is over dependence on Chinese manufacturers,” said a developer. “If you quote low tariffs and work with not so reliable suppliers, cases such as this could be the downside.”

In an effort to reduce over dependence on Chinese equipment, India imposed a 25% safeguard duty on the import of solar panels and modules, mostly from China and Malaysia, from end-July 2018 for a year. It will be followed by a 20% duty for six months and 15% for another six. This has raised the cost of installing solar projects and consequently tariffs, but has not yet spurred any additional investment in local manufacturing.

In a letter addressed to Kumar, dated March 13, Refex Energy also urged the ministry to deny the entry of CSUN’s modules to India. “We would request you to please take steps to blacklist the company in India, deny BIS certificate and not allow entry of their modules in India,” said the letter. Refex claimed it placed an order with CSUN for procurement of 40MW of capacity which CSUN defaulted on. It also did not return the advance ($1.12 million) paid by Refex either, it claimed.

Yarrow Infrastructure, part of the RattanIndia Group, sent a similar letter to Kumar in February. “We request you to kindly direct the appropriate authority at Indian custom ports to hold back the custom clearance of the products being imported by CSUN into Indian territory so that no product of CSUN is allowed to enter Indian territory,” it said. The company claimed that it entered into an agreement with CSUN for supply of 20MW of modules out of which only 2.77MW was delivered.

ET has seen copies of the letters from Refex and RattanIndia.

The ministry is in the process of preparing an approved list of solar equipment manufacturers globally which it hopes will help Indian developers choose prudently. “The list will be operationalised by March next year,” {That long?} Kumar said.


The Indian companies have to recover their money.

What I dont understand is this. Why would an Indian company dealing with a Chinese vendor for the first time not insist on a bank guarantee against performance failure? My guess is the initial advance paid to CSUN is returned to the promoter in the form of kickback after release of order. But credit crunch, hike in panel prices in the Chinese economy has resulted in CSUN prevented execution of the project.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 29 Mar 2019 14:48

Chinese connectivity projects across the world have national security element: Pompeo - PTI

After targetting yesterday China for its hypocrisy between Uyghurs and Pakistani jihadi terrroists, Pompeo blasts China for OBOR

Chinese infrastructure and connectivity projects around the world have an element of "national security" and are less of an economic offer for host countries, US secretary of state Mike Pompeo has said as Beijing is gearing to host the second Belt and Road Forum.

The One Belt One Road OBOR, also called the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), China claims, is a multi-billion dollar project focused on improving connectivity and cooperation among countries in Asia, Africa, China and Europe.

Pompeo Thursday told a Washington audience that China poses security threat to the US, its friends and allies.

"They're moving into the South China Sea is not because they want freedom of navigation. Their efforts to build ports around the world aren't because they want to be good shipbuilders and stewards of waterways, but rather they have a state national security element to each and every one of them," Pompeo said in conversation with Rich Lowry at the National Review Institute's 2019 Ideas Summit.


The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is no different, he asserted.

"We've said this every place we've gone, every – if you talk to any of our ambassadors or our charges, they will tell you we are happy to compete on a fair, transparent basis under rule of law with the Chinese anywhere in the world. We'll win more than our fair share, but we'll lose some to them too,” he said.

"But when you're showing up with a non-economic offer, whether that's through state-facilitated, below-market pricing or handing someone something knowing that you can foreclose on their nation shortly, so predatory lending practices, that's not straight and we are working diligently to make sure everyone in the world understands that threat," Pompeo said.

India has been raising concern over the BRI's China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) as it is being built through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).

The 3,000-km CPEC is aimed at connecting China and Pakistan with rail, road, pipelines and optical fibre cable networks.

India too advised caution, specially the neighbouring countries, about debt traps.

Apprehensions over the huge loans grew after China acquired Sri Lanka's strategic Hambantota port on a 99-year lease as a debt swap.

The world is waking up to this threat, the US secretary of State said.

"I think Asia and Southeast Asia in particular are waking up to this risk, and I hope the State Department can continue to be a part of making sure that they see that, identify it, and that it becomes more difficult for the Chinese to engage in these practices," Pompeo said.

Pompeo's comments came as China is getting ready to hold the second Belt and Road Forum (BRF) next month
. India boycotted the first BRF meet held in 2017 as Beijing went ahead with the CPEC with Pakistan.

Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi told an annual media briefing here this month that the BRF meeting to be held in April would be bigger that that in 2017 with more international participation.

Wang refuted the criticism from the US, India and several other countries that the BRI is driving smaller countries in debt traps.

The BRI is not a "debt trap" that some countries may fall into but an "economic pie" that benefits local population, Wang claimed.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby arun » 29 Mar 2019 14:51

India and PRC held the second track-II dialogue at Manesar in Haryana on March 25-26. The first round took place at Meishan, Chengdu, China in November 2017.

Excerpts:

The Indian delegation highlighted China’s continued support, logistical and military, to Pakistan.


The Indian side also raised the issue heavy investment in CPEC (China Pakistan Economic Corridor), which it said is in violation of India’s territorial integrity.


Sources said the Chinese side wanted to understand which way India was headed with US courting India. They raised concerns regarding India’s role in America’s Indo-Pacific strategy and the QUAD (an informal strategic grouping between the United States, Japan, Australia and India.).


The Indian delegation also discussed the concerns regarding designation of terrorists at the 1267 UNSC committee, to which the Chinese side said the decision was not made by them. It was a leadership-level decision.


From India Today here:

India raises Beijing’s close ties with Islamabad during Track II dialogue with China

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby arun » 29 Mar 2019 17:17

PRC going to bat gang busters for Islamic Terrorism with roots in the Deeper than Indian Ocean, Higher than Himalaya’s, Sweeter than Honey, As Close as Lips to Teeth, Stronger than Steel, Iron Brother, the Mohammadden Terrorism Fomenting Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Geng Shuang's Regular Press Conference on March 28, 2019 …..

Q: So the US has circulated a draft resolution to UN Security Council to blacklist Masood Azhar. Given that China has vetoed past actions to add Masood Azhar to the sanctions blacklist, what is China's response to this recent draft resolution?

A: I will need to correct you. China has not vetoed anything relating to this matter. We put a hold on the application and voiced a different view in the sanctions committee. It's something completely different from a veto in the Security Council.

Follow-up: You are saying that China has never blocked actions to add Azhar to the sanctions blacklist?

A: You are referring to the 1267 Committee. That and the Security Council, to which your original question is related, are two different levels.

Follow-up: Can you then just comment on this draft resolution to the UN Security Council?

A: The request to designate Masood a global terrorist was put forward to the Security Council 1267 Committee not long ago. China has put a technical hold on the application as more time is needed for a comprehensive and thorough assessment. This is in line with the rules of procedure of the 1267 Committee and there are many such precedents.

The Masood designation issue involves a series of complicated factors. China has noted that relevant parties have expressed willingness to conduct dialogue and consultation. China has also been promoting proper settlement of the issue through dialogue. Under current circumstances, the Security Council should act prudently and play a constructive role by allowing time and space for dialogue and consultation between parties concerned.

The US is bypassing the 1267 Committee by putting forward its draft resolution directly to the Security Council. Such an act will do nothing to facilitate a solution through consultation and will only lead to further complication of the issue. It has undermined the authority of the 1267 Committee as a main counter-terrorism agency at the Security Council and is not conducive to upholding the unity of the Security Council.

China urges the US to respect the will and efforts of parties to the issue and observe traditions of the Security Council to safeguard the 1267 Committee's authority and the Security Council's unity. We hope the US will by all means exercise prudence and refrain from forceful actions.


From the same press conference championing Islamic Terrorism, PRC shows a lack of love for her own Uighur Mohammaddens and refuses to own up to the abuses the PRC has dished out to the Uighurs:

Q: After meeting with people who accounted "abuses" while being held in one of China's "reeducation centers" for Uyghurs, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo denounced China's treatment of Muslims. I wonder if you could comment on this.

A: The Xinjiang affairs are purely China's internal affairs. Xinjiang currently enjoys social stability, good momentum for economic growth and harmony among all ethnic groups. Residents there now have a much stronger sense of security and fulfillment. Xinjiang has taken preventive measures by setting up the vocational and educational training centers for counter-terrorism and de-radicalization purposes. Such lawful measures have been endorsed by people of all ethnic groups and delivered social benefits.

Facts speak volumes that the vocational and educational training centers are by no means the so-called "reeducation camps" painted by the US and other Western countries. China deplores and firmly opposes the absurd remarks made by some US individuals on Xinjiang, which constitute gross interference in China's internal affairs. We have made stern representations to the US side.

China never accepts the false accusations and slanders made by the US against the Chinese government and its Xinjiang policies. Once again we urge the US to respect the facts, abandon bias, exercise prudence in its words and deeds, stop tarnishing and making unfounded accusations against China and using Xinjiang-related affairs as tools to interfere in China's internal affairs, and make efforts to enhance China-US cooperation and mutual trust instead of the contrary.


From PRC Foreign Ministry website here:

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Geng Shuang's Regular Press Conference on March 28, 2019

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Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby Peregrine » 29 Mar 2019 21:11

X Posted on the Terroristan Thread

Can Chinese Muslims help India corner JeM terrorist Masood Azhar?

NEW DELHI: The US (supported by UK and France) on Wednesday introduced a draft resolution to the powerful 15-nation UN Security Council to list Jaish-e-Muhammed chief Masood Azhar as a global terrorist.

The US move comes two weeks after China put a hold on the proposal to blacklist the Pakistan-based terrorist.

While every member of the UN Security Council supported the proposal, China was the only country to put it on hold arguing that it needs more time to study it.

The US has slammed China for holding up the ban on Azhar while "abusing" Chinese (Uighur) Muslims.

"The world cannot afford China's shameful hypocrisy toward Muslims. On one hand, China abuses more than a million Muslims at home, but on the other it protects violent Islamic terrorist groups from sanctions at the UN," US secretary of state Michael Pompeo tweeted on Thursday.

India had in 2016 tried to play the Uighur card against China in retaliation to Beijing putting a technical hold on Azhar's listing by the 1267 committee of the UN.

Trying a new tactic to put pressure on China, India had issued an e-visa to Uighur democracy activist Dolkun Isa (China called him a 'terrorist in red notice of the Interpol and Chinese police') to allow him to attend a conference organised by Chinese democracy supporters in Dharamshala. However, under pressure from China, India had later revoked the visa.

While human rights groups have accused China of forcing Uighurs, the biggest ethnic group in the country's Xinjiang region, into internment camps to strip them of their religious identity, not many countries have spoken against it. However, with Britain and Turkey raising the Uighur issue at the UN and US talking about it, it may be a card that India can play well to get China to fall in line.

Meanwhile, China on Thursday asked the US not to complicate the listing of Azhar as a global terrorist by "forcefully moving" a resolution directly in the UNSC, undermining the authority of the UN's antiterrorism committee (1267 ISIL & Al Qaeda Sanctions Committee), in which it had blocked the move.

"This is not in line with resolution of the issue through dialogue and negotiations. This has reduced the authority of the Committee as a main anti-terrorism body of the UNSC and this is not conducive to the solidarity and only complicates the issue.

"We urge the US to act cautiously and avoid forcefully moving forward this draft resolution," Geng said.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 30 Mar 2019 06:36

China denies it is shielding Masood Azhar - Atul Aneja, The Hindu
China on Friday dismissed allegations that it was sheltering terrorists by placing a “technical hold” on listing Masood Azhar, head of the banned Pakistan based-group Jaish-e-Mohammed, as a global terrorist.

Without naming any specific country, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang said: “If certain country accuses China of sheltering by putting such technical hold, does that mean that all countries that put hold are sheltering terrorists? If this makes sense, shall we say that the country that puts the most holds is the biggest protector of terrorism?” {China has been playing with words thinking it is smart. The US might have placed the highest number of holds at various times, but it was against various persons/entities and the holds were resolved over time. However, the Chinese hold is against only one person, consistent, over a long period of eleven years, and unreasonable especially when his organization is banned but only the Chief of that organization is not. China's stance is therefore not based on merit of the case because Masood Azhar has himself accepted his close connections with Al Qaeda and Taliban and being involved in monetary transactions with them}

China has on four occasions placed a ‘technical hold’ on designating Azhar as a global terrorist. On March 13, it stood out as the only country in the 1267 Committee of the UN Security Council to effectively block a resolution on banning Azhar, piloted by the U.S., France and Britain, following last month’s Pulwama terror attack.

On Tuesday, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had slammed China’s policy towards Azhar as well as the “de-radicalisation” camps in Xinjiang. “China abuses more than a million Muslims at home, but on the other, it protects violent Islamic terrorist groups from sanctions at the UN,” he said.

In his riposte, Mr. Geng said China cannot be accused of placing maximum technical holds in the 1267 committee. “At the UN Security Council sanctions committee, the practice of putting technical holds in in line with the stipulations of the committee. It is not China that has put the most hold at the committee.”

China has emphasised that the purpose of its “technical hold” is to allow more discussion on the issue in order to achieve a consensus-based settlement. “China put a technical hold with a purpose to conduct a comprehensive and in-depth assessment so as to give enough time and space to dialogue and consultation between the parties.” {China has been over the years playing the same broken record: not enough evidence, 'relevant parties' must talk, no consensus, China is assessing, enough time is needed. The UNSC 1267 Committee is being turned into a Kangaroo court by China where it wants the issue to be taken out of it and handled by China separately outside the purview of the Committee. That is what is meant by the Chinese formulation, "give enough time and space to dialogue and consultation between the parties."}

The Chinese Foreign Ministry said Beijing has been staying “in close communication with all parties to seek a settlement through the dialogue. We hope all members of the Security Council will work towards that goal.” {This is another proof of China's Kangaroo Court approach. Also, China wants to give an impression that it is trying to mediate between India and Pakistan. India must deny that it is involved in any 'communication' with China on this matter.}

China had earlier stated that is was engaged in “mediation efforts” between India and Pakistan to ease tensions between the two countries following the Pulwama attack, in which at last 40 CRPF personnel were killed.

In response to another question, Mr. Geng said he was not willing to share details about Beijing’s discussions with the “relevant parties”. {Pakistani FM had long back pledged his countries foreign policies at the feet of China after the 26/11 incident. This is being used by China to claim that it is involved in mediatory efforts. If India doesn't refute this, it sticks and China continues to use it as a point in 1267 Committee. Frankly, Masood Azhar's case has become irrelevant now. We must use this opportunity to push China into a corner and expose it.}

“We will always work in a constructive and responsible manner and stay in communication with relevant parties and seek a proper solution and it is improper for me to reveal to you the detailed discussions. {The 1267 Committee is not to find a 'solution' and arrive at a compromise when persons and entities are to be declared as terrorist. It has to examine the facts presented and declare the person/entity as either a terrorist linked to Al Qaeda/Taliban or not. The matter ends there. China is exceeding the brief and it is using the Masood Azhar case as a pretext to get involved in India-Pakistan issue.}

He pointed out that China’s diplomatic conduct “is in line with the requirement of the Security Council and rules of procedures of the committee”.

On Thursday, Mr. Geng highlighted that “Xinjiang affairs are purely China's internal affairs”.

“Xinjiang has taken preventive measures by setting up the vocational and educational training centres for counter-terrorism and de-radicalisation purposes,” he said referring to the camps in Xinjiang.
:rotfl:

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 31 Mar 2019 17:29

The rising stars of the Communist Party - Atul Aneja, The Hindu
Ever since last year’s 19th Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), when it became clear that President Xi Jinping would steer China indefinitely, speculation about the next line of Chinese leadership has been rife. It is now an open secret that most aspirants born in the 1960s are likely to fade away before entering China’s top leadership rungs. Instead, the CPC’s top leaders are expected to emerge from the post-1970s generation, now in its 40s, after President Xi, who heads the seven-member Standing Committee of the Politburo, finally hangs his boots.

The CPC handpicks its top leaders with great diligence. The bottom-up approach means that for decades, future leaders have to prove their acumen by handling various responsibilities at the lower levels, starting from the grassroots, till they are elevated to the provincial rung. The grooming tests not only their leadership skills, but also capacity to handle rivals, and possibly factions. To be a “princeling” or scion of an earlier generation of leaders can also be an advantage. But a complex maze of rules, some written and unwritten, ensures that familial ties alone do not prove decisive in the rise towards the leadership summit.

Nevertheless, President Xi himself is technically a “princeling”. He is the son of Xi Zhongxun, a first generation revolutionary leader. The senior Xi’s contributions as a revolutionary leader as well as a reformer are well acknowledged. But so are his run-ins with both Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, the two top first generation leaders of the People’s Republic of China, primarily because of his accommodative nature, as well as difficulty in pursuing extreme ideological orthodoxy.

Among China’s future leaders, Hu Haifeng (in picture) is attracting considerable attention. The 46-year-old son of former leader Hu Jintao has been party secretary of Lishui — a small coastal city in Zhejiang province. Incidentally, Zhejiang’s capital Hangzhou, known for its hi-tech industry, is the headquarters of the Alibaba e-commerce conglomerate.

Mr. Hu’s career path has taken off from Zhejiang. He was earlier the Mayor of Jiaxing, another city in the province. Prior to March 2016, he was the deputy secretary of the Communist Party branch in Jiaxing
. Mr. Hu made headlines when two years ago in April, he led more than 100 local officials to observe a court hearing for a lawsuit filed by a Jiaxing resident against a government agency.

The purpose of the visit was to raise awareness among the officials about the “rule of law”, President Xi’s pet theme which converged with his blaring anti-corruption campaign.

According to the Nikkei Asian Review, the younger Hu is expecting promotion as party secretary of Xian in Shaanxi province. That would throw him into a bigger ring, as the new posting would mean heading northwestern China’s main city as its party head. Mr. Xi’s relationship with Mr. Hu Jintao is friendly, which could help the younger Mr. Hu’s cause.

The website Caixin Global has reported that the Mr. Hu has an executive MBA from Tsinghua University, where he worked for years before heading into business, briefly joining a company supplying security inspection equipment for several industries, including the booming civil aviation and railway sectors.

Xi loyalist

Qie Yingcai, a graduate from the law department of China University of Political Science and Law is seen as another rising star. He is currently the Mayor of Xiangyang, a major city in northwestern Hubei province, whose capital is Wuhan.

Mr. Qie, 43, is projecting himself as a Xi loyalist as well as a driver of China’s new economy.
He is on record saying that he wants Xiangyang to become a city of new energy vehicles and smart cars. Among the other leading lights, the name of 46-year-old Zhou Liang is featuring prominently. Mr. Zhao was associated with the former anti-corruption czar and now Vice-President Wang Qishan. He was handpicked to become part of a team that would restore order in China’s heavily leveraged banking and financial sector. He is currently the vice-chairman of the China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC), and is reportedly overseeing joint stock banks, as well as policy banks — lenders dedicated to implement government-driven projects.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby arun » 01 Apr 2019 09:08

Wash, rinse, repeat.

Second day in a row for PRC going to bat gang busters for Islamic Terrorism with roots in the Deeper than Indian Ocean, Higher than Himalaya’s, Sweeter than Honey, As Close as Lips to Teeth, Stronger than Steel, Iron Brother, the Mohammadden Terrorism Fomenting Islamic Republic of Pakistan:

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Geng Shuang's Regular Press Conference on March 29, 2019
2019/03/29 ……………………

Q: I've got a short one. This has been repeatedly brought up in recent days. China is accused of shielding terrorists for putting on hold the request to blacklist Masood in the UN Security Council 1267 Committee. I wonder what is your response?

A: Putting a technical hold is consistent with the 1267 Committee rules. It is not China that has put more technical holds than any other country in recent years in the committee. If China is accused of shielding terrorists, all countries having put technical holds must receive the same sentence. Following that logic, won't the country that has put more technical holds than any other country be called the top protector of terrorism?

China has put a technical hold on the relevant request in the 1267 Committee not long ago to get more time for a comprehensive and thorough review and to allow time and space for dialogue and consultation between relevant parties.

China has been in close contact with the parties concerned for a proper solution through dialogue. We hope all Security Council members can work together to this end.

Q: A follow-up on the 1267 Committee. When China put a technical hold in February, it had actually sought time to explain the rationale behind this move. Have you prepared your response regarding the rationale for your putting a technical hold on the proposal?

A: China has been in close contact with the relevant parties. Like we said, we will continue to play a responsible and constructive role in the 1267 Committee discussions. We also hope all relevant parties can work together for a proper solution.

Q: One very important aspect in all the four technical holds China put up on this particular issue is about providing evidence and the discussions between the two parties. Now whatever evidence India has provided like in the previous cases, Pakistan always came back to say that it is not enough. Don't you think it is also incumbent on the particular country which is facing the allegations to also probe and and provide evidence and those countries which are supporting the particular country to also take interest in that?

A: The 1267 Committee has clear criteria for the listing procedures. What China did conforms with Security Council resolutions and the 1267 Committee's rules of procedure.

As we have continuously emphasized, we will continue to play a responsible, constructive role and maintain communication with the relevant parties for a proper solution.


Second day in row and from the same press conference championing Islamic Terrorism, PRC shows a lack of love for her own Uighur Mohammaddens and refuses to own up to the abuses the PRC has dished out to the Uighurs:

Q: At yesterday's US State Department press briefing, Sam Brownback, ambassador-at-large for international religious freedom, when talking about Xinjiang, said that "it's not just the camps anymore and people are limited on their movement in and out of the villages in that region". Do you have any comment?

A: China strongly rejects the remarks by the US ambassador-at-large for international religious freedom. Xinjiang currently enjoys social stability, good momentum for economic and social growth and harmony among all ethnic groups. Residents there now have a much stronger sense of security and fulfillment. China is firmly opposed to US interference in China's domestic affairs using Xinjiang as a pretext.

Q: My media organizations have interviewed Uygurs in Turkey claiming they have been tortured in " re-education camps" in Xinjiang. What is your response to these allegations? Second, when will international journalists and observers be allowed to visit these camps in Xinjiang that you say are training facilities?

A: You haven't been around lately, have you? I have answered many similar questions.

I do wonder why some journalists choose to believe the made-up stories of a handful of individuals overseas. Are you so sure they are telling the truth? Why on earth would you believe certain individuals' fake stories over the official statements of a responsible government? Truly, your judgment is beyond me.

As to visits to vocational education and training centers in Xinjiang, any follower of latest news or our press conferences will have noted that China has organized many such trips for foreign diplomats in China, foreign media and other foreign delegations. After seeing for themselves Xinjiang's social stability and people's sense of fulfillment, many of them commended China's Xinjiang policies. You may look for the wide news coverage of that online.


Both excerpts from PRC Foreign Ministry website here:

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Geng Shuang's Regular Press Conference on March 29, 2019

Previous days PRC comment posted here on BRF:

BRF Clicky

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 01 Apr 2019 14:20

Taiwan protests China jets crossing center of Taiwan Strait - AP
Taiwan says its planes warned off Chinese military aircraft that crossed the center line in the Taiwan Strait, calling China’s move a provocation seeking to alter the status quo in the waterway dividing the island from mainland China.

Taiwan’s defense ministry said a pair of Chinese J-11 jet fighters crossed the line around 11 a.m. Sunday and entered the island’s southwestern airspace. It said Taiwan scrambled jets to warn off the Chinese planes, which came within about 185 kilometers (115 miles) of the island itself.

The ministry said in a tweet that the Chinese planes “violated the long-held tacit agreement by crossing the median line” of the strait.

Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen told reporters that such acts sought to alter the status quo and threatened regional security and stability.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 02 Apr 2019 06:03

China Bans All Types of Fentanyl, Cutting Supply of Deadly Drug to U.S. and Fulfilling Pledge to Trump - Steven Lee Myers and Abby Goodnough, NYT

So, the reverse Opium War has come to an end?

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 02 Apr 2019 19:17

Chinese students in limbo as wait for US visas stretches for months - Straits Times
If CaIf Wei Lan (not his real name) hadn't returned to China in December for the winter holiday, today he would be sitting in a classroom at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, continuing his studies as a doctoral student.

For the last three months, he has been anxiously awaiting the student visa that will allow him to return to his studies.

"Every day, I feel more dead than alive. It's so depressing," Wei told Caixin.

The new semester began in January, and Wei has completed a year and a half of doctoral classes. If he gives up now, the last two years of hard work will be lost forever.

Though there are no official statistics, Wei's case is not uncommon.

Since early March, many Chinese students who have not been able to return to the United States for the most recent semester have been organising through a WeChat group in hopes of raising awareness of their plight.

Many came back to China at the end of 2018 for winter vacation - but have since suffered through a long and opaque administrative process.

Some of the groups quickly grew to have more than 100 members.


Some students have already completed their undergraduate studies in China and were working on masters or doctoral degrees in engineering or the sciences in America. Others are studying in the fields of artificial intelligence, aviation, or the material sciences.

In May 2018, the Associated Press reported that the State Department was planning to shorten the validity length of student visas for Chinese students studying a masters or PhD in robotics, aviation and high-end manufacturing.

These areas have been particularly sensitive in recent years. A policy notice from China's State Council, issued in 2015, outlines the "Made in China 2025" plan to upgrade China's industrial sector, specifically aimed at improving machinery, aviation and intelligent manufacturing, among others.

The shortened validly length meant that if students left the US to return home or go to another country for any reason, they would have to apply for a new visa.


China's Foreign Ministry slammed the move, with spokesman Hua Chunying saying that China and the US should facilitate "people-to-people exchanges" instead of "doing the opposite" at a regular press conference after the changes were announced.

Of course, students can also choose to stay in the US, because foreigners' legal residence period is determined by the US Citizenship and Immigration Services.

In short, a student visa is just a permit for entering and leaving the US.

"My major in the US is computer science. It's related to AI, but what I'm doing is for civil use, I don't think it's anything sensitive," complained Wang Nan (not his real name), a doctoral student who has been waiting for his visa since December.

On March 7, branches of the Chinese Students and Scholars Association (CSSA) at the University of Illinois-Urbana Champaign, University of California-Berkeley and Cornell University published an open letter to gather support for a petition about the issue.

What the students don't understand is why their visa applications, submitted at the end of last year, have been held up for so long.

According to the State Department website, visas have two statuses: approved or denied. However, the visa office can implement "administrative processing" for visa applicants who may be denied, a process with no time limit.
With the tightening of student, work, and business visas, more applicants have required extra investigations, which has extended the normal administrative processing period.

"Before I came home, I had heard that US visas were getting more strict, but I didn't realise it would be this terrible," Wei said.

In the US, he was studying condensed matter physics in theoretical research - but the knowledge can also be applied to quantum computing.

In 2017, his visa application underwent administrative processing, but it was approved in one month. It was valid for only one year.

But this time, with a tighter policy for US visas, the review has disrupted Wei's plans, and he seems to be caught in an international game of chess.

In June 2018, at a Congressional hearing on the Chinese student visa issue, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Visa Services Edward Ramotowski confirmed that embassies and consulates had received special instructions to conduct additional investigations into Chinese students studying subjects in "sensitive areas".

He explained that the regulations were applicable to students studying for masters, doctoral, and post-doctoral degrees.


The "risk" for undergraduate students was not as high due to the more basic nature of their degrees.

Mr Ramotowski said at the hearing that the new regulations were in accordance with President Donald Trump's National Security Strategy announced in December 2017 and would prevent leaks of sensitive and patented technologies.

He also acknowledged that excessive implementation could negatively impact America's ability to attract talent and the benefits foreign students bring.

Mr Bill Priestap, assistant director of the FBI's Counterintelligence Division, revealed at the hearing that in 2017, "international academics studying at US colleges and universities contributed US$36.9 billion (S$50 billion) to the US economy and supported over 450,000 jobs".

He added that three US jobs were created for every seven academics enrolled.

According to statistics from the US Department of Homeland Security, China is the largest source of international students to American universities - of the 1.2 million foreign students in the US, 377,000 are from China.

But this has not stopped the US from increasing the number of visas placed under "administrative processing."

Many Chinese students who have been investigated complained that America's visa system is not transparent.

"We also don't know what kind of things they're investigating, we don't know how the investigation is progressing, and we also don't know if there's even an investigation or if they're just dragging it out," a doctoral student who has been waiting for his visa since October told Caixin.

"If there was a schedule, we could plan things, but no one can give us a timeline, we have no control."

The vast majority of the visa applicants interviewed by Caixin said that they had tried multiple different channels to inquire about their visa application status, including through sending endless e-mails to the American embassy and the State Department, even calling US Congressional representatives, universities or other organisations for help - all to no avail.


"The school can only let us extend our study period, but they can't help us speak with the US government. Through the whole process, there's no one who can intervene," Wang said.

In response to questions from Caixin, a spokesman from the US Embassy in Beijing said that visa applications are taken on a case-by-case basis, and it is up to the visa officer to determine whether a visa applicant's situation meets the requirements laid out by US law.

"We are always looking for mechanisms to improve our screening process. We hope to allow people to legally travel and immigrate to the United States while protecting US citizens and national security," the spokesman said.


Official statistics show that the US is issuing fewer work visas than it once did.

According to statistics from the US Citizen and Immigration Services, in 2015, 96 per cent of applications were approved.

In 2018, this shrunk to 85 per cent.

During the approval process, the government has also required applicants to submit additional materials, thus lengthening the processing time.

Director of Penn Wharton China Centre Z. John Zhang told Caixin that this could make it hard for foreign students to find work in the US and reduce the motivation for foreign students to come to America for an MBA.

The new visa policies have also begun to affect regular academic exchanges.

On March 7, Professor Bao Yungang, director of the Chinese Academy of Science's Centre for Advanced Computer Systems, posted on WeChat that he and his colleague would miss a planning meeting for programme chairs of the International Symposium on Computer Architecture to be held in Arizona in June - because the US government was still processing their visa applications.

Prof Bao told Caixin that especially for those in the fields of chips and supercomputing, America's visa policies have become increasingly strict.

Since 2008, each of his visa applications have been subjected to administrative processing, and he has not been able to obtain a 10-year business trip visa.

Prof Bao also felt that the processing time has got longer.

Students from the Chinese Academy of Sciences who have applied for US visas are usually directly accepted, and now they are often first put under administrative processing, he said. He worries that this could impact academic exchanges between China and the US.

On the other hand, other well-known foreign scholars are also experiencing similar situations, showing that the visa restrictions are not just limited to China.


Prof Adi Shamir, a world-renowned cryptographer at the Weizmann Institute in Israel, recently had his visa application denied and was unable to attend a security conference in San Francisco in early March.

His application had been placed under investigation over two months earlier.

For Chinese students who are still waiting for their visas, the potential cost of giving up their studies in America is too great.

Many of them are still paying rent on housing and have already paid tuition.

Some of the students in the WeChat group have received their visas, but many more are stuck waiting, without any idea of how long the wait for their visa will continue or how to speed up the process.

"If I don't get my visa, I could consider transferring to a school in another country or ask my family members to help me find a job. I haven't thought about it yet," Wang said. But even after over 100 days of anxiety, his first choice is still to continue waiting.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby ArjunPandit » 02 Apr 2019 21:01

i believe china has crossed that threshold where it solely needs to depend upon US for progressing further on this. Whatever US can produce chinese can produce more and better. having gone through the quality of their work, in many of these fields, i find it at least par with US (again with a lot of inputs). Soviets did not have access to internet to pick up from research, but chinese have. Unless we are seeing a closed/completely opaque patent regime, we are seeing China catch up with US real fast in these matters. At worst they would try the japanese model of waiting their time.
Chola would love to hear their thoughts

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby Rudradev » 03 Apr 2019 00:41

SSridhar wrote:China Bans All Types of Fentanyl, Cutting Supply of Deadly Drug to U.S. and Fulfilling Pledge to Trump - Steven Lee Myers and Abby Goodnough, NYT

So, the reverse Opium War has come to an end?


I seriously doubt it SSridhar.

China is too clever by half. It rarely, if ever, directly exported fentanyl to distributors in the US itself. I had once linked a DEA report on this. The far more common technique for China is to export precursor chemicals for fentanyl manufacture to illicit drug labs in Mexico (mainly) and Canada. Plausible deniability. The precursors are then "cooked" by the drug cartels in countries neighbouring the US, a relatively simple process of chemical screwdriver-giri, and used to adulterate their own locally-produced heroin etc. which is then smuggled into the US.

(Actually this is remarked upon in the article itself--)


But the ban does not cover all of the precursor chemicals used to make fentanyl and its analogues, according to a spokesman for Mr. Trump’s Office of National Drug Control Policy.

That could be problematic because these chemicals are often sent from China to Mexico, where traffickers use them to make fentanyl that ends up in the United States. China has banned some of them, but not all, which the spokesman said would be nearly impossible.

The spread of fentanyl in the United States over the last five years has resulted in record numbers of overdose deaths; it became the leading cause of overdose deaths in 2016 and contributed to 28,466 of the roughly 72,000 that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention counted in 2017.

Its march across the country, and particularly its penetration of the Northeast and Midwest, has resulted in a higher death toll by overdoses than H.I.V., car crashes or gun violence caused at their peaks.


So maybe Xi has done a token crackdown on a few grey-area Chinese chemical manufacturers who were directly supplying fentanyl to US entities, and Trump is using this to claim "victory" (like Manmohan Singh used to after Hafiz Saeed was sentenced to a few days of 5-star house arrest by Pakistan govt.) The bulk of the reverse opium war will continue.

What the US is perhaps belatedly beginning to understand about BRI/OBOR etc. is that it provides Beijing with multiple firewalls behind which to conceal its plausible deniability, regarding both illicit drugs and other kinds of trade malpractices. Things could be re-exported from Kyaukpyu or Djibouti or wherever to the US and be virtually impossible to trace back to their origins in a "globalized" WTO world.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 03 Apr 2019 10:56

Govt to discuss strategy to boost exports to China - Amiti Sen, Business Line
To increase exports to China in order to make a substantial dent in the trade imbalance, the Commerce Ministry has scheduled a brainstorming meeting this week with other line ministries and export promotion organisations to identify sectors and strategies to step up performance.

“Exports to China have increased but not to the extent India was hoping for. Commodities such as sugar and soyabean, which hold a lot of promise, haven’t delivered yet. However, there are farm items such as grapes and pomegranate where there is a big scope to increase exports. The meeting will focus on bringing together stakeholders so that the right strategy can be adopted,” a government official told BusinessLine.

Commerce & Industry Minister Suresh Prabhu is expected to chair the meeting scheduled on April 4. While India’s exports to China increased 36.87 per cent to $11.10 billion in the April-November 2018-19 period, performance decelerated in the next three months and export growth in April-February 2018-19 slowed 28.6 per cent to $15 billion.

India’s trade-deficit with China in 2017-18 was a whopping $63 billion
, which prompted Chinese President Xi Jinping to promise to his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi at the Wuhan Summit last April, that his country would take steps to increase Indian imports of items such as rice, sugar, fruits, soyabean and pharmaceuticals.

Disappointment for India

What has come as a big disappointment for India is the fact that it has not been able to export commodities where it thought it had a clear advantage. For instance, although there was substantial scope for India to export soyabean due to China’s stand-off with the US, a primary supplier of soyabean, it did not materialise into business for Indians as imports were made from other countries such as Argentina.

Similarly, while China had promised to buy sugar from India, it instead decided to release quota for Pakistan in March.


“In the meeting, participants will analyse what more can be done from the Indian side to increase exports to China. Inputs will also be sought from the Indian Embassy in China on how to deal with Chinese officials on the matter,” the official said.

On the positive side, export shipments of grapes from India has already been sent to China and exports of pomegranates, too, is expected to begin soon. Commerce Ministry is also positive that with a little diplomatic effort, India can resume selling tobacco to Beijing.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby Aditya_V » 03 Apr 2019 11:06

This is BS strategy, We need to get our manufacturing act together or China will continue smashing us, Agricultural commodities should be consumed by our Large population.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby TKiran » 04 Apr 2019 04:05

https://mobile.twitter.com/Chellaney/st ... 2837324800


Conversation

Brahma Chellaney
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India displays resolve against China, only to later pay obeisance. Samdurong Chu was followed by Rajiv Gandhi’s Beijing visit. Likewise, Doklam was followed by Wuhan. Wuhan cannot obscure the jarring fact that China has furtively occupied much of Doklam

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 04 Apr 2019 07:26

Trump says he called President Xi Jinping the 'king' of China - PTI
US President Donald Trump said he called his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping a "king" during his first state visit to Beijing in 2017 and that the top Communist Party leader appeared to appreciate the remark.

Addressing the National Republican Congressional Committee spring dinner in Washington on Tuesday, Trump said Xi had denied he was a king.

"He said, 'But I am not king, I am president.' I said 'No, you're president for life, and therefore you're king'," Trump told his audience, prompting laughter, CNN reported.

"He said, huh. He liked that. I get along with him great," it quoted the US President as saying.

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Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby Peregrine » 05 Apr 2019 03:23

Elite US school MIT cuts ties with Chinese tech firms Huawei, ZTE – Reuters

NEW DELHI: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has severed ties with Huawei Technologies and ZTE Corp as US authorities investigate the Chinese firms for alleged sanctions violations, it said on Wednesday.

MIT is the latest top US education institution to unplug telecom equipment made by and other Chinese companies to avoid losing fedral funding.

"MIT is not accepting new engagements or renewing existing ones with Huawei and ZTE or their respective subsidiaries due to federal investigations regarding violations of sanction restrictions," Maria Zuber, its vice president for research, said in a letter on its website.

Collaborations with China,Russia and Saudi Arabia would face additional administrative review procedures, Zuber added.

"The institute will revisit collaborations with these entities as circumstances dictate," she said.

Britain's Oxford University stopped accepting funding from Huawei this year.

Meng Wanzhou, chief financial officer of Huawei and the daughter of its founder Ren Zhengfei, was arrested in Canada in December at the request of the United States on charges of bank and wire fraud in violation of US sanctions against Iran.

She denies wrongdoing.

US sanctions forced ZTE to stop most business between April and July last year after commerce department officials had said it broke a pact and was caught illegally shipping US origin goods to Iran and North Korea. The sanctions were lifted after ZTE paid $1.4 billion in penalties.

In Beijing, the foreign ministry referred questions to the two companies, but said Chinese firms were required to abide by local laws.

"At the same time, we ask that governments in countries where they are based provide a just, fair, and non-discriminatory environment," its spokesman, Geng Shuang, told a news briefing on Thursday.

Chinese telecoms equipment makers have also been facing mounting scrutiny, led by the United States, amid worries Beijing could use their equipment for spying. The companies, however, have said the concerns are unfounded.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 05 Apr 2019 10:19

Philippines' Duterte tells China to 'lay off' island in disputed South China Sea - Straits Times
Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte told China on Thursday (April 4) to "lay off" an island occupied by Manila in the disputed South China Sea, and said he would deploy his soldiers there if Beijing touches it.

Mr Duterte's remarks, which he said was not a warning but rather a word of advice to a friend, follow a statement made by the foreign affairs ministry calling the presence of more than 200 Chinese fishing boats near Thitu island illegal.

"I will not plead or beg, but I am just telling you that lay off the Pagasa because I have soldiers there. If you touch it, that's a different story. I will tell the soldiers 'prepare for suicide mission'," Mr Duterte said in a speech, using the local name for Thitu.

Mr Duterte has repeatedly said he would not go to war with China because it would be suicide.

The Philippines military has described the boats as a "suspected maritime militia". {Yeah, the usual Chinese tactic of testing the waters}

"Such actions, when not repudiated by the Chinese government, are deemed to have been adopted by it," the Department of Foreign Affairs said in a rare rebuke of Beijing.

MrDuterte, who has pursued warmer ties with China since taking office in 2016 in exchange for billions of dollars of pledged loans and investment, said he would not allow China to occupy Thitu island because it "belongs to us".


The presence of the trawlers near Thitu island raises questions about their intent and role "in support of coercive objectives", the ministry said, days after the Philippines lodged a diplomatic protest with China.

In Beijing, Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang did not refer directly to Manila's protest, but he said bilateral talks on the South China Sea held in the Philippines on Wednesday were "frank, friendly and constructive". {It is very clear. Duterte spoke after the talks which means that China claimed the island in the talks}

Both sides reiterated that South China Sea issues should be resolved peacefully by parties directly involved, he said.

The Philippines has monitored the Chinese boats from January to March this year, according to military data.

"These are suspected maritime militia," Captain Jason Ramon, spokesman for the military's Western Command said this week.

"There are times when they are just there without conducting fishing. At times, they are just stationary."


The Philippines, Brunei, China, Malaysia, Taiwan and Vietnam have competing claims of sovereignty in the South China Sea, a conduit for goods in excess of US$3.4 trillion (S$4.6 trillion) every year.

In 2016, the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague invalidated China's claim to sovereignty over most of the South China Sea.

"We call on concerned parties to desist from any action and activity that contravenes the Asean-China Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea, as these generate tension, mistrust and uncertainty, and threatens regional peace and stability," the Philippines ministry said.

Last month, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo assured the Philippines it would come to its defence if it came under attack in the South China Sea.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby Singha » 08 Apr 2019 09:39

https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/07/asia ... index.html

maldives president who replaced the china pasand toady headed for a landslide election win.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 10 Apr 2019 17:13

China and Pakistan Have Struck a Devil’s Bargain With Militants - Yelena Biberman, Jared Schwartz, Foreign Policy
The tense standoff between India and Pakistan has gotten tenser with a surprising move by China. On March 14, China blocked a United Nations effort to designate as a terrorist Masood Azhar, a militant group leader who had brought the two South Asian nuclear rivals to the brink of war. Azhar is the founder and leader of Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), which took credit for the Feb. 14 suicide attack in India-administered Kashmir that sparked the recent India-Pakistan crisis.

It might seem strange for China to coddle a militant group that is threatening its $60 billion investment in Pakistan. However, there is a possibility that the Afghan Taliban, not JeM, may have provided the initial push for the attack. By giving diplomatic cover to JeM, China is safeguarding its economic interests in the region and propping its regional ally (Pakistan), which is pressuring the Afghan Taliban to negotiate with Kabul.

Pakistan has been playing a critical role in the U.S.-Taliban peace talks. Their success would mean U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan, where China has big plans. Last year, Beijing decided to expand the flagship project of its ambitious Belt and Road Initiative—the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) infrastructure-building plan—into Afghan territory, with the support of Kabul.

China’s strategy in South Asia appears to be cautiously patient. Beijing supports significant efforts to stabilize Afghanistan—most recently, Pakistan’s push for the Afghan government to be included in the U.S.-Taliban peace talks—while treating the ensuing backlash and obstacles as inescapable and not a deal-breaker.

China does what it must to keep itself from becoming the target of Islamist ire, especially given the now widespread coverage in the press of its internment camps for Uighurs and other Muslim peoples living in Xinjiang. Some have called Azhar “Beijing’s go-to man to ensure security” of the CPEC. But he is really more of a potential regional threat that China does not want to trigger. It must play a delicate game with Azhar. A U.N. Security Council denouncement would be “deeply embarrassing” for him, and a terrorist designation would also severely limit his mobility by freezing his funds and international travel.

Azhar’s proven capacity for carnage in Kashmir and beyond seriously threatens China’s CPEC investments in Pakistan (and Afghanistan). This likely factors heavily into China’s calculations. Reputation matters a great deal when it comes to South Asian politics. The case of Azhar shows that a powerful country like China can be concerned about its reputation not just in front of other countries or domestic audiences but also when it comes to powerful militant leaders. It must stay in Azhar’s good graces because he has the capacity to seriously threaten its economic and security interests.

The CPEC already faces significant security challenges. The Kashmir region, where Gilgit-Baltistan is an “important part” of the CPEC project, is perpetually on edge. Baluchistan is mired in insurgency. Despite the reported surrenders of hundreds of Baluch separatists, Baluch militants attacked a Chinese consulate in Karachi in November 2018. Afghanistan, rocked by violent conflict for more than 40 years, is teetering on the edge of another civil war.

The CPEC’s success requires stability not just in Pakistan but also in Afghanistan. It necessitates Pakistan to restrain its terrorist proxies, as well as for the Taliban and Afghan government to come to a peaceful settlement
.

The prospect of a stable Afghanistan gives Pakistan a strong incentive to advocate for Kabul’s representation in the peace talks between Washington and the Taliban. And China appears to be encouraging Pakistan to do just that. At the first trilateral meeting with the foreign ministers of Pakistan and Afghanistan in 2017, China in a joint statement called for “a broad-based and inclusive peace and reconciliation process,” suggesting that the inclusion of all Afghan parties was crucial to China’s interests in the region.

Successful negotiations could also precipitate the withdrawal of U.S. troops within three to five years. With the United States out of the picture, and the CPEC binding the two countries’ economies closer together, Pakistan could move to pull Afghanistan away from India’s economic orbit.

China might be courting militants to protect its own interests—but it’s a long leap from that to encouraging attacks on others. Pakistan, meanwhile, has long used proxy groups to stab at India. Yet the timing of the Feb. 14 attack seems off. Islamabad had little to gain and lots to lose in a crisis.

One party that definitely gained from the attack in India was the Afghan Taliban. The Taliban are ardently opposed to negotiating with Kabul. They deem the Afghan government not only illegitimate but also not genuinely interested in ending U.S. occupation and, therefore, incapable of negotiating the withdrawal. The Taliban have, so far, resisted all efforts to compel them to engage with the central government, including by demanding the change of venue for the talks from Riyadh to Doha. As one senior Taliban member explained: “The problem is that leaders of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates wanted us to definitely meet the Afghan government delegation, which we cannot afford to do now, and we have canceled the meeting in Saudi Arabia.”

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 11 Apr 2019 09:24

Forcing China's Hand - Harsh V. Pant, The Hindu
Late last month the U.S. opened another front in its ongoing multi-pronged tussle with China when it circulated a draft resolution to the powerful 15-nation UN Security Council (UNSC) on March 27 to blacklist Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar and subject him to a travel ban, an assets freeze and an arms embargo. It did so knowing full well the Chinese position on the issue as China had put a hold on a French proposal to list Azhar under the 1267 al-Qaeda Sanctions Committee of the Council just a few days earlier.

Washington has underlined that it would utilise “all available avenues” to ensure that Azhar is held accountable by the UNSC by suggesting that “while we strongly prefer that UNSC designations take place through the committee process, the United States and its allies and partners, including those on the… Security Council, will utilise all available avenues to ensure that the founder and leader of the UN-designated terrorist organisation JeM is held accountable by the international community.”


China, of course, has reacted strongly to this move by arguing that the U.S. decision to go directly to the UNSC to designate Azhar could scuttle China’s efforts to resolve the issue amicably. As per the Chinese spokesperson, “China has been working hard with relevant sides and is making positive results. The U.S. knows that very well. Under such circumstances, the U.S. still insists on pushing the draft resolution, (which) doesn’t make any sense.”

The U.S.-China angle

Washington will be aware that China would continue to oppose the move but the fact that it is willing to take on China so openly on this issue underscores that it wants to call China out publicly. This was reflected in U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s tweet: “The world cannot afford China’s shameful hypocrisy toward Muslims. On one hand, China abuses more than a million Muslims at home, but on the other, it protects violent Islamic terrorist groups from sanctions at the UN.”

France’s proposal to get Azhar listed as a terrorist by the the UN’s 1267 sanctions committee was scuttled by China despite the move having the support of 14 out of 15 members. In its zeal to shield Pakistan, China has used its veto on Azhar’s listing at the 1267 UNSC sanctions committee four times in the past decade. But after the February 14 Pulwama attack that killed 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel, for which the JeM took responsibility, Chinese intransigence has come under the spotlight. After China’s block last month, France moved quickly to impose sanctions on Azhar, including a freeze on his assets. It is working with its European partners the matter of putting Azhar on a European Union list of terrorists and terror organisations. The international community, apart from China, has rallied behind India after Pulwama and has pushed Pakistan to undertake serious measures to control terrorism emanating from its territory.

This has been shaped by India’s diplomatic outreach over the last few years in which global support has been sought to reverse Pakistan’s support to terrorist organisations. But what has given this an added sense of urgency is India’s decision to up the ante after the Pulwama attacks by taking the fight to the Pakistani territory. This has now put the onus on Pakistan to de-escalate, a reversal of the post-1998 situation where in every India-Pakistan crisis it was New Delhi which was expected to take steps for de-escalation even as every crisis was precipitated by Pakistan. After every crisis, the international community, especially the West, would persuade India to ease tensions, and in most cases India relented. The post-Pulwama South Asian strategic equilibrium has shifted as New Delhi has made it clear that it could not be expected to look the other way from Pakistani provocations.

Regional peace

The latest American move is an unprecedented one, and is not only aimed at forcing the Chinese hand on Masood Azhar but is also a recognition of the new regional context in South Asia where a stronger global attempt to rein in Pakistan is the only viable option of maintaining regional peace. As the U.S. and China prepare the South Asian chessboard, Indian moves have suddenly become the decisive ones and both the powers are calibrating their own moves accordingly.

Harsh V. Pant is Director, Studies at Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi and Professor of International Relations at King’s College London

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 12 Apr 2019 08:19

China gets ultimatum to lift 'technical' hold on Azhar - Sachin Parashar, ToI
The campaign for an international ban on Masood Azhar, the Pakistan based leader of UN-designated terror group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), is gaining steam at the UN Security Council.

The proposers of the resolution to ban Azhar - US, UK and France - have asked China to lift its "technical" hold on the ban proposed in the UNSC 1267 sanctions committee in the next couple of weeks or face another resolution for the same in the Council.


Even as negotiations continue, a western diplomatic source said Beijing had been provided time tentatively until April 23 to lift the hold before a proposal for proscribing Azhar is officially and directly introduced in the Council, bypassing the 1267 committee.

This parallel resolution in the Council had been circulated informally among the 15 member states but not tabled officially, allowing for informal discussions to see if China could be persuaded to review its position on Azhar.

So far though, there has been no indication of Beijing considering lifting its hold on the ban which is necessary for imposing travel restrictions on Azhar and freezing his assets.

Efforts for a ban on Azhar were renewed by the US and France after the February 14 Pulwama attack carried out by JeM. China though for the 4th time sought to block his listing by the 1267 committee by putting the proposed ban on what it describes as a technical hold. Frustrated by Beijing's hold, the US informally circulated another draft resolution for consideration of the members in the Council.
Beijing described the US move as not constructive and as setting a bad example. This was the first time a draft resolution had been moved directly in the Council for a ban on a terrorist of interest to India.

Depending on how China responds, a decision will be taken in the 4th week of April on whether or not the draft resolution should be put formally on the table, TOI has learnt.

After the resolution is tabled, another round of consultations is likely on the specifics of the document. The resolution can then be put to vote. The US and others including India will hope that China will abstain allowing the ban to go through.

During the consultations, the Council members can also call for a public debate on the issue, forcing China to explain before the world why it continued to support a dreaded terrorist like Azhar.

China has indicated to India that it is willing to have constructive discussions on the issue of Azhar. "On the issue of listing in the 1267 Committee of the UN Security Council, China attaches importance to and understands India’s concerns and is willing to strengthen communication with India to find a proper solution," said Chinese ambassador Luo Zhaohui in a newspaper article recently.
However, the issue of Azhar's ban can't also be prolonged indefinitely at the UNSC. China's hold can last for 9 months and it's perhaps in everybody's interest that the issue is resolved, either way, much earlier.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby Austin » 12 Apr 2019 13:04

Stephen K. Bannon Hammers China in Hokkaido Japan


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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 12 Apr 2019 18:38

China trying to create its own globally decisive naval force through BRI: Pentagon - PTI
China is trying to create its own globally decisive naval force through the ambitious multi-billion dollar Belt and Road Initiative, the Pentagon has told the US Congress, warning that Beijing's "unfavourable deals" strangle a nation's sovereignty like an Anaconda enwrapping its next meal.

Touted as President Xi Jinping's pet project, China is vigorously pursuing the Belt and Road initiative (BRI), offering billions of dollars of loans for infrastructure projects to different countries as it looks to expand global influence.

"China's Belt and Road Initiative in particular is blending diplomatic, economic, military, and social elements of its national power in an attempt to create its own globally decisive naval force," John Richardson, Chief of Naval Operations, told members of House Armed Services Committee during a Congressional hearing on Thursday.

"China's modus operandi preys off nations' financial vulnerabilities. They contract to build commercial ports, promise to upgrade domestic facilities, and invest in national infrastructure projects," he said.

The BRI focuses on improving connectivity and cooperation among Asian countries, Africa, China and Europe.

The project has become a major stumbling block in India-China relations as the controversial USD 60 billion China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) has been listed as its "flagship project".

India has objected to the CPEC as it is being laid through the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and boycotted a high-profile Belt and Road Forum organised by China last year.

"Slowly, as the belt tightens, these commercial ports transition to dual uses, doubling as military bases that dot strategic waterways. Then, the belt is cinched as China leverages debt to gain control and access," Richardson said.

"In the final analysis, these unfavourable deals strangle a nation's sovereignty -like an Anaconda enwrapping its next meal. Scenes like this are expanding westward from China through Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Djibouti and now to our NATO treaty allies, Greece and Italy," he told members of the House Armed Services Committee.

In his testimony, the top naval official said despite the United States' persistent work over two centuries to keep the seas open to every nation and every mariner, there are those who seek to upend this free and open order and stem the tide that has steadily lifted all boats.

"As discussed in the 2018 National Defense Strategy (NDS), China and Russia are deploying all elements of their national power to achieve their global ambitions," he said.

China and Russia seek to accumulate power at America's expense and may imperil the diplomatic, economic, and military bonds that link the United States to its allies and partners, Richardson added.

"These actions are not only directed at the United States: China and Russia are working to redefine the norms of the entire international system on terms more favourable to themselves," he said.

China and Russia are determined to replace the current free and open world order with an insular system, Richardson asserted.

"They are attempting to impose unilateral rules, re-draw territorial boundaries, and redefine exclusive economic zones so they can regulate who comes and who goes, who sails through and who sails around.

"These countries' actions are undermining international security. This behaviour breeds distrust and harms our most vital national interests," he told the lawmakers.

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Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby Peregrine » 12 Apr 2019 22:45

X Posted on the Terroristan Thread

IMF, World Bank urge caution with China loans

The rising influence of lending by China to developing nations is increasingly under the spotlight amid concerns the growing debt burden and onerous conditions could sow the seeds of a crisis.

The global development lenders, the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, are calling for more transparency about loan amounts and terms, and cautioning governments against relying too much on debt.

At the Spring meetings of the institutions on Thursday, newly-installed World Bank President David Malpass warned that “17 African countries are already at high risk of debt distress, and that number is just growing as the new contracts come in and aren't sufficiently transparent.”

Read: China acknowledges it’s extending financial help to Pakistan

And IMF chief Christine Lagarde said the high debt levels and number of lenders, who do not all conform to international norms, also complicate any future efforts to restructure a country's debt.

“Both the bank and the IMF are working together in order to bring about more transparency and be better able to identify debt out there, terms and conditions, volumes and maturities,” she said at a news briefing.

“We are constantly encouraging both borrowers and lenders to align as much as possible with the debt principles” set by international organizations such as the Paris Club and Group of 20.

An IMF report issued this week warned that rising debt levels around the world — government and corporate borrowing — poses a risk to the global economy.

And Lagarde said, “It's clear that any debt restructuring programs going forward in the years to come will be more complicated than debt restructuring programs that were conducted 10 years ago, simply because of the multiplicity of lenders, and the fact that not all public debt is offered by members of the Paris Club.”

Debt drags down economies

Malpass acknowledged that lending can help economies grow “but if it's not done in a transparent way, with good outcome from the build-up of debt, then you end up having it be a drag on economies.”

He cautioned that “history is full of those situations where too much debt dragged down economies.”

The G20 has called on the two Washington-based lenders to collect data on debt to get a better handle on the amounts and loan conditions.

“I'll be reporting to the G20 on the progress during our meetings coming up this week, and the keys are to have transparent disclosure of the debt as it is being created, and also then have the focus on good outcomes in terms of quality projects,” Malpass said.

“This is critical for poor countries as they try to move forward to have the projects associated with good quality programs and full disclosure of the debt.”

China also has a growing role as a donor to the World Bank fund that provides low-cost loans to the poorest countries.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby A_Gupta » 13 Apr 2019 03:54

https://www.npr.org/2019/04/12/71177913 ... -blind-eye
As China Hacked, U.S. Businesses Turned A Blind Eye
Listen to the story, synopsis:
Technology theft and other unfair business practices originating from China are costing the American economy more than $57 billion a year, White House officials believe, and they expect that figure to grow.

Yet an investigation by NPR and the PBS television show Frontline into why three successive administrations failed to stop cyberhacking from China found an unlikely obstacle for the government — the victims themselves.

This story is part of a joint investigation with the PBS series Frontline, which includes an upcoming documentary, Trump's Trade War, scheduled to air May 7, 2019, on PBS.

In dozens of interviews with U.S. government and business representatives, officials involved in commerce with China said hacking and theft were an open secret for almost two decades, allowed to quietly continue because U.S. companies had too much money at stake to make waves.

Wendy Cutler, who was a veteran negotiator at the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, says it wasn't just that U.S. businesses were hesitant to come forward in specific cases. She says businesses didn't want the trade office to take "any strong action."

"We are not as effective if we don't have the U.S. business community supporting us," she says. "Looking back on it, in retrospect, I think we probably should have been more active and more responsive. We kind of lost the big picture of what was really happening."


Government and business leaders interviewed by NPR and Frontline said individual companies were making millions of dollars in China over the past decade and a half and didn't want to hurt short-term profits by coming forward. They demanded secrecy, even in the face of outright theft.

But now the impact of that secrecy is coming to light, they say. Companies are facing hundreds of millions of dollars in future losses from the theft, and U.S. officials say they are years behind trying to tackle the problem.

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby chola » 13 Apr 2019 12:15

This will become a threat in the coming years.

I generally agree with Trump's tariffs war but the tech ban is shooting yourself in the foot when 70% of chini chip market is imported. This forces even their private sector to go local.

This was what Wall Street warned about. There is institutional memory of losses from this strategy.

LockMart was a hair breath's away from dominating Cheen's satellite market when Bush placed his ban and so was Intel and Nvidia on Cheen's HPC's market until Obama's ban. Cheen is the largest in both those markets and has become self-sufficient and not even by choice.

The same will come to pass with mobile and PC chips.

https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/China-tech/Trade-war-gives-China-s-chip-equipment-makers-room-to-grow

Trade war gives China's chip equipment makers room to grow

SHANGHAI/TAIPEI -- China's chip equipment makers are seeing an uptick in domestic demand thanks to the trade war, giving them an opportunity to finally gain ground on global rivals like Applied Materials and Tokyo Electron.

Beijing-backed startup Skyverse says it will start selling its chip testing technology to major Chinese chipmakers this year, a development that Marketing Manager Leo He attributes at least partly to the trade tensions with the U.S.

"We found that more local chip manufacturers are willing to test and try our products especially after the trade tensions escalated last year," He told the Nikkei Asian Review. "They are really keen to use domestic offerings once we can provide them. ... That's something we did not feel years ago."

Other Chinese companies, including state-backed Naura Technology, Advanced Micro-Fabrication Equipment and Mattson Technology, also told the Nikkei Asian Review that local chipmakers have become more willing to try their products in recent months.

While industry players acknowledge that many Chinese companies still have a long way to go in terms of technical capability, the nascent shift toward domestic equipment underscores the importance that the government is placing on the sector as a whole.

The shift also comes as China is predicted to buck the global downturn in the chip market. Industry revenue in China, including foreign players operating in the country, is predicted to grow by more than 16%, compared with a possible global decline of 3%.


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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 14 Apr 2019 08:27

China enlarges its circle in Europe - Marc Santora, The Hindu
China’s Premier surveyed construction of a long-sought bridge over Croatia’s Mali Ston Bay, home to China’s largest infrastructure project in Europe — built by a Chinese company with Chinese workers, and financed in large part by EU money.

A driving rain lashed the hills while Li Keqiang was there on Thursday. But, Mr. Li declared. “This bridge will be a rainbow on earth.”

The reassuring language was part of a broader effort to convince increasingly sceptical European nations that China comes in peace.

Fresh from a summit meeting with EU leaders this week, [b]Mr. Li arrived in Croatia for the annual meeting of an economic bloc that China has forged with 16 Central and Eastern European nations.[/b]

The thickening ranks of China’s economic allies have left European officials increasingly wary. Last month, Italy formally signed on to China’s vast Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). On Friday, the summit was capped by Greece’s announcement that it had joined, too.

Dragon head

China has already moved ahead with plans to make the Greek port of Piraeus the “dragon head” of its infrastructure push, and it has stepped up investment in Greece, which is still smarting from the austerity measures imposed by its European partners.

China’s presence is no longer a novelty in this part of Europe, where its track record is decidedly more complicated than it was when the economic bloc was formed.

For instance, after years of investments failing to materialise, Poland, the largest nation in the group and once one of its biggest champions, has cooled on China. The arrest in Poland of a Chinese regional director of the tech giant Huawei underscored the changing nature of the relationship.

In fact, the pace of Chinese investment in Europe has slowed for the past two years, according to the Mercator Institute for Chinese Studies.

In 2018, there was more than $19 billion in direct Chinese investment in Europe, a decline of 40% from 2017, and more than 50 percent from the 2016 peak of around $42 billion. NY TIMES

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 14 Apr 2019 09:01

In Australia, Muslims Call for Pressure on China Over Missing Relatives - Vicky Xiuzhong Xu and Jamie Tarabay, NYT
Growing up as a member of the Uighur ethnic group in China’s far west, Farhad Habibullah never felt that his people were oppressed by the state. He came from a family of Communist Party loyalists, part of an elite segment of Uighur society celebrated by the party as model minority members.

But now he has joined other Uighurs in doing what was once, to him, unthinkable — and unthinkably dangerous, even in his new home in Australia: calling for an independent Uighur nation.

“My parents worked for the Chinese Communist Party all their lives, and look at what has happened to them,” Mr. Habibullah said. They and several other relatives, he said, are among as many as one million Uighurs and other Muslims held in indoctrination camps in China.

“You could say I grew up under the red Chinese flag,” he said. “But now I think we have to fight for independence.”

About 3,000 Uighurs have found sanctuary in Australia. But as some of them draw attention to China’s camps, they are putting their adopted homeland in an awkward position, pressing it to speak out against its largest trading partner.

More than a dozen Uighurs who are Australian permanent residents are missing in China and presumed to be in detention, activists say. Former detainees say China’s camps are meant to root out devotion to Islam and replace it with loyalty to the state. Uighurs have lobbied Parliament to act, circulating petitions and holding regular protests, chanting: “China, out! Out, out, out!”

Some Uighurs say that while they feel welcome here, they also fear that Islamophobia is on the rise. They say some people at rallies have said their people were terrorists who deserved to be in camps.

Some Uighurs also say they have been harassed by the Chinese authorities even while living in Australia. And they feel powerless over the fate of relatives back home, some of whom they have not heard from in years.

Mr. Habibullah finds support at gatherings like the one held in an Adelaide dinner hall on a recent Monday, attended by about 300 Uighurs, many in traditional dress. The flag of their hoped-for republic, East Turkestan, was on display, and the aroma of Uighur dishes like lamb pilaf and walnut cake filled the room.

As she held her 6-month-old baby, Zulihumaer Aibibula, 32, showed several pictures of relatives who were missing in China’s far western region of Xinjiang, including her 35-year-old brother. For families abroad, who are not notified when a member disappears into one of China’s secretive camps, prolonged silence is usually the only sign that it has happened.

Ms. Aibibula said the Chinese authorities had been pushing her family to ask her for her Australian passport number, address and other personal details. She refused to hand the information over, and shortly after, her brother disappeared.

“The Chinese government is putting so much pressure on Uighurs,” she said, wiping her eyes. “They are forcing people to go up against them.”

Xinjiang has long been troubled by tension between Uighurs, who are Sunni Muslims, and the government. Some Uighurs have carried out acts of violence against the government, which has imposed heavy restrictions in the region. The Chinese government depicts its detention camps as schools that steer Uighurs and other Muslims away from violent extremism by providing skills training.

Uighur activists say the government unfairly depicts Uighurs trying to escape its persecution as extremists.

In Australia, many Uighurs live in the Adelaide suburb of Gilles Plains, where one in 10 residents is Muslim. At the heart of the community is a mosque and a center where a Uighur group runs a language school and a soccer club.

Their political cause is never far from their minds, says Anna Hayes, an expert on Xinjiang at James Cook University in Cairns, who spent time studying Uighurs here in 2011. That year, the community held a cultural exhibition that featured images of Uighur rallies and the blue flag of East Turkestan, as they call their homeland. Such displays would be banned in China.

In the past two years, many local Uighurs have been traumatized by the mass detentions back home and told her they were depressed, Dr. Hayes said. “I thought maybe it would be described like survivor’s guilt.”

The Uighurs want the Australian government to step up its criticism of China’s camps. Australia was relatively muted about the issue until November, when it joined other Western nations in urging China to release the detainees.

But Canberra’s ties with Beijing are in a delicate state, as it tries to balance Australia’s economic needs with national security concerns over expanding Chinese influence in the country.

Officials worked to retrieve three citizens of Uighur descent who were detained in Xinjiang in 2017, who have since returned. But Nurgul Sawut, an activist based in Canberra who helped compile the list of Australian permanent residents missing in China, said recent requests for help have been passed from one agency to another.

“We have been let down,” said Ms. Sawut. “We’re just falling through the cracks as they escape their responsibilities, but the families cannot afford to wait.”

Australia’s slow response to the issue is due in part to its dependence on trade with China, said James Leibold, a scholar of China’s ethnic policies at La Trobe University in Melbourne. “We're incredibly vulnerable to China over the economic front,” he said.

Australia’s foreign affairs department said in a statement that the country “continues to urge China to cease the arbitrary detention of Uighurs and other Muslim groups.”

The apparent detention of Mr. Habibullah’s parents underscores the expansive nature of the security crackdown in Xinjiang.
“The Chinese government is putting so much pressure on Uighurs,” said Zulihumaer Aibibula, whose brother is missing in China. “They are forcing people to go up against them.”

His mother was a city police superintendent, while his father had served in the People’s Liberation Army and later held a senior post at a state-run broadcaster. Mr. Habibullah himself attended an elite high school in Beijing, which paved the way for him to leave China for a comfortable life abroad.

His parents were the last people who would ever criticize the Chinese government, he said.

Despite living abroad, Mr. Habibullah chatted with his parents regularly on the Chinese messaging service WeChat. Suddenly, in August, they stopped answering his messages.

He contacted police stations in Xinjiang and his parents’ old workplaces, and he tried an official in the state security agency, all to no avail. With nine others in his family already missing, he feared the worst.

“I have lost everything,” he said repeatedly during an interview in February.

Last weekend, however — days after The New York Times submitted requests to the Chinese authorities for comment on Mr. Habibullah’s family — he was told by a relative in Switzerland that his parents and sister-in-law had just been freed. The Xinjiang government said in a fax to The Times on Thursday that the three were living “normal lives” in Karamay, the city where they have resided.

For the first time in many months, Mr. Habibullah spoke to his parents by phone, he said, in a call he described as strange for how normal they sought to sound. Much was left unsaid — and unexplained.

“I really wanted to ask my mother where all our other relatives are,” Mr. Habibullah said, “but I couldn’t because our call was definitely being monitored.”

Ms. Sawut, the Uighur activist, said the news gave her hope.

“End of the day, we’d like to see or hear that our relatives or parents are safe,” she said. “Are they safe?”

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Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby Peregrine » 16 Apr 2019 03:41

How China turned a cityinto a prison - Chris Buckley, Paul Mozur &Austin Ramzy NYT News Service

Kashgar is an ancient town in northwest China. Hundreds of thousands of Uighurs and other Muslims from this region have been detained in camps, drawing international condemnation. But outside the camps, Uighurs live in a virtual cage.

China has built a vast net of controls that shows the Communist Party’s vision of automated authoritarianism. Neighbors become informants. Children are interrogated.Mosques are monitored.

We visited Kashgar several times to see what life is like. We couldn’t interview residents — that would have been too risky for them, because we were constantly followed by the police. But the restrictions were everywhere.

Every 100 yards or so, police stand at checkpoints with guns, shields and clubs. Many are Uighurs. The surveillance couldn’t work without them.

Muslim minorities line up, stone-faced, to swipe their official identity cards. At big checkpoints, they lift their chins while a machine takes their photos, and wait to be notified if they can go on.

The police sometimes take Uighurs’ phones and check to make sure they have installed compulsory software that monitors calls and messages.

Xinjiang is in China’s far west, but it feels more part of Central Asia. Ethnic minorities —including Uighurs, Kazakhs and Tajiks — outnumber the Han Chinese majority here. Theyare mostly Sunni Muslims with their owncultures and languages.

Every so often, a police officer in uniform stopped us, searched our phones for pictures and deleted any they said were sensitive.

Sometimes their choices made no sense. One officer erased a picture of a camel, though I was able to restore it. “In China there are no whys,” he said.

For Uighurs, the surveillance is even more pervasive. Neighborhood monitors are assigned to watch over groups of families. An army of millions of police and official monitors can question Uighurs and search their homes. They grade residents for reliability. A low grade brings more visits, maybe detention.

Dilnur fled Kashgar to Turkey three years ago and has lost touch with her family in Xinjiang. But she remembers the searches: “They don’t care if it’s morning or night, they would come in every time they want.”

Orphanages have been taking away the children of detainees. We don’t know how many, but the government says that orphanages held 7,000 children across Kashgar alone last year.

Surveillance cameras are everywhere. In streets, doorways, shops, mosques. We counted 20 cameras on one stretch of street.

In one little shop, dozens of locals come every day to buy samsa, a baked pastry filled with mince. Here too, and in nearly every shop, cameras are watching.

The cameras and checkpoints suck up oceans of information about people. But who is viewing all these images?

Chinese companies are earning a fortune selling this surveillance technology. They make it sound like a sci-fi miracle allowing the police to track people with laser precision.

But spend time in Xinjiang and you see that the surveillance state acts more like a sledgehammer — sweeping, indiscriminate; as much about intimidation as monitoring.

The intimidation works. We visited one of the few mosques in the city that remain open, the
famed Id Kah mosque. Only a few dozen men came for the main prayers on a Friday, the main Islamic day of worship. A few years ago, thousands of worshippers gathered.

At the mosque, worshippers register and go through a security check. Inside, they pray under surveillance cameras that the police can monitor.

Children are interrogated. “In the kindergarten, they would ask little children, ‘Do your parents read the Quran?’” Dilnur told us. “My daughter had a classmate who said, ‘My mom teaches me the Quran.’ The next day, they are gone.”

The very architecture of Kashgar has been altered to make the city easier to control.

The Old City, a mazelike area of mud brick homes, has mostly been demolished. The government said it was for safety and sanitation. But the rebuilding has also created wider streets that are easier to monitor and patrol.

Some areas are still undergoing demolition and reconstruction.

The new brick homes seem more comfortable, but Uighurs mourn their old neighborhoods. Tourists wander the refurbished alleys, often unaware of the ancient lanes they replaced. But visitors are kept far from the indoctrination camps on the edge of town.

One piece of land in southern Kashgar was empty in August 2016. Today it is a re-education camp with a capacity of roughly 20,000 people. The government says it is a vocational training center. A recent satellite image shows the camp occupies more than 2 million square feet.

This camp is not the only one growing. Thirteen camps in Kashgar have all jumped in size, reaching more than 10 million square feet last year.

Tourists have been returning. But many Uighurs still live in corrosive fear. A careless comment, a vengeful neighbor, a frightened child — all could lead to questioning, searches, and maybe time in an indoctrination camp

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Re: Neutering & Defanging Chinese Threat (15-11-2017)

Postby SSridhar » 16 Apr 2019 15:05

F.B.I. Bars Some China Scholars From Visiting U.S. Over Spying Fears - Jane Perlez, NYT
Excerpts
In the four decades since China and the United States normalized relations, Washington has generally welcomed Chinese scholars and researchers to America, even when Beijing has been less open to reciprocal visits. Republican and Democratic administrations have operated on the assumption that the national interest was well served by exposing Chinese academics to American values.

Now, that door appears to be closing, with the two nations ramping up their strategic rivalry and each regarding academic visitors from the other with greater suspicion — of espionage, commercial theft and political meddling.

The F.B.I. has mounted a counterintelligence operation that aims to bar Chinese academics from the United States if they are suspected of having links to Chinese intelligence agencies. As many as 30 Chinese professors in the social sciences, heads of academic institutes, and experts who help explain government policies have had their visas to the United States canceled in the past year, or put on administrative review, according to Chinese academics and their American counterparts.

It follows the warning of the F.B.I. director, Christopher A. Wray, at a Senate hearing last year that China presented “a whole-of-society threat on their end” that required a “whole-of-society response.


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