New Delhi in lockdown over Olympic torch run
[quote]A rival pro-Tibet march was allowed a couple of miles away, but the torch itself had a cocooned and sanitized - and uninterrupted - journey. That may be contrary to the Olympicsâ€™ traditionally inclusive spirit, but it pleased China.
India has been wary of upsetting China since it was defeated in a border war amid the Himalayan mountains in 1962
. That is the only time India has lost a war since independence in 1947 (it has defeated Pakistan three times) and it has been wary since then of upsetting its larger neighbor.
That virtual fear
has been more evident in the past four weeks than for many years, with parts of New Delhi being barricaded to defend Chinaâ€™s embassy against Tibetan protestors. Delhi has not seen such a progressive lockdown - at least since the early 1980s - not even to protect a visiting head of state or to fend off terrorist attacks.
The boundary wall of the Chinese embassy compound has been surrounded with huge rolls of barbed wire and masses of police
since Tibetan protestors scaled the wall on March 21. Roads around the embassy have been partially closed for four weeks, including an entrance to Malcha Marg, an elite housing area. From yesterday afternoon, 1,100 security forces guarded the embassy perimeter
No other country has such a tortuous relationship with China
. Many nations try to please the emerging superpower for commercial reasons - to ensure their companies have access for major contracts and trade, and so that they can try to influence Chinaâ€™s economic policies. India mixes a continued stand-off on the disputed Himalayan border with rapidly expanding trade and economic links.
Two-way trade is currently worth over $30 billion, and China has overtaken the United States as Indiaâ€™s biggest trading partner. Cross-border business investments are also increasing â€“ Chinese telecom companies like Huawei and ZTE have made substantial inroads into the Indian market.
But India has never been comfortable about allowing Chinese investments in sensitive areas
such as ports and high technology, and has frequently delayed Chinese business visas and investment permissions.
The fraught relationship was demonstrated after Manmohan Singh, Indiaâ€™s prime minister, made what appeared to be a successful and friendly visit to Beijing in January. Two weeks later, he visited the state of Arunachal Pradesh, in the far northeastern corner of India that China still regards as disputed territory. He described Arunachal as â€œour land of the rising sun,â€