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China and India Sandor Valley Events
Sent by: three knives November 3, 2009 20:53:24 in [military world] to send a private message
Sandor Valley Events
Said this matter, pure Zhuantie:
In the Sino-Indian border dispute, there is one incident, although few people know, but it is a very important event, the incident almost led to the second Sino-Indian border war, which is in the Shannan area Sandor Valley events.
Incident was in May 1987 of the day, by the Tibet Military District deputy head of Shannan Military Sub-District Frontier Regiment led the organization in a routine border inspection activities triggered. According to the Central Military Commission and headquarters requirements, the Tibet Military District due to bad weather in winter, in December after a year from the arrival of winter between years in April, in order to seal off the snow period, During this period, the border passes and focus of the company in addition to goals, lots to keep monitoring and patrolling, in general, can not be zone-wide inspections. In order to maintain effective control of borders and security, after the lunar new year, by the border defense regiments, an infantry unit and organized into a number of mobile inspection of the detachment of the entire border line, pull the net and carried out the inspection and dispatched to prevent the Indian Army to use this season encroaching our territory. Shannan subdistricts by the deputy head of the regiment's Zhezhi mobile patrol unit led by an infantry company to strengthen a surveillance classes (cavalry), 82 mortar platoon (three guns), a 82 recoilless gun platoon ( 4 guns), a heavy machine gun platoon (three heavy machine guns) formed. As can be seen, this is a fighting stance in accordance with the composition, and may at any time to cope with unexpected situations and the combat patrol unit, all personnel and equipment aboard more than 10 vehicles to carry out its mandate. In addition to deputy head, the command group also includes an operations staff officer, a reconnaissance staff, communications staff and a deputy battalion commander infantry battalions.
When the patrol to Dassant Valley lots more, it was already dark, deputy head of the locally ordered the troops to camp in preparation for the next morning and then went to the southern end of the Sino-Indian border valley to pass inspection. Forces camp on the camp after the dinner break, but the 21 o'clock number, is responsible for camp security guard at night found that the border pass valley on the southern tip of flame and speaking voice, he immediately reported the deputy head. Deputy head of the once up and observe, to confirm that someone in the pass direction of activities, and to determine where the activities for the Indian army. As a result, immediately ordered a reconnaissance, deputy head of the General Staff with a reconnaissance group to pass reconnaissance. Two hours later, the scout reconnaissance staff with a return (the other is still in situ to monitor the Indian Army), reported to the deputy head may have a company of Indian Army has occupied the valley in the past although the two sides without the designation, but the mutual confidence in our one high ground, and has built a combat fortifications. From the detected situation, Indian arrival time is not too long, fortification is not complete, as if is stepping up efforts to build in the. From its state of alert, it seems that did not find our army patrols have already arrived.
Under this scenario, once deputy head of the command staff to open the radio communication contact with the military sub-command, reporting the situation, but because the camps have been completed when the radio communication, but after ten radio stations are not agreed upon contact with the partition of time , radio operator can not be reached with the military sub-district communications. The deputy head of the prompt decision, order, deputy battalion commander and operations staff develop their tactical plans, and ordered the troops to immediately up to combat readiness, the five o'clock dinner, 5:30 start at dawn in a state of war to the Indian Army's total area representations, the radio tomorrow morning at eight, will be the current situation with its own report on the determination and the deployment of military sub-district with the regiment.
Around six in the morning (the dawn of time in Tibet at this time about 7:00 or so), in addition to communications and logistics personnel, patrol the entire grouping of combatants fighting and attacks by deploying into the attack on the starting position. In the position, the deputy head of the unit commanders to the battle once again made clear the plans and combat deployment in the event of accident, the force will take the offensive or defensive depending on the circumstances. Then the fighting forces began to build fortifications. Reconnaissance from the then situation, the Indian army in the valley of the strength of our important high ground about one and a reinforced platoon, but 500 meters later, there is a row of troops, deputy head of the Indian forces to determine about a company, and equipped with 60 mortars and heavy machine guns and other heavy weapons, there may be more in-depth strength and large-caliber artillery support. The deployment from the Indian perspective, was originally prepared to control the high ground on our long-term presence, is indeed eating into my territory, promote the effective control area operations. TNI has been basically completed the combat readiness, according to the normal representations, it will not withdraw from our control area, and is likely to take the initiative to attack me.
Under this scenario, deputy head of the then drafted a telegram, the telegram will be carried out reconnaissance and detailed report once again, and asked for reinforcements immediately, deputy head of the Indian Army to determine this is eating into our territory by force of organized action, is estimated as in the past could not make it out through negotiation, the fighting is likely to explode, and could quickly escalate. We will be in line with the principle of non-fired the first shot efforts to force it to withdraw from negotiations through border areas controlled by our practice, but once the Indian initiative to use force, we will be proactive in ensuring the overall safety and the circumstances, resolutely fight back, and adhere to the reinforcements arrive.
At 8 o'clock or so, with a battalion commander, deputy head of the associate staff and 3 reconnaissance scouts, one newspaper and one translation, then go to Indian occupied our highland justified to intervene, pointing out that Indian Army has already seriously a violation of our territory, and now must immediately make way, otherwise all the consequences arising from the Indian side should be responsible. Reach the Indian Army positions in the deputy battalion commander, through a portable speaker shouted to the Indian Army, the TNI an officer with a few soldiers came down the ground, the Deputy Battalion Commander informed him of his duties and requirements, the Indian Army officers, said This is the territory of India, the Indian army does not retreat, and asked the soldiers to leave, or else all the serious consequences resulting therefrom should be borne by the Chinese side. In the conduct of patient negotiations, the Indian army has always been arrogance, as if the discovery of a small number of Chinese armed forces, the Indian soldiers pointed their weapons at China's representations began to threaten staff, while entrenched on high ground to fight the Indian army also began to activity. Indian officers and soldiers, and even these gestures and language stream staff to negotiate an insult to our military. See the negotiations without results, deputy head of the command staff officer, deputy battalion commander and reconnaissance withdrawn. However, in the process of retracement of our personnel, the Indian suddenly I representations officer shooting (according to the Indian side later explained that because the soldiers tensions caused by fire), on the spot and injuring my deputy battalion commander, the deputy battalion commander later died from blood loss too much expense.
In view of the first Indian to me fired, and wounded my representations to the commander, deputy head, I immediately ordered the troops to attack. At this point, I attacked the starting attack unit has been fully occupied position, and to take a roundabout surrounded by tactical maneuvering to the Indian Army launched an attack on the rear. In my mortars and recoilless rifles and other fire support, I just attacking unit for half an hour, both captured by the illegal occupation of our Indian Heights, Indian Army killed a total of 13 people, including officers, a person (Warrant Officer deputy platoon leader), eight enemy prisoner and the rest flee south, our army had not been pursued. Battle, our dead four people and injuring 11 others. To seize the illegal seizure of our Indian highlands, the deputy head of the defense immediately ordered the deployment of troops in preparation for the fight against the enemy's counterattack. Sure enough, around 2:00 p.m., in the TNI in the depth of the large-caliber artillery support, a reinforced company of the Indian Army is about to begin my defense forces launched an attack, but in our military firepower, the Indian attack soon Refund.
After dark, the Indian army continued to mortars and depth of my positions intermittent artillery fire attacks, deputy head of the Indian army may be judged dawn the next day will continue to attack, ordered the troops to increase repair fortifications, do a good job against the enemy large-scale offensive preparation. All our military combatant commanders, all-night build fortifications, leaving the use of Indian engineering equipment and materials, the rapid completion of defensive preparations and deployment, vigilant Indian attack. Meanwhile, the deputy head will have happened in Shannan promptly to the Mission and the Department of Military Sub-District has done a report, said it would stick to the last one.
Shannan receiving the deputy head of the military sub-report, immediately to the Tibet Military Region, Chengdu Military Region, reported on the current situation occurred, and immediately transferred to organize mobile forces to reinforce patrols. Immediately ordered the heads of the Tibet Military District 53 Mountain Infantry Brigade to urgent calls for reinforcements Sandor valley direction, while reporting the Chengdu Military Region and the War Department General Staff.
Third day of the dawn, the Indian Army turned to a reinforced battalion of troops in the artillery fire support, to my Border Patrol launched an offensive, the fighting continued into the afternoon, due to the tenacious fight our army, the Indian Army in dozens of casualties people, stop the attack. But the attendant was sent Indian fighters and helicopters on our side of the continuous surveillance, threats, and the steady increase in strength in depth, it seems ready for a bigger offensive.
But on the third night, I Shannan subdistricts an infantry battalion reinforcements arrived first and immediately entered the defense area, and strengthen defense forces. The fourth day, I have 53 mountain infantry brigade will begin to arrive, bringing large-caliber artillery pieces and rocket launchers, and further enhance our strength. Meanwhile, the Tibet Military Command quickly sent forces deep in the valley opened Santos advance command post, ready to organize forces to the Indian aggression fight back, will be completely expelled from our Indian territory.
As the growing strength of our military reinforcements, the Indian army may have to determine its full-scale attack was launched, so, also began to constantly mobilize manpower, the Indian Army Headquarters, Military Region to the east sent a war mobilization order began a large-scale to the conflict enhance the strength of the region. Two weeks after the conflict, the Indian army has been mobilized in this direction, a headquarters, two divisions and a total of about 7 brigades and a lot of artillery and tanks, deployed with the armed forces to conduct a large-scale war effort.
In view of the Indian Army responded quickly, troop movements quickly and easily, our judgments have the expansion and upgrading of Indian war, the possibility of war in response to Indian provocations, the General Staff Operations, 13,21,54 to the first Army issued a pre-orders, required to prepare three army troops to Tibet to participate in a pre-printed self-defense operations, to determine the first batch of 149 troops entered the war divisions, 37 divisions, 61 divisions and 160 divisions (ie, in the Sino-Indian border in 1962 to obtain counterattack walung victory of the 130 divisions), and requested the Chengdu Military Region forward command post set up in Tibet, organized fighting forces scheduled to go to the theater commander surveying roads and terrain. Conflict, two weeks later, I scheduled the fighting forces of the air above the division commander arrived in front, began to look at the terrain and road conditions, and carrying out their assigned head of the Chengdu Military Region, ordered the intended combat missions. June fighting forces, the commanders of the regiment and battalion levels to reach the front line, organizing a look at the terrain, carrying out their assigned tasks, of which 149 teachers and 37 divisions of the vanguard had reached the front line.
According to the Central Military Commission officer "to exercise restraint, and resolutely to counter" the operational guidelines and instructions, head of the Chengdu Military Region, the former refers to the determination is: 13 Army commanding 52 Mountain Infantry Brigade, 37 Division and the 160 division in the direction of Bapu Ka walung and combat ready fighter of the Indian Army located in the direction of the first two divisions, the former refers to the Tibet Military Region command 53 Brigade, 149 divisions and 21 divisions, so that cases in Germany to Lalu lot operations, ready to hit Indian fighter 4th Division, the camera resolution against Indian 17 division. Requiring the troops to battle in the assembly and preparation by the end of June, July started as a battle of the initial time, when the second batch of combat troops began to arrive after the attack. Indian campaign to wipe out the front two main divisions, to recover possession of the South will focus on two objectives of the land in dispute, in one fell swoop to solve the territorial boundaries of our claims.
India at that time to determine the direction of our army has been in Yunnan, the Vietnamese army with combat, it may be difficult at the same time respond to the direction of Tibet, it was nothing to fear and the threat of war against me. However, as army reinforcements quickly maneuver in place quickly and continuously transferred from the mainland before the crack of the main force, the Indian army began to feel the seriousness of the situation and demanded the Soviet Union for support. TNI was large-scale war may be imminent at any time, it may evolve into the second Sino-Indian border war. To this end, India launched a fierce internal debate, not only can win in this war? Due to internal disagreements, while the Soviet Union since Mikhail Gorbachev came to power, the Soviet Union faced serious political and economic difficulties, the Soviet Union when both said that India can not support the war and asked India to abandon its war plans, to conduct political negotiations with China, the peaceful settlement of border conflict. At the same time, the Soviet Union also sent a special envoy to China pledged to try to stop India's war effort. India is also within the intellectual faction prevailed, and so the Indian Army began to take the initiative to withdraw troops from the contact with the armed forces, and through diplomatic channels and I asked the peaceful settlement of the conflict.
In view of the position of India has started to retreat from the war, but also expressed do not want a war with China, the attitude and take the initiative in order to withdraw the troops Santos Valley had control of both the traditional areas, the Chinese Government has accepted the Indian idea of a peaceful settlement of the conflict, in August, the Central Military Commission lifted the mandate of the Force combat missions in Tibet mission, the former out to Tibet's forces and command structures gradually withdrawn in the Mainland. China to the Indian side handed over the bodies of prisoners of war and died.
This is a very regrettable campaign actions, the reason why the last to recover possession of the South have not been able to reach the most important reason, not because of India's back, and because our military operations in Yunnan, when the central government that can not be two direction at the same time fighting with the two countries, especially with a large country like India, once the war began, size, time and development is difficult to predict, so finally gave up the offensive, we are ready to the vast number of officers and men of war whom the distraught invariably sigh, if it was war, which India will not only lose my southern Tibet occupation of land will lose his self-confessed two flagship divisions - the 2nd and 4th divisions hit by the iron fist of our military, this war will be than the last time a war against greater losses because our military strength and firepower for this mobilization, far exceeding the combat force in 1962.
Strategic opportunities is such that once lost, it is difficult to ask to return, India should survive the combat and lessons of joy, and we will not compete for the actions of this regret. It is precisely because of this conflict alert, the new Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi came to power, they immediately put forward the policy of detente with China and both sides began negotiations on a political settlement of border issue.