Indian Space Programme Discussion

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Sridhar
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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby Sridhar » 02 Oct 2014 20:54

Why do they necessarily need a cryogenic engine with a restart? Why can't they just use the Payload Assist Module (developed initially when there was a proposal to launch some of the GLONASS sats using Indian launchers)? The main issue is that there is a need for an engine that can be fired after the satellite returns to its perigee at the end of its first orbit. Why does that necessarily have to be done by the fourth stage of the launcher? There is enough space in the GSLV payload fairing, and certainly in the LVM3 fairing to accommodate not just the spacecraft but an additional engine. MAVEN used such an approach, with the Centaur engine used to inject the spacecraft into the transfer orbit after the launcher had placed it in an elliptical orbit.

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 02 Oct 2014 21:04

Isn't Centaur having a cryogenic engine ?

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby Shrinivasan » 02 Oct 2014 21:13

Varoon Shekhar wrote:"The space agency would not be in a position to send a spacecraft to that planet during the 2016 launch opportunity, "

What's the explanation for this? It can't be because of the launcher, or is it that the trajectory of Mars in that period is such that a larger launcher would be required? Or is it the satellite, they cannot get a sophisticated one ready by that time?
It is related to Mars's orbit. see here at http://illuminations.nctm.org/uploadedImages/Content/Lessons/Images/9-12/2MarsOrbit-MarsEarth.jpg Mars follows an Helio-centric orbit and currently we are at a relative position where the distance between Earth and Mars is less, this distance would keep on increasing for the next year or so and then start reducing after that (2016). This Two year period is too less to get a new launcher and orbiter ready for the Mars mission, hence the next window is only in 2018.
Distance from Earth to Sun 149,600,000 kilometers
Distance from Mars to Sun 227,900,000 kilometers
Ratio of Distances 1.524
Period of Mars Orbit About Sun 687 days

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby sohamn » 02 Oct 2014 22:29

I don't understand why one would need the Cryo stage to go all the way to Mars. Maven's cryo stage was jettisoned beforehand. Doesn't make much sense to me. So, if GSLV Mk2 is reliable and we have a worthy satellite then it should not be a problem at all.

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 02 Oct 2014 22:42

sohamn wrote:I don't understand why one would need the Cryo stage to go all the way to Mars. Maven's cryo stage was jettisoned beforehand. Doesn't make much sense to me. So, if GSLV Mk2 is reliable and we have a worthy satellite then it should not be a problem at all.


Actually it indeed had two firings

"Following the first engine burn of the Centaur second stage, the vehicle coasted in low Earth orbit for 27 minutes before a second Centaur burn of five minutes to insert it into a heliocentric Mars transit orbit."

there is a long coast phase for the rocket that needs to launch a probe to mars as there is a large argument of perigee to be achieved.
So engine restart is indeed needed.

Do we armchair guys really think that ISRO would not have done their homework :D

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby Bade » 03 Oct 2014 00:07

In that link from Asianet in malayalam that SaiK posted (can't remember which thread) ISRO chairman Radhakrishnan alludes to this need for Mars orbit injection, if using the GSLV for the Mars mission. His claim was that no payloads were sacrificed as all the selected ones came below the budgeted weight. This also allowed for extra fuel to be carried on board.


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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby Hobbes » 03 Oct 2014 07:53

Canadian satellite delayed by political dispute with Russia to be launched by India

https://ca.news.yahoo.com/canadian-satellite-delayed-political-dispute-russia-launched-india-214221899.html

MONTREAL - The launch of a Canadian satellite aboard a Russian rocket, postponed amid tensions in the Ukraine, is finally scheduled for liftoff — one year behind schedule.

The M3M communications satellite will blast into orbit from India next July.

The announcement that a deal has been signed with India was made at the International Astronautical Congress in Toronto, a few days after Canada refused to allow Russian delegates to attend the prestigious symposium which opened on Monday.

The exclusion angered Moscow, which said it flew in the face of international space co-operation. The Russians said it amounts to politicizing space exploration over the conflict in Ukraine, where fighting has raged since Russian troops moved on the Crimea in March.

Canada also denied visas to some Chinese delegates.

COM DEV International Ltd., based in Cambridge, Ont., reached a deal with Antrix Corp., the commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organization, to launch the satellite.

The Canadian Space Agency says on its website the M3M was built to meet the needs of the Department of National Defence and ensure Canada's sovereignty.

It was originally scheduled to be launched aboard a Russian Soyuz rocket in July, but the federal government decided in April not to proceed.

"This was a Canadian government decision based, I would argue, on the political situation that existed," Michael Pley, the CEO of COM DEV, said Thursday. "Clearly there's a link to what's been happening in the Ukraine."

He said the satellite will now be launched on India's Polar Satellite launch vehicle.

"We're thinking that it's late in our third quarter of 2015, so around the July time frame," Pley said in an interview from Toronto.

"We're really excited because this is a good reliable launcher and we were initially worried the delay would take a lot longer and so we're really pleased that the Canadian Space Agency in particular worked really hard and closely with us to find this launch and actually secure it quickly," he said.

Pley said the Canadian government would be paying for the new launch, although he did not disclose any figure.

"We're not anticipating any compensation at all except for the payment in setting up for a new launch," he said. "Our primary concern was to do that."

Pley added that the federal government, which he described as a "good anchor customer," recently expanded a contract it had with COM DEV to provide Earth data services.

COM DEV was selected to built the satellite under a government contract worth $21 million.

M3M stands for Maritime Monitoring and Messaging Micro-Satellite. The Canadian Space Agency says on its website that the satellite, which is as big as a medium-sized moving box, will be used to manage marine transport in Canadian waters.

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 03 Oct 2014 08:13

Image

Mapperwocky ‏@cirquelar Sep 29
@mikeseibert @elakdawalla @ridingrobots ISRO MoM image with place names and MER Opportunity location. #ver2

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 03 Oct 2014 18:55

Image

ISRO's Next launch:Navigation satellite IRNSS-1C with PSLV C26, on 10/10/14 at 01:56 AM (IST).

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby rsingh » 03 Oct 2014 22:04

^^^
01:56 AM ......you mean raat ko. That is something new. I think somebody messed up with AM and PM.

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 03 Oct 2014 22:10

rsingh wrote:^^^
01:56 AM ......you mean raat ko. That is something new. I think somebody messed up with AM and PM.


it is AM in the middle of the night as per ISRO website too


PSLV-C26 / IRNSS-1C launch has been scheduled on Oct 10, 2014 at 01:56 hrs (IST) from Sriharikota

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby Shrinivasan » 03 Oct 2014 23:46

Launch window is set taking into consideration factors like weather, space debris and above all shubh Muhurth!!!

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 04 Oct 2014 07:40

Shrinivasan wrote:Launch window is set taking into consideration factors like weather, space debris and above all shubh Muhurth!!!

They don't have that leeway for a Shubh Mahurath. Launch window is decided by the intended orbit that has to be achieved and climatic conditions, space debris and other physical factors. The orbital plane that has to be achieved has to intersect with the launch area and path of the rocket to be able to place a satellite in a designated orbit. The Earth rotates at approximately one degree every 4 minutes so delaying by one minute would offset the intersecting planes by a degree. depending on the accuracy they may adjust the launch window.For eg if a rendezvous with another craft is required the launch window will be tighter.

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby akashganga » 04 Oct 2014 20:52

I came across this interesting link on Isros Reusable Launch Vehicle technology Demonstrator RLV TD Joining The Big Boys Club http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hCwVP610uGg

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby Varoon Shekhar » 04 Oct 2014 21:40

Bheeshma wrote:How is 4 launches a year the target? With the SLP in place it should be atleast 6 a year.


They were talking about 4 launches a year many years ago, and now they have done it. Closest they came was in 2007 with 3 missions from SHAR.

You're right about the 6 launches per year, the calendar year 2015 does look very good for achieving it! There should be 2 PSLV's with IRNSS's, one with Astrosat, one at least partly commercial satellite launch with a Canadian sat on board, one with SRE-2, and a GSLV Mark 2 launch with GSAT-6.

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby Varoon Shekhar » 04 Oct 2014 21:45

Mapperwocky ‏@cirquelar Sep 29
@mikeseibert @elakdawalla @ridingrobots ISRO MoM image with place names and MER Opportunity location. #ver2




That is an excellent, clear image of Mars by Mangalyaan. Why is it not displayed or easily accessible from ISRO's website?

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 04 Oct 2014 22:16

Varoon Shekhar wrote:Mapperwocky ‏@cirquelar Sep 29
@mikeseibert @elakdawalla @ridingrobots ISRO MoM image with place names and MER Opportunity location. #ver2




That is an excellent, clear image of Mars by Mangalyaan. Why is it not displayed or easily accessible from ISRO's website?


Because this is an image derived from the MOM image that has been post processed by a non ISRo fan on the planetary blog and not an official image.It uses the same image but has been processed altering saturation , gamma etc that can be done using image processing software like Irfanview or GIMP or Photoshop. It is essentially the same image as the ISRO one - the beauty of photoshop.Incidentally it is not the way Mars actually looks.

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 05 Oct 2014 21:41

Image



ISRO ‏@isro 2h2 hours ago
JUST BEGUN:Launch rehearsal of PSLV C26/IRNSS 1C mission.
LAUNCH:10thOct 2014 @ 0156 AM (IST)

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 06 Oct 2014 19:13

https://twitter.com/isro/status/519103678871904257

PSLV C26/IRNSS 1C Update:
Due to an observation in the telemetry system, the launch has been postponed for a week.
6:05 PM - 6 Oct 2014

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 06 Oct 2014 19:19

For those interested in serving the country

http://www.iist.ac.in/recruitment-of-faculty-assistant-professor

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28797 » 06 Oct 2014 19:44

srin wrote:ISRO soon needs to have a separate production agency to manufacture PSLV off an assembly line. And another agency to make satellites that conform to some published specs.

There are a lot of things to do in space, and they require ISRO's time. Get out of routine stuff (and PSLV launch is a routine thing now).


Aren't PSLV parts manufactured by pvt firms?

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby vipins » 06 Oct 2014 21:44

ISRO FACEBOOK PAGE wrote:PSLV C26/IRNSS 1C Update:
Due to an observation in the telecommand system, the launch has been postponed for a week.

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby Shrinivasan » 07 Oct 2014 09:39

prasannasimha wrote:https://twitter.com/isro/status/519103678871904257

PSLV C26/IRNSS 1C Update:
Due to an observation in the telemetry system, the launch has been postponed for a week.
6:05 PM - 6 Oct 2014
A noob Pooch.
What does this mean in laymen terms? Thanks in advance

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby juvva » 07 Oct 2014 11:19

Shrinivasan wrote:
prasannasimha wrote:https://twitter.com/isro/status/519103678871904257

PSLV C26/IRNSS 1C Update:
Due to an observation in the telemetry system, the launch has been postponed for a week.
6:05 PM - 6 Oct 2014
A noob Pooch.
What does this mean in laymen terms? Thanks in advance


It means: ISRO is unwilling to give details...

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby merlin » 07 Oct 2014 14:03

Shrinivasan wrote:
prasannasimha wrote:https://twitter.com/isro/status/519103678871904257

PSLV C26/IRNSS 1C Update:
Due to an observation in the telemetry system, the launch has been postponed for a week.
6:05 PM - 6 Oct 2014
A noob Pooch.
What does this mean in laymen terms? Thanks in advance


Guessing that a telemetry problem will prevent correct/full telemetry from launch reaching the launch center so if there are any catastrophic errors with the PSLV there will be no/less data to debug. To correct this issue they need a week. Or it may be anything else cloaked under telemetry problems.

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby symontk » 07 Oct 2014 16:03

Extreme weather conditions can cause Telemetry issues

https://mavdisk.mnsu.edu/alleng/communications/DataRadio/p_telemetry.pdf

ISRO has announced sounding rocket launches from Thumba, could be linked to the weather conditions

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby Shrinivasan » 07 Oct 2014 19:50

symontk wrote:Extreme weather conditions can cause Telemetry issues...ISRO has announced sounding rocket launches from Thumba, could be linked to the weather conditions
Aaah, thanks Symon... upper atmospheric weather patterns / changes. I was thinking it should be related to space Debris...all the best ISRO...

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby rsingh » 07 Oct 2014 19:58

How many times we have tried to launch something in middle of night. That is the question. Assume if telemetry problems are same (day and night).

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 07 Oct 2014 20:12

PSLV C22 with IRNSS 1-A was launched at night @ 11.41 PM

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby SaiK » 07 Oct 2014 20:48

^link?

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby JTull » 07 Oct 2014 21:01


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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby pankajs » 07 Oct 2014 21:13

symontk wrote:Extreme weather conditions can cause Telemetry issues

https://mavdisk.mnsu.edu/alleng/communications/DataRadio/p_telemetry.pdf

ISRO has announced sounding rocket launches from Thumba, could be linked to the weather conditions

Bijay Chaki ‏@bijay64 10m10 minutes ago

Low pressure over Andaman sea intensifies into deep depression, will intensify into cyclonic storm within 24 hours: IMD #Odisha

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby chaanakya » 08 Oct 2014 12:25

prasannasimha wrote:PSLV C22 with IRNSS 1-A was launched at night @ 11.41 PM

C22 was launched with payload IRNSS-1A on 1.7.2013.
C23 on 30.6.2014 with multiple payloads SPOT 7 and four co-passenger satellites - AISAT, NLS 7.1, NLS 7.2 and VELOX-1
C24 on 4.4.2014 with IRNSS-1B
C25 on 5.11.2013 with MOM
C26 scheduled on 10.10.2014 with IRNSS-1C rescheduled and new date will be announced later.

From ISRO.org

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby member_28108 » 08 Oct 2014 13:33

chaanakya wrote:
prasannasimha wrote:PSLV C22 with IRNSS 1-A was launched at night @ 11.41 PM

C22 was launched with payload IRNSS-1A on 1.7.2013.
C23 on 30.6.2014 with multiple payloads SPOT 7 and four co-passenger satellites - AISAT, NLS 7.1, NLS 7.2 and VELOX-1
C24 on 4.4.2014 with IRNSS-1B
C25 on 5.11.2013 with MOM
C26 scheduled on 10.10.2014 with IRNSS-1C rescheduled and new date will be announced later.

From ISRO.org


Someone ashed about night launches

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby hnair » 08 Oct 2014 22:44

An afternoon launch of RH200 caught on camera from one of the office buildings of Technopark

Image

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby symontk » 09 Oct 2014 13:43

bringing back the childhood memories of hundreds of RH200 weekly wednesday 7.00PM launches

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby pankajs » 09 Oct 2014 14:54

ISRO ‏@isro 1h1 hour ago

Based on the mission requirements,the launch window for PSLV C26/IRNSS 1C is 01:32 AM to 01:47 AM (IST) on 16/10/14.

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby RonyKJ » 09 Oct 2014 17:48

hnair wrote:An afternoon launch of RH200 caught on camera from one of the office buildings of Technopark


How did you 'catch' this? Not an easy thing to do because that rocket just takes off like a bullet.
Did you have someone near the launch pad relay the count down to you by phone while you were
ready with your camera ?

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Re: Indian Space Programme Discussion

Postby symontk » 09 Oct 2014 20:13

The timings were announced in Malayalam papers. Balloons are also going to be launched


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