Possible Indian Military Scenarios - Part IX

jmaxwell
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Postby jmaxwell » 06 Aug 2007 11:32

samuel wrote:
Hari Sud wrote:Shankar

Good story.

Pay attention to grammar and punctuations.


Punctuation is really a noun, so either say punctuation, or punctuation marks. Like this:

Pay attention to grammar and punctuation.
or
Pay attention to grammar and the placement of punctuation marks.


Actually, he is specifically referring to the grammar and punctuation in that particular article. So the presence of a definite article is required in that sentence. The sentence should be:
Pay attention to the grammar and punctuation.

"Pay attention to grammar and punctuation" is a general command.

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Postby Shankar » 06 Aug 2007 12:37

The thermal conductivity of thorium oxide being higher than uranium oxide the fuel temperature of thorium fuel is lower than that of uranium fuel resulting in lesser fission gas release. Also the thermal expansion co efficient of thorium oxide is less than uranium oxide inducing less thermal strain on fuel clad. This directly translates to higher dimensional stability to of thorium fuel rods at high burn up condition. Thorium oxide is very stable and consequently less fission products are released into the coolant in the event of a clad breach thereby reducing the load on containment system which is part and parcel of any nuclear reactor. Also the fission product release rate of thorium oxide based fuels are one order of magnitude less than uranium oxide leading to lower rate of fuel detoriation allowing the fuel to reside in the reactor for a longer duration.
The nuclear characteristics of thorium have a significant bearing on the selection of technology and fuel cycle for thorium based reactors. A comparison of absorption cross section of thermal neutrons shows Th 232 and U 238 is 7.4 barns compared to 2.7 barns. This in practical term means thorium will capture greater proportion of neutrons leading to reduced loss to structural and other parasitic materials.
From fuel cycle analysis point the two fertile isotopes U238 AND Th 232 and having U235 as the fissile feed following conclusions are reached
- The amount of fissile enrichment required to achieve a required burn up is higher for lower discharge burn up for thorium fuel. But for higher discharge burn ups beyond 50 GwD/ton
The initial enrichment required for Th232 is lower. This is mainly due to breeding of U233 in the system.
- In terms of energy extracted or fuel utilization in simple terms ,thorium as a fertile host is bettre than U238 as the burn up rate exceeds 45GWD/ton .This is because the breed plutonium saturates at about 0.6% at high burn ups while U233 saturates only at 1.5%
- In absolute terms low enriched uranium gives better utilization up to 45GWD/ton and at higher burn up thorium cycle becomes advantageous. Added to this the variation of reactivity with burn up is comparatively smaller in thorium based fuel die to higher value of fuel inventory ratio. Leading to better operational characteristics such as flatter core power distribution .Also in thorium based reactors the utilization of external fissile fuel like U235 or plutonium added initially.
- In terms of operation multiple recycling of plutonium has adverse effect on the reactivity co efficient of thermal reactors with even void reactivity becoming positive. For fuel dispositioning employing inert matrix that is non fertile metal alloys containing plutonium .also tend to make reactivity co efficient so small that it creates a serious safety issue. As a direct result only 1/3 to ¼ reactor core can be loaded in this manner bringing down the overall plutonium disposition rate via this route. Thorium as a plutonium carrier enables considerable improvement in both cases .

Not much known to general public technologies relevant to thorium utilization have been under development almost from the inception of Indian nuclear pro gramme.This included irradiation of thorium bundles in pressurized heavy water reactors for flux flattening, design construction and operational studies of Purnima and Kamini reactors along with associated research and technology development activities. The thorium technology development can be broadly categorized into 1) advanced heavy water reactor 2) high temperature reactor based power packs 3) accelerator driven fertile converters.

The advanced heavy water reactor development was at a reasonably advanced stage at the time of signing of indo-us nuclear deal and picked up momentum further in the years to follow. The specific design objective is to produce power by utilizing thorium. The first prototype advanced heavy water reactor went critical in November 2011 and was synchronized to southern power grid six months after that. It was a vertical pressure tube type reactor with boiling water water under pressure as coolant and heavy water as moderator. Heavy water use as moderator stemmed from the single design objective of maximum neutron economy. The rector had a design capacity of 750 MW t at a discharge burn up in excess of 20000MwD/ton. Negative void coefficient of reactivity was achieved despite using light water as coolant. Most of the power produced was from Thorium fuel while using Plutonium as external fissile feed.

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Postby samuel » 06 Aug 2007 23:46

jmaxwell wrote:
samuel wrote:
Hari Sud wrote:Shankar

Good story.

Pay attention to grammar and punctuations.


Punctuation is really a noun, so either say punctuation, or punctuation marks. Like this:

Pay attention to grammar and punctuation.
or
Pay attention to grammar and the placement of punctuation marks.


Actually, he is specifically referring to the grammar and punctuation in that particular article. So the presence of a definite article is required in that sentence. The sentence should be:
Pay attention to the grammar and punctuation.

"Pay attention to grammar and punctuation" is a general command.


Oh, but if you scroll back on these scenario threads..a general command is very close to how one would interpret it!

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Postby parshuram » 07 Aug 2007 13:56

vivek where are you ??? U deserted BR ..... Don't make ur post a MRCA deal .... it is killing

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Postby Shankar » 08 Aug 2007 13:57

The characteristics of high thermal neutron absorption by thorium and consequent less wastage by absorption in coolant, moderator and structural material allows use of light water as coolant while heavy water kept on being used as moderator for highest possible neutron economy. This simplifies the heavy water circuit greatly since at high pressure and temperature associated with use of heavy water as coolant necessitates use of complicated and expensive leakage resistant and auxiliary recovery systems. The slightly negative void co efficient allowed heat recovery from the fission reaction in boiling mode thereby reducing the quantity of coolant (latent heat factor) and obvious increase in steam cycle efficiency. Use of natural water as coolant also lead to use of natural circulation and use of prmary coolant pump was done away with. With natural circulation the advanced heavy water reactor had low design power density calling for lower neutron flux level in sustained operation. This again resulted in lower xenon level (a radioactive contaminant which needed to be removed) and better fertile nuclide conversion. Lower xenon level during operation also made for quick restart of the advanced heavy water reactor possible compared to pressurized heavy water reactors which takes several days for the same process.
The critical design feature was to achieve a slightly negative void co efficient which was achieved by optimum fuel cluster design as well as providing void tubes in the moderator. The design consisted of 54 rod circular fuel cluster design thorium-uranium mixed oxide and thorium-plutonium moxed oxide fuel with a displacer rod in the centre. The overall design predicted an operating life of 100 yrs for the reactor.
However apart from maximum utilization of thorium for power generation the advanced heavy water reactor had several unique passive safety features which did not need any operator or automatic feedback based control signal to get activated .Most notable of which was a large gravity driven water pool located on top of the reactor building called gravity driven water pool serves to provide cooling water to the reactor core under any emergency situation for more than 72 hrs,making reducing the risk of core meltdown under any eventuality ,almost an impossibility.
Along with the development and commissioning of the first advanced heavy water reactor prototype Indian nuclear program me went active on some other non conventional applications of nuclear power as well which included high temperature reactor based power packs which was planned to be integrated to national hydrogen economy objective later. For example to produce hydrogen from water by chemico-thermic process need temperature in the range of 800 C .For this kind of application calling for process heat and non grid based power generation system a high temperature reactor system with U-233 as fuel and a compact reactor core weighing less than 1.5 ton was in an advanced stage of development. To achieve this objective in place of liquid sodium as used in the fast breeder reactors, a lead-bismuth alloy liquid metal coolant was used for the first time country along with carbon based structural components, coated particle type nuclear fuel, high temperature pressure resistant alloys and associated fully automated and reliable autonomous control system was also being put in place.

Four more 1000 mw e light water reactor was also expected to come on stream and four more fast breeders were already in advanced stage of completion ,two in the safeguarded regime and two within the clearly defined military program under department of atomic energy.

All in all By 2015 Indian nuclear scene was optimistic – the reservations of indo-us nuke deal was a thing of past and flow of imported uranium boosted the economic growth a few notch . Security in all nuclear installations were as expected un precedent particularly after a 2007 video from the old mad which classified India as an US ally and as legitimate target for terror strikes
Strangely no one still took any serious note of the IAEC note on maritime security aspect of nuclear materials in transit. The note from naval headquarters reached southern naval command at Kochi only seven days before the first shipment of Australian uranium oxide shipment from Ranger mines was due.

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Postby ksmahesh » 10 Aug 2007 21:09

Shankar saar
please do not tarsao us for few shots of action like vivek.
please post the next part soon pleaze.

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Postby gauravjkale » 16 Aug 2007 15:44

first vivek and now even shankar is gaayab, where are these guys...

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Postby nits » 17 Aug 2007 16:58

Seems net connection of Shankar is also being attacked by BSNL :wink:

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Postby Sudhanshu » 18 Aug 2007 08:58

We should start anti BSNL morcha... a national party


P.S. This is just a filler
Last edited by Sudhanshu on 18 Aug 2007 17:40, edited 1 time in total.

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Postby VijayV » 18 Aug 2007 09:12

Sudhanshu wrote:We should start anti BSNL morch... a national party


I think it will be wise if the authors will write full scenarios and then post them, with facility of modifications so that if any valid comment or suggestions comes they can change it.

This will not put us in these (Just happening) type of Trisanku situations.

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Postby Shankar » 18 Aug 2007 12:31

Hi guys –very very sorry for the sudden break .I was really busy doing the start up of India’s first two LNG customer stations ,one near Vadodara a glass factory and other near Mumbai – a tile making factory .Work was exhaustive starting from loading the LNG in massive road tankers transporting them to the customers site and then filling and final use start up by feeding the furnace ,training up users on safety and operational aspect of fully automated PLC based use facility etc .
Yours truly also had the distinction of having the first in the country to have an unintended LNG shower when at in of the sites someone opened a wrong valve and the overhead vent sprayed liquid methane all over me .Fortunately was wearing the protective gear but still could not light a cigarette for next 30 minutes just in case .
In the meanwhile looks like indo-us nuke deal have met its first serious road block with left parties opposing the deal strongly with all their political clout with UPA government .While personally I thing left parties are an anachronism in present globalised free market scenario –may be this one time they are doing the right thing for the wrong reasons
Next post in few hours –promise till then- Bye

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Postby Shankar » 18 Aug 2007 14:03

DARWIN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT – NORTHERN TERITORY-AUSTRALIA

Darwin International Airport (DIA) is located approximately 13 kms from the Darwin central business district and is the main international and domestic gateway to the Northern Territory. The Airport provides for the civil needs of Darwin - the seat of Government of the Northern Territory - and serves not only visitors but is essential to the business and government communities and for links to remote areas
The Singapore airlines flight landed on schedule as always and Hanif khan, walked into the immigration counter with a brand new but fake Pakistani passport. His journey from Herat to Darwin was long and exhausting but he did not mind the long hours in the close confines of an economy seat as he took the Indian flight from Kabul to Delhi, then a 2hr short domestic flight on Jet airways to Mumbai, took the airline bus to Sahar international terminal and boarded a Singapore airlines flight to Singapore and then after a 3 hrs layover at Singapore took the final flight to Darwin.
He did not carry any weapon or explosive knowing fully well such a stupid gesture will only create insurmountable problem all along the way, however he was not fully unarmed. In His purse he had a small pack of ultra fine middle coated with a lethal poison called Ricin ,guaranteed to kill an adult in less than a minute .The name on his passport showed Dr Ibrahim Saud ,an afghan cardiac physician coming to Australia for attending a conference on “effect of malnutrition on cardiac health of infantsâ€

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Postby Shankar » 18 Aug 2007 14:17

INTRODUCTION
A major reason for opposing a nuclear renaissance is that it may considerably increase the risk of
nuclear proliferation and, perhaps more importantly these days, nuclear terrorism. There are number
of nuclear terrorist activities that a terrorist group may become involved in.
Potential acts of nuclear terrorism
• Stealing or otherwise acquiring fissile material and fabricating a primitive nuclear explosive.
• Attacking a nuclear power reactor or waste-fuel cooling pond.
• Attacking tanks at Sellafield holding high-level radioactive liquid waste.
• Attacking a plutonium store at Sellafield or other locations in the UK.
• Attacking nuclear fuel (particularly MOX fuel) or waste containers in transit.
• Making and detonating a radiological weapon, commonly called a dirty bomb, to spread
radioactive material.
All of these types of nuclear terrorism have the potential to cause large, or quite large, numbers of
deaths. And the risk of all of them will increase if more nuclear power stations are built. Of particular
concern is the danger that terrorists will illegally acquire plutonium and use it to fabricate a primitive
nuclear weapon or a dirty bomb.
It must be emphasised that terrorists would be satisfied with a nuclear explosive device that is far less
sophisticated than the types of nuclear weapons demanded by the military. Whereas the military
demand nuclear weapons with predictable explosive yields and very high reliability, most terrorists
would be satisfied with a relatively primitive nuclear explossive that is much easier to fabricate


[quote]ATTACKS ON NUCLEAR FACILITIES
Many nuclear facilities in the UK are
vulnerable to terrorist attack. A terrorist group
with significant resources could attack and
damage nuclear power plants. For example
terrorists could target a reactor or spent fuel
pond by using a truck carrying high explosives
and exploding it near a critical part of the target;
exploding high explosives carried in a light
aircraft near a critical part of the target; crashing
a hijacked commercial airliner into the
reactor building or spent-fuel pond; attacking
the power station with small arms, artillery or
missiles and occupying it; or by attacking the
power lines carrying electricity into the plant.
The terrorists would aim to create a criticality
or loss of coolant accident, or both, leading to a
massive release of radioactivity from the reactor
core or the spent fuel elements.
The damage caused by and the number of
people killed by a successful terrorist attack
on a nuclear-power plant could be so
catastrophic that even a small risk of such an
attack is not acceptable. However, it is hard
to think of a nuclear terrorist attack which
could, at least in theory, be more catastrophic
than a successful attack on either the tanks
at Sellafield that contain the liquid fission
products separated from spent reactor fuel
elements by the two reprocessing plants or on
the stores holding the plutonium separated by
the reprocessing plants.
A smoke plume from an explosion at
Sellafield that released either around 17%
of the high level waste (Cs -137) in tanks or
less than 1% of the plutonium (~ 0.2 tonnes)
stored at Sellafield would be approximately
ten times as devastating as Chernobyl and
require evacuation of an area which could
include Newcastle or Manchester,
depending on the wind direction.1 The
potential danger is increased by there
being more than tenlocations around
the country where over two tonnes
plutonium is stored.
The industry’s insistence that their reactors
and storage facilities are “robustâ€

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Postby Shankar » 18 Aug 2007 14:24

DARWIN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT- AUSTRALIA

Hanif khan looked casually at the long line of Australian air force F-18s parked on the military side of the international airport . He knew for his snatch plan to succeed he needed a good distraction .He hoped one of the 18 hornets will be able to provide just that .As he ambled casually to the Avis car hire counter and proffered his American express card and international driving license all made out to the name of a real but very dead doctor ,his mind was already spinning out a diabolical plot .He hated US ,he hated India and he also happen to hate Australia.

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Postby Shankar » 18 Aug 2007 15:36

RUB-AL-KHALI-SAUDI YEMEN BORDRE

The old man finished his evening namaz and came out into the open dessert.Here he felt at peace and he felt no remorse at the countless death he has caused for the cause. As the sun dipped deeper into the horizon casting a golden glow over the wind swept sand dunes to the west ,one of his security staff respectfully handed him the 3 day old Australian news paper which has made a long journey from Darwin by a trusted courier who was now waiting outside the security perimeter .The old man still had the uncanny ability to locate the news of his interest quickly and then he started memorizing the details.

[

Code: Select all

b]Super Hornets to land in Darwin for training exercises[/b]

Posted Mon Mar 19, 2015 5:14pm AEDT

The Defence Department says Super Hornet fighter jets owned by the United States (US) will land at the RAAF base in Darwin about 4:00pm ACST.

The seven Super Hornets are usually based in Japan and are on their way via the island of Guam in the western Pacific Ocean.

The jets will take part in joint training with Australian forces during the next two weeks over the Delamere Air Weapons Range.

Other US aircraft to arrive in the Territory this week include two B-52 strategic bombers.

They will be supported by a US air-to-air refuelling aircraft, flying out of the Darwin Air Base.

The Defence Department says the strategic bomber training program provides an opportunity for US and Australian forces to hone their skills during a time when the alliance has never been stronger.

 

He closed the paper and smiled

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Postby Shankar » 19 Aug 2007 12:24

N[b]ORTHERN TERITORY –DARWIN –AUSTRALIA [/b]

Hanif khan slid behind the wheels of Suzuki vitara 4WD at the airport car rental and heaved a sigh of relief. The bullet proof reliability of Suzuki engine did not fail him as turned on the ignition and the 2ltr petrol engine came to life instantly as engaged the gear for the first leg of his journey to Kakadu national park bordering ranger mines. Taking the city by pass he first stopped at a small gas station in windows of the wetlands visitor centre for a cup of coffee and a smoke. For all practical purposes he was just a peace loving doctor taking a tour of beautiful northern territories before joining and international conference on child cardiac health in Brisbane .No one took any notice of the clean shaven Asian with neck slung Nikon D70 taking many photographs of the area .After all this is tourist heartland of Australia .His next stop was Fogg dam another 33 kms down the road .Here he took a longer break and wondered around on foot looking at the myriad of birdlife before getting back to his car and heading into Arnhem high way to Jabirus where he did justice to a substantial lunch of kangaroo steak rare done with green peas and mashed potatoes on the side followed by a mug of strong Brazilian coffee. Here he made an u turn and drove down to Ubirr rock and checked into a road side motel .Anyone following him would not have found anything suspicious in his behavior and that is the way it was supposed to be . Once in his room he checked in a corner room and down loaded the digital photos into his laptop ,e mailed the down loaded high resolution images to a proxy address in Peshawar ,where it will be automatically printed out in high quality photo paper and next day will be on its way to Saudi Yemen border on local bus and finally camel back.

CISF AIRPORT SECURITY OFFICE – MUMBAI

Inspector Shinde was from IB and his posting in Mumbai was just for one reason –to check for terrorist transit . This evening he routinely fed the digital videotapes of several security cameras into his desktop and then activated the home grown face recognition software with a networked data base of RAW and INTERPOL. The modernization of Mumbai international airport was just not in cosmetics and passenger facilities but the main reason was to install the plethora of top end security gadgets which included high definition digital cameras both in visible and infra red range located almost everywhere.
The computer blipped as it scanned the “doctors “ photo taken at the security check point a straight face shot .Shinde clicked ENTER and 14 different photos of the same person ,in different areas of the airport was selected and displayed on the desktop screen with a time stamp in the corner .Few more key strokes and shinde’s computer started talking to other computers all over the world .The name flashing in the screen was
HANIF KHAN
And things started moving fast after that .

RANGER MINE –AUSTRALIA


Peter Pollock checked the ready to ship inventory and was happy. The indian consignment of 500 tons should be ready to ship in about two weeks ,4 days ahead of committed delivery date .He picked up the phone and called security manager of the mine to make the necessary arrangements

IRANIAN NAVAL BASE-BANDAR ABBAS

The Iranian navy kilo quietly slipped its moorings and slowly moved out in the gulf at minimum speed and then dived to 30 ft below surface as the experienced commander set course for northern Arabian sea – Indian ocean- x

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Postby Shankar » 20 Aug 2007 13:02

JABIRU-KAKADU NATIONAL PARK –NORTHERN TERRITORIES –AUSTRALIA

Hanif khan was an avid nature lover apart from being a true believer of faith .He enjoyed the nature as much as he enjoyed planning to kill hundreds in cold blood. Today he was in nature lover role .
Towering over the parks wetlands is the huge 500 km long Arnhem land escarpment which was created about 2 billion years ago. The ancient landscape left Hanif khan with a sense of majesty and awe.Its natural geological features and rock formations,towering cliffs interlaced with spectacular water falls and ultra quite lagoons and lakes was breadth taking. The wild life is diverse and so is the plant life in the area. He saw here some of the world’s best preserved aboriginal art galleries. Kakadu is listed as one of worlds heritage sites from the view point of both natural and cultural aspects. Jabiru is the heart of kakadus residential Hub. Originally built for workers from Ranger uranium mine, also now houses many of the parks employees. Hanif had important recruiting work to do here ,without which his brilliant plan will come unstuck even before it started .The Ranger mine is 4km down the kakadu highway and tours are conducted regularly for tourists willing to have a firsthand knowledge about uranium mining.The Bowali visitor centre and visitor centre and park headquarters is located on the edge of the park. Ubirr rock is situated 40km from Jabiru and is located where East alligator river crosses into Arnhem land.Ubirr reached by a sealed road on the near side of the river is one of the main accessible art sites in the park. There are various art styles here including the stick like Mimi figures, some estimated to be over 20000 yrs old. But more recent ,dramatic x-ray style is the most striking. Whilst at Ubirr Hanif climbed to the top of rocky escarpment for a splendid panoramic views of the Kakadu countryside, the Arnhem wetlands ,the huge Arnhem land escarpment and the never ending east alligator river .

IRANIAN KILO 787 –GULF OF OMAN

Captain Imtiaz stroked his luxuriant grey beard thoughtfully as he carefully navigated his boat just under the waves of gulf of Oman. The Intel sources have confirmed no likely contact with any passing US carrier group is likely since both the Nimitz and Ronald Reagan group was reported in the Persian gulf ,the former off the coast of Saudi Arabia and other approaching Bahrain naval base .He was also told to be particularly careful of Indian navy carrier group centered around Virat somewhere in the north Arabian sea possibly on the sea lanes approaching gulf of Oman .
The kilo as usual was deadly silent at a cruise speed of just under 5 knots. Imtiaz was not looking for a confrontation with US navy or their ally Indian navy with their two carrier groups operating at the moment in Arabian sea and the third one patrolling the Indian ocean region centered on INS Vijeta A 45000 Ton locally built carrier with a complement of 2 squadrons of Mig 29k and quite a few KA-31 early warning and sea king sub detection choppers.
He had to get to Indian ocean open waters without detection at any cost .This was a direct order from supreme religious leader and Imtiaz did not even think what the consequences will be should he fail to do just that

INS VIRAT –SOMEWHERE IN NORTH ARABIAN SEA

Captain Deshpande was an out an out non-risk taker and may be that is why he never got promoted beyond captain for last 8 yrs while his batch mates went on to become admirals while he still commanded the ageing carrier now almost at the end of her active life .She was now almost exclusively used for patrolling the sea lanes in and out of gulf and unlikely to see any more real combat. One of the boilers was leaking heavily and Deshpande decided to return to Mumbai instead of staying on station for 4 more days as per his ops order .
As the carrier and its escorts changed course for home away from the sea lanes she was supposed to monitor the Iranian kilo quietly slipped into vast expanse of Arabian sea . A chance to stop an unidentified sub surface infiltration was lost.

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Postby gauravjkale » 24 Aug 2007 14:21

Vivek, Shankar anybody there?????????

guys please dont deprive us of our daily dose of scenarios....

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Postby sum » 24 Aug 2007 14:56

Has vivek been kidnapped by the commies on the orders of the Chinese embassy??? :roll: :P

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Postby niran » 25 Aug 2007 07:21

Did not you people know,during one of the chinki mijjile attack Viv com set
was destroyed.since then he has been using mules and bycycle to gather information,and fight his war.You taw know how quick this route is.so please be patient.every one will get their scenarios,have some cola meanwhile.

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Postby Shankar » 25 Aug 2007 14:17

sorry guys for the unavidable break once again and the reason for the break

[quote]15-IOC scores a ‘first’ in India by delivering LNG by tanker
Indian Oil this month added another significant business to its portfolio: selling
LNG by road tanker to customers. Not only is this mode of selling LNG a first for
IOC, the country’s largest refiner, it is also the first time LNG is being sold this
way in India. IOC calls it the ‘Virtual Pipeline Project’. So far it has only two
customers, one each in Gujarat and Maharashtra, but others will surely follow as
the idea, common in other parts of the world, catches on in India. IOC’s interest
in LNG delivery by tanker stems from meetings five years ago with Ohio-based
US company Chart Industries, experts in cryogenic storage and distribution. But,
says an industry source, it took IOC two years to translate the initial interest into
an agreement with Chart to set up a pilot project tapping LNG from tanks at the
Dahej terminal operated by Petronet-LNG in Gujarat. On signing an agreement in
2004, work began to convince Petronet-LNG that the project is a winner. But it
was only last year that IOC identified a tap-off point on the pipe that carries LNG
from onshore storage tank ‘Number One’ to the regassification unit. Further delay
ensued over identifying a tap-off point from the Petronet-LNG tanks at Dahej.
“Petronet-LNG did not see this as a priority,â€

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Postby Shankar » 25 Aug 2007 14:20

[quote]16-Distance doesn’t matter when supplying LNG by tanker
Indian Oil believes transporting LNG by road tanker is the best way to supply
customers who are not connected by pipelines or far removed from a gas pipeline
network. Other than Schott Glass in Gujarat, IOC is also supplying LNG by road
to Indo-British ceramics and tile production joint venture H&R Johnson, located in
a town called Pen in Maharashtra, and one of the largest tile manufacturers in the
country. Schott Glass is only 70-km away from Dahej but H&R Johnson, 77.78%
owned by Mumbai businessman Rajan Raheja, is about 500-km away. “IOC made
a conscious decision to choose one nearby customer and one distant customer,â€

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Postby Shankar » 25 Aug 2007 14:58

KAKADU NORTHERN TERITORIES –AUSTRALIA

Hanif was enjoying his grand tour of northern territories –courtesy all expenses paid trip from the old man .Along the open highways he could occasionally see the massive LNG articulated truck crossing over between Darwin and Brisbane, bringing in the cryogenic form of energy or LNG to meet the ever increasing energy needs of the city of Darwin . As instructed he took photographs of the trucker’s stops and the isolated spots on the highway .Slowly a plan was beginning to form in his mind and he hoped the old man will approve
He also took time off from his primary mission of recon the ambush route to visit yellow waters located in the centre of Kakadu national park. It is a magnificent billabong on south alligator river .The boat cruise was simply out of the world. He also made it a point of visiting the aboriginal cultural and artifacts centre. This excellent place gives a good insight into the local aboriginal culture with artifacts and locally produced works of art available for sale.19 kms south of aboriginal centre is the Nourlangie rock and Anbangbang rock shelter art sites and of great importance to traditional owners. The main gallery include some excellent artwork with precise signboards explaining the artwork as well as the stories behind the art. He strolled the main 1.5 km circuit without much difficulty and felt good and fit as he returned to his cottage .Next day he departed Kakadu taking the Kakadu highway via pine creek to Katharine .At Pine creek the road joined the Stuart highway and some distance further down he made a stop at Edith falls for a quick swim and lunch before continuing on to Katherine where he checked ionto Mercure Inn Catherine having covered the distance of 255 km in a leisurely spread of 8 hrs

RUB –AL KHALI-SAUDI YEMEN BORDER – 3 DAYS AFTER

The old man was in pain .The last Dialysis has not gone well carried out by a doctor of the faiths who knew his religious discourse far better than the science of internal medicine. At the moment a specialist and a renal surgeon have been located in Muscat and was being brought in on small camel caravan through the porous borders at an astronomical cost of 10000 US$ .
The uranium shipment schedule to India was in and so was a collection of not so good quality photographs from Hanif khan on the road route expected to be taken by the convoy from Ranger mine to Darwin ,the truck stops on the way and
Most importantly the photographs of massive LNG tankers that dotted the highway as well as the truck stops.
He was also aware that the Iranian submarine have slipped the Indian patrols in northern Arabian sea and slowly making its way to rendezvous point off the northern coast of Australia .
All he needed was patience and time

vivek_ahuja
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Postby vivek_ahuja » 27 Aug 2007 03:47

Shankar saar
please do not tarsao us for few shots of action like vivek.


vivek where are you ??? U deserted BR ..... Don't make ur post a MRCA deal .... it is killing


Ouch. :(

Okay, guys…I guess I deserve the above said comments…

But a lot of things going on in my life that couldn’t wait at that time. But that’s nearly behind me now so I am reporting for duty. :)

I see that Shankar has started a wonderful new plot after I had gone. My last plot remained unfinished due to this massive unintended interruption from my side. For that I apologize. At the same time I guess I have three options with me. I could continue the earlier plot…but that has been dormant for way too long. Or I could start a fresh scenario at this time. Or finally, I could sit back and let Shankar run through his plot before I begin. What do you guys think?

What I guess I can do is post one scene from the newer plots I had been creating. This, mind you, is a fresh start, so I guess you can tell me if I should start somewhat later after Shankar has finished or to start right away…

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Postby vivek_ahuja » 27 Aug 2007 03:55

THE SINO-NEPAL BORDER

Their goal was just beyond those set of white capped peaks to the south. They had been walking for more than ten days now. Their physical strengths were at a low, and the food supplies they had brought along with them had been extinguished two days ago. The continuous walking was sapping the strengths from their bodies, and some had even fallen on the snowy rocks and died where they lay. They were being whipped by the cold winds blowing across the valley and the chilling temperatures were draining their last ounces of energy from their bodies. All they had in plenty was their mental strength, and this was what had kept them going when people under normal circumstances would have given up. But giving up was no longer an option for them. They had known that fact the day they had decided to leave. Each person called upon his last ounces of hidden strength to make it through the last lap of their extraordinary journey.

The finish line was not so much in their sights as in their minds, but it was there. In front of them lay the majestic peaks of the Himalayas, and beyond that one set of hills going east to west was their finish line. But the massive size of the peaks was misleading for the human eyes. It seemed that no matter how much they walked, it never seemed to get any closer, and under the enormous physical and mental strains of the journey, it was maddening. And yet they couldn’t stop and just scream and shout and let out their frustration in a massive cry to god, as all of them had felt like doing ever since they had first seen this snowy finish line a few days ago. The shouts would not only drain their last shreds of energy but would also bring out the attention of another enemy who was determined to prevent this group from crossing the finish line to freedom…

The group had started on this journey ten days ago. That was they time they had abandoned their bus on the highway running east to west near the Manasarovar and Rakas lakes during the dark of the night and taken to the hills on their way south from the Tibetan Plateau to the Himalayan peaks. They had been two dozen of them when they had begun the journey. Now, they were less than fifteen in number. Despite being from this region, the secrecy of their plans had prevented them from getting the kind of gear that would be necessary for them to make the journey and still survive. As a result, many had fallen to the cold and the rocky death-traps during the last several days.

The snow covered everything, including all of nature’s booby traps. Often, it was only when a member in the lead would suddenly vanish into the snow below his feet that the others would be alerted to the crevasse ahead, and by that time it would be too late for that unfortunate person who had exposed that trap with his life. Then there was the weather. The snows and the temperature and the winds were a deadly combination in this region. During the day it was dangerous to be exposed to these elements, but during the night it was suicidal.

Several members of the group had gone to sleep in the night, never to wake up again in the morning. The remaining people were forced to leave their fallen members behind where they lay. Other than a quick prayer, there was simply nothing they could do for their unfortunate friends. The fourteen surviving members of the group had walked in a single file along the narrow paths through the mountains for several days, moving only during the daytime, before they had crossed over onto the southern slopes of the last of peaks wholly within the Tibetan mainland and wherefrom they could see the last set of slopes they would have to traverse before they were in Nepal. And freedom.

This was one of the last phases of their journey, and potentially the most dangerous. They were between the two sets of peaks to their north and south, respectively, and exposed to observation by the Security forces they were trying to evade. However, this location was somewhat more passable as compared to the Sino-Indian Border, which had been thoroughly fortified at almost all locations. Nepal was not hostile, and it where the security forces were spread thin and it was here that this group of fourteen had chosen to cross over.

The Tibetans moved out in a single line for the last part of their journey to freedom. A few more kilometres and they would be able to take shelter and then safely cross over. For one of the members of the group, however, it was the completion of a task that had taken him several weeks inside Tibet. It was his homeland, and it was his mission in life to free it from the clutches of the Chinese. And yet, he could not and would not be staying there with the kind of knowledge he had in his head. The fact that he had to flee his own country in such a manner grinded on his conscience every single moment, but it was the fact that he was helping to prepare the grounds for the eventual revolution that kept him sane. He was also disturbed by what he had seen during his stay here. The arrests, the executions and the abuse. All of which was being hidden from the outside world by a very advanced Chinese Media Campaign.

This network painted a picture of the local conditions in Tibet via all sorts of media that was in stark contrast with the realties on the ground. There was peace and calm in Tibet, the Chinese Media reported, and yet the village where he had been living for the last few weeks had seen a dozen arrests and three executions for what the Security forces claimed to be crimes against the Communist state. It was the absolute absurdity of it all that really struck the hearts of the local populace. Anyone could be picked up for interrogation under the slightest of suspicion. Many of these would never be seen again. Others would return with signs of physical abuse all over their bodies and with a soul that would often be broken. It was no wonder that the locals were fleeing in numbers to the south towards India for the last half decade.

It was here that the real truth would come out and punch holes into the veil of lies created by the Chinese and thrown over Tibet. As a result, the local security forces at the borders were under strict orders to shoot to kill anyone who attempted to cross the border in order to escape. In the last few years, technology had been brought in to plug the holes along the borders, and yet for each step of evolution that the security forces took, the Tibetans would take yet another step further and find a way through. Over the years this had become increasingly difficult and was now becoming close to impossible. It was with this realization that many within Tibet were making their desperate bids to cross over and escape before the trap fully and truly closed shut around them and their loved ones.

Then there were others within the local populace who sought the violent way to take back their sovereignty. Known as the Tibetan Rebels by the Chinese, they had once been a serious threat to the Chinese control over the region. But no more. The Chinese army had crushed that attempt with all of the brute force it could muster into the region. And the last serious attempt by the Rebels had now been several decades ago. Now, however, they had found a new ally to the south in the shape of India who was willing to assist them in their struggle and to provide all the arms, ammunition and training facilities that would be required to bring the struggle to more even terms.

Many Tibetans had crossed south only to join the growing band of resistance forces before they attempted to move north again. One of their first requirements was for information. They debriefed all those who came across and even asked a few of their own to go back up north again to infiltrate the local populace and await the eventual call to action. During this time, these men were to set up groups of locals willing to fight and if possible, bring them across to the south. This was what this group had started out to do, and despite the dangers and the losses, they had continued to move south. Once into Nepal, they would be met by friendly faces who would then taken them across into India and then to the training grounds. But they had to fist make it into Nepal…

The winds were blowing into the faces of the men as they moved; bringing with it the cold that would be fatal to all but the fittest. The winds also drowned out the noises from all around, all of which helped the Tibetans to remain undetected. Under these conditions, the tendency to become less alert to the human enemy around as opposed to the natural one is heavy.

So it was a complete surprise to the Tibetans when two of their leading members suddenly dropped backwards into the snow with a muffled thud. Within seconds all the Tibetans were on their stomachs in the snow as it became clear that they were under fire. But there was no sound above that of the winds blowing. The bullets themselves were flying haywire under the winds, hitting the snow all around the group and passing by them with swishing noises. These noises told the Tibetans that they were under fire from many directions, and that they had been ambushed. There was no point lying down now. They had a few rifles, but these would not be of much use at the moment under the enormous fire they were taking from all around. The snow was churning up everywhere as bullets continued to hit around the snow covered Tibetans. Then the winds changed and they saw their tormentors firing at them from the hills around them. There was one direction that was open for escape, and with a common pulse the Tibetans threw themselves to their feet as they attempted to run through knee deep snow towards the safety of some rocks.

Of the fourteen Tibetans in the group, six did not get up when the shout came from the leader to run. The eight survivors began their run only to fall one by one to the incoming bullets. When only four were left, two turned around to fire at the Security forces in the hills around them, only to bring about directed fire upon themselves before they too were cut down. The last two were close to the rocks when there was a loud explosion nearby that sent them flying off into the snow, dazed and injured. Both Tibetans had been wounded to one degree or another, but both retained enough consciousness to realize that the explosion had been from a hand grenade. This meant that the Chinese soldiers were far closer than they had thought, and that they had been totally outclassed by a very clever enemy that had not even made its presence known to the group until it had been all but over.

The Leader of the group and a lifelong member of the Tibetan Resistance forces was on his back, staring at the sky above and unable to move because of his injuries. The pain was subdued because of the cold, but the cold was also going to be the killer as far as he was concerned and he knew it. The sky above was a clear blue with no clouds. At this altitude the sky was clear, and the air was pure and cold. It was now that the Resistance fighter realized, as he began to slowly succumb to the numbing cold, that it was not the cold that would see him through, but the enemy he had loathed for many years. His view of the sky was disrupted by the face of a Chinese soldier the barrel of an AK-47 staring into his face.

There was a loud thud of a single shot in the background, and that announced the death of the Resistance fighter’s last living comrade. Then there were some shouts and noises and another face appeared over the Leader, this time it was some officer. He shouted something in Chinese to some others. Soon after, the earlier soldier came back along with a few others and pulled out a cloth to blindfold the leader of the group. The others in the group had received the luxury of being killed beforehand. The leader of this group of Tibetans was not so fortunate.

He was being taken alive.

niran
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Postby niran » 27 Aug 2007 05:03

Welcome back. it has been a long time waiting.
IMO you should complete the sino India war first.

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Postby Kiran.Rao » 27 Aug 2007 05:24

ajay pratap wrote:Welcome back. it has been a long time waiting.
IMO you should complete the sino India war first.



This calls for a party .........cheers Vivek :D

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Postby Kiran.Rao » 27 Aug 2007 05:32

vivek_ahuja wrote:
Shankar saar
please do not tarsao us for few shots of action like vivek.


vivek where are you ??? U deserted BR ..... Don't make ur post a MRCA deal .... it is killing


Ouch. :(

Okay, guys…I guess I deserve the above said comments…

But a lot of things going on in my life that couldn’t wait at that time. But that’s nearly behind me now so I am reporting for duty. :)

I see that Shankar has started a wonderful new plot after I had gone. My last plot remained unfinished due to this massive unintended interruption from my side. For that I apologize. At the same time I guess I have three options with me. I could continue the earlier plot…but that has been dormant for way too long. Or I could start a fresh scenario at this time. Or finally, I could sit back and let Shankar run through his plot before I begin. What do you guys think?

What I guess I can do is post one scene from the newer plots I had been creating. This, mind you, is a fresh start, so I guess you can tell me if I should start somewhat later after Shankar has finished or to start right away…


Vivek

Lets finish the chinese spanking first... The SU-30s where on there way to take out the chinky AWACS(we were about to knock the door down on there face ) and then the Jag strike on them. Can you finish those first and start the new scenario..

Thanks,
Kiran. :twisted:

mdhoat
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Postby mdhoat » 27 Aug 2007 12:06

Vivek Please finish the awesome stand off between Su MKI's and some Chinni junks......its been long overdue....its a old punjabi saying "Sahej Pake So Mitha Hoe". Waiting so eagerly for your continuity posts on that scenario. And please next time you need some time off, please tell in advance that you won't be updating any more posts for x no. of days for whatever reason, that way we are saved for the anxiety of refreshing the page thousand times daily in hope of catching some fresh action.

And please don't worry about Shankar's scenario. You both have very distinct writing styles and I believe just like myself, my BRfite brothers will welcome both scenarios running in parallel as have happened many times in past in this thread.

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Postby Hari Sud » 27 Aug 2007 16:42

Hello Vivek

This is not where you left off during your long absence.

It was the begining of operation Pivot Hammer. It is there you begin.

Cheers


Hari

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Postby Sudhanshu » 27 Aug 2007 16:56

OMG... what I see, Vivek and Shankar both are back.. double combo.. life of brfites will not be same like some past days. For example, now I will have tendency to use most of my time at work in reading this thread than working on any design. <- that is the impact!

Thanks both of you. If you excuse my exaggeration, BRFites just got their second life :)

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Postby Shankar » 29 Aug 2007 14:10

NATURAL GAS LIQUIFICATION PLANT -WICKHAM-DARWIN

The Bayu-Undan gas fields is located approximately 500 kms north west of Darwin and was discovered by Conoco Philips in 1995 in the Timor sea. Delineation drilling over the next two years made sure the field to be as good as one of the best in the world and estimated reserve was 3.4 TCF of gas. This led to commercial development of the Darwin LNG project through the execution of a binding HOA and gas field equity ownership with Tokyo electric and Tokyo gas company. The project essentially consisted of construction of a 3 million ton per annum LNG plant at Wickham point located in Darwin harbor linked to the off shore gas field by a 26 inch dia subsea pipe line .Actual construction work started in 2003 and was completed by end of 2006.The first LNG was shipped out of the Wickham plant LNG facilities by mid 2007.
Like all large projects this project too had its share of problems .The most critical of which was the LNG market went on a down turn principally as a result of weakening economy of the receiving Asian nations. As a result Conoco Phillips suspended all engineering work in the LNG plant and concentrated its efforts on an off shore development of the Bayu Undan gas fields that pursued maximum recovery of liquid products off shore with reinjection of the remaining stripped gas into the resoiver. As the LNG market showed signs of recovery Conoco Phillips acquired stakes of BHP to become the majority share holder of the project and also upgraded the capacity of the on shore LNG production facility to 10 million tons per annum
The Darwin LNG project introduced several first in the technology of natural gas liquification.Thirty five years ago Kenai LNG project set the future trend for the LNG industry by being the first to use gas versus steam turbine for refrigerant compressor drivers. The Darwin LNG project continued to build on this methodology by being the first plant to use aero derivative designed gas turbines for refrigerant drivers. The LNG plant also incorporated several other advanced design features to reduce green house gas emissions.
The plant design utilized Phillips optimized cascade LNG process for natural gas liquefaction. This technology was first used in Kenai LNG plant in Alaska and then Atlantic LNG facility in Trinidad. The Darwin LNG selected the GE LM 2500 aero derivative design gas turbine as the driver for refrigerant compressors in the facility. The LM 2500 is comparable to GE FRAME 5D gas turbine in terms of output but has a thermal efficiency of 41.1 percent compared to 30.3% .This improvement in thermal efficiency leads to a reduction in fuel required for production of an equivalent amount of LNG per gas turbine horse power output and a significant savings in emission of green house gases mainly carbon di oxide by almost 30%.The Darwin LNG plant was also designed to minimize the nitrogen oxide emission from the gas turbines by water injection into the LM 2500 gas turbines.

All in all it was a show piece project . It provided a clean energy source for domestic as well as overseas customers . The LNG plant was within the high security environment of Darwin harbor. The off shore platforms and processing units were well protected by regular patrols by Australian navy frigates and air force hornets operating out of Royal Australian air force base co located with Darwin international airport.
But there was a weak link .While most of the subsea pipe line carrying lean natural gas from the off shore processing plant to the onshore liquefaction plant was under the ocean floor,a small geological anomaly approximately 156 km from the Australian shores have force the pipe line engineers to allow an exposed U loop and then go back again into the ocean floor . The location of this loop was known only to few and not marked in any maritime map for security reasons.

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Postby Rahul M » 30 Aug 2007 00:41

vivek, do complete pivot hammer and the others. puhleeeez !!

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Postby vivek_ahuja » 30 Aug 2007 03:09

vivek, do complete pivot hammer and the others. puhleeeez !!


i am currently writing the scenes. i got dumped with a lot of work at workplace in the last couple of days. lot of reports to submit.:x only got time for the occasional posts on BR. now, however, i am almost free.

hang in there. new post by the end of the day today. :)

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Postby Shankar » 30 Aug 2007 14:08

IRANIAN NAVY KILO-787-215 KMS SOUTH WEST OF MALDIVES

Captain Imtiaz was relaxed ,as relaxed a submarine commander can be when approaching hostile waters for a special forces type mission and knowing the shores he would be approaching is guarded by some of the world’s most capable anti submarine aircraft fleet along with a navy fully geared for undersea threat .Once out of gulf of Oman he has given the Indian shores a wide berth and fortunately did not have a solid contact with any Indian submarine or anti sub aircraft during the short periods of snorkeling he was forced to resort to in the darkness of the night .
He has sailed almost due south from Omani gulf ,bisecting the Arabian sea and now about 217km south west the island chain of Maldives and approaching the first course change in several days when he intended to turn north west on the first leg of his approach to Darwin.He knew as he approached the Australian shores the chances of his detection will rise exponentially and all his skill will be required to avoid detection in open waters indian ocean if the mission is to succeed .
So far he has not detected any combat ship or submarine –only merchant ships and oil and gas tankers on their way to Australia and Japan .But Imtiaz knew all that can change in a minute

Submarine detection in green and brown coastal waters is very difficult for many reasons. First, in green waters, defined as waters of the continental shelf, there is a mixture of drifting water bodies of different temperatures, salinities and velocities that with shallow and turbulent conditions, limit sonar range. To add to these difficulties there are shoals of fish, rocky outcrops and wrecks that generate false contacts. Low-frequency sonars lack the precision needed, and active sonars give any stealthy SSK advance warning. The only development that offers promise of detecting the SSK in these waters is the reliable acoustic path (RAP) system that uses a vertical sonar beam that is less affected by differences in thermal layers or salinity. US experiments have involved a lattice of linked RAP sonars in a fixed distributive system that could detect an SSK passing over it. But these are limited in their coverage.
Coastal waters from the shore out to 25 miles, or brown water conditions, are even more difficult. Currents, thermal disturbances and winds cause active sonar transmissions to deflect downward, reducing effectiveness to a few hundred metres. Further problems that make SSK detection difficult include industrial debris found off-shore, and muddy conditions that degrade acoustic signals and make visual sighting impossible. Outflows of cold freshwater from rivers flowing under sea water warmed by the sun create thermal layers that trap sonar signals in sound channels, or ducts.
An SSK, operating in these conditions, carefully located near wrecks or rocky pinnacles and kept stationary or moving at less than five knots, is almost impossible to detect by acoustic means. And because coastal waters probably would be within range of shore-based anti-shipping missiles or land-based aircraft, any sea-based ASW operation other than by submarine, could be vulnerable.
The high-frequency dipping sonar operated from ASW helicopters is said to give submariners their biggest headaches and may prove to be the most effective solution. There is a range of alternative non-acoustic ASW methods, although these have limitations. Magnetic anomaly detection (MAD) picks up variations in the magnetic field surrounding a submarine, but in shallow waters it is very prone to picking up false alarms. In muddy waters, forward-looking infra-red detectors (FLIR) can identify temperature differences between a submarine’s wake and the surrounding sea, but it cannot differentiate between those and irrelevant heat sources, such as industrial effluent, commercial ship wakes and river outflows.
Radar is an important means of SSK detection, although developments in SSK technology have reduced its significance. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) will pick up an SSK’s periscope and snorkel easily. But for SSKs the development of air independent propulsion (AIP) has reduced the frequency of battery recharges. Fire-control systems have removed the need for an attack periscope and modern periscopes reflect almost no signal.
The blue-green laser has yet to penetrate below a depth of 50 metres so research into this technique has some way to go. There is no evidence that Soviet research into fluorimetric devices that detect a submarine by its wake passing through water, have yielded useful results. The same applies to work on bioluminescence, tracking a submarine by the disturbance it causes to micro-organisms. Finally the autolusus, or sniffer system, that uses chemical detectors to pick
up combustion products emitted by diesel engines, is hampered by pollution in coastal environments. Finally the autolusus, or sniffer system, that uses chemical detectors to pick up combustion products emitted by diesel engines, is hampered by pollution in coastal environments.
Not very far from Imtiaz’s ship , a small task force was getting ready to leave the port of Maldives after a good will visit .It consisted of INS Jalshva the troop carrier ,escorted by ageing cruiser INS Delhi and a frigate Shivalik.On a special request from Australian naval command they were ordered to patrol the Darwin –Maldives stretch of Indian ocean for a few days till replacements from Australian navy arrives.
Captain Imtiaz was not aware of this development

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Postby Sanku » 30 Aug 2007 15:35

vivek_ahuja wrote:
vivek, do complete pivot hammer and the others. puhleeeez !!


i am currently writing the scenes. i got dumped with a lot of work at workplace in the last couple of days. lot of reports to submit.:x only got time for the occasional posts on BR. now, however, i am almost free.

hang in there. new post by the end of the day today. :)


Dying for the pivots to turn dude.. please hurry.

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Postby ksmahesh » 30 Aug 2007 19:36

Shankar wrote:IRANIAN NAVY KILO-787-215 KMS SOUTH WEST OF MALDIVES
Captain Imtiaz was not aware of this development


:lol: surprise surprise. Captain Imtiaz will get surprise of his life.

Great buildup Shankar saar. Now the time has come for some pathaka.

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Postby gopal.suri » 30 Aug 2007 20:58

Come on Shankar! feed Imtiaz to sea vultures!

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Postby narmad » 01 Sep 2007 02:57

Somewhere over the Arabian Sea

Pakistani Attack on Gorshkov.
Last edited by narmad on 01 Sep 2007 08:03, edited 1 time in total.

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Postby mdhoat » 01 Sep 2007 05:35

Sanku wrote:
vivek_ahuja wrote:
vivek, do complete pivot hammer and the others. puhleeeez !!


i am currently writing the scenes. i got dumped with a lot of work at workplace in the last couple of days. lot of reports to submit.:x only got time for the occasional posts on BR. now, however, i am almost free.

hang in there. new post by the end of the day today. :)


Dying for the pivots to turn dude.. please hurry.



Vivek you are again letting china take the initiative. Don't make us beg you for the climax of pivot hammer and the others. puhleeeez !!


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