Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

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V_Raman
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Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby V_Raman » 21 Sep 2020 23:11

will the president sign or hold off on the agri bills? looks like pushback from unexpected quarters like baba ramdev etc.?

Vips
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Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Vips » 22 Sep 2020 04:10

Govt sets foodgrain output target at record 301 mn tonnes for 2020-21.

The government has set foodgrain production target at a record 301 million tonnes for the 2020-21 crop year, up nearly 1.5 per cent from the previous year's output, on the back of good monsoon rains and higher acreage in the kharif season.The target for the 2020-21 crop year (July-June) was set at the National Conference for Rabi Campaign 2020, which was held on Monday to review the progress of the kharif (summer-sown) season and plan for the rabi crops.

Addressing the event, Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar congratulated farmers and state governments for record foodgrain production of 296.65 million tonnes in the 2019-20 crop year. "The conference set a target of 301 million tonnes of food grains production for 2020-21." an official statement said.

Rice production target has been fixed at 119.6 million tonnes (MT) in 2020-21 as against 118.43 MT output in the last year. The target of wheat output has been set at 108 MT as compared to 107.59 MT. Coarse cereals output target is almost at at 47.80 MT as against 47.48 MT in the previous year. Pulses production target has been is xed at 25.60 MT, up from 23.15 MT output in 2019-20, while that of oilseeds was set at 37 MT as against the estimated output of 33.42 MT last year.

Tomar also complimented the farming community and states for higher sowing in the kharif season despite the COVID19 pandemic and lockdowns.
Kharif sowing during this year up to September 11 stood at 1,113 lakh hectares, which is 46 lakh hectares more than normal. Tomar said the government is taking revolutionary steps to strengthen agriculture infrastructure and economic condition of the farmers. Recently, the Agricultural Infrastructure Fund (AIF) scheme worth Rs 1 lakh crore for four years was launched for creating Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar congratulated farmers and state governments for record foodgrain production of 296.65 million tonnes in the 2019-20 crop year.

Recently, the Agricultural Infrastructure Fund (AIF) scheme worth Rs 1 lakh crore for four years was launched for creating facilities for cold storage, warehouse, packaging, ripening and waxing plants by agri-entrepreneurs, farmers' association and local government agencies.

The minister further said that two bills relating to freedom of marketing for farmers have been passed in Parliament. The Farmers' Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion & Facilitation) Bill 2020 and the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill 2020 will give a boost to farmers engaged in agriculture and allied activities, he added.

Farmers will get freedom to sell their produce at different places. The government will continue the practice of procurement at minimum support price (MSP) through the existing network, he added.

Tomar further said the government has set a target of covering 100 lakh hectares in five years under micro-irrigation. A dedicated Micro Irrigation Fund (MIF) of Rs 5,000 crore has been created with the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) for expanding coverage of micro-irrigation. In the year 2019-20, about 11 lakh farmers have benefitted by the adoption of drip and sprinkler irrigation system. During the last five years, an area of 47.92 lakh hectare has been covered under micro-irrigation in the country, which includes 11.72 lakh hectares for the year 2019-20 which is a significant achievement, he said.

darshan
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Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby darshan » 10 Oct 2020 03:32

If Modi doesn't remind to change diaper, then it won't get changed. Poor chap has to tend to everything. Obviously capabilities and expertise were there but no one wanted to utilize it till wanting to look good in front of the boss. Bunch of non self starters.

Real thanks goes to xitler.

GSFC’s indigenous variety of ‘Calcium Nitrate’ & ‘Boronated Calcium Nitrate’ launched
https://www.deshgujarat.com/2020/10/09/ ... -launched/
New Delhi: Union Minister of State for Chemicals & Fertilizers and MoS ( I/c) for Shipping Shri Mansukh Mandaviya launched indigenous variety of Calcium Nitrate’ & ‘Boronated Calcium Nitrate’ manufactured by Gujrat State Fertilizers and Chemicals -GSFC India Ltd through video Conference .

‘Calcium Nitrate’ & ‘Boronated Calcium Nitrate is being manufactured for the first time in India. Till now, it was imported from other countries.
...
GSFC launched these two products in the retail market for the first time from Solan in Himachal Pradesh and Bhavnagar in Gujarat. Currently total production capacity of GSFC for these two products is 10,000 Metric Tons (MT) per year. Within three months, production is expected to increase to 15000 MT per year. The Minister was informed that GSFC plans to increase it to 30,000 MT in 9 to 12 months.
....
Last year, around 1.25 lakh metric tons (1,23,000 tons) of Calcium Nitrate was imported in the country. Of this, 76% was imported from China and the rest from other countries like Norway and Israel. The total import value of this 1.25 Lakh Tons is Rs. 225 crore. The GSFC itself imported and sold 4600 MT last year.

Calcium nitrate is used as a water-soluble fertilizer in agriculture. In addition, this product is also used in wastewater treatment and to increase the strength of cement concrete.

V_Raman
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Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby V_Raman » 10 Oct 2020 03:41

Unbelievable that an economy of our size does not manufacture these things!! And we cry about employment generation!!

Kakkaji
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Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Kakkaji » 12 Oct 2020 06:51

Prof Ashok Gulati's take on the Farm Bills:

From Plate to Plough: MSP in the age of surplus

Having analysed the MSP business over decades, let me say clearly that the regime was the creation of the era of scarcity in the mid-1960s. Indian agriculture has, since then, turned the corner from scarcity to surplus. The policy instruments of dealing with shortages are different from those dealing with surpluses. In a surplus economy, unless we allow a greater role for markets and make agriculture demand-driven, the MSP route can spell financial disaster. This transition is about changing the pricing mix — how much of it should be state-supported and how much market-driven. The new laws are trying to increase the relative role of markets without dismantling the MSP system. Let me also say that, currently, no system is perfect, be it the one based on MSP or that led by the markets. But the MSP system is much more costly and inefficient, while the market-led system will be more sustainable provided we can “get the markets right”.

nandakumar
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Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby nandakumar » 12 Oct 2020 11:37

Kakkaji wrote:Prof Ashok Gulati's take on the Farm Bills:

From Plate to Plough: MSP in the age of surplus

Having analysed the MSP business over decades, let me say clearly that the regime was the creation of the era of scarcity in the mid-1960s. Indian agriculture has, since then, turned the corner from scarcity to surplus. The policy instruments of dealing with shortages are different from those dealing with surpluses. In a surplus economy, unless we allow a greater role for markets and make agriculture demand-driven, the MSP route can spell financial disaster. This transition is about changing the pricing mix — how much of it should be state-supported and how much market-driven. The new laws are trying to increase the relative role of markets without dismantling the MSP system. Let me also say that, currently, no system is perfect, be it the one based on MSP or that led by the markets. But the MSP system is much more costly and inefficient, while the market-led system will be more sustainable provided we can “get the markets right”.

It is more than 10 days since paddy would have been harvested in Punjab, Haryana, Western UP etc. Is there any information on private procurement outside of the mandis? I haven't come across any.

Yagnasri
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Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Yagnasri » 13 Oct 2020 05:10


darshan
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Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby darshan » 14 Oct 2020 04:20

It may be worth for companies in India to venture into this field as water and food issues are only going to get worse.
It could also help generate IP and know how to setup similar systems in other countries. I'm sure that there are many graduates coming out of universities that could be put to work.
Inside Singapore’s huge bet on vertical farming
https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/1 ... -security/
From the outside, VertiVegies looked like a handful of grubby shipping containers put side by side and drilled together. A couple of meters in height, they were propped up on a patch of concrete in one of Singapore’s nondescript suburbs. But once he was inside, Ankesh Shahra saw potential. Huge potential.

His grandfather had founded the Ruchi Group, a corporate powerhouse in India with offshoots in steel, real estate, and agriculture; his father had started Ruchi Soya, a $3 billion oilseed processor that had been Shahra’s training ground.
...
With VertiVegies, Sekaran was farming vertically: growing vegetables indoors, with towers of crops stacked one on the other instead of in wide, sprawling fields, and in hydroponic solution instead of soil. He was growing food without exposure to weather or seasons, using techniques pioneered by others, in a country that was badly in need of a new way to meet its food needs.
...
Without production of its own, Singapore saw its food supplies take a big hit. Imported raw food rose 55% in price in 12 months, and commodities such as rice, grain, and maize as much as 31%. The state was forced to absorb hikes in the costs of basics like cooking oil, bread, and milk—something made even tougher by the fact that China, from which Singapore imports around $600 million worth of food each year, had experienced its worst winter weather in 50 years, destroying crops and further pushing up regional food prices from late 2007 to mid-2008.
...

ashbhee
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Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby ashbhee » 21 Oct 2020 01:12

I did not know every bit of Heeng / Asafetida used in India was imported. It looks like they have started a project to cultivate now.
I hope they succeed. This will cash crop for the barren regions of Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh.

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/ind ... 751722.cms


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