Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

The Technology & Economic Forum is a venue to discuss issues pertaining to Technological and Economic developments in India. We request members to kindly stay within the mandate of this forum and keep their exchanges of views, on a civilised level, however vehemently any disagreement may be felt. All feedback regarding forum usage may be sent to the moderators using the Feedback Form or by clicking the Report Post Icon in any objectionable post for proper action. Please note that the views expressed by the Members and Moderators on these discussion boards are that of the individuals only and do not reflect the official policy or view of the Bharat-Rakshak.com Website. Copyright Violation is strictly prohibited and may result in revocation of your posting rights - please read the FAQ for full details. Users must also abide by the Forum Guidelines at all times.
Indranil
Forum Moderator
Posts: 7390
Joined: 02 Apr 2010 01:21

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Indranil » 31 May 2018 00:25

I think a distinction should be made between a farmer and a farm owner!

SBajwa
BRF Oldie
Posts: 5065
Joined: 10 Jan 2006 21:35
Location: Attari

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby SBajwa » 31 May 2018 00:53

Indranil wrote:I think a distinction should be made between a farmer and a farm owner!


There already is a column called "Maalik" aka "Owner" and "Kashatgar" aka "Farmer" on your Girdavari document (Patwari gives you this document and he/she comes to village to check each crop and to estimate yield). Most of this is now computerized in Haryana and Punjab.

SBajwa
BRF Oldie
Posts: 5065
Joined: 10 Jan 2006 21:35
Location: Attari

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby SBajwa » 20 Jun 2018 19:43

http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/punjab ... 08028.html

No groundwork, late sowing ‘diktat’ goes unheard

Amarjit Thind

Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, June 19
The government steps to make farmers plant early maturing and less water-consuming paddy varieties, either forcefully or by creating awareness, stand exposed as transplantation officially begins on Wednesday.

It seems another year has been lost on saving groundwater, as a majority of farmers across the state have already transplanted water-guzzling varieties of paddy.

This year, Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) had recommended PR 127, a medium maturing high-yield variety. To make a complete switch from traditional varieties at least 61,000 tonnes of seed was needed to sow 30.69 lakh hectares, as per figures tabulated by the university.

This year, 2,600 quintals of PR 127 was sold for Rs 50 a kg at kisan melas, regional research stations, Krishi Vigyan Kendras, seed farms located at Ladhowal, Naraingarh, Faridkot and Kapurthala, and Farmer Advisory Service Centres of PAU.

Dr TS Dhillon, Director (Seeds), PAU, said PR 127 was a high yield paddy variety with medium maturity period and was disease resistant. “It resists attack of 10 prevalent pathotypes of bacterial blight pathogen present in Punjab, which makes it the best option as compared to traditional varieties. The average yield of this variety is 30 quintals per acre. It is a better genetic product and the farmers should go for it in a big way,” he said.

Farmers, on the other hand, have been on the warpath over the government order banning paddy sowing before June 20. They are also demanding uninterrupted power supply and withdrawal of cases registered against farmers who sowed paddy early.

The farmers allege that the recommendations are released often late and no department bothers to disseminate information about new developments.

As such, only a handful of progressive farmers keep track of the latest developments and benefit from them.

Sukhdev Singh Kokri Kalan, general secretary of the BKU Ekta Ugrahan, said the farmers were soft targets and everything that went wrong was blamed on them. “The advisory on seed should have been issued immediately after wheat is harvested giving farmers time to procure the seed,” he added.

“Our experience has shown that delay in sowing paddy always means yield loss and despite what the experts claim, sowing paddy after June 20 will entail a loss of 3-5 quintals per acre. Who will compensate us for this shortfall?” he questioned.

“Another problem pertains to moisture which is higher in all late maturing varieties. Will there be some relaxation on this count at the time of procurement?” he asked.

Moreover, the available quantity of new seed was an indication of the seriousness of the government in providing alternatives to water-guzzling varieties, he pointed out.

Unplanned move, say farmers

At least 61,000 tonnes of seed of late or medium maturing paddy was needed, but only 2,600 quintals was sold.
Recommendations are released often late. Delay in sowing paddy would have resulted in a loss of 3-5 quintals per acre. No government word on relief.
Moisture is higher in late maturing varieties.

Inputs by Manav Mander

Supratik
BRF Oldie
Posts: 6167
Joined: 09 Nov 2005 10:21
Location: USA

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Supratik » 24 Jun 2018 14:45


Vips
BRFite
Posts: 1658
Joined: 14 Apr 2017 18:23

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Vips » 22 Sep 2018 03:07

India sets record farm output target for 2018-19.

The government has set a target of producing a record 285.2 million tonnes of food grains in crop year 2018-19 beginning July, despite monsoon rainfall has been 9% below normal so far this year.

The target is 0.53% higher than the initial forecast made in April, the agriculture ministry said on Tuesday.

India harvested a record 284.8 million tonnes of food grains in 2017-18.

For the current crop year, the government targets higher production of rice, wheat, oilseeds and cotton, while production of pulses, coarse cereals and sugarcane is expected to be lower than last year.

Kharif production this year is expected to be better to last year’s owing to excellent crop condition, ministry officials said.

They, however, did not explain the reasons for buoyant forecast for a year when rainfall has been below average and some parts of the country have been ravaged by floods.

Parshottam Rupala, minister of state for agriculture, said rains have been less than normal in some parts of the country, and more than normal in some places. “Despite that we expect higher production in kharif,” he said. “Due to water availability in reservoirs, even the rabi planting will be very good.”

The agriculture ministry has set kharif production target at 141.20 million tonnes, which is 0.71% higher than the target set in April.

The ministry also said it expects rabi planting — which begins by mid-October — to be higher than last year since there were good soil moisture and higher water levels in reservoirs.

The food grain target for 2018-19 — announced by agriculture commissioner SK Malhotra during a two-day national conference on planting strategy for the upcoming rabi (winter) season — is 0.14 % higher than the fourth advance estimate for 2017-18 production at 285.2 million tonnes.

For 2018-19, the agriculture ministry has fixed the production target for rice at 113 million tonnes, against 112.9 million tonne last year. Wheat production target has been set at 100 million tonnes against 99.7 million tonnes last year.

The target for pulses has been kept at 25 million tonne, slightly less than last year’s 25.2 million tonnes. In case of coarse cereals, too, the target has been lowered slightly to 46.7 million tonnes against 46.9 million tonnes in 2017-18.

Target oilseed production for 2018-19 has been fixed at 36 million tonnes, up from 31.2 million tonnes last year, while cotton output is targeted to be raised to 35.5 million bales of 170 kg each from 34.89 million bales.

Sugarcane production target for 2018-19 is fixed at 355 million tonnes, down from 376.91 million tonnes last year.


Vips
BRFite
Posts: 1658
Joined: 14 Apr 2017 18:23

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Vips » 23 Nov 2018 01:40

India set to overtake Brazil as world’s biggest sugar producer.

Brazil, traditionally the world’s top sugar producer, is poised to cede the crown to India for the first time in 16 years.

Production in the Asian country this season may rise 5.2% to a record 35.9 million metric tonnes on increasing acreage and improving yields, the US Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service said Tuesday in a report. Brazil’s output may tumble 21% to 30.6 million tonnes because of adverse weather and a shift to produce more cane-based ethanol.

Global production is forecast to fall 4.5% to 185.9 million tonnes, trailing the May estimate of 188.3 million, after the outlooks for Brazil, Thailand and the European Union were revised lower.

Brazil is expected to remain the top exporter, followed by Thailand. The marketing season runs from April to March in the South American nation and from October to September in India. Most countries run from May to April.

Global inventory is forecast to rise as “massive stock building” in India counters lower supplies in China and the EU, the USDA unit said.

Arima
BRFite -Trainee
Posts: 83
Joined: 05 Apr 2018 14:45

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Arima » 04 Dec 2018 17:56

Onion farmers' distress: Verghese Kurien's formula of giving farmers 50% of market price of harvest can help

Social media is rife with the story of a farmer who got just Rs 1,064 for 750 kg of onion. So upset was he with the amount he received, that he is said to have sent the entire proceeds to the prime minister.

The story is about a farmer named Sanjay Sathe, a resident of Niphad tehsil in Nashik district, who told PTI on 2 December that he had produced 750 kg of onion in this season, but was offered a rate of Re 1 per kg at the Niphad wholesale market last week. Sathe was one of the few “progressive farmers” selected by the Union agriculture ministry for an interaction with the then US president Barack Obama when he visited India in 2010.

There are three things to be considered here.

Factor 1

First, is Sathe’s story credible? According to traders in the market, retail prices of onions currently hover between Rs 30-40 per kg because of tight supplies. Last week they could have been lower. But not as low as Re 1 per kg. Some traders allege that it is possible that the farmer could have been trying to sell the previous season’s crop today, and it is also possible that some of the onions might have started rotting… That could have resulted in a price of Re 1.
But that is merely an allegation. The fact is that farmers usually get barely 10 percent of the retail price of an agricultural produce which is outside of the government’s procurement basket of rice and wheat. So if the prices of onions were Rs 10 a kg, it would not be improbable that the farmer may have been able to get Re 1 per kg.
But why should the farmer get only 10 percent of the retail price of the crop?

That brings us to factor 2.

One reason why the farmers get less is that the wholesale traders have ganged up to become a mafia protected by what is known as the APMC or the Agricultural Produce Market Committee. This is a body which is made up of politically powerful farmers (usually politicians) who usurp the right to become the canalising agency for all agricultural produce. The APMC then sells the produce to retail traders, who in turn sell it to smaller traders, who offer the produce to the consumer. Typically, if you go beyond the limits of Mumbai, you could get vegetables at one-tenth the price consumers pay in the city. At times of overproduction, you could get the produce for even lower than that level.

Ever since Narendra Modi, as chief minister of Gujarat, began a campaign for abolishing of APMCs and giving the farmers the right to sell agricultural produce directly to consumers, some states have withdrawn the tremendous powers that APMCs once enjoyed. As the chart alongside will show, many states have apparently defanged APMCs. But in reality they still wield tremendous clout.


Image

Consider how, in Maharashtra, just a few days ago, the state government was forced to back down from passing a legislation that sought to close down APMCs in the state. The state wanted to de-notify all agri-commodities from the purview of the mandis. The Maharashtra Agricultural Produce Marketing Development and Regulation Act Ordinance had already been passed in the lower house but was withdrawn from the upper house. Reason? The traders had observed a one day-bandh against the government’s decision. The traders and workers at APMC went on indefinite strike against the new APMC law.

That is because most of the trucks that transport vegetables from the mandis to the markets are controlled by the APMCs even today. They even control the storage places and the warehouses. They have a stranglehold over the farm sector. Unless the organisation is itself dismantled, farmers will remain at the mercy of these cartellised traders.

It is these traders, backed by very powerful political bodies that account for a bulk of the difference between what the farmer gets and what the consumer pays.
So what options do the farmers have? And this takes us to factor 3

The two solutions

The first solution has been in existence for almost 60 years. It is the one introduced by Verghese Kurien. He believed that the farmer was the most important player in the agriculture to consumer ecosystem. Thus, instead of promoting the global norm of one-third to the farmer, one-third to the processor-aggregator and one-third to the trade, Kurien insisted that the the farmer gets at least 50 percent of the market price of the produce.

To ensure that market prices were not allowed to go down, Kurien used NDDB (National Dairy Development Board), which was allowed to become the canalising agency for any import of any milk whether as a commercial purchase or as a gift. NDDB sold these at market prices, thus ensuring that the market price for milk did not ever get hurt. The few times when farmers suffered grievously was when the central government ignored this rule and allowed for import of milk and milk products.

NDDB then went on to replicate this model for fruits and vegetables under the brand Safal (Sabzi and Phal or fruit and vegetable in many local languages). But it failed because the APMCs protected by state governments did not allow it to procure vegetables and fruits directly from farmers. It was only when the APMCs had begun being dismantled, that the move to revive Safal has begun. But government support for it is not as forthcoming as it ought to be.

In fact, a few years ago, NDDB sought to create a similar structure for pulses in Akola. The plans were being rolled out, when the NDDB chairman resigned. The reasons are not known.

If Kurien’s model is followed, farmers would not suffer distress prices that they currently face.
There is another way. The government had enacted a brilliant piece of legislation called the Warehousing Development and Regulation Act (WDRA) in 2007. But it was forgotten thereafter. It got notified only on 25 October, 2010. Even this notification could have been because the Supreme Court exerted tremendous pressure on the government to explain why it had allowed grain (especially rice and wheat) to rot in the sun and the rain, merely because there were no warehouses.

The apex court had ordered the government to provide all the grain free of cost to India’s poor rather than allow it to rot. The government dragged its feet. Its argument was that sending the grain to public distribution shops (PDS) would be a very expensive affair – costing around Rs 5,000 crore. That justification was obviously specious, because the government could have asked NGOs to pick up the non-warehoused grain free of cost on an as-is-where-is basis. The costs would have to be borne by the NGO concerned. People consuming the grain is a better proposition compared to letting it get devoured by rats or worms.

It is probable that the government did not want to stop the rotting of grain because it wanted – as is being alleged in several quarters – the evidence of the surplus grain to be destroyed by sun, wind, rain and pests. All indicators point to a devious practice by the Food Corporation of India (FCI) and several State Warehousing Corporations (SWCs) to make money illegally through grain procurement. The modus operandi appears to be procuring second-rate grain from well-connected farmers at first rate prices. The best way to erase evidence of the fraud is by allowing the evidence of the crop itself to disappear.

Whatever the reason, the desire to make the WDRA effective does not appear to have been strong. The organisation exists. But it has not been promoted strongly enough. This is despite the fact that the WDRA remains one of the most important pieces of legislation in recent times. It could potentially change the way agriculture and the trade surrounding it happens.

There are several things the WDRA was meant to do which were missing earlier.

First, instead of the state procuring agricultural produce, the Act allowed for WDRA registered warehouses to step in. Farmers could walk into any warehouse (every district was expected to have such facilities) where such produce could be stored.

Second, the warehouse would have an assayer who would evaluate the quality of the produce and certify both the quality and the quantity and give the farmer a receipt.
Third this receipt would be recognized as a negotiable instrument, which the farmer could take to the bank and get money for his produce at prevailing spot market prices. Else the farmer could sell the produce directly through the commodity markets at current or future prices. The farmer also had the option of keeping the receipt with himself till he believed he could get better prices. In that case, the farmer would have to pay for the storage of the produce till the time it got sold.

Thus a small farmer could bypass procurement officials and even traders. He could approach a warehouse with his meagre produce and get a receipt and encash it at his will. It would create a national market where a trader in, say, Orissa could purchase a few tonnes of onion or rice from a farmer in Maharashtra through the commodity markets and collect the given quantity and quality from the local warehouse.

That would have ensured that the farmer could have got at least 3-4 times the current prices he gets from traders. It would have been much more than the prime minister’s promise of doubling farm incomes. It would be higher than the MS Swaminathan formula of giving farmers 50 percent more than his input costs.

Bitter reality

The fact also is that the farmer is paid a pittance. Estimates from Nabard shows how grave the farmer distress can be. The government’s formula of subsidies and grants is akin to treating a farmer like a beggar who holds out his bowl for charity and alms. It strips him of dignity, and of the ability to grow big and self-reliant. The Kurien solution or the WDRA method are better ways to empower the farmer. But clearly, local politicians do not want to lose the moolah – the fat difference between what the farmer gets and what the consumer pays.
The sooner, this parasitical layer is removed, the better will it be for farmers and the country


https://www.firstpost.com/business/onion-farmers-distress-verghese-kuriens-formula-of-giving-farmers-50-of-market-price-of-harvest-can-help-5662201.html?FP_Source=FP_Eng_DT_TS_Wgt_5609791&FP_Medium=FP_Eng_Topstories_5662201

Arima
BRFite -Trainee
Posts: 83
Joined: 05 Apr 2018 14:45

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Arima » 04 Dec 2018 18:13

Agrarian crisis clear & present danger for Indian economy

Image

India's gross domestic product (GDP) growth for the second quarter (Q2) has laid bare the deepening distress in its villages. Farm incomes haven’t risen even though the government has announced a hike in minimum support prices. The country’s agricultural output, measured as gross value added, grew at a sedate pace of 2.8%, far slower than the 5.3% in the June quarter. This was on top of a low base of 2.6% growth last year.

Economists said that the GDP deflator for agriculture is negative for the first time in many years. In other words, farmers are earning less than what they were before. Indeed, if the recent marches to New Delhi by thousands of farmers are any indication, the farm sector has already sent up emergency flares.

What is notable is that even allied activities are growing slower. This doesn’t bode well for rural demand in the coming months.

For a government that will face the litmus test of its policies through a national election within six months, the farm sector’s woes are unsettling. Although agriculture contributes less than one-third of the output of the entire economy, rural centres are key demand areas. Consumption demand from the rural economy also needs to hold up for the overall growth rate to remain above 7%.

An extension of the troubles of the Indian economy has also been visible on the expenditure side. Private final consumption expenditure grew by 7%, which was lower than the 8.6% in the previous quarter. Consumption has been the strongest engine of growth and, incipient signs of a slowdown that was followed by distress in the financial sector, will hurt the economy.

To balance this gloom was a bright spark in gross fixed capital formation. This grew at a brisk pace of 12.5%, but on a low base of 6.1% a year ago. Gross fixed capital formation has been growing faster and faster every quarter over the last five years, which is a sign of traction in investment growth. Juxtaposing the not-so-bad 7.4% growth in manufacturing gives hope on the employment front.

That said, economists believe the latest growth numbers dash hopes of the estimated 7.4% GDP growth for the full year of 2018-19. The urge to let loose a fiscal stimulus ahead of elections is high, especially to alleviate the pain in agriculture. But can the government afford to give in to such an urge?

Even as the debate over revising past GDP growth rates continues, the government and the markets should be really worried about the impact of rural distress on the pace and direction of economic growth.


https://www.livemint.com/Money/qTyGharLfpnjuKbQ7SID0I/Agrarian-crisis-clear--present-danger-for-Indian-economy.html

Supratik
BRF Oldie
Posts: 6167
Joined: 09 Nov 2005 10:21
Location: USA

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Supratik » 04 Dec 2018 19:46

Incorrect. As the economy develops share of agri in GDP will go down. Gross value addition has very little to do with farmers as it happens after farming. Not an agrarian crisis.

Vips
BRFite
Posts: 1658
Joined: 14 Apr 2017 18:23

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Vips » 13 Jan 2019 23:25

UAE and Saudi Arabia to invest in making India hub for food security: Suresh Prabhu.

United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia have decided to make India as a base for food security for the countries and plan to invest in both organic and food processing industries, minister of commerce and industry and civil aviation Suresh Prabhu said on Sunday.

Speaking to media at the Partnership Summit organised by the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) held in Mumbai, Prabhu said that the development comes at a time when India has recently announced an agricultural exports policy.

"India is already the largest producer of milk and the second largest producer of fruits which gives it a huge potential to export," Prabhu said.

He added that the government has identified which product will be exported from which district and each district will be divided into clusters for that. For example, Nasik has been identified for grapes, Nagpur for oranges, Ratnagiri for mangoes etc. It is working with states to facilitate this arrangement.

Prabhu, however, did not disclose details about the potential investment.

The export policy has removed restrictions on the export of both organic and horticultural products and UAE and Saudi Arabia wants to invest in both kinds of products.

India is expected to produce 290 million tonnes of agricultural products along with 310 million tonnes of horticultural products, according to advanced estimates.

jaysimha
BRFite
Posts: 935
Joined: 20 Dec 2017 14:30

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby jaysimha » 17 Jan 2019 14:28

one more kumbh mela in delhi
http://ncfc.gov.in/isprs/

ISPRS WG III/10, GEOGLAM, ISRS
Joint International Workshop on
"Earth Observations for Agricultural Monitoring"
New Delhi, INDIA 18-20 FEBRUARY 2019

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
Indian Space Research Organization
South/Southeast Asia Research Initiative (SARI) Asia Rice

Vips
BRFite
Posts: 1658
Joined: 14 Apr 2017 18:23

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Vips » 22 Feb 2019 04:54

Wheat harvest to cross 100 million tonnes in 2019.

Wheat production in the current rabi season would cross 100 million tonnes with the States reporting very good crop having was no incidence of diseases, said a top agriculture ministry official on Thursday.

“The recent rains have not affected the wheat crop. This year we would have the highest level of wheat production, which would more 100 tonnes production, which is higher than 99 million tonnes produced last year,” SK Malhotra, Agricultural Commissioner of India, on the sidelines of a meeting at FICCI.

India is now looking at productivity-led growth in production, not area-led growth, he said, adding that the area under wheat cultivation is 1 lakh hectares lower than the last rabi season, but the harvest is expected to be more. As per the data available from wheat-growing states, the area sown under the wheat crop this season was 297 lakh hectares. “From lesser area, we are producing more. This is the scenario that is emerging,” Malhotra said.

"The latest rains received would prove to be a boon for getting a good plant growth and more tillering in the plant as this time we have a more prolonged winter season,” the Agriculture Commissioner said. In comparison, last year’s February was warmer than this year. The intermittent snowfall in the hills in the current season helped sustain lower temperatures, which are good for the wheat crop.

According to him, gram production too is expected to be good this year. This year, the total production of pulses is estimated to touch 25 million tonnes, which would be yet another year of bumper production. “In the coming years, we simply need to sustain such high levels,” Malhotra said.

Increasing oilseed production

Similarly, oilseeds production would touch 32-33 million tonnes this year, up from 31 million tonnes produced last year. “What we produce is enough to give give us only 10 million tonnes of edible oil, whereas the demand in the country is around 25 millions of oil,” Malhotra said.

In the last two-three years, the government has been trying to focus on increasing oilseeds production by making use of some of the rice fallow land available in the country. “This year we have given six States in the country the target of putting 1.8 million hectares of rice fallow land into oilseeds, millets and pulses cultivation. Slowly, we would be able to increase oilseeds production through meaningful intervention,” he said.

jaysimha
BRFite
Posts: 935
Joined: 20 Dec 2017 14:30

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby jaysimha » 28 Mar 2019 16:39

ISRO Sponsored One Day National Seminar on
" Recent Developments in Smart Farming based on Internet of Things and Robotics"
on 5th April 2019

https://www.nandhaengg.org/
NANDHA ENGINEERING COLLEGE (Autonomous)

tandav
BRFite
Posts: 357
Joined: 26 Aug 2016 08:24

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby tandav » 28 Mar 2019 21:58

Any pointers for creating a goat milk products market. India has the world's largest goat population however there seems to a lack of market for goat milk (which typically is the most malodorous milk due to large amounts of capric and caproic fatty acids (incidentally the smell of vomit is due to this fatty acid which is a by product of digestion. It's also the reason Goat milk is very easy to digest since it is essentially predigested

Vips
BRFite
Posts: 1658
Joined: 14 Apr 2017 18:23

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby Vips » 26 Apr 2019 05:16

India sets a record foodgrains target of 291 million tonnes.

The government has set an ambitious foodgrains target of 291.1 million tonnes (mt) for 2019-20, nearly 2.6 per cent more than the previous year’s 283.7 mt, as a favourable monsoon is anticipated in the current season.

While the target set for rice is 116 mt, 3 mt more than that in 2018-19, wheat production target is set at 100.5 mt, which is marginally higher than the previous year’s (July-June) 100 mt, said Agricultural Ministry sources at the National Kharif Campaign conference on Thursday.

However, as per the second advance estimates for 2018-19, rice output is projected to be 115.6 mt, while that of wheat is 99.12 mt.

Targets set
The government, on the other hand, is hoping to have a substantial 10 per cent increase in pulses production at 26.3 mt, as against the target of 24 mt in the previous year.The target set for coarse cereals is 48.3 mt as against 46.7 mt last year.

The output of oilseeds, however, is expected to be 36.1 mt (36 mt in 2018-19). So is cotton, whose tentative target for 2019-20 is 35.75 million bales of 170 kg each, marginally higher than 35.5 million bales in 2018-19.However, as per the second advance estimates, projected oilseeds production in 2018-19 was 31.5 mt, while that of cotton was a poor 30 million bales.

Targeted sugarcane production, on the other hand, is 385.5 mt, nearly 30 mt more than that targeted in the previous year, but only 5 mt more than that was estimated in the 2018-19 second advance estimates.

Maize target for the current year is 28.9 mt, while that for bajra and jowar are 9.5 mt and 4.9 mt respectively.

ricky_v
BRFite
Posts: 392
Joined: 11 Aug 2016 06:14

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby ricky_v » 11 Jun 2019 20:04

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/agriculture/fall-armyworm-attack-deadliest-pest-epidemic-grips-india-63372
In January 2019, Chhattisgarh became the latest state in India to report infestation of Fall Armyworm (FAW), locally being referred to as American keeda.

In just nine months since Fall Armyworm was spotted in India in Karnataka in last June, it has invaded crops in more than 10 states. As if taking a pre-scripted route, Fall Armyworm infestation has spread from Karnataka to all southern states, then to western Maharashtra and Gujarat and now to the eastern Indian states.

Other than fast advancement, the pest is also attacking new crops. Though it is being detected mostly in maize crops — a preliminary calculation estimates that it has affected nearly 1,70,000 hectares of maize crops — there have also been reports from states where it has infested paddy, sugarcane and sweet corn.

Maize is the third-most important cereal crop in India after rice and wheat. It accounts for 9 per cent of the total food grain production in the country.

The up-to-2-cm-long pest “accidentally” landed in Africa in 2016 from its native Americas, almost after 100 years. Since then, it has wreaked havoc in over 50 countries in Africa and Asia ravaging crops, especially maize.

“The spread of Fall Armyworm is nothing like we have ever seen with any pest before. We have faced pestilences like wheat blast or the Maize Lethal Necrosis. But in all the previous cases, the incidents were mostly limited to a few countries and also limited to a single crop. With Fall Armyworm, the threat is much bigger, in terms of extent of damage caused to both the crop varieties and the area,” says BM Prasanna, director, CGIAR Research Program on MAIZE.

SBajwa
BRF Oldie
Posts: 5065
Joined: 10 Jan 2006 21:35
Location: Attari

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby SBajwa » 12 Jun 2019 02:12

https://www.tribuneindia.com/news/punja ... 86099.html
Anirudh Gupta

Ferozepur, June 10

The discharge of thousands of cusecs of water into Pakistan from the Hussainiwala headworks has ruffled the farming community ahead of the paddy-sowing season.
It has also contradicted the Central government’s stand in the aftermath of the Pulwama attack when Union Water Resources Minister Nitin Gadkari had declared that India would not allow any amount of its river water to flow into Pakistan.

As per information, almost 14,000 cusecs water is being released into Pakistan from Hussainiwala, which the farmers term as total wastage of the natural resource.
Karan Singh Dhaliwal, secretary, Border Kisan Union, said while some districts like Sangrur had been placed in the dark zone due to exploitation of groundwater, the release of water into Pakistan was unwarranted. Even Punjab Ekta Party leader Sukhpal Khaira had raised his concern over release of excess water across the border.

Meanwhile, sources in the drainage department said all three dams, including Bhakra, were filled to the brim. At Bhakra, while the inflow was recorded at 27,298 cusecs on Monday, the outflow was 35,000 cusecs.

HS Chahal, Superintendent Engineer (Canals), Ferozepur, said water was being released into Pakistan as a preventive measure ahead of the monsoon season to avoid any untoward situation later. “We are gradually releasing the excess water so that there are no chances of flooding of the area as more inflow is expected in the coming weeks,” he said.

“There is no option but to release this water into Pakistan,” said another department official, adding that if the water was not released, it might cause colossal damage in the coming days. Sanjeev Gupta, Chief Engineer (Drainage), said it was a high-alert situation as far as water in dams was concerned. “We cannot take chances as the situation might go out of control,” he said.

Sources said earlier, the capacity of Hussainiwala headworks was about 4.5 lakh cusecs but due to presence of hyacinth and encroachment at some places along the Sutlej, the capacity had come down to almost one lakh cusecs over a period of time, which had compounded the problem.

darshan
BRFite
Posts: 566
Joined: 28 Jan 2008 04:16

Re: Indian Agriculture and Agro-based Industry

Postby darshan » 12 Jun 2019 22:51

Off topic. Not sure where to post it.

https://swarajyamag.com/insta/cyclone-v ... -districts

The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) on Wednesday (12 June) said that thunderstorm and lightning accompanied with gusty wind are likely to occur in the southern districts of the state due to the cyclone Vayu, which is set to make landfall in Gujarat on Thursday (13 June), reports ANI.

https://www.india.com/news/india/imd-is ... y-3686367/


Return to “Technology & Economic Forum”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: chiru, Google [Bot], Shwetank and 9 guests