Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

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Pranay
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Re: Nature & Wildlife Conservation in India

Postby Pranay » 16 Jun 2016 17:49

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-36546151

Looks like the man eater lion has been identified ...
India sanctuary man-eater lions to live in captivity

Three lions were found to have human remains in their excrement
Three lions proved to be man-eaters in India's Gir sanctuary will spend the rest of their lives in captivity.
A pride of 18 lions in western Gujarat state were captured after three people were killed between April and May.
Human remains were found in the excrement of one adult male and two young female lions, Gujarat's chief conservator AP Singh said.

The male lion will be sent to a zoo, while the females will remain in captivity at a rescue centre.
Mr Singh told reporters officials believed that only the male lion had actually attacked and killed humans, with the lionesses eating "leftover" meat.
Six attacks on humans in the same time period were reported recently near the sanctuary, the only habitat of the Asiatic lion.

The other 15 lions are free to go back into the sanctuary, but Mr Singh said they would be released into "deeper pockets" of the forest.


http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/16/world ... ?ref=world

India Sentences Man-Eating Lion to Life — in the Zoo
By HARI KUMARJUNE 15, 2016

NEW DELHI — While investigating a rare cluster of deadly lion attacks, the authorities in an area of forested hills in the western Indian state of Gujarat took the unusual step of capturing and caging an entire pride of 17 lions, sending their dung to a forensic laboratory to be tested for traces of human remains.

When they came in, the results, mainly in the form of strands of human hair, pointed directly to one adult male, who was immediately handed a life sentence — in the zoo.

The evidence was not nearly so clear-cut in the case of two subordinate lions, who will be “given a fair trial and remain under close observation for some time,” said Anirudh Pratap Singh, chief conservator of forests in the Junagadh Wildlife Circle, near the area where the killings occurred.

The rest of the pride, presumed innocent, will be released to the forest.

It is rare for lions to attack humans, but in the first six months of 2016 there have already been six killings in the area around the Gir Forest, which is home to India’s only population of wild lions.

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In three cases, the lion ate only part of the person, which is even more unusual, said Uday Vora, the state’s forest conservator.

Wildlife officials say the lion population is 523, nearly double the park’s capacity of 300, pushing hungry prides into adjacent villages and into range of unsuspecting laborers. In April 2013, the India Supreme Court ordered a number of lions to be transferred to another wildlife sanctuary in a neighboring state, but none have yet been removed.

Mr. Vora said the attacks on humans this year were “puzzling.”

Among the theories: Because of a heat wave, laborers have been more likely to sleep in the open air, under blankets, and the lions may have mistaken them for buffalo calves. Another possible explanation is that when wildlife officials captured the adult male that eventually proved to be the killer, the “group dynamics” in the remainder of the pride were disturbed, leading the subordinate lions to attack humans, Mr. Singh said.

“We are closely observing,” he said. “There is no shortage of prey in the forest. Why they became man-eaters is a concern for us as well.”

Among the victims was Valaiben Lakhnotra, who was pulling weeds near a sugar cane field on an evening in late May. Her son, Pithabhai Lakhnotra, 41, said he called out to her that evening but received no response. When he ventured into the field, he said, he found her slippers and a blood-soaked head scarf. A few steps away, he saw a lion crouched over his mother’s body, with her back “totally ripped apart.”

Babubhai Gaadhe, the chief of Vadnagar village, said that lion sightings were common in the area, as are the killings of cows, but that Ms. Lakhnotra’s death marked the first time a lion has killed a human. That same morning, he said, the lion had been surprised by villagers while trying to eat a cow, and as a result it may have still been hungry.

Pranay
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Re: Nature & Wildlife Conservation in India

Postby Pranay » 23 Jun 2016 19:58

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/indi ... 876226.cms

Kaziranga boss suspended after rhinos killed

TNN | Jun 23, 2016, 03.06 AM IST

GUWAHATI: Following the killing of two rhinos within a week, the Assam government has suspended Kaziranga's director and made other major changes in the national park's administration in an attempt to strengthen anti-poaching measures. Kaziranga director M Ali was recently suspended on charges of "negligence of duties" after a rhino was poached during forest minister Pramila Rani Brahma's visit last week. The government has appointed S Singh as the new director. Tejas Mariswamy has been posted as assistant conservator of forest of Eastern Assam Wildlife Division.

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Re: Nature & Wildlife Conservation in India

Postby BajKhedawal » 23 Jun 2016 23:21

Pranay wrote:http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-36546151

Looks like the man eater lion has been identified ...
India sanctuary man-eater lions to live in captivity

Three lions were found to have human remains in their excrement
Three lions proved to be man-eaters in India's Gir sanctuary will spend the rest of their lives in captivity.
A pride of 18 lions in western Gujarat state were captured after three people were killed between April and May.
Human remains were found in the excrement of one adult male and two young female lions, Gujarat's chief conservator AP Singh said.

The male lion will be sent to a zoo, while the females will remain in captivity at a rescue centre.
Mr Singh told reporters officials believed that only the male lion had actually attacked and killed humans, with the lionesses eating "leftover" meat.
Six attacks on humans in the same time period were reported recently near the sanctuary, the only habitat of the Asiatic lion.

The other 15 lions are free to go back into the sanctuary, but Mr Singh said they would be released into "deeper pockets" of the forest.


Now contrast this with how the big JohnWayne in your Dera Massa Khan would approach the issue, he will simply kill-off the whole pride first and then look for the culprit.

Like they did with the Disney Land incident, they killed 5 to 6 alligators right away; and then looked for dna of the already dead 2 year old boy.

And that brings back the memory of how a zoo-load of rare animals were killed off on the streets of ohio in 2012 (18 Tigers, 17 Lions, 8 Bears, 3 Cougars, 2 Wolves, 1 Baboon, and 1 Macaque)

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby A_Gupta » 16 Aug 2016 05:01

"India Plants 50 Million Trees in One Day, Smashing World Record"
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016 ... restation/


Although the feat has yet to be certified by Guinness World Records, Indian officials have reported that volunteers planted a whopping 49.3 million tree saplings on July 11, blowing past the previous record for most trees planted in a single day.

.....

A reported 800,000 volunteers from Uttar Pradesh worked for 24 hours planting 80 different species of trees along roads, railways, and on public land. The saplings were raised on local nurseries.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby A_Gupta » 16 Aug 2016 17:26

"All-Women 'Army' Protecting Rare Bird in India"
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016 ... mals-rare/
"A conservation brigade of 70 villagers has created a safe haven for the endangered greater adjutant stork."

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby vish_mulay » 18 Aug 2016 17:47

Machil is dead! What a beautiful tigress. Saw her in 2010 and it was royal!
http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-ra ... ss-1996299



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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby svenkat » 29 Nov 2016 20:17

http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/2016/nov/27/elephant-hit-by-passenger-train-in-palakkad-succumbs-to-injuries-1543218.html

PALAKKAD: A male wild elephant which was hit by a train on the B line at the Walayar Pudussery section just past Kanjikode succumbed to the injuries on Sunday.

The passenger train from Palakkad town Tiruchirapalli (Train No. 56712) hit the 25-year old elephant at around 8km from Palakkad (towards Coimbatore) on Sunday 7.10 AM on the B line.

The train was brought back to the Kanjikode station as the elephant had fallen on the tracks. The train was later dispatched through the A line. The elephant carcass was removed with a JCB at around 12.15 PM. The traffic on the B line was restored subsequently.

The tusker was constantly seen on the tracks during the last two weeks after a herd of five wild elephants came down from the forests in search of fodder and water. Since the nearby paddy fields were ripe for harvest, the elephants were also feeding on them. Reportedly, the embankments on either side of the tracks are steep and the wild elephants are trapped on the tracks when they see an approaching train. :( :(

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby BajKhedawal » 12 Dec 2016 21:35

Watched this 2016 release of a Govt. of India Project Tiger called "Tigers Fighting Back" very promising outlook for tiger population.

On a side note the Russians had a American project lead, the Thai had a Australian project lead, and am glad to report that India has a Indian project lead.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby A_Gupta » 03 Jan 2017 07:50

http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy ... 978537.ece
From a population of barely 75 in 1905, Indian rhinos numbered over 2,700 by 2012, according to the World Wide Fund for Nature-India (WWF-India), a global wildlife advocacy.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby Neshant » 03 Jan 2017 12:35


Vasu
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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby Vasu » 18 Jan 2017 17:02

Terrible news from Coimbatore.

Elephant, calf electrocuted at Mettupalayam

An elephant and its calf were found electrocuted in a private farm, while another calf was rescued on Tuesday in Mettupalayam in the district, police said. The bodies of the 30-year old elephant and two-year-old calf were noticed in the farm in Dasampalaya, some 40 Kms from here, belonging to one Palanisamy, by some labourers and informed the villagers.


The farm owner had connected the fence to a high tension wire. He is absconding.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby Vasu » 18 Jan 2017 17:07

Local activists are claiming the authorities at Nagarahole National Park killed the slightly injured tigress through tranquilizer overdose (they darted her four times). If its true, terrible display of incompetence.

Another tiger dies in Nagarhole

A tiger, which was darted and tranquilized close to the periphery of Nagarahole National Park between Udbur and Gendethur villages near Kabini backwaters, died early on Tuesday.

This is the second tiger to have died under similar circumstances within a week, after another one that was tranquilized and captured near Nugu backwaters in Bandipur died on the way to Bannerghatta. However, in Nagarahole, the tiger’s death is not being considered natural.

With the tiger having been tranquilized at least four times through Monday evening and night, activists alleged that it was an overdose that led to the death. However, the national park officials said the actual cause will be ascertained only after post-mortem reports are analysed.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby svenkat » 23 Jan 2017 10:45

This is the flip side of development in kongu region,particularly the areas in the eastern foothills of western ghats and massive rail traffic in the palaghat gap.Too many elephants are getting killed.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby SaiK » 03 Feb 2017 01:46

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/chennai-oil-spill-as-it-happened/articleshow/56939334.cms

1. January 28: The ship BW Maple (UK flag), an LPG tanker, rams the petroleum tanker Dawn Kanchipuram (Indian flag) at 17kmph (nine knots), just two nautical miles off the Kamarajar Port at Ennore near Chennai at 4 am on Saturday. The collision ruptures the water ballast tank and a part of the crew cabin, while also snapping the fuel pipeline. Heavy fuel oil begins to leak into the sea even as Ennore port officials spring into action. Port claims no damage done to environment. No injury or casualties reported.


folks we can't let this go by w.o any type of compensation.. the culprits must be brought to justice.

britpakis must pay for this disaster in huge sums

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby Vasu » 04 Feb 2017 21:16

Four chicks cheer conservationists protecting critically endangered Indian vulture

The Pala Rapu cliff, located in an isolated yet picturesque corner of the Bejjur mandal of the Komaram Bheem Asifabad district, is abuzz with activity once again. Four chicks have hatched in the last few days, which adds to the numbers of its famous inhabitants, the critically endangered Indian or long-billed vultures (Gyps indicus).

The grey-brown sedimentary rock of the 100-metre high Pala Rapu cliff, situated close to the confluence of the Peddavagu stream and the perennial Pranahita river, stretches 250 metres wide at its base.

At present, there are ten pairs of adult vultures on the cliff habitat. Nine of them are found in nesting sites and one is in a roosting site. With four chicks and five immature birds visiting the place, the total number of the scavenger birds on Pala Rapu increased to 29 which, curiously, is less than the 30 (including 24 adults) reported after last year’s breeding season.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby Vasu » 22 May 2018 14:32

India falling short of meeting conservation goals on biodiversity

India is failing to meet its conservation goals amid declining global biodiversity, even as the world celebrates the International Day for Biological Diversity (IBD) on Tuesday.

India is a treasure trove of biodiversity, hosting 7-8% of all recorded species globally, including over 45,000 species of plants and 91,000 species of animals. It is also among the few countries that have developed a biogeographic classification for conservation planning, and has mapped biodiversity-rich areas, a government report says.

“India currently spends about $2 billion per year on biodiversity conservation efforts, but the country requires between $5-15 billion more every year to meet its biodiversity conservation targets,” said Yuri Afanasiev, United Nations resident coordinator for India.

All 196 signatories are part of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity for 2011-2020. However, with only two years left for completion, experts say there is little to celebrate when the actual figures and status are considered.

India is falling way short of fulfilling conservation goals. In the last three years, it has lost 36,500 hectares of forest land to development. Expansion of National Highways 6 and 7 in central India is destroying at least six crucial tiger corridors, including the Pench-Kanha corridor. The submergence of a part of the Panna tiger reserve by river interlinking projects, proposed denotification of tiger reserves for mining and hydropower projects are also huge setbacks for the conservation of biodiversity.

Yet there are glaring examples of how natural forest is getting fragmented by linear infrastructure. Rampant poaching of endangered species, excessive pollution, unplanned infrastructure and urban development are indicating a decline in biodiversity, experts say.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby Vasu » 04 Jul 2018 16:25

Large mismatch between the forest cover claimed by the Government of India versus what is estimated by Global Forest Watch, driven primarily by India's liberal use of the definition. For example, in Kerala, forests are being replaced by plantation crops, and India's Forest Survey counts them as forest cover.

India’s forest cover: What data shows

According to official estimates of the Forest Survey of India, Delhi has witnessed a whopping 73% rise in forest cover between 2001 and 2017, the third highest gain among all states and Union territories (UTs).

However, a Mint analysis of official and alternative estimates suggests that the Forest Survey of India estimate may be grossly overstating the true extent of forest cover in the national capital, and in the nation.

While the official data suggests that India has been able to increase green cover since the turn of the century, alternative estimates provided by Global Forest Watch, (GFW) —a collaborative project of the University of Maryland, Google, USGS, and Nasa—suggests that green cover has declined sharply in the country.

The main reason for the stark difference in the two estimates seems to lie in the definition of forest cover used by Forest Survey of India.

Forest Survey of India employs satellite imagery to estimate “forest cover”, considering “all lands which have a tree canopy density of more than 10% when projected vertically on the horizontal ground, within a minimum areal extent of one hectare” as forests. This definition fails to distinguish between native forests and man-made tree plantations, overstating the extent of forest cover. While the Convention on Biological Diversity has a similar definition of forests, it mentions that the land in question should not be under agricultural or non-forest use.

A 2010 study by researchers from Pondicherry University and James Cook University, Australia, described the Forest Survey of India results as “technically accurate but misleading”.

As in the case of Forest Survey of India, the GFW database relies on satellite data for estimation of “tree cover”, employs similar criteria as Forest Survey of India, and a similar resolution of satellite imagery. Therefore, the “forest cover” defined by Forest Survey of India and “tree cover”, defined by the GFW are comparable in terms of both definition and accuracy. However, the GFW definition is stricter as it only considers vegetation that is taller than 5 metres in height. It is this difference that seems to explain the striking differences in results obtained from the two data sources.

While the latest estimate of tree cover extent from GFW is of 2010, data on loss of forest cover is updated annually. The tree cover loss for Indian states shows an accelerating trend in recent years, with the heavily forested northeastern states, Odisha, and Kerala showing the greatest amount of tree cover loss in the period 2001-2017. However, the official data represents that Kerala gained 30% forest cover in the same period. This can be explained by the fact that Kerala is one of the biggest producers of plantation crops in India, with rapidly growing plantation crops likely compensating for the loss of native forest cover.

Since the GFW data adopts a globally consistent definition, it enables international comparison of the extent of tree cover loss, and the results do not paint a pretty picture. India ranks 14th among all countries in tree cover loss in the decade 2000-2010.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby RoyG » 08 Jul 2018 21:15

India won't have any rainforests left in another couple decades at the present rate of destruction. Don't believe the tiger numbers either. They all fudge the data so they wont look bad.

Vasu
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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby Vasu » 31 Aug 2018 13:47

NATIONAL REDD + STRATEGY RELEASED

The national Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) strategy for India prepared by Indian Council of Forestry and Education, Dehradun for the Government was released in New Delhi by Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Harsh Vardhan. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, conservation of forest carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries’ (collectively known as REDD+) aims to achieve climate change mitigation by incentivising forest conservation.

India’s first biennial update report to UNFCCC reveals that forests in India capture about 12 per cent of India’s total GHG emission.

REDD+ attracts highest attention in developing country like India where local communities and forest dwelling tribal communities have high dependency on forests for their livelihoods. The strategy will support empowerment of youth cadres as community foresters to lead the charge at the local level. Green skill development programme for imparting forestry related specialised skill will also be implemented.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby Aditya_V » 19 Sep 2018 10:33

RoyG wrote:India won't have any rainforests left in another couple decades at the present rate of destruction. Don't believe the tiger numbers either. They all fudge the data so they wont look bad.


This prediction has been made time but when I and again and easy to do from outside India, when I visit see and hear people on the ground theytell me otherwise, for eg recently I have seen a Huge herd of elephants in Tirmala forests and locals do tell me that Tigers are now present, I saw huge herds of deer with very prey base. These forests are definitely reviving. It is much easier to spot a Tiger in Bandipur or Nagarhole today than it was 15 years ago.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby Vasu » 21 Sep 2018 15:25

11 Lions Found Dead in Gir in 10 Days, Gujarat Govt Orders Inquiry

The carcasses of 11 lions were found in Gujarat’s Gir forest, prompting the state government to order an inquiry, officials said on Thursday.

All the bodies were found in Gir (east) division, mainly from Dalkhaniya range in the last 10 days, an official said. “We have found carcasses of 11 lions from Gir east forest range," said P Purushothama, the deputy conservator of forest, Gir (east). For administrative purposes, the Gir forest has been divided in east and west parts.

A carcass of a lioness was found in a forest near Rajula of Amreli district on Wednesday, while three more lions were found dead the same day in Dalkhaniya range area in the Gir forest, a senior official said. Carcasses of seven other lions were found in the last few days, he said.


Forest officials are claiming most deaths are due to infighting among the male lions.

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby Lalmohan » 21 Sep 2018 16:09

^^^ yes entirely possible. male lions get cast out of their prides on reaching adolescence then wander around trying to survive to adulthood, then raid a new pride and take over. the take over process involves killing or driving off all the adult and adolescent males, any uncooperative females and killing ALL the cubs

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Re: Nature Conservation in India News & Discussion

Postby Kashi » 05 Aug 2019 08:17

X-post from "Know your India"

Kashi wrote:A short video on tiger conservation from Press Information Bureau



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