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BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

The Military Issues & History Forum is a venue to discuss issues relating to the military aspects of the Indian Armed Forces, whether the past, present or future. We request members to kindly stay within the mandate of this forum and keep their exchanges of views, on a civilised level, however vehemently any disagreement may be felt. All feedback regarding forum usage may be sent to the moderators using the Feedback Form or by clicking the Report Post Icon in any objectionable post for proper action. Please note that the views expressed by the Members and Moderators on these discussion boards are that of the individuals only and do not reflect the official policy or view of the Website. Copyright Violation is strictly prohibited and may result in revocation of your posting rights - please read the FAQ for full details. Users must also abide by the Forum Guidelines at all times.
Aditya G
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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Aditya G » 15 Dec 2015 00:48

For decades we were downcast by photos of cops armed only with 303s or Sterling carbines.

Now we have CRPF Cobra. This is a special police force with full equipment, training, attitude and Facebook access. An interesting case study for jingos with academic minds.

I was put off by all the rambo style pics floating around the web ... plus the awful RDay uniform. Nevertheless, you cannot ignore:

- BPJs
- Complete suite of small arms (AKMs, marksman rifles, LMGs, No INSAS in sight)
- jungle camo (no khaki pant shirt ala Pak Army)
- Night vision
- RCL, Mortars
- Radios
- Gemini boats for riverine ops
- Mine protected vehicles
- Grenade launchers (UBGL as well as magazine fed)
- wraparound sunglasses, motorcycle gloves and floppy hats

10 battations:

Unit Place of Raising Raised
201 Bn Jagdalpur (Chhattisgarh) 30-09-09
202 Bn Koraput (Orissa) 30-09-09
203 Bn Sindri, Jharkhand 31-03-10
204 Bn Jagdalpur (Chhattisgarh) 31-12-09
205 Bn Mokamaghat (Bihar) 31-03-10
206 Bn Gadhchiroli (Maharashtra) 31-03-10
207 Bn Durgapur (West Bengal) 31-12-10
208 Bn Allahabad (U.P.) 31-12-10
209 Bn Khunti (Jharkhand) 15-05-11
210 Bn Dalgaon (Assam) 31-12-10

LSTV Documentary:

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby member_19686 » 05 Jan 2016 22:23

Indian Police Force to have more women: Rajnath Singh approves 33% reservation for women at Constable level
By News Desk @indiacom | January 05, 2016 12:50 PM

New Delhi, January 5: It seems like 2016 will be a good year for women empowerment in India. In a move that will enhance the representation of women in Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF), Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh on Tuesday, approved 33% of posts at the Constable level, to be filled up by women. The reservation will be applicable immediately and would in a horizontal manner.

The move came after a pressure was created by the Committee of Empowerment of Women, which had suggested in its sixth report that representation of women in paramilitary forces be increased. There will be 33% reservation for women in Constable level posts in Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) & Central Industrial Security Force (CISF). Meanwhile, 14-15% posts at Constable level in border guarding forces i.e. Border Security Forces, Sashastra Seema Bal & Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) will be reserved for women. Also Read: Indian Air Force to induct women as fighter pilots from 2016, Defence Ministry approves proposal

In 2015, the Air Force had agreed to induct women pilots in combat roles, in effect from 2016. The first batch will start training at Air Force Academy from this year. In March 2015, center had also approved induction of women in Delhi police for 33% posts. The move was also approved for six other union territories, for constable to sub inspector level posts. In Delhi Police, the move had opened up avenues for recruitment of nearly 8,000-9,000 women, given that there is an existing backlog of 26,000-27,000 vacancies in the force. ... el-836277/

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Vipul » 27 Jan 2016 17:26

Cabinet approves raising of 17 Indian Reserve Battalions.

The Cabinet on Wednesday approved a proposal for raising 17 Indian Reserve Battalions for Jammu and Kashmir and Left-Wing Extremism (LWE) affected states.

A decision to this effect was taken during the Cabinet meeting in the national capital.

It includes five battalions in Jammu and Kashmir, four in Chhattisgarh, three each in Jharkhand and Odisha and two in Maharashtra. Local youths will be recruited and the age and educational criteria will be relaxed by the states, if required.

In Jammu and Kashmir, 60 percent of the vacancies will be filled from the border districts of the state for the posts of constables and class IV.

In LWE states, 75 percent of the vacancies of constables will be filled up from 27 core districts under Security Related Expenditure Scheme.

The government had introduced the scheme of Indian Reserve Battalions in 1971 and so far, 153 battalions have been sanctioned to various states.

Of them 144 have been raised and one battalion in Jharkhand has been converted into Specialized Indian Reserve Battalion.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Vipul » 02 Feb 2016 00:13

Archana Ramasundram is 1st woman to head a paramilitary force.

Senior Indian Police Service officer Archana Ramasundram was today appointed Director General of Sashastra Seema Bal, the first woman to head a paramilitary force.

Ramasundram is currently special director, National Crime Records Bureau. She has been appointed to the post till the date of her superannuation September 30, next year, an order issued by Department of Personnel and Training said.

Ramasundram, 58, is the first woman police officer to have been appointed as the chief of a paramilitary force. The SSB is entrusted with guarding the country's frontiers with Nepal and Bhutan.

There are five paramilitary forces -- SSB, Central Reserve Police Force, Border Security Force, Central Industrial Security Force and Indo Tibetan Border Police -- and none has ever had a woman chief.

The Tamil Nadu cadre officer was in news in 2014 over her appointment as Additional Director in the Central Bureau of Investigation. Her appointment was also challenged in the Supreme Court after which she was moved to the NCRB as its chief.

Besides her, IPS officers -- K Durga Prasad and K K Sharma -- have been appointed director generals of the CRPF and the BSF, respectively. They will take over after the incumbent chiefs of these forces retire at the end of this month.

Prasad, a 1981 batch IPS officer of Andhra Pradesh cadre, was in 2014 unceremoniously removed as chief of the Special Protection Group, which provides security to the PrimeMinister, former prime ministers and their family members, during Prime Minister Narendra Modi's trip to Nepal to attend the Saarc summit.

He was in January last year appointed special director general of the CRPF, the force entrusted with multiple duties in the internal security domain including, anti-naxal operations.

K K Sharma is currently Special Director General, BSF, which guards the country's border with Pakistan and Bangladesh.

M K Singla, a 1982-batch IPS officer of Kerala cadre, has been appointed Special Secretary (internal security) in ministry of Home Affairs. He is at present serving as Special DG (West) in the BSF. In his new posting, Singla will be entrusted with the task of dealing with matters related to policing, law and order and analysing threats from terror groups, Maoists and other anti-national forces.

Both Singla and Durga Prasad will hold the post till their retirement, i.e. February 28, 2017. Sharma will hold the post till September 30, 2018, when he superannuates.

Aditya G
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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Aditya G » 11 Feb 2016 21:46

Polaris ATV in service with BSF. "Sand scooter"


Tempest 35-SPC (USA) interceptors acquired:


Good for BSF but they could have gone in for Indian suppliers. Or at least same suppliers as IN say Solas Marine.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby sooraj » 14 Feb 2016 21:06

Excalibur Rifle with Karanataka Garuda unit


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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Vipul » 24 Mar 2016 22:36

How well do you know India's paramilitary forces and their roles?

It was only in November 2015, that the Home Ministry gave approval to give the status of martyr to personnel from the paramilitary forces who die in the line of duty.

Even the 7th Central Pay Commission batted for granting martyr status to personnel of central paramilitary forces, on the lines of armed forces.

In a recommendation to the government the commission said, "the Commission is of the view that in case of death in the line of duty, the force personnel of Central Armed Police Forces should be accorded martyr status, at par with the defence forces personnel".

Over 10 lakh personnel serve in seven paramilitary, namely- Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Assam Rifles (AR), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guards (NSG) and Border Security Forces (BSF).

But what role do these seven different forces play? Know here:

1. Assam Rifles (AR)

Established in 1835, Assam Rifles is the oldest of all paramilitary forces. There are currently 46 battalions of AR under the Ministry of Home Affairs.

AR's job is to counter insurgency and hold border security operations. Since 2002, they are also guarding the 1,643 km long Indo-Myanmar border.

According to recent reports, the central government was considering to task the Indo-Tibetan Border Police for the Indo-Myanmar border but yesterday Home Minister Rajnath Singh ruled out the withdrawal of Assam Rifles.

2. Border Security Force (BSF)

BSF came into being in the wake of the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war, to ensure the security of the borders of India. It is headed by an officer from the Indian Police Service just like all other paramilitary forces except Assam Rifles.

Nearly 2.4 lakh personnel are a part of this force and it is also called as the 'First Wall of Defence of Indian Territories'.

3. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)

CISF's job is provide security to Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs). Currently they provide security cover to 300 industrial units.

Even the currency note presses producing Indian currency are protected by CISF. It is the largest industrial security force in the world and has 165,000 personnel.

4. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)

The CRPF looks after the internal security of every part of India.

Countering naxal operations, assisting the State and Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and helping with the UN peace-keeping missions also comes under CRPF's task list.

The CRPF guarded the India-Pakistan Border until 1965, after which the BSF was created. In 2001 Parliament attack too, it was the CRPF troops that killed the five terrorists who entered the premises.

5. Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)

The ITBP was established after the 1962 Indo-China war, under the CRPF Act. It vigils the northern borders, detects and prevents any border violations and helps the locals feel secure.

The force also keeps a check on illegal immigration and trans-border smuggling. They guard the Indo-Tiber border and the mountainous regions of the Indo-China border.

The ITBP is also trained in disaster management and have been deployed in UN peacekeeping missions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, Haiti, Western Sahara, Sudan, and Afghanistan.

6. National Security Guard (NSG)

The formation of NSG was a consequence of a the assassination of Indira Gandhi and Operation Blue Star. It was raised to combat terrorist activities and to ensure the states do not witness any internal disturbances.

They are often referred as Black Cats because of their uniform which consists of a black dress and black cat insignia.

7. Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)

Established in 1963, the SSB guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan borders.

It was only in 2014 that the government approved the recruitment of women as combat officers in SSB.

Formerly known as the Special Service Bureau, their job is to control anti-national activities and inculcate feelings of national belonging in the border population among others.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Vipul » 08 Apr 2016 00:13

Assam Rifles inducts first batch of 100 women personnel.

Assam Rifles has inducted the first batch of 100 women personnel, who were recruited from rallies all over the country, into the force.

Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, Kiren Rijiju yesterday took the salute from the women recruits at their passing out parade held at the Assam Rifles Training Centre and School at Shokhuvi in Nagaland's Dimapur district.

A total of 212 recruits were part of the parade, of whom 100 of them were women.

"Women are no less than men as they are also progressively contributing in all fields leading to development of the country," Rijiju said while also calling upon the womenfolk to continue playing their role more effectively to make the nation rich and prosperous.

He said while nothing appears easy in the initial stage, the training that they have gone through would help them stand firm against all circumstances and expressed gratitude to the parents and guardians of the recruits for preparing them and encouraging them to contribute to the nation.

Stating that North East is a "strategic" area and its security is of paramount importance, he said the Assam Rifles are playing a "stellar" role in this regard.

He assured the personnel of the force that the government is "aware" of their problems and will take care of them.

The new recruits will be posted in various battalions of the force for search, frisking and interrogation of women when required, disperse female mob/crowd control and tackle agitations involving women agitators, an Assam Rifles official said.

They would be employed at Mobile Check Posts (MCP) and road opening operations apart from Cordon And Search Operation (CASO), Relief and Rescue Operations during communal and natural calamities and help in dealing with women over ground workers/protesters so as to avoid violation of human rights and project a clean image of the force.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby wig » 15 May 2016 17:19 ... 280168.cms

Now, high-end SUVs for quick movement of Indian troops at China border
Expensive SUVs, usually found zipping across roads in urban locations, have for the first time been deployed at high-altitude border posts of the ITBP along the China-India border to transport troopers..
Four white-coloured Sports Utility Vehicles (SUVs), two Toyota Fortuner and as many Ford Endeavour, with a price tag of around Rs 25 lakh each, have been deployed by the border guarding force at some of its forward locations over 13,000 feet above the sea level at Burtse and Dungti in the Ladakh sector and Menchuka, over 6,000 feet, in Arunachal Pradesh..
No other border guarding force or Army formations in forward areas have ever used high-end SUVs for troops..
The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) headquarters here has issued a directive that the troopers and officers will use these vehicles only for operational tasks to prevent their misuse..
ITBP director general Krishna Chaudhary said while the force has several types of four-wheelers, including those with 4x4 drive facility for high-altitude driving at its border locations, SUV platforms, which are powered by diesel-run heavy-duty engines were required for quick movement in these mountainous areas..
"We were looking for some good high-power vehicles at those heights where regular vehicles are not as adept as an SUV. The ministry of home affairs sometime back approved our proposal and we purchased four such four-wheelers in the first batch..
"I can tell you that none of the senior officers in the force including me have such smart and powerful vehicles for their movement as compared to what our men have now," he said..
In order to make sure they are utilised for the task they have been sent for, strict instructions have been issued that these vehicles will carry troops while on duty and during patrol, , the ITBP boss said. "Officers can utilize them only when leading such tasks, in order to prevent their misuse," he added.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Tublai Khan » 03 Nov 2016 17:57

With a lot of focus on the BSF as it taken the brunt of the Paikhanistani assault, I just wanted to know how does it measure up to other uniformed CAPFs and the army in terms of discipline.

Does the BSF have rules that would declare an asbconder AWOL ? ... -hc/965575

Also the Suicide and Fratricide rates in the CAPFs are quite high if you access the information from this site : ... stats.aspx

I am aware that the IPS has a strangle hold over the CAPFs however while they are the elite, do the grunts on the ground get the respect they deserve from all quarters?

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby ramana » 25 Apr 2017 07:09

What is the equipment for the CRPF in Naxal areas?

Looks like at Sukma the Naxals has AK-47s.

Is there a move to issue AK-47s in Naxal areas just like the RR in Kashmir?

From the previous page there was a move to issue AK-47s to CRPF in Naxal areas:

The home ministry sanctioned the procurement of guns two days ago following a demand from the CRPF which has been pending with the ministry for almost a year. The sanction, however, is partial fulfillment of CRPF demands. The force had sent a proposal to the home ministry last year for 100% replacement of all its INSAS guns with AK-47 rifles in Maoist areas, 50% in Jammu and Kashmir and similar grading percentage for various other theatres. "The sanction is location specific i.e. limited to Naxal-affected districts and Jammu and Kashmir. In rest of the country, the force will continue using INSAS. The decision has been taken according to the operational requirement of the force," a senior home ministry official said.

Over 40% of guns used by the three lakh strong force currently are INSAS guns built by Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO). The development means procurement of over 67,000 AK guns at a cost of Rs 150 crore. While 54,000 AK-47s will be provided to forces in Naxal areas, about 13,000 will go to J&K. In its proposal, CRPF had said the INSAS gun gets frequently jammed at crucial times and is a danger to the life of jawans during anti-Naxal and anti-insurgency operations. It had said that compared to AK and X-95 guns, Insas fails far more frequently. While the error percentage in AK guns is 0.02%, in Insas it is 3%. INSAS, however, has longer range (of firing) than AK 47. "But that can be compensated with other weapons we have. What we can't afford is a gun jamming during an encounter. Thankfully, the government has realized that the lives of our jawans are more important than promotion of faulty indigenous technology," a CRPF officer said.

The move is a fallout of the government's push to the forces to launch all-out offensive against Maoists. This has resulted in the force increasingly using area weapons such as 81 mm mortar guns and automatic grenade launchers.

The existing strength of AK-47 guns in a J&K battalion currently is 217. It is going to be doubled to 435. For the Naxal theatre, the AK-47 strength in a battalion will go up from 217 to 869. The sanction for provision of AK-47 to a battalion of the elite Combat Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA) has been increased from 180 to 468 by phasing out the 108 INSAS and 360 SLRs per battalion. A CoBRA battalion will now have 648 AK-47s and 90 Light Automatic Rifles/Fusil Automatic Leger (semi-automatic rifles). As many as 60 battalions (60,000 personnel) of the CRPF are deployed in J&K and 77 battalions are deployed in the Naxal theatre.


I hope these 25 CRPF killed did not have INSAS guns jammed.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Singha » 25 Apr 2017 12:46

>> Four white-coloured Sports Utility Vehicles (SUVs), two Toyota Fortuner and as many Ford Endeavour, with a price tag of around Rs 25 lakh each, have been deployed by the border guarding force at some of its forward locations over 13,000 feet above the sea level at Burtse and Dungti in the Ladakh sector and Menchuka, over 6,000 feet, in Arunachal Pradesh..

dont mean to be smug, but this is exactly what I had posted on a few months back. was roundly ignored or booed by the usual suspects. these COTS products have a lot of utility in the 99% scenario of peace or cold war. rest of it can be handled by the "real" gear like the aeging BMP2 and T72 which need special drills to keep their batteries and eqpt functional. opex will be quite low with these civilian vehicles as the spares pipeline stretches back to gurgaon or pune onlee rather than some snowbound factory in the Urals

jihadis have shown the way forward by armouring up these things to repel LMG fire and protect from has to be humble and learn from everyone. ...

we need 1000s of these cheap puppies supplied to the IA and BSF also. @25L they are steal compared to "real" military kit like hummers. the armoured hummer now costs $200k ie. 1.5 crore....6 fortuners vs 1 hummer....its the old 1 CVN vs balanced mix IN debate.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby ramana » 25 Apr 2017 23:48

Folks I am going to transfer these posts to Internal Security thread where they belong. please continue the discussion there.

Thanks, ramana

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby ramana » 26 Apr 2017 03:19

CRPF Institute of IED Management, Pune

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby ramana » 26 Apr 2017 03:22

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby ramana » 24 Oct 2017 21:29

X-Posted from China thread...

SSridhar wrote:ITBP unveils mechanised column for deployment on China border - PTI
The ITBP today showcased its maiden mechanised column of power vehicles and machines, along with its agile PARA commandos, aimed at speedy mobilisation of troops along the Sino-India border.

The mountain warfare-trained force unveiled a fleet of its newly-acquired military trucks, sports utility vehicles (SUVs), all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), snow scooters, bikes, mobile communication wing, excavators and a few other medium- lift four-wheeled vehicles during its 56th Raising Day celebrations at its base here.

A contingent of special PARA commandos, sporting maroon berets, also marched down the track for the first time.

The commandos have been trained in night jump and other special combat skills.

Home Minister Rajnath Singh, the chief guest at the event, took salute from the contingent, raised for the first time in the over 50 years history of the Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).

The force was raised this day in 1962 in the aftermath of the Chinese aggression.

The decision to raise such a military-style combat wing in the paramilitary force was taken after the Union home ministry recently approved the deployment of snow scooters at all high-altitude border outposts of the ITBP along the 3,488 -km frontier it guards.

The ITBP, as part of bolstering its capabilities to effectively secure this border, had last year procured over six dozen SUVs and sent them to far-flung border areas for patrol and transportation of troops and had procured five snow scooters early this year.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Vips » 03 Jan 2018 06:29

Home Ministry overhauls procurement process for central forces.

In a major step to remove red tape, the Union Home Ministry has cut-down on the time taken to procure latest weapons and equipment for the central armed police forces (CAPFs) like CRPF and BSF, an official said. The home ministry has also removed the three-stage process of procurement — authorisation, procurement and expenditure sanction — into two by clubbing authorisation and procurement, thus cutting down time substantially or by several months. Financial powers have been given up to the level of commandants of a battalion in the CAPFs for procurement of arms, ammunition, clothing and tentage, machinery and equipment, the official said, requesting anonymity. The procurement process has been fast-tracked to improve operational efficiency and effectiveness of the CAPFs and continued need for modernisation of the forces. The delegation seeks to empower and enable the officers in the CAPFs to take quick decisions to meet requirements of the forces in order to improve efficiency and operational effectiveness, besides simplifying the procedure for procurement, the official said. This is for the first time such a major overhaul has been done in procurement process with the active initiative of Union Home Secretary Rajiv Gauba. Besides, the CAPFs no longer be required to approach the home ministry for approval for finalising the Qualitative Requirements (QRs) for arms or equipment to be procured.

“This will cut-down significantly on the time taken for finalisation of tenders,” another official said. In view of the multifarious responsibilities of the Director Generals of the CAPFs, the ministry has decided that the Special DG or Additional DG shall head the tender purchase committee to expedite the finalisation of the tenders for procurement of machinery, equipment and weapons. The CAPFs have also been empowered to procure items for trials up to Rs 2 crore, a 100 per cent enhancement from the past. The samples of many weapons and equipment need to be tested and tried during field conditions for evaluation to check whether they meet technical specifications during the tender process.

The results of the trial samples being tested during tender process will be valid for two years. Assam Rifles, Border Security Force (BSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG) and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) are the CAPFs under the MHA. In September, chiefs of central armed police forces and other central agencies were empowered to spend up to Rs 15 crore for executing major projects and Rs one crore for minor works, including repairing of residential buildings.

The financial powers of the directors general of CRPF, BSF, CISF, ITBP, SSB, NSG, Assam Rifles and National Investigation Agency and director of Intelligence Bureau were enhanced to execute major projects to Rs 15 crore from Rs 10 crore. Similarly, the chiefs have also been authorised to spend up to Rs one crore for carrying out minor works like petty repairs and administrative expenditure, from the earlier limit of Rs 50 lakh. Joint secretaries have also been allowed to make procurement through open or limited tender of up to Rs 20 crore and procurement through negotiated or single tender or proprietary contract of up to Rs 5 crore.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby ashthor » 04 Jan 2018 12:51

BSF kills intruder along International Border; destroys 2 Pakistani posts ... 361987.cms

Two Pakistani mortar positions were "located, targeted and destroyed by BSF troopers yesterday night only. The coordinated precision fire of BSF troopers silenced Pakistani guns," a BSF spokesman said.

More in the link

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Vips » 15 Jan 2018 03:08

ITBP gets air wing to keep watch on China border.

Learning from the Doklam experience, the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) will soon have an air wing primarily for reconnaissance so that transgressions by the People's Liberation Army (PLA), troop build-up and construction activities across the border can be spotted in time.

For starters, two twin-engined helicopters are being procured, which will be used for recce, transportation of combat troops, evacuation of dead, injured and sick jawans, supplying rations and flying VIPs at altitudes of 16,000-18,000 feet in the Himalayas.

Sources said the ITBP helicopters will operate from its bases in Chandigarh and Borjhar (Guwahati), covering almost the whole 3,488-km-long border with China, from J&K to Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and the northeast region, including Sikkim. The process to acquire the helicopters on wet lease has been initiated.

The helicopters will have several features to meet operational exigencies at high altitudes and reach forward locations. The twin-engine helicopters will be able to transport 8-10 troopers on a single trip, carry arms/ammunition/explosives to forward locations, fly for two hours without refuelling, have night flying capability and special features for slithering of troopers and dropping of rations. ITBP director general R K Pachnanda will be in command of the air wing.

The government has asked ITBP to make sure that pilots and crew are well acquainted with the border and they don't cross the Line of Actual Control (LAC)/International Border (IB) under any circumstances. "The move is aimed at keeping an eye on Chinese activities across the border, including construction of roads, building permanent structures in disputed area across the LAC, PLA troop build-up and also to stay informed about transgressions into Indian villages and enhance mobility of our troops, so that there is no delay on our part in case China tries something mischievous," a home ministry source said.

Until now, IAF and Border Security Force (BSF) provided air support to ITBP on an emergency basis. At times, there was no air support on the China border due to various reasons. After the Doklam standoff, the government decided to beef up its border infrastructure and reconnaissance capabilities and home minister Rajnath Singh made two visits to the sensitive border.

As first reported by TOI, the government recently gave dedicated satellite bandwidth to ITBP so that it can have better command, control, communication, surveillance, intelligence and reconnaissance abilities on the border.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Vips » 15 Jan 2018 03:09

Govt plans to raise 15 new battalions for Pak, China borders.

The government is planning to raise 15 new battalions in the country's two important border guarding forces — the BSF and the ITBP — to fortify defence along the strategic frontiers with Pakistan, Bangladesh and China.

A senior official in the Union home ministry told PTI that it is "actively considering" raising six fresh battalions in the Border Security Force (BSF) and nine in the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) force.

Each battalion of these forces comprises about 1,000 operational jawans and officers.

Sources in the BSF said the force has projected enhancing manpower by sanctioning of new units so that they can be deployed in the Assam and West Bengal flanks of the Indo- Bangladesh border even as a similar addition in numbers is required to effectively guard the Indo-Pak International Border (IB), especially in Punjab and Jammu regions, in the near future.

"The exact locations for the new battalions could be gauged as and when they are raised but a few areas along Bangladesh and Pakistan will remain a priority owing to their vulnerability profile such as infiltration, drugs smuggling, human trafficking and illegal migration," a senior BSF officer said.

Similarly, the ITBP has been trying to reduce the inter- BoP (border out post) distance at the 3,488-km long icy frontier that it is tasked with guarding.

"The original projection was to have 12 fresh battalions for the ITBP but the force requires nine such units in the near future," a senior ITBP officer said.

The frequent instances of transgressions and confrontations with the Chinese army at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) is being seen as the major reason for the ITBP to enhance its numbers.

The mountain-trained force has recently got sanctions to set up at least 47 new BoPs along the border for effective control of the Himalayan border area.

The home ministry official said the new battalions would also help the two border guarding forces better rotate troops from forward locations to units in the mainland.

While most of the BoPs of the ITBP are in highly arduous terrain and it is difficult and time-taking to reach them, many of the BSF locations at the two borders are also in high-altitude and harsh climate regions.

While the BSF is the country's largest border guarding force with a strength of about 2.5 lakh, the ITBP is about 90,000-personnel strong.

The home ministry has three such forces under its command, the third being the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) that is tasked with guarding Indian borders with Nepal and Bhutan.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Vips » 31 Jan 2018 21:03

Rs 370 crore to BSF, ITBP for border infrastructure.

Laying emphasis on building infrastructure along the Indo-Pak and Sino-India borders, the government has sanctioned nearly Rs 370 crore to the BSF and the ITBP for construction of bunkers and special climate-controlled huts in forward areas, an official said on Wednesday.

A total of Rs 369.84 crore has been sanctioned by the home ministry for construction of infrastructure for Border Security Force (BSF) and Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), the official told PTI.

The amount will be spent for construction of bunkers, fortifying border out posts of the BSF along the Indo-Pak border, construction of climate-controlled huts, procurement of snow scooter for the ITBP besides other necessary works of the two forces.

The BSF guards the 2,526.86-km-long Indo-Pak border, including 237.2 km of the Line of Control, and 4096.7 km of the Indo-Bangladesh border.

The Indo-Pak border has been witnessing massive ceasefire violation from across the border since the beginning of 2017. At least four BSF personnel were killed in firing by Pakistan this month.

It is too less. Even for farmer loans, states give out 5-10k Crores. 300 Crore seems like change money in front of other allocations. Even Political parties like BJP and Congress get more amount as donation every year.

ITBP guards the 3,488-km-long Sino-India border that runs through Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. The force is specially trained to operate in high altitude mountainous terrain.

ITBP border out posts are of the height up to 18,750 feet where the temperature dips down minus 40 degree celsius.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Vips » 31 Jan 2018 21:14

Government sanctions 7,000 troops to BSF for Pakistan, Bangladesh borders.

The Border Security Force (BSF), which guards the country's volatile border with Pakistan, will raise six new battalions comprising around 7,000 personnel, official sources said today.

The Ministry of Home Affairs also sanctioned an amount of Rs 2,090.94 crore to the force. The new battalions will also be deployed along the smuggling and infiltration prone India-Bangladesh border.

The troops will be recruited fresh by the force, to be deployed as part of the six battalions. They will be on the ground in over an year's time, the sources said.

Each BSF battalion has over 1,000 jawans and officers.

The home ministry, the sources said, had on January 19 approved the proposal of the force to raise these fresh battalions and asked the BSF headquarters here to quickly initiate the process of operationalising them.

Four battalions, as per the order, will be raised as part of the forces' task of guarding eight Integrated Check Posts (ICPs) along Pakistan and Bangladesh, while the rest two will supplement the working units on the ground and help in the replacement of the tired troops.

The Press Trust of India (PTI), had on January 14, first reported that the government was planning to raise 15 new battalions in the country's two important border guarding forces-- the BSF and ITBP-- to better dominate and secure the frontiers guarded by these two paramilitary forces.

The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) is tasked to guard the 3,488 km long Indian frontier with China.

Sources said the home ministry's sanction to allow the ITBP to raise new battalions was in the "final stages"

The BSF had last year projected for enhancement of its manpower, from the about 2.5-lakh personnel, by sanctioning of new units so that they could be deployed in the Assam and West Bengal flanks of the 4,096-km long Indo-Bangla border to better check smuggling, infiltration and other cross-border crimes.

The border guarding force had wanted a similar addition in numbers to effectively guard the Indo-Pak International Border (IB), especially in Punjab and Jammu regions where it fahere it faces frequent instances of unprovoked firing and ceasefire violations from the other side.

The BSF is responsible for providing security to eight ICPs at Attari in Punjab (India-Pakistan border), Petrapole, Chandrabangha and Hili in West Bengal, Dawki (Meghalaya), Akhaura (Tripura), Sutarkhandi (Assam) and Kawarpuchiah (Mizoram) along the Indo-Bangla border.

Sources said the sanction of new battalions to the BSF would also help it better rotate troops from forward locations to comparatively lesser tasked units in the mainland.

The ITBP has similarly pushed its case saying it wants to reduce the inter-BoP (border out post) distance along the icy Himalayan frontier that it is tasked to guard.

The frequent instances of transgressions and confrontations with the Chinese army at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) is also seen as the major reason for the ITBP seeking to enhance its numbers. The mountain-trained force had recently got sanctions to set up at least 47 new BoPs along the border for effective control of the Himalayan border area.

The home ministry has three border guarding forces under its command, the third being the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) that is tasked with guarding Indian borders with Nepal and Bhutan.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby srin » 04 Feb 2018 10:35

Been binge-watching some of Major Gaurav Arya's excellent documentaries for republic TV on youtube. Apologies if this was posted before ...

BRF Oldie
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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Aditya_V » 13 Mar 2018 14:29

8 CRPF personal martyred in IED attack, whoever supplied those explosives must be taken to task.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Vips » 20 Mar 2018 18:35

CRPF Commandant Chetan Cheetah joins duty a year after he was shot nine times.

More than a year after he miraculously survived nine bullet injuries he received during an encounter with terrorists in Jammu and Kashmir, CRPF commandant Chetan Kumar Cheetah has once again joined active duty.

Cheetah, who was awarded the Kirti Chakra, the second highest peacetime gallantry medal last Independence Day, has joined the CRPF’s directorate at CGO Complex for the moment and is waiting for a posting.

Officials said that for now, Cheetah will be given office related work as he has not completely recovered to go back to combat duties.

The officer has been reportedly calling on his seniors ever since he joined back. TOI couldn’t contact Cheetah himself, but his wife Uma Singh said, “There are small issues (related to his health) which will take some time. But he is very happy to join back and is even eager to go back to combat duties”. After he was discharged from the AIIMS last year, he had claimed in interviews that he wants to join CoBRA battalion of CRPF which tactically fights Naxals in left-wing affected areas. Officials said that Chetan would need another year or two to completely return to normal but his zeal to serve the nation is inspiring and youngsters joining the central paramilitary forces should learn from him.

He was Commanding Officer (CO) of CRPF’s 45th battalion in Kashmir Valley and had suffered bullet injuries in his brain, right eye, abdomen, both arms, left hand and in the buttock region while fighting terrorists in Bandipora on February 14 last year. He remained in coma for almost 1.5 months before he regained consciousness. After the attack last year, Cheetah was lauded by home minister Rajnath Singh, Army chief General Bipin Rawat, and chiefs of other forces.

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Re: BSF, CRPF and other Paramilitary Forces Discussion

Postby Vips » 03 Apr 2018 02:56

Meet the BSF's first woman officer.

The only woman among 68 men, Tanu Shree Pareek had failed the Tarzan rope routine four times.

She slipped on each attempt, while all the male trainees completed it successfully.

Her leg was injured. Her morale was in her boots.

'Want to take a last try?' asked the instructor.

'Yes,' she said, pulling herself together.

"I told myself -- 'Not this time, Tanu yaar. Not this time. You bloody die, but die ahead of that line'," she says over the phone while travelling from her post on the Punjab border to a firing range.

"I thought like them I have two legs and hands. If they can do it, why not me? I will not fall this time."

"And I did not!"

At the end of the year-long training, Tanu Shree Pareek led the 68 men at the passing out parade in Gwalior. Never had a woman commanded an all male own rank parade in the paramilitary before.

She was adjudged the second best trainee officer of the batch and on that hot summer day in 2016, she became the first woman officer in the Border Security Force's 51-year history.

The BSF, the world's largest border force, started inducting women constables in 2009, but Pareek is the first woman assistant commandant.

"Like all other trainee officers, she was identified by a numerical number not as a 'lady trainee officer' -- she was number 13. Twenty men dropped out of the training because it was so tough -- but not her," remembers batch-mate Devendra Singh in a telephone conversation.

"BSF officers are known by their course number, Singh adds, "but because of her, our batch also has another identity -- as 'the batch that had Tanu Shree Pareek'."

Deployed on the Punjab border prone to drug smuggling from Pakistan, Tanu Shree commands 136 men under her area of responsibility.

The senior-most trooper in her BSF battalion is 57 years old. Tanu Shree is 26.

It was the first time that men were taking orders from a woman officer in the company.

To many she was younger than their own daughters.

To some beset with a patriarchal mindset with years of service in the BSF, it was uncomfortable being commanded by a young woman fresh into service.

It took some getting used to. She was addressed as 'Sahib', 'Sir' or 'Madam'.

"I respected their intention and said fine let them call me whatever they want," she says.

"Ultimately, you are treated according to the stars on your shoulder. Not as a man, not as a woman, not as a girl."

Since she joined the BSF last year, the Bikaner native has been awarded three commendation medals by the BSF's director general.

"Being the first lady BSF officer I owe a responsibility -- whatever I do, I try to do with excellence," says Tanu Shree.

"If firing practice is to commence at 4.30 am, I will be there at 3.30. I don't want to be a victim of the generalisation that is always faced by women."

En route to a firing range that day, she points out that this conversation is only possible because she is travelling away from the border towards habitation.

The closest village near the BSF camp is a few kilometers away, but at the border there is often no cell phone connectivity.

"Most important is professional soundness. The men reciprocate based on your actions. If someone is not firing correctly, you show them how it is done. You have to set an example," she explains.

What her preferred weapon, I ask?

"I like the X 95, but the fire of AK (the AK 47) is marvelous -- no competition to that weapon."

'The army, navy, air force personnel have peace time postings, but we are always deployed on the frontline -- Kashmir, Gujarat, the Sundarbans or Punjab -- every place has its own peculiarity and problems,' she says.

Right from her days as an NCC cadet, Tanu Shree says she always found that the uniform helped her stretch her limit -- literally and figuratively.

"In the corporate world you have to worry about your sari or dress not being crumpled, here you don't have such issues," she says as she gives me a run down of what life at the border is like.

The assistant commandant's day never really begins with actually getting up in the morning because between 3 am and 5 am is the most sensitive time on the border.

"If something happens on the border your night is work time," she says. "When I was in college I used to sleep at 3 and wake up at 9.30, now if I stay in bed till 6.30, I feel worthless -- like being in a graveyard."

BSF Assistant Commandant Tanu Shree Pareek
IMAGE: Tanu Shree, centre, commands a company of 136 BSF troopers on the Punjab border with Pakistan.

The biggest problem in her area of responsibility is the smuggling of drugs from Pakistan. The narcotics make their way into Punjab and are quickly transported to other parts of the country.

The Indian border is fenced but in certain places in Punjab, crop fields lie ahead of the fencing and stretch up to the international boundary.

At her BSF camp, the gate is opened every morning for farmers to go and cultivate their fields.

The farmers have an identity card issued by the BSF. Each and every person, tractor and trolley -- including food and utensils -- is thoroughly frisked.

Life at the border for her, she says, is no different than it is for a male assistant commandant.

"There is no war time or peace time for BSF. The army, navy, air force personnel have peace time postings, but we are always deployed on the frontline -- Kashmir, Gujarat, the Sundarbans or Punjab -- every place has its own peculiarity and problems."

Last month, Tanu Shree met her batch mates at a reunion where the group shared experiences about their first year.

Only in the Punjab and south Bengal are BSF camps close to habitation -- in Rajasthan, Gujarat, the north east -- one cannot spot humans for 200 to 300 km.

"You only see migratory birds or animals," she laughs.

'My message is not for the children, but to parents -- treat them as children, not as boys or girls.'

The past two years have been a great learning and she has not had time for anything else beyond work.

She last met her parents when they had come to see her lead the BSF's Raising Day parade. Her younger sister recently left home to pursue an MBBS degree.

Looking back at her first year as a BSF officer, she says one of the high points of her field training was a 50 day camel safari with women officers of the Indian Air Force through the border states of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Punjab.

The 20 women went to over 100 schools, mostly run by the government, to speak to girls. The expedition began on Independence Day and ended on Gandhi Jayanti at the Wagah border which is guarded by the BSF.

In the interiors, she realised it was important to include men in conversations about gender equality because in rural households, they remained the controlling authority.

"Women have seen that boys have all the freedom and want to have a male child. Many a times it is the mother and grandmother who perpetuate patriarchy and this dogma needs to be dispelled."

Celebrated as a role model wherever she goes, people often ask what her message to young people is.

Her answer is a simple one:

"I say my message is not for the children, but to parents -- treat them as children, not as boys or girls."

"Treat them as equals."

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