John Snow wrote:http://www.bmrexpress.com/IL76.htm
Probably because of STOL in case of emergency landings (in combat situations ) IL76 could be better?...
AWACS aircraft "in combat situations" (by which I presume you mean getting shot at) are dead meat. At that point, they've already failed, & the landing characteristics of the aircraft are unlikely to make any difference to its survivability.
Tactical transports may, in the course of carrying out their role, have to come within range of MANPADS & ground fire, & use short rough strips in danger zones. AWACS should never need to, & if they do, whoever is responsible for putting them in that situation should be in deep, deep trouble.
negi wrote:IL-76 too isn't a bad choice as the rugged airframe and STOL capability means it can be stationed at small airbases close to the border and in areas like leh/laddakh.
Actually imo IL-76 was a natural choice as any civilian carrier would have meant involvement of Unkil (Boeing) or EU(Airbus) and at the time when the AWACS programme was envisaged I don't think anyone would have thought of US/EU involvement in the programme (especially when Unkil was kind of unhappy with Israeli assistance to India's AWACS programme)
Why buy a big, long-range AWACS & station it close to the border? Even Ladakh - more likely to be socked in by weather up there, & high altitude take-off limits T/O weight. Probably better taking off lower down, further away from the border, on a nice long runway, with more fuel aboard.
I'm not puzzled by Indias decision to buy the Il-76 AEW. The radar, airframe, the radome & the mounting of the radome on the airframe had already been developed, & the Il-76 was already in service with the IAF, with obvious logistical advantages. The only competitors which had already been developed were US-made except for the Erieye, & the latter is a more limited system. A fairly obvious choice. My question is why the USSR chose to develop an Il-76 based AEW (& the Phalcon AEW uses the same radome & mounting, AFAIK, though of course the radar inside the radome is different), instead of one based on a Soviet-built airliner.