Aditya_V wrote:3) 5.56*45- Shorter barrel, light ammunition, poor stopping power, can be accurate upto 400-500 meters, but in short range engagements with suicidal jihadis lacks the critical stopping power, and can be easily outranged on LOC/LAC with 7.62*51 rifles. A case of aping USA after LTTE experience in SL jungles. I am happy if we move away from this. Our forces are never going to spray bullets with SAW type weapons.
Aditya_V ji, stopping power or kinetic energy of bullets depend less on weight and more on velocity. A 5.56NATO is much faster and weighing at 4.5g will have more stopping power than an 8g 7.62AK round due to sheer velocity. And then comes all the other factors to consider like recoil, accuracy, carrying capacity which gets almost double for same weight.
The AK round is reliable, due to less variation of ammunition available and if my life is on line I'd like a gun which fires every time rather than a gun which fires sometimes but accurately.
Truth be told our forces pick up AKs because
the alternative they have in Insas is going to get them killed. Nevertheless I agree with all the other points you made.
4) 9 mm, light and but not body Armour piercing, good for extreme short range assault or self defense less than 25 meters. Can be back up weapon for snipers when the targets come too close or for drivers, officers, or when you physically reach a Sanger or machine gun nest during assault engage multiple targets. Probably the easiest weapon to use by someone who uses it part time. But you can't really engagement someone with a AK at a range greater than 20 meters, and probably lacks stopping power. See what happened to our NSG engaging Jihadis at Pathankot, they Jihadis outgunned them.
we should be inducting JVPC for that role with the MINSAS round. bigger round with more penetration.
NSGs should have been using 5.56NATO caliber during that operation. Scope of using 9mm in modern day CT ops are very limited and there is no one shoe fits all solution.