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International Aerospace Discussion

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Kartik
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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby Kartik » 13 Oct 2017 01:52

Safran Helicopters reveals new engine family for rotorcraft

Safran Helicopter Engines has unveiled a new family of powerplants for military and commercial rotorcraft covering the 2,500 to over 3,000 shp power range.

The Aneto high power engine family was launched in early October and is said by the French-based company to feature “ground-breaking” technologies.

Developed via the Safran Helicopter Engines Research and Development (R&D) Roadmap, the Aneto-series covers several engine models for the super-medium and heavy helicopter market.

The first Aneto-1K engine is rated at 2,500 shp and has already been selected to power the AgustaWestland AW189K. The engine and helicopter combination flew for the first time in March and is slated to enter service in the fourth quarter of 2018.

As noted by the company, the engines should offer superior performance (25% more power compared with existing engines of the same volume is quoted) with reduced operating costs (Safran touts up to 15% in fuel savings), particularly in ‘hot and high’ operating conditions. The engines are also said to be more reliable than existing units, requiring less maintenance.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby Kartik » 13 Oct 2017 22:55

Japan positions C-2 transport for exports

The Japanese Ministry of Defense (MoD) is increasing efforts to promote Kawasaki Heavy Industries’ (KHI’s) C-2 medium transport aircraft to international customers, it confirmed on 6 October.

The MoD said in a statement that, for the first time, it is flying the C-2 to foreign countries to display the aircraft to customers in the Middle East and New Zealand.

The MoD added that the Japan Air Self-Defense Force will fly the C-2 to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to participate in the Dubai Airshow in mid-November while later that month, it will present the aircraft to the Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF).

The MoD cited Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera as saying that the C-2’s capabilities had attracted interest in international markets and that the decision to display the aircraft in the Middle East and New Zealand is an opportunity to demonstrate Japanese defence technologies.

The KHI C-2 formally entered service into the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) in March 2016. The JASDF currently operates four C-2s but it is expected to order about 60 aircraft in total to replace its ageing Kawasaki C-1 and Lockheed Martin C-130H transports.

According to Jane’s All The World's Aircraft: Development & Production , the 44-m long C-2 is the largest transport aircraft in service with the JASDF. It is intended to provide greater range than the platforms it is replacing, with a stated range of 3,024 n miles (5,600 km; 3,480 miles) when carrying its maximum payload of 30 tonnes.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby brar_w » 14 Oct 2017 03:54

First flight shouldn't be more than a few weeks away..


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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby shiv » 14 Oct 2017 08:13

Unusually clear depiction of Tornado thrust reversers in action
https://youtu.be/iP6NWa-BVkw?t=209

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby Singha » 14 Oct 2017 08:18

the C2 seems very similar to the embraer KC390 and our stillborn MTA hot air project.

perhaps a new dharmic claimant to the empty MTA throne if we want to establish ties to Japan using a large but non-weaponized project which all can piously claim is a non-lethal export onlee?

Soryu US2 C2 shinkansenN700 the list of cookies grows longer. time to sit down and eat. i know we do the chai biskoot thing well, none dare doubt that but we gotta get things done sometime...just saying :D

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby shiv » 14 Oct 2017 09:08

Singha wrote:the C2 seems very similar to the embraer KC390 and our stillborn MTA hot air project.

perhaps a new dharmic claimant to the empty MTA throne if we want to establish ties to Japan using a large but non-weaponized project which all can piously claim is a non-lethal export onlee?

Soryu US2 C2 shinkansenN700 the list of cookies grows longer. time to sit down and eat. i know we do the chai biskoot thing well, none dare doubt that but we gotta get things done sometime...just saying :D

For India the critical thing will be high altitude high temperature performance. 14000 feet + 30-35 deg C

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby Zynda » 15 Oct 2017 12:04

Not sure if Times of Islamabad is reliable...but
Pakistan Russia in talks for fifth generation fighter jet: RUSI

ISLAMABAD – The Pakistan Air Force which has always been equipped with US fighters is now in consultation with an eye to buying the latest Russian aircraft. It has already signed deals on engineering procurement and Russian engines for its joint fighter produced with China, the JF-17.

“It is no secret that the US has made it harder for Pakistan to buy its F-16s and military aid has been drastically cut in the past two years.

Pakistan has therefore had to look to Turkey and Jordan for procuring used F-16s which are not quite the standard required to counter-balance the Indian Air Force.”

The RUSI said that Pakistan’s shift comes in view of the almost monthly amendments and legislation on Capitol Hill in Washington against military sales to Pakistan which has prompted Islamabad to look elsewhere.

“The Russians have stepped into the gap, providing military attack helicopters – a historic first, given Pakistani reliance on American aircraft for six decades. And the embrace is widening. Last year saw the first military drills between the Pakistani and Russian militaries.

This was followed last week by the country’s special forces exercising in the Caucasus with Russia. The drills covered mountain warfare, countering urban terrorism and engaging in broader land warfare,” said the report.

It said that Kremlin is uneasy about Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s deep embrace of the US and closer military ties with Washington. And, as the Indians now buy US and French fighters, Russia too is looking elsewhere, including Moscow’s participation in the alliance with China and Pakistan over rising tensions in Afghanistan and Central Asia, it said.

The RUSI report noted that Russia’s strategic turnaround in Afghanistan has also been most remarkable as gone are the old zero-sum game theories applied to the Taliban and the fighters of the Northern Alliance, to be replaced by the courting of both Russia and Pakistan of the Taliban.

The two militaries are cosying up and strategic objectives are aligning in the Middle East and Central Asia, it said.


Wonder how TSP will pay for 5th gen aircrafts? Does the above means that J-20 is no longer in question? :)

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby Viv S » 15 Oct 2017 12:34

Its quoting a comment piece in RUSI. That author appears to be treating a lot of prevailing rumour as fact (eg. PAF training TuAF pilots) though the general trend of Pak-Russia ties is accurate.

The PAF has its eye on a 5th gen fighter but its not a Russian one. The natural successor to the JF-17 is the J-31. Cheap but good value-for-money. Can be locally assembled. Developed solely for the export market while the PLAAF equips itself with more not-for-export capable aircraft (J-10 & J-11.. succeeded by the J-20).

Growing Pakistan–Russia Military Ties Reflect Central Asia’s Changing Geopolitics - RUSI
Kamal Alam

Pakistan’s military is intensifying security cooperation with Russia. It is a remarkable and historic turnaround for two countries that for many decades considered each other rivals.
Since independence in 1947, Pakistan has been a frontline state for US dominance of the region. It became clear to the US then that they would need Pakistan’s military and its airspace to monitor Soviet activity.

Pakistan was central to the 1960 U-2 spy plane incident, as Peshawar hosted the US Air Force planes in their forward operating bases against the Soviets. Throughout the 1980s, the CIA used Pakistan’s military to train insurgents to defeat the Soviets in Afghanistan and launch raids into Soviet Central Asia.

It can also be argued that the US always favoured Pakistan over India during its wars; at least while Henry Kissinger was Secretary of State. However, now as Pakistan marks its 70th year, there seems to be a strategic shift towards Russia by Pakistan’s military leadership.

The Pakistan Air Force which has always been equipped with US fighters is now in consultation with an eye to buying the latest Russian aircraft. It has already signed deals on engineering procurement and Russian engines for its joint fighter produced with China, the JF-17.

It is no secret that the US has made it harder for Pakistan to buy its F-16s and military aid has been drastically cut in the past two years. Pakistan has therefore had to look to Turkey and Jordan for procuring used F-16s which are not quite the standard required to counter-balance the Indian Air Force.

Pakistan’s frustrations with the F-16 difficulties do not just end at the procurement level. For Pakistan is also training Turkish Air Force pilots, to make up for the shortfall created by the arrest of many Turkish pilots following last year’s failed coup attempt against Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

However, the US blocked this effort, much to the dismay of both the Turkish and Pakistani Air Forces. Besides, the almost monthly amendments and legislation on Capitol Hill in Washington against military sales to Pakistan has prompted Islamabad to look elsewhere.

The Russians have stepped into the gap, providing military attack helicopters – a historic first, given Pakistani reliance on American aircraft for six decades.

And the embrace is widening. Last year saw the first military drills between the Pakistani and Russian militaries. This was followed last week by the country’s special forces exercising in the Caucasus with Russia. The drills covered mountain warfare, countering urban terrorism and engaging in broader land warfare.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby deejay » 15 Oct 2017 13:15

Viv, PAF instructors have indeed been training the TuAF pilots with at least one instructor dying in crash in Turkey.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby Viv S » 15 Oct 2017 13:37

deejay wrote:Viv, PAF instructors have indeed been training the TuAF pilots with at least one instructor dying in crash in Turkey.

PAF has had an exchange program with the TAF since the 80s IIRC with two pilots from each force, cross deployed. Extended in 2015 (the Turkish coup attempt & subsequent purge happened in the July-Aug 2016).

Pakistan, Turkey sign MoU for training pilots - Jun 18, 2015
Chief of the Air Staff, Pakistan Air Force (PAF), Air Chief Marshal Sohail Aman has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Turkish Air Force at the opening ceremony of Multinational Military Flight Crew Training (MMFCT) Centre on Wednesday.

Both the air forces have agreed to exchange two pilots for training every year. This would enhance the bilateral relations at a grass root level.

According to PAF, the main purpose of Multinational Military Flight Crew Training Centre (MMFCT-C) is to provide comprehensive training solutions to Fighter Pilots of Allies and to develop flight training tactics and techniques in line with Nato operational requirements.

Such pilot exchange programs are common in the West/NATO as well. But that shouldn't be conflated with the idea of the PAF as an organisation "training" its counterpart in Turkey. The TAF still has an F-16 fleet of 245 units (compared to just 75 for the PAF). Even after dismissing 350 pilots, the TAF was still left with ~1,300 serving pilots (assuming it started off with a 2.5-1 pilot-aircraft ratio). While veteran exchange pilots could be useful for training, fact remains, the TAF is quite capable of reconstituting the purged part without any assistance.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby deejay » 15 Oct 2017 13:46

Viv, I am aware but that still does not change the fact that PAF training pilots for TuAF is not a rumour. However, the PAF getting 5th Gen Jets from Russia is a rumour. Even we are blowing our bank to get the 5th Gen planes from Russia. Pakis are not left with enough grass to afford this kind of deal.

Of course if US and IMF continue to hand out doles, they may have the money.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby Ravi Karumanchiri » 17 Oct 2017 14:20

European giant Airbus to buy majority stake in Bombardier’s CSeries program

The two aircraft manufacturers announced the partnership Monday evening, weeks after the United States announced 300 per cent preliminary duties on exports of the aircraft following a complaint from Airbus rival Boeing.


With this deal, Canada would become Airbus’s fifth home country and first outside Europe.

The CSeries headquarters and main assembly line will remain in the Montreal area, but a second production line for the 100- to 150-seat plane will be set up at Airbus’s facility in Alabama to meet demand from U.S. customers and avoid duties.

Airbus has promised to maintain 100 per cent of those employed Mirabel, Que., and to keep production at the Mirabel plant, where production will be ramped up far beyond its current rate.

The union representing many Bombardier workers said it’s too early to celebrate even though Airbus’ stake could strengthen the CSeries.

“It is a sad day that a high-tech Canadian treasure is ending up in European control, but we can take some satisfaction that the CSeries is getting some needed stability,” said Unifor National President Jerry Dias.

“The attempt to weaken Bombardier has pushed it to join with one of its competitors, which should not have had needed to happen,” Dias said. “Ultimately, the U.S. actions have created a stronger Bombardier.”

Even though talks began in August, months after Boeing challenged government subsidies to Bombardier, Enders said the partnership wasn’t motivated by the trade dispute.

“It was motivated by the clear recognition that the stars were kind of all aligned this time,” he said.

...<SNIP>....

The big losers are Boeing and Brazil’s Embraer, said industry analyst Chris Murray of AltaCorp Capital.

“Certainly this makes a much, much stronger program and certainly more competitive against anything Boeing would want to offer,” he said.

... <SNIP>...

Quebec economy, science and innovation Minister Dominique Anglade said the strategic partnership will ensure the sustainability of the CSeries and consolidate Quebec’s aerospace cluster.

“In the current context, the partnership with Airbus is, for us, the best solution to ensure the maintenance and creation of jobs in this strategic sector of the Quebec economy,” she stated in a news release.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby brar_w » 18 Oct 2017 18:27

Additional Details on Aussie Growlers and their formal involvement in the Next Generation Jammer development program -

RAAF prepares to bring EA-18G into service -Jane's International Defence Review- October,2017

Australia’s latest Defence White Paper, released in February 2016, said the EA-18G fleet would “be periodically upgraded over their operational lives to maintain commonality with the Growler fleet operated by the United States”. Aligned to this intent, the Commonwealth is nearing agreement to join the USN’s AN/ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer – Medium Band (NGJ-MB) programme as it seeks to ‘future proof’ its new AEA capability.

Defence minister Marise Payne announced in March this year that Australia would invest AUD250 million to partner with the United States on NGJ development and futureproof the Growler’s capability. “As this is a rapidly evolving area we will work in partnership with the US Navy to develop the next-generation jamming capability, which will ensure that these aircraft remain at the technological forefront throughout their service life,” she said.NAVAIR confirmed in early July that representatives from the Australian DoD are negotiating an agreement with NAVAIR’s AEA Systems and EA-6B Program Office (PMA-234) and the Navy IPO to come on board the NGJ-MB development, previously known as NGJ Increment 1. According to NAVAIR, during a Cooperative Partnership week in mid-June, the RAAF “had an opportunity to gain insight into the current status of the NGJ-MB programme, in anticipation of formally entering a cooperative project later this year”. It added that the agreement “will solidify both governments’ intent to establish the joint programme office and mature the electronic warfare capability together”.

In April 2016 Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems was awarded a USD1 billion contract by PMA-234 for engineering and manufacturing development of the next-generation ALQ-249 NGJ-MB electronic attack pod as a replacement for ALQ-99 from 2021. Intended to provide the EA-18G with enhanced AEA capabilities to disrupt and degrade enemy air-defence and ground communication systems, the system represents a step change from the AN/ALQ-99 TJS in terms of its software-based digital architecture, and use of high-power active electronically scanned arrays (AESAs) based on Gallium Nitride (GaN) technology.

PMA-234 completed a Critical Design Review (CDR) for the NGJ-MB in late April this year. The CDR confirmed the maturity of the design, and gave the green light for the fabrication and assembly of test articles.

Another potential upgrade is the acquisition of the extended range (ER) variant of the Orbital ATK AGM-88E AARGM missile in development for the USN. AARGM ER is expected to double the range of the AGM-88E, providing improved survivability and effectiveness against complex, new, and emerging threats. At this stage, the procurement of AARGM ER “is still subject to consideration”, a DoD spokesperson told Jane’s .

Image



I expect this partnership to extend to the NGJ-LB/Increment-2 as well, which is just getting started as a program, will be competitively acquired (not a direct deal for Raytheon) and which has an IOC window 3-4 years after that of the Increment-1/MB pod.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby Kartik » 19 Oct 2017 00:27

US clears $2.4 billion upgrade for 123 Greek F-16s to F-16V standard

WASHINGTON --- The State Department has made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to the Government of Greece for an upgrade of F-16 aircraft to an F-16 Block V configuration. The estimated cost is $2.404 billion. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale on October 16, 2017.

The Government of Greece has requested a possible purchase of an upgrade of its existing F-16 fleet to an F-16 Block V configuration which includes up to one hundred twenty-five (125) APG-83 Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) Radars (includes two (2) spares); one hundred twenty-three (123) Modular Mission Computers (MMCs); one hundred twenty-three (123) LINK-16 Multifunctional Information Distribution System Joint Tactical Radio Systems (MIDS-JTRS) with TACAN and EHSI; one hundred twenty-three (123) LN260 Embedded Global Navigation Systems (EGI)/Inertial Navigation Systems (INS); and one hundred twenty-three (123) Improved Programmable Display Generators (iPDGs).

Also included in the proposed sale are up to one hundred twenty-three (123) APX-126 Advanced Identification Friend or Foe (AIFF) Combined Interrogator Transponders (CIT); one (1) Joint Mission Planning System (JMPS); one (1) F-16V Simulator; upgrade to two (2) existing simulators; one (1) Avionics Level Test Station; Secure Communications, cryptographic equipment and navigation equipment; upgrade and integration of the Advanced Self-Protection Integrated Suite (ASPIS) I to ASPIS II on twenty-six (26) F-16s; Ground Support System, systems integration and test; spares and repair parts, support and test equipment; personnel training and training equipment; publications and technical documentation; U.S. Government and contractor engineering, logistical, and technical support services; and other related elements of logistics and program support.

The total estimated program cost is $2.404 billion.
..

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby brar_w » 19 Oct 2017 00:52

This is a pretty substantial upgrade in terms of number of units. Takes overall order book for the AN/APG-83 AESA to close to 500 (Taiwan, South Korea, Bahrain, Greece and the USAF ANG). This with no decision yet on the Active USAF component upgrades, or the Big version of the radar that will be going into the Bomber fleet.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby Prem » 19 Oct 2017 01:05

http://www.businessinsider.com/chinese- ... sh-2017-10

China's first space station is doomed — but objects inside of it may reach the ground unharmed

Launched in September 2011, China's first space station — Tiangong-1 — will soon burst into a fiery rain of debris over Earth.China recently told the United Nations that Tiangong-1 could reenter our atmosphere by early 2018. When it does, extreme heat and pressure caused by plowing through air at more than 15,000 miles per hour will destroy the 8.5-ton spacecraft.But not everything may vanish.Bill Ailor, an aerospace engineer and atmospheric reentry specialist, says there's actually a good chance gear and hardware left onboard could survive intact all the way to the ground, thanks to Tiangong-1's onion-like layers of protective material."The thing about a space station is that it's typically got things on the inside," Ailor, who works for the Aerospace Corporation, told Business Insider. "So basically, the heating will just strip these various layers off. If you've got enough layers, a lot of the energy is gone before a particular object falls out, it doesn't get hot, and it lands on the ground."When NASA's Columbia space shuttle broke up over the US, for example, he said investigators recovered a working flight computer — an artifact that ultimately helped explain how the deadly incident happened.In the same note, China also said it lost contact with the spacecraft on March 16, 2016, after it'd "fully fulfilled its historic mission."
By May 2017, Tiangong-1 was coasting about 218 miles above Earth yet dropping by about 525 feet per day. Its altitude has since plummeted to about 180 miles, according to The Guardian.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby Kartik » 19 Oct 2017 01:31

ADEX 2017- KAI refining KF-X configuration ahead of key milestones

Image

Korea Aerospace Industries (KAI) is in the process of refining the final configuration of its Korean Fighter Experimental (KFX) aircraft ahead of a number of milestones that are due in the coming months and years, Jane’s was told on 17 October.

Speaking at the Seoul International Aerospace and Defence Exhibition (ADEX) 2017, a senior programme official said that, while the baseline twin-jet configuration has been chosen, the final refinements are now taking place ahead of a planned preliminary design review (PDR) mid next year.

“We are putting the final touches on the configuration, and plan to have a PDR in June 2018,” the official who asked not to be named said, adding that this PDR would be followed by a critical design review (CDR) in September 2019; a rollout of the first prototype in 2022; and an entry into service in 2026.

The KFX fighter was first revealed by South Korea’s Defence Acquisition Programme Administration (DAPA) in 2010. Indonesia joined the project in 2012, with a memorandum of understanding (MOU) covering joint development of the platform that Jakarta refers to as IFX.

KAI is leading the USD8 billion project in partnership with Lockheed Martin, with Indonesia expected to invest USD1 billion to acquire fighter aircraft technologies, knowledge of production techniques, and an option to procure up to 50 fighters at a later date. Jakarta should also benefit from any future exports of the aircraft.

While initial operational capability (IOC) for the KFX/IFX was planned for 2023, budgetary constraints and concerns over technical risk prompted KAI to re-align the programme from a ‘fifth-generation’ fighter into a less sophisticated '4.5 generation'.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby brar_w » 19 Oct 2017 03:38

They won't get to IOC even for 4.5 generation by 2023. Need to be realistic. If it is a multi-role platform will take at the very least 5-8 years of hard developmental testing once they have a definitive configuration sealed and are able to get out of the initial prototype test phase. This is more of a late 2020s, early 2030s from effective multi-role capability in appropriate quantity (1-2 operational units) for SoKo.

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby Rakesh » 20 Oct 2017 02:26

Some good shots and write up on Hellenic Mirage 2000s. Check it out....

http://aviationphotodigest.com/hellenic-deltas/

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Re: International Aerospace Discussion

Postby brar_w » 20 Oct 2017 16:06

Good B-Roll footage of F-35Bs operating out of Japan -



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