Russian weapons and military technology

The Military Issues & History Forum is a venue to discuss issues relating to the military aspects of the Indian Armed Forces, whether the past, present or future. We request members to kindly stay within the mandate of this forum and keep their exchanges of views, on a civilised level, however vehemently any disagreement may be felt. All feedback regarding forum usage may be sent to the moderators using the Feedback Form or by clicking the Report Post Icon in any objectionable post for proper action. Please note that the views expressed by the Members and Moderators on these discussion boards are that of the individuals only and do not reflect the official policy or view of the Bharat-Rakshak.com Website. Copyright Violation is strictly prohibited and may result in revocation of your posting rights - please read the FAQ for full details. Users must also abide by the Forum Guidelines at all times.
Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 14 Mar 2018 14:51

Russian Nukes: Facts vs. Fiction

A closer look at what systems Russia actually has in place and in the pipeline.

Dmitry Stefanovich
2018 has already became a huge year for nuclear weapons-related developments all over the world, with a new U.S. Nuclear Posture Review published, the Russian and U.S. achievement of New START Central Limits, and the Doomsday Clock moved 30 seconds closer to midnight. Last but not least, Russian President Vladimir Putin rather unexpectedly showcased a number of new nuclear delivery vehicles during his annual (although postponed) Address to the Federal Assembly.

Russia remains a key figure for both worldwide nuclear arsenals as well as strategic stability, so it is important to understand the existing and future capabilities of Strategic Rocket Forces and their sea- and air-based companions.

Land

Regarding the land-based leg of Russian nuclear triad, the important part is rather evolutionary: deliveries of new Yars (SS-27 Mod 2) intercontinental-range ballistic missiles or ICBMs (as well as yet to be specified Yars-S) in road-mobile and silo-based variants have led to the complete rearmament of up to three missile divisions, with rearmament ongoing for three. The development of the Barguzin rail-mobile ICBM project has been finished, but deployment was canceled, which back in the day seemed a good sign, as this system was obviously excessive.

Another future system, the Sarmat (SS-X-29) heavy liquid-fuel ICBM faced a number of problems, but eventually reached the ejection test stage, which was deemed successful. This missile is said to be more powerful than the renowned Satan (SS-18). However, using it as delivery vehicle for multiple (10+) warheads looks like an unnecessary capability given the existing New START limits (700 deployed launchers and 1,550 deployed nuclear warheads).

Now we come to the “gliding cruise bloc” Avangard, a hypersonic glider previously known as “Project 4202” or “Yu-71.” This type of payload, said to enter serial production, is capable of precise hits on any target, avoiding any existing or future missile defenses. The mating of Avangard and Sarmat (probably up to five gliders per missile, but likely less) seems the most appropriate way to use those new toys.

There were six ICBM test launches over 2017, related both to life extension and new payload types. As usual, the number was lower than previously announced; the same dynamics will probably remain in 2018.

Overall, Strategic Rocket Forces (RVSN) commander Sergei Karakayev remains committed to the 400 ICBMs at his disposal, but this number obviously includes nondeployed missiles, as otherwise there’s no chance for Russia to get under New START limits. It’s important to note that, given the rapid decline of the provisional “warheads-per-vehicle” coefficient over the last year, there’s a chance that “un-deployment” for existing heavy ICBMs (the SS-18 and SS-19) had already taken place.

Coming back to Putin’s nuclear weapons extravaganza, there’s one more system possibly related to the ground leg, the nuclear-powered cruise missile (possibly 9M730, but no one knows for sure) with unlimited range. Its current status, research, and deployment schedules are yet to be disclosed (or not), but it is worth noting, that “examples” given during the address were the sea-launched Tomahawk and air-launched Kh-101. However, the launcher used during the test shown in the relevant video resembles several types of self-propelled launchers for tactical surface-to-surface and anti-ship missiles combined.

Sea

The sea leg of the nuclear triad launched several SS-N-23A Sinevas and a single SS-N-32 Bulava in 2017. The latter fact raises some concern, as we are yet to witness the possibility of salvo fires with this missile system. The Tula (Delta-IV class) nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (SSBN) returned from repairs to the Northern Fleet, while Bryansk of the same type (praised for a successful submarine-launched ballistic missile launch during strategic exercises by the fleet commander), left in turn for Zvezdochka to undergo work to repair, modernize, and restore its combat readiness.

Judging from the official photos, two Borei and 3 Delta-III SSBNs are ready for combat duty in the Pacific Ocean. The first 955A (Borei-A), Prince Vladimir, took to the water in 2017 as well. The original Borei class used the hulls from the Soviet reserve, so this ship is the first of entirely new construction. It’s worth noting that over the past year there were a number of confirmations regarding plans to develop an even more advanced underwater cruiser, Borei-B, within the framework of the State Armaments Program-2027 (GPV-2027).

There were a number of disclosures and an eventual statement by Putin on new unmanned underwater “drones,” namely Status-6 (or Kanyon) and Klavesin-2P (Harpsichord). It is rather strange that those two systems appeared in the same video and now are waiting for “public” designations together as well, because they obviously have different purposes. The main task of Klavesin-2P is believed to be expanding situational awareness for submarines, while Status-6 is an “intercontinental nuclear-tipped torpedo,” capable of destroying coastal infrastructure and (at least as shown in the video rendering) surface ship strike groups. It is yet to be understood how such a system, supposedly carrying a multimegaton nuclear warhead, should be factored into existing and future arms control agreements. Status-6 is a strategic system, so it seems appropriate to include this beast into some future START-type treaty, but one must keep in mind that long-range nuclear-tipped submarine-launched cruise missiles, which are still in service in the Russian Navy (and possibly will see a return for the U.S. Navy as well), are not covered by existing treaties, while having strategic implications.

Air

The most important “material” event for the Russia Air Force’s Strategic Aviation over the last year happened in 2018: first “new” Tu-160 (“Blackjack”) Heavy Bomber took its maiden flight. Of course one must remember that it was built using anunfinished body and it is yet to be understood which types (Tu-160M/160M1/160M2) will be produced and when, but this is an important milestone nevertheless. A contract for 10 planes was signed. A proper “future bomber,” PAK DA is yet to be disclosed; the only specification we may be sure about is that it will be based on a “flying wing” scheme. There’s word that some level of unification regarding avionics and weapons will be achieved for new Blackjacks and the PAK DA.

As for today, the main capability increase for the air leg of Russia’s nuclear triad is being achieved by the modernization of existing Tu-160 and Tu-95MS (Bear-H) aircraft, so they can use Kh-101 cruise missiles. This long-range stealthy cruise missile (Kh-102 for nuclear-tipped variant) will remain the main armament for new heavy bombers as well.

Heavy bombers remain an important signalling tool. Blackjacks and Bears routinely visit faraway airspace and airdromes, serving as a reminder of Russian strategic capabilities. Also, they are the only part of the triad (Luckily) that has seen real action: there were at least 66 air-launched cruise missiles launched at Islamic State terrorists in Syria.

During Vladimir Putin’s address, the air-based hypersonic weapons system “Kinzhal” (“Dagger”) was demonstrated, and even said to have entered test service in the Southern Federal (sic) District of Russia. The easiest way to describe this system is an Iskander-M (SS-26 Stone) solid-fuel aeroballistic missile (probably a 9M723 derivative) mated to MiG-31 (Foxhound) interceptor. The system is capable of hitting ground and sea-surface targets, avoiding missile defenses, and serves as a good example how existing technological marvels may produce synergy. It is yet to be determined if the stated 2,000 kilometer range means the missile only or the system as a whole. Kinzhal does not fall under New START definitions for strategic air leg, as Foxhound is hardly a heavy bomber, and the missile is obviously not cruise-type, but this is an important topic for discussion among experts and policymakers.

Stability or Escalation?


Russia remains fully capable of destroying the United States, and, most importantly, U.S. Strategic Command capabilities are roughly the same. This balance remains a pillar of global peace, even under the currently strained relations between the great powers. Discussions on limited nuclear use will likely remain unrelated to reality; any nuclear use will lead to full-scale retaliation.

What is important is how other nuclear-weapons states may be factored into the equation. Russia has until recently insisted that any further reductions can’t be achieved on a bilateral basis, while “third parties” have speculated that they can’t “join the game” while Russian and U.S. arsenals are bigger by such a great margin. Another issue in the strategic arms debate is U.S. Missile Defense, an overhyped problem for both the domestic audience and some military experts in Russia. Showing a great number of new “penetrating” nuclear delivery vehicles must be seen not as “saber-rattling” but as a therapy for the audience both within Russia and abroad.

However, an unusual statement was made by Vladimir Putin during his interview for NBC, which may show a way to overcome both problems. He said that Russia is ready to continue the dialogue on existing and new strategic arms control treaties, and added that, given new weapons’ missile defense penetration capabilities, “We no longer consider the reduction of ballistic missiles and warheads to be highly critical.” He indicated that new strategic weapons also will be included in the grand total.

Such an attitude is yet to see implementation in detailed strategic stability talks (it’s possible that this may have been a subject of the recently postponed meeting), but the parties seem ready for discussion. Future reductions may open the way for third parties to join the process – initially by agreeing to some level of transparency and confidence-building measures.

Military planners in every country think about waging and winning nuclear war, but testing their calculations remains superfluous.

Dmitry Stefanovich is an independent military expert.

John
BRFite
Posts: 1736
Joined: 03 Feb 2001 12:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby John » 15 Mar 2018 06:42

brar_w wrote:
John wrote:I think the nuclear is simply added in due to current geo political tension there is no question in my mind this is conventional weapon.


I think actual war planners, and those who look at weapons and an adequate response don't really care much about what you or I think. The official Russian position is that it is both conventional and nuclear and there is no reason to doubt them. Regardless, the statement alone adds a level of ambiguity and goes against the claim that it is a better option from a payload ambiguity point of view. It would also be quite naive to think that a Chinese use of a conventional theater Medium or Intermediate Ballistic Missile would somehow provoke a strategic response which then brings into consideration MAD. The entire point of having a comparable response (hence CPGS (US) and similar weapons with other Chinese adversaries) is to avoid having to cross that threshold.

John wrote:I expect the missile to be integrated into Su-24,Su-30,Mig-35 and Su-32.


Any idea of how much it weighs?


IMO this weapon is mainly for export and easier to market and sell than a ballistic missile with Ashw and land attack capability. Don’t be surprised if they start field\marketing it by firing it in Syria.

I expect it to weight around 1.5 tons maybe a bit more based on its use of composites. Most platforms should be able to carry one with modified Su-30\32\37 being able to carry 3.

ShauryaT
BRF Oldie
Posts: 5184
Joined: 31 Oct 2005 06:06

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby ShauryaT » 15 Mar 2018 07:55

Deleted
Last edited by ShauryaT on 15 Mar 2018 08:36, edited 1 time in total.

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 15 Mar 2018 08:25

ST , post in the right thread

Philip
BRF Oldie
Posts: 19334
Joined: 01 Jan 1970 05:30
Location: India

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Philip » 15 Mar 2018 11:01

A terrific interview.Putin has enormous patience with ghe Yanqui reporter who kept repeating ghe same Qs again and again simy unabld to understa nd the rules and nuances of intl diplomacy, protocol and means of communications.Anything alleged- without evidence, by US media and intel must be taken as gospel truth, as accurate as their intel about Saddam's WMDs which was bogus, and yhat by simply crying " denocracy, democracy, gives the US the right to invade any country snd make atrocious demands!

His answeres about new Ru strat. weapons were as clear as any could be given without compromising ghe system, but was remarkable was whem he decided that Russia needef them in the wake of US unilateral abandoning intl. arms limitation agreements:

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 18 Mar 2018 20:28

BTR of new generation K-16 on the basis of platform "Boomerang" was released for preliminary tests

Image
BTR of the new generation K-16 on the basis of the wheel platform "Boomerang" has started preliminary tests. This was announced by the General Director of LLC "Military-Industrial Company" (MIC) Alexander Krasovitsky.

The general director of the military-industrial complex noted that the new generation armored vehicle based on the unified wheeled armored platform "Boomerang" radically differs from the current machines of this type - BTR-82A and BTR-90. Their only similar feature is the wheel formula 8 × 8.

"Everything else is fundamentally different - the layout with the front of the power plant, the landing compartment in the stern and the landing on the stern, modular reservation, a high level of mine and ballistic protection, a digital board, a situational awareness system, an on-board information management system and much more. I will say this: no one has done this before in our country, "Krasovitsky said.

The machine has an unconventional layout for the domestic BTR with the power unit in the front. For the landing all the aft part of the car is taken away, there is a ramp for convenient landing / rushing of the landing under protection of the armor of the car, including on the move.

As a weapon, a remotely controlled uninhabited combat module with a 30-mm automatic cannon 2A42, a PKTM machine gun and four Cornet ATGMs is routinely offered, although it is possible to install other modules and even an inhabited combat compartment - in particular, Berezhok, designed for BMP-2. All workplaces (commander, weapon operator and driver-mechanic) are automated. To provide a 360-degree view, there is a video surveillance system from several video cameras and a thermal imager.

Great attention is paid to the security of the machine. In addition to passive armor protection (armor and ceramic panels) with the possibility of varying the level of protection depending on the task to be solved by installing overhead armored panels, the machine is equipped with an automatic system for setting up curtains with laser radiation detectors, an electromagnetic protection system (for distorting the machine's magnetic field) active protection (KAZ).

A distinctive feature of "Boomerang" is an unusually high profile in comparison with the machines of Soviet development. The reason for this is related to meeting the requirements for mine protection, which had not previously been presented to the machines. The bottom is raised above the ground, has a trough-like shape, honeycomb absorbers of explosion energy have been installed, special armchairs for the crew and landing have been installed.

For the first time the car was shown to the public at the rehearsal of the Victory Day parade in 2015. Supplies to the troops are expected by 2019.

On the Boomerang platform, it is supposed to create a family of vehicles: an armored personnel carrier K-16, an infantry fighting vehicle K-17, an armored recovery vehicle (BREM), a wheeled tank (wheel analog CAO 2S25 "Sprut").


UlanBatori
BRF Oldie
Posts: 9142
Joined: 11 Aug 2016 06:14

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby UlanBatori » 19 Mar 2018 08:05

Speaking of weapons... this has a ring of "Assad Uses Chemical Weapons"

Fairly clumsy if they went to all the trouble of sticking it into the air vents of a BMW and still didn't kill anyone, hain?

Prem
BRF Oldie
Posts: 20793
Joined: 01 Jul 1999 11:31
Location: Weighing and Waiting 8T Yconomy

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Prem » 20 Mar 2018 01:20


Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 20 Mar 2018 12:05

Firing kalbir LACM during Syrian conflict

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 22 Mar 2018 13:58

Russia's Aging Topol ICBMs to Be Scrapped for Gold, Silver © Sputnik/ Mikhail Fomichev
MILITARY & INTELLIGENCE
https://sputniknews.com/military/201803 ... scrapping/

The Topol's parts reportedly contain approximately 198 grams of gold, 4.6 kilograms of silver and five grams of platinum :shock:

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 24 Mar 2018 22:26

PD-35 Is The Driving Force Of The Aerospace Development In Russia

As it was repeatedly informed, in Russia works on creation of the new perspective engine of big draft PD-35 have begun. The head developer of PD-35 is defined "UEC - Aviadvigatel", the serial manufacturer - UEC - Perm Motors. Both enterprises are located in Perm, where the correspondents AVIA.RU and AEX.RU have been. About the work to be carried out by the United Engine-Building Corporation in the course of implementing this large-scale project, we were told by the managing director of the UEC-Perm Motors JSC Sergey Popov and the infrastructure director of the UEC-Perm Motors Nikolai Andreev.

Sergey Popov, Managing Director of the JSC UEC-Perm Engine :
"PD-35 is a product, which can be said so that today only the first axial line in the creation of this motor is carried out. First of all, this is the stage of research - research work, which will determine the shape of the engine. At the stage of R & D, the technologies needed to create this engine will also be developed. This is a long long list: fundamentally new materials, which must first be tested in VIAM, CIAM, and only after that decide on the introduction of batch production. Engines of such proportion in the history of the Soviet, Russian aviation have not yet been created. Therefore, a large modernisation, reconstruction of production capacities, not only "UEC-Perm motors", but also other enterprises of the UEC will be required. It is necessary to create a whole test complex, already by 2021-2022 here on the site in Perm.

This will happen in stages. First of all, the designer will create the product. At some point it becomes clear: this is the construct that suits us, let's "run it in iron" and create a prototype. This is approximately 2022 year. And by this time we should already have a test base on which these prototypes could be tested. Most important, it is necessary to begin with tests of the gas generator - the heart of the engine, its hot part. After that, making sure that the correct materials and technical solutions are applied, we will proceed to create a demonstration engine. The engine-demonstrator is going to be built somewhere around 2023. And under this we have to conduct a certain series of tests on the stands on the core processing. There should be a test bench for compressors, a test bench for the combustion chamber ... This is the whole complex that must be created before the very first demonstration engine will be "put into iron".

Despite the fact that the level of applied software products, the level of digitalisation of engine development today is completely different, verification in hardware is still required. The main years just go to this test. I believe that the launch of PD-35 in the series is somewhere around 2028. 10 years to create such an engine is really the period during which you must work systematically, diligently, without relaxing for a minute.

Image

There have to be new materials, including composite ones, a wide range of their applications and their higher level for all characteristics for PD-35. The task is to use Russian components and technologies. Such products should serve as the driving force not only for aircraft engines, but for all industries that work together with us in cooperation. For example, for metallurgists who manufacture iron, plants that later make bearings for us from this iron. It turns out that industrial production in the country as a whole is moving to a new level. The same can be said about the industry of composite materials production. One of the trends that we support in conjunction with VIAM is the creation, for the first time in the history of the Russian aviation industry, of a composite fan blade of a turbine. It is likely that a steel blade will go to the very first sample of PD-35, but we know for sure that the designers are laying the possibility of production with composite blades in this project. In addition, it will be necessary to work out other new technologies, for example, from the use of bolts to switch to rotary welding. It may sound like a stamp, but PD-35 should really be a kind of technological breakthrough that must be implemented in these 10 years.

Director of Infrastructure of UEC-Perm Motors Nikolai Andreev: "
This is indeed a very serious project, therefore, the whole country will work on the creation of such an engine - hundreds of enterprises and dozens of scientific institutions. This engine is needed not only for the product itself, but also so that we do not lose our level of competence in the field of engineering design, in the field of technology, in the field of materials, develop and multiply them. This project is really like enormous driving force that will pull the whole economy of the country behind it. As well as PD-14, this engine will be created in wide cooperation with enterprises all over the country, including the UEC.

How to make such an engine? We must understand that by simply scaling the results achieved with the creation of the PD-14 engine, we will only get a part of the required characteristics. The rest of the characteristics we can provide only the development of completely new technologies and new materials. I must say that it is simply impossible to work on R & D without serious investments in production and testing facilities. It is necessary to master new critical technologies, manufacture new materials, create details and units of dimension that have not yet been created in our engine building industry. This requires certain investments.

Our working groups are studying a number of investment projects. In particular, aimed at the development of information systems - this is a large amount of calculations that designers need to do. This requires serious investments in the calculation base here on the territory of "UEC - Aviadvigatel". Large investments are needed to prepare the production base. These are machines and equipment for the production and assembly of high-dimensional parts.

And, of course, the preparation of a test base. Today in the country there is no testing base for finishing and experimental testing of engines of such proportion and such thrust. The bench test base for the creation of this engine will be built on our test station - there will be a logistics center, a body of final assembly and preparation for testing, and a whole set of test benches.

Image

Need to say that not all the nodes of the new engine can be modelled mathematically. We'll still have to manufacture the parts and test them in certain installations, get the result, bring it back and try it again. Therefore, the test base must be created earlier than the engine is created. This is a necessary condition. The fan diameter of PD-35 is 3.1 meters, the diameter of the propulsion system is already approaching 4 meters. This indicates that it is impossible to transport such an engine in assembled form. We assume that we will transport it to the test station by several nodes. By that time, the assembly building will be built. We will collect engines, test, then disassemble, send to aircraft plants, where it will again be assembled directly under the wing of the aircraft.

8 test benches will be built here: nodal stands for testing high-pressure compressors, a test bench for combustion chamber compartments and a full-sized combustion chamber, a vacuum test bed for rotor parts, a closed test bench for a gas generator, two stands and a test room for testing a full-size engine. And an open stand, on which various types of tests will be carried out: acoustic tests, ice casting tests, bird dropping, blade breaks, and so on. The task is to start developing design and estimate documentation this year. The timing of commissioning is very short, so we have very little time. Already, these projects are actively working. "

In conclusion, we can only note some facts. Today, the United Engine-Building Corporation employs more than 90,000 people. The total budget for the PD-35 engine development project is 180 billion rubles, of which 60 billion are investment costs, 120 billion is the creation of the engine itself, including the work of designers and scientific institutions. In the PD-35 project, it is planned to use such promising technologies as:

- application of composite polymer materials in engine parts and assemblies;

- production of large-dimension nacelle from composite materials with laminar flow;

- manufacturing of large-sized and complex-shaped body parts with the use of additive technologies;

- application of new high-temperature alloys and inter-metallic compounds;

- Creation of low-emission combustion chamber.

Philip
BRF Oldie
Posts: 19334
Joined: 01 Jan 1970 05:30
Location: India

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Philip » 27 Mar 2018 18:04

Ck link for vclip.SU-33 and MIG-29K operating off the Kuz.

https://www.almasdarnews.com/article/in ... irstrikes/
Incredible recently-released footage: Russian naval warplanes bomb militant targets in Syria (takeoffs, airstrikes)
By Andrew Illingworth - 26/03/20180

BEIRUT, LEBANON (3:10 P.M.) – The Russian Ministry of Defence recently released several minutes of footage showing the operations of the Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier against militant targets in Syria.

The footage is well over one year old, being from around the time of late-2016, when the carrier, its aircraft and its attached fleet conducted combat operations against militants in the Arab republic.

The video shows Su-33 and MiG-29K naval warplanes in action, striking key militant targets including bases, convoy movements, positions and logistical centers throughout Syria.

The operation carried out by the Admiral Kuznetsov in Syria represents the first (and so far only) time the aircraft carrier has seen combat since being commissioned in 1990.

During its brief deployment to Syria, the Admiral Kuznetsov reportedly carried out over four hundred combat missions, striking around 1,200 enemy targets.

Cain Marko
BRF Oldie
Posts: 3110
Joined: 26 Jun 2005 10:26

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Cain Marko » 30 Mar 2018 21:11

I might be a bit off here... But has the US tone towards Syria and Noko become more reconciliatory after Putins big speech. Trump plans to meet with Kim and is now talking is withdrawing from Syria very soon.

What I find interesting is that Putin was clear in his speech that even a small nuke attack on Russia or it's allies will result in instant response from Russia. Wonder who the allies are... Syria, Iran?

Singha
BRF Oldie
Posts: 62486
Joined: 13 Aug 2004 19:42
Location: the grasshopper lies heavy

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Singha » 30 Mar 2018 22:49

MOD has released footage of another Sarmat test after explusion of 60 diplomats

http://insider.foxnews.com/2018/03/30/r ... -us-europe

Philip
BRF Oldie
Posts: 19334
Joined: 01 Jan 1970 05:30
Location: India

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Philip » 31 Mar 2018 09:17

Amazing,the missile almost stops in mid-air after emerging from its silo, then accelerates upwards!

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 31 Mar 2018 12:58

Philip wrote:Amazing,the missile almost stops in mid-air after emerging from its silo, then accelerates upwards!


This is common for all cold launch including SLBM , there is nano second difference between cut of gas generator and start of first stage

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 31 Mar 2018 13:00

First Prototype of new Pantsir-SM anti-aircraft missile and gun system on the K-53958 chassis "Tornado"

Image
Image
Image

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 01 Apr 2018 12:56

An Unknown AESA Radar seen at @ Ashuluk, Likely for S-500

Image
Image

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 01 Apr 2018 12:58

BUK-M3 System

Image
Image
Image
Image

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 01 Apr 2018 12:58

Prototype of 57 mm Gun Based AD System on Tracked Chassis

Image

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 01 Apr 2018 12:59

Video from Testing Ground @ Ashuluk


Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 01 Apr 2018 13:10

News of Tu-22M3 Backfire production will restarted like Tu-160M2 due to delay in PAK-DA program and its success in Syrian Air campaign

New Backfire will be called Article 345

Key Features

1 ) Twin NK-32 series 02 same as used in Tu-160M2 which uses four of these instead of NK-25 engines used on Tu-22M3
2 ) Will have twin crew instead of four
3 ) Will have Refulleing Probes increasing its range significantly , Will carry more internal fuel and conformal fuel tank Ferry range will significantly increase from 6800 km to 9000-1000 km
4 ) New Avionics/New Weapons.
5 ) The armament will include cruise missiles of the available types (X-55 / X-555, X-101 / X-102, X-32) and advanced missile systems "Dagger", GZUR and X-50, as well as a wide range controlled and unguided aircraft bombs. The aircraft will be a carrier of nuclear weapons, including strategic range.

https://bmpd.livejournal.com/3142782.html

Singha
BRF Oldie
Posts: 62486
Joined: 13 Aug 2004 19:42
Location: the grasshopper lies heavy

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Singha » 01 Apr 2018 13:25

Refuel probes were removed under some treaty
But now all such treaties are null and void

brar_w
BRF Oldie
Posts: 6511
Joined: 11 Aug 2016 06:14

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby brar_w » 01 Apr 2018 18:09

Singha wrote:Refuel probes were removed under some treaty
But now all such treaties are null and void


Which treaties are null and void? and which treaty, specifically, are you referring to? Start-I does not apply anymore and to the best of my knowledge, under New-Start, as long as you are having a heavy bomber which is nuclear capable you are agreeing to count it towards the 700 limit for strategic delivery systems so the ability to refuel does not, to the best of knowledge, factor in.

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 01 Apr 2018 20:38

I think it was SALT treaty which mandated the removal of Refuelling Probe as it gave Tu-22M strategic range.

With new Start treaty which highly favours the bombers where counting rules allow each bomber to be counted as “one” deployed warhead, even though bombers can carry up to 16-20 nuclear weapons , then converting Tu-22M4 into strategic bomber wont be a challange as each bomber even if 100 are deployed will be counted as 100 deployed warhead https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/ ... ceNewSTART

brar_w
BRF Oldie
Posts: 6511
Joined: 11 Aug 2016 06:14

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby brar_w » 01 Apr 2018 21:04

Right. This is exactly what I said as well. I have no idea which treaty Singha is talking about being null and void. With New-Start, one relative limiting factor is the cap on the delivery systems which is 700 so each additional bomber must be offset by a reduction in another delivery system if you are at the cap (both Russia and US are at or below it at the moment). It is completely silent on refueling capability at all. You could certify heavy bombers based on either agreed upon verification process or a single inspection so that they are no longer counted as a deployed delivery system. The US for example, removed the strategic mission from the B-1B so it no longer is capable of carrying nuclear weapons.

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 01 Apr 2018 21:29

I think even with Refullers in Conventional role Tu-22M4 would be counted under New Start if its certified for non-nuclear role like US B-1B so it now does not make much difference with or without refuelling probes. Will depends on what delivery systems each country prefers as long as its below the agreed cap. Looking at Russian systems at work they are investing more on long range missile then the actual platform that delivers them the range of some system are close to intercontinental or exceeds them.

brar_w
BRF Oldie
Posts: 6511
Joined: 11 Aug 2016 06:14

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby brar_w » 01 Apr 2018 23:07

As per my own understanding of New-Start, a strategic heavy bomber if armed for conventional duties only does not count as a deployed nuclear delivery system and is therefore excluded from the cap of 700. Below is the relevant explaination and link -

According to the Protocol to New START, a deployed heavy bomber is one that is equipped for
nuclear armaments but is not a “test heavy bomber or a heavy bomber located at a repair facility
or at a production facility.” Moreover, a heavy bomber is equipped for nuclear armaments if it is
“equipped for long-range nuclear ALCMs, nuclear air-to-surface missiles, or nuclear bombs.” All
deployed heavy bombers must be located at air bases, which are defined as facilities “at which
deployed heavy bombers are based and their operation is supported.” If an air base cannot support
the operations of heavy bombers, then the treaty does not consider it to be available for the basing
of heavy bombers, even though they may land at such bases under some circumstances. Test
heavy bombers can be based only at heavy bomber flight test centers and nondeployed heavy
bombers other than test heavy bombers can be located only at repair facilities or production
facilities for heavy bombers. Each party may have no more than 10 test heavy bombers.

Heavy bombers that are not equipped for long range nuclear ALCMs, nuclear air-to-surface
missiles, or nuclear bombs will not count under the treaty limits. However, the treaty does specify
that, “within the same type, a heavy bomber equipped for nuclear armaments shall be
distinguishable from a heavy bomber equipped for non-nuclear armaments.” Moreover, if a party
does convert some bombers within a given type so that they are no longer equipped to carry
nuclear weapons, it cannot base the nuclear and nonnuclear bombers at the same air base, unless
otherwise agreed by the parties.

Hence, the United States could reduce the number of bombers that count under the treaty limits
by altering some of its B-52 bombers so that they no longer carry nuclear weapons and by basing
them at a separate base from those that still carry nuclear weapons. In addition, if the United
States converted all of the bombers of a given type, so that none of them could carry nuclear
armaments, then none of the bombers of that type would count under the New START treaty. This
provision allows the United States to remove its B-1 bombers from treaty accountability. They no
longer carry nuclear weapons, but they still counted under the old START Treaty and were never
altered so that they could not carry nuclear weapons. The conversion rules that would affect the
B-1 bombers are described below.
https://fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/R41219.pdf


New-Start was one of the main reasons the USAF wanted the B-21 to be conventional and kept wanting the Nuclear capability to come in later until the US Congress forced them to change course and field the nuclear mission within the IOC-->FOC window.

Philip
BRF Oldie
Posts: 19334
Joined: 01 Jan 1970 05:30
Location: India

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Philip » 02 Apr 2018 05:38

Tx.A.I thought only Ru naval missiles were cold launched.

Backfire prod. to be restarted? I thought it was only for Blackjack.I think there are enough mothballed Backfires- 300 idling after the collapse of the USSR, worth upgrading at lower cost than reopening the line.The missiles carried by them though are still relevant.

However if it is to make up the shortage until Pak-Da arrives, since Russia is cash- strapped at the moment, a sensible approach.This also gives us a great opportunity to acquire a couple of sqds. for both IN and IAF.If the IAF want out, no problem.Hand over the strat. bombing role to the IN.

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 03 Apr 2018 16:01

Modernised variant of the anti-ballistic missile 53T6 (NATO: ABM-3 Gazelle) designated as 53T6M is claimed to reach a maximum speed of 4km/sec or 11.7 Mach(!) https://twitter.com/Russian_Defence/sta ... 9035530242




The Air and Space Defense Forces conducted another test of a "new modernized" interceptor of the Moscow missile defense system at the Sary-Shagan test site. The test appear to take place on April 1, 2018. The new interceptor is often referred to as 53T6M.

The first time description of a test included mentions of improvement of the Moscow missile defense system was the June 2017 test. It is possible that it was the first test of the new interceptor, but it is more likely that it was a regular annual test of the old 53T6 (these traditionally take place in June). The words "new modernized" appeared only in November 2017, and then again in February 2018. So, this is probably the third test of the 53T6M.


http://russianforces.org/blog/2018/04/a ... terc.shtml

brar_w
BRF Oldie
Posts: 6511
Joined: 11 Aug 2016 06:14

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby brar_w » 03 Apr 2018 16:08

^ Any idea on what sort of target systems they are using for these tests?

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 03 Apr 2018 16:32

brar_w wrote:^ Any idea on what sort of target systems they are using for these tests?


No idea could be a simulated one

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 03 Apr 2018 16:33

First of the two Flying Command Post for MOD on Tu-214 Platform , Tu-214PU-SBUS

https://bmpd.livejournal.com/3145203.html

Image

Image

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 04 Apr 2018 16:56

Patent on S-500 TEL

Some images from patent

Image
Image

Image
Yenisei acquisition radar at Ashuluk range(YuVO): https://youtu.be/Gpq2KvZrkBk

Reporter Mentioned specs for Radar max.alt: 100km; max rang: 600km

Image

S-500 TEL

ramana
Forum Moderator
Posts: 49819
Joined: 01 Jan 1970 05:30

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby ramana » 07 Apr 2018 08:21

Looks very interesting multi use ATGM.


Philip
BRF Oldie
Posts: 19334
Joined: 01 Jan 1970 05:30
Location: India

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Philip » 09 Apr 2018 13:10

Many years ago when we retired our MIG-25s,which were being used for recce flights over Pak,we were offered a one-for-one replacement of them with the latest versions of the MIG-31.Perhaps due to our budding recce. sat capabilities at that time,we astonishingly did not take up that offer.the MIG-31s are ideal AWACS killers and equipped with hypersonic missiles as mentioned in the report are virtually impossible to defeat,esp. in the Chin context.Now that we are MTCR members,and there is no restriction on hyper-missiles for us,as we're seeing with the hyper-BMos JV,at the Indo-Russian defence summit being held on the sidelines of DEFEXPO,a case for the return of the MIG-31,the latest avatar of the MIG-25 could be discussed. The IAF have to think out of their blinkered mentality ,terribly land-locked,with no apparent strategic thought whatsoever.perhaps the aircraft would be better served flying in IN roundels from unsinkable INS India!

Russia picks MiG-31 fighter as a carrier for cutting-edge hypersonic weapon
Military & Defense April 06, 16:34 UTC+3
TASS highlights the history of creation and the unique potential integrated into the Russian fighter-interceptor, and also the capabilities of the Kh-47M2 invincible missile

In March 2018, the world learnt that Russia possessed the Kinzhal (Dragger) unique airborne hypersonic missile system designed to destroy ground and sea targets. The MiG-31 supersonic long-range all-weather fighter jet developed by the MiG Design Bureau during the Soviet period and accepted for service in 1981 was chosen as a carrier for the new missile system.

READ ALSO
Russian defense contractor completes trials of new-generation fighter jet
Russian fighter jets intercept hypothetical enemy planes in stratosphere during drills
Russian state armaments program to focus on precision weaponry — defense official
The MiG-31 or the Foxhound as it is called in the West is a veteran of Russia’s Aerospace Force but is still unique by its speed and altitude capabilities.

The fighter jet can easily climb to an altitude of 25 km and accelerate to 3,000 km/h, after which the missile that reaches the point of its discharge within minutes starts its autonomous flight. Nuclear and conventional munitions are delivered to the target to a distance of up to 2,000 km. Moreover, the missile can deal a serious blow on the enemy without entering its heavily protected air and anti-ballistic missile defense system.

Thanks to the MiG-31’s high performance characteristics, the hypersonic missile with low radar signature and highly maneuverable capabilities of the Kinzhal system (the Kh-47M2 missile as some open sources report) has no rivals in the world.

In 1977, Soviet test pilot Alexander Fedotov flying a MiG-31 plane climbed to an altitude of 37,650 meters in outer space. Up to date, the MiG-31 outflies actually the entire range of altitudes accessible for modern aircraft. Two years ago, a MiG-31BM plane set a new record of nonstop flight equaling 7 hours and 4 minutes (with two mid-air refueling operations). The unique materials together with the well-devised design make the Foxhound a record-setting plane by many parameters.

The Kinzhal airborne hypersonic missile system
Kinzhal’s invulnerability

In a video shown by the Russian president on March 1, a MiG-31BM plane delivered a missile to a point of its discharge, following which it flew at hypersonic speed (at more than 10 times the speed of the sound) and maneuvered at all the sections of its flight path. In the opinion of Russian Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov, the basic specific task and complexity was to ensure that the missile could reach hypersonic speeds, i.e. about 10 Mach.

“This allows approaching a target quite quickly as compared, for example, to cruise missiles that fly at an average cruising speed of around 850-900 km/h, i.e. the primary specificity is speed, in the first place,” the deputy defense minister said.

As the second specific feature, it is capable of maneuvering during its flight with the help of aerodynamic control and bypassing air defense or anti-ballistic missile defense zones, Borisov said.

The anti-missile shield becomes pregnable in this situation. Precisely the ability to maneuver in a hypersonic flight makes this weapon invulnerable and makes it guaranteed that it hits the target
Yuri Borisov
Deputy Defense Minister of Russia

As Commander-in-Chief of Russia’s Aerospace Force Colonel-General Sergei Surovikin said, the creation of the Kinzhal system marked an important breakthrough in the development of hypersonic weapons. A carrier aircraft delivers an aero-ballistic missile to the area of its discharge within just minutes, after which the main propulsion unit accelerates the munition to hypersonic speed within seconds. “At the final section of the flight path, a homing warhead is activated to ensure the required accuracy and selectivity of target engagement in any time of day or night,” the commander-in-chief said.

The flight to the target also takes several seconds, which excludes the missile’s interception by air defense capabilities. The Kinzhal’s efficiency has been numerously proven during state trials.

READ ALSO

MiG-29 multirole frontline fighter sends its might to new heights
From December 2017, the first aviation unit in Russia’s Southern Military District armed with the Kinzhal hypersonic missile system went on experimental and combat duty to test the fundamentals of the system’s combat use.

“This is far from being fantastic,” Deputy Defense Minister Borisov says.

“Moreover, this is a class of precision weapons fitted with multifunctional combat capabilities making it possible to strike both stationary and mobile targets. Specifically, aircraft carriers and cruiser-class warships, destroyers and frigates are potential targets for this weapon,” the defense official said.

In the opinion of TASS military expert Viktor Litovkin, the deployment of MiG-31 fighters carrying the Kinzhal hypersonic missile systems in the Southern Military District can be most likely explained by the need “to keep under control the Black Sea area,” which US and NATO warships armed with Tomahawk long-range cruise missiles regularly enter, posing a threat to strategic missile systems in Russia’s European part.

“The Kinzhal system is precisely intended for their deterrence. Intruders must know about this,” the expert said.

Incidentally, the crews of Kinzhal airborne hypersonic missile systems in the Southern Military District have already performed about 250 flights day and night in various weather conditions since the beginning of 2018, according to the reports by Russia’s Defense Ministry.

Besides, close to the Black Sea area is Syria where we have our interests, the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, as well as the Hmeymim and Tartus military bases. It is not ruled out that the Kinzhal may also come in useful in this region, all the more so as the distance from the Krasnodar Region to Syria is not very large. It takes half an hour flight by a MiG-31 fighter jet
Viktor Litovkin
TASS military expert

On March 11, Russia’s Defense Ministry posted new footage of the Kh-47M2 hypersonic missile’s trials. The video shows a MiG-31 fighter jet without external hardpoints for R-33 air-to-air missiles making part of the fighter’s organic armament. A new external sling has been specially developed for the Kh-47M2, which suggests the weapon’s big weight. As military experts presume, the fighter jet may get a new modification in the future, for example, the MiG-31K. It should be noted that initially the aircraft was an interceptor rather than a carrier of air-to-surface weapons.

I believe that the strategic Tu-22M3 long-range aircraft will also be upgraded in a perspective as Kinzhal carriers. They are supersonic and can also take on a large load of munitions (12 tonnes), including the Kinzhal. The only thing to be done is to make structural changes in the aircraft
Viktor Litovkin
TASS military expert

The data of open sources suggest that the Kinzhal is a distant prototype of the Soviet Kh-15 tactical attack missile accepted for service in 1988. At the same time, the Kinzhal’s external outlook has similarity with the 9M723-1 aero-ballistic missile (NATO reporting name: SS-26) of the Iskander-M missile system. It has a flight speed of up to 1,800 m/s and an operating range of 400 km. Most likely, the Kinzhal’s first stage was developed on the basis of the Iskander missile system. The missile’s front part shown in the video was blurred.

The Kh-15 hypersonic missile with the thermonuclear warhead was regarded as a Soviet response to the US SRAM missile that went into service in the US Air Force in 1972. The Kh-15 was intended for arming Tu-22M, Tu-95MS and Tu-160 strategic long-range bombers. However, before the disintegration of the USSR, only several regiments of Tu-22M3 long-range bombers had the time to learn to operate the new missile. The mass production was impeded by economic problems and the range unsatisfactory for the military as it did not allow operating outside the area of enemy air defenses. When launched from a bomber, the Kh-15 could climb to an altitude of over 40 km and then dive at the target following the trajectory close to the ballistic flight path and developing a speed of Mach 5.

Russia started to gradually phase out the Kh-15 missile in the early 2000s owing to the termination of its serial production and the expiry of the warranty period of keeping solid-propellant components. It is known that it was used as the basis to develop missiles with conventional warheads – the Kh-15P anti-radar missile and the Kh-15S anti-ship missile. Su-27 fighter jets could be among carriers for the latter missile; however, there are no data on its acceptance for service.

Despite such similarity in design, the Kinzhal’s performance characteristics are by a factor higher than the parameters of the 9M723-1 and the Kh-15.

The plane that has outpaced time
The MiG-31 was upgraded along with the development of the hypersonic missile for the Kinzhal system.


The supersonic MiG-31 has been chosen as the carrier. The work on modernizing this unique supersonic aircraft that has outpaced its time was carried out along with the weapon’s development

With the Kinzhal, the MiG-31 interceptor has assumed its new role of an attack aircraft. Incidentally, its predecessor, the MiG-25, was also upgraded to get the capability of striking ground targets with free-fall bombs.

The first Soviet fourth-generation MiG-31 combat plane was developed in the 1970s by the Design Bureau 155 (currently, the Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG) led by Chief Designer Gleb Lozino-Lozinsky.

Initially, the Soviet air defense aviation wanted the new fighter jet to fly faster than the MiG-25. At that time, it was the fastest fighter jet in the world, developing a maximum speed of 3,000 km/h.

The new project already stipulated requirements for a speed of 3,700-4,000 km/h. A double-circuit D-30F6 engine with the maximum thrust of 152 kN being developed on the basis of the civil D-30 motor mounted on the Tu-134 airliner was ordered for the project.

While retaining the general configuration, the production technology and the dimensions of the MiG-25, the new project got a crew of two. The stiffness of the wings and air intakes was increased to provide for the aircraft’s flights at supersonic speed close to the ground. Compared to the MiG-25, the share of steel used in the MiG-31 fighter decreased while the proportion of titanium and modern aluminum alloys increased. As a result, the world’s heaviest and fastest fighter-interceptor emerged.

MiG military aircraft: 110 years since the birth of Soviet designer Artem Mikoyan
The MiG-31 performed its debut flight on September 16, 1975. The prototype aircraft that took to the skies was piloted by Mikoyan Design Bureau Chief Pilot Alexander Fedotov.

An experiment was conducted at the Akhtubinsk testing center’s proving range in 1978 to simultaneously track ten air targets with the Zaslon radar. The targets moved in a front of 150 km wide. The fighter jet flew at an altitude of 5,000 m. Five targets moved below the interceptor at altitudes of 1,400 m to 2,600 m while the other five were above the plane (from 8,400 m to 9,600 m). It was for the first time that four air targets were simultaneously destroyed by four missiles. Notably, several months later, the Americans reported that their spy satellite had registered the destruction of an air target at an altitude of 60 m by an air-to-air missile launched from a distance of 200 km by the “modified MiG-25” flying at an altitude of 6,000 m.

The MiG-31 was shown to the world public for the first time at the Le Bourget air show near Paris in 1991.

The fighter-interceptor was produced in 1975-1994 at the Sokol Aviation Enterprise (currently, Nizhny Novgorod). Overall, more than 500 such planes were built.

The MiG-31 was specially developed to repeal massive attacks by small cruise missiles flying at low altitudes. For all the years of its operation, the aircraft underwent upgrades. It should be noted that interest in the fighter-interceptor increased each time after US and NATO’s military operations, especially after the bombing of Iraq, Yugoslavia and Afghanistan.

The project of the MiG-31M interceptor was not carried through. In 1993, it became the first fighter in the world to hit an air target at a distance of 200-228 km (with the K-37 missile).

The MiG-31D was another version of the 1980s that did not enter service due to the disintegration of the Soviet Union. It was an element of the Russian anti-satellite system 30P6 Kontakt. The fighter jet was expected to carry a three-stage missile developed by the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology (the institute also designed Topol-M and Bulava strategic missiles).

As compared to the standard MiG-31, the ‘satellite fighter’ had neither an unnecessary radar nor a gun. The engines were modernized to increase thrust at a high altitude. The trials were held at the air defense troops’ Sary-Shagan practice range in Kazakhstan where anti-missile defense systems were tested. In 1991, the program was halted.

In 2001, the MiG-31S project was presented for the launch of small commercial satellites. The Mikron carrier rocket could deliver a satellite weighing 100 kg into orbit at an altitude of 200 km. The rocket was intended for its launch at a speed of 2.3 Mach at an altitude of 20-25 km. A three-seat rocket plane could be another planned load for the MiG-31S for suborbital flights. It was viewed as a vehicle to train cosmonauts and also carry out tourist and advertising flights.

In 2005, Russia and Kazakhstan announced plans to create another aerospace system called Ishim to deliver small-size satellites into the near-Earth orbit. The MiG-31I and the three-stage solid propellant rocket created by the Moscow Institute of Thermal Technology and carried under the fuselage were designed to deliver a satellite weighing 160 kg into orbit at an altitude of 300 km.

The modernized MiG-31BM was due to get new armament, including long- and medium-range K-37M and K-77M air-to-air missiles tested aboard the MiG-31 fighter, as well as new 9M96 missiles from the S-400 air defense system. The operation range of the modernized radar must be adequate to new missiles. The radar could track 24 targets and guide missiles towards eight of them. The upgraded cockpit was equipped with liquid-crystal displays. The aircraft was due to get new electronic combat systems. From 2011, work was launched at the Sokol Enterprise in Nizhny Novgorod to upgrade aircraft to the MiG-31BM version. In 2013, the first pair of aircraft went on combat duty at the Monchegorsk airfield in the Murmansk Region in northwest Russia. According to the data of open sources, about 100 modernized MiG-31BM are in operation today.

The MiG-31BM incorporates a new weapon control system and radars allowing the aircraft to detect targets at a distance of up to 320 km and destroy them at a distance of up to 280 km. The aircraft is capable of tracking up to ten and destroying six air targets at a time. However, it is less maneuverable than most of modern fighter jets but the operation range of the radar and missiles coupled with the possibility to engage several targets at a time allows it to avoid a close encounter with an enemy. The aircraft has a combat radius capability of 700 km to 1,500 km, depending on the load and the flight speed.

A group of four aircraft is capable of covering the airspace along the front of up to 1,000 km, for example, from Moscow to Krasnodar. The MiG-31 is capable of intercepting any targets in the air, hitting cruise missiles within the entire range of their altitudes and speeds and destroying satellites operating in low orbits.

More:
http://tass.com/defense/998221

Kartik
BRF Oldie
Posts: 3862
Joined: 04 Feb 2004 12:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Kartik » 10 Apr 2018 03:39

Russia's S-400, Pantsir systems hit ballistic cruise missiles during military drills

MOSCOW, April 6. /TASS/. A group of air defense systems S-400 Triumf and artillery and missile systems Pantsir-S1 of the Central Military District have for the first time been used as an integral system to repel a massive missile attack of a hypothetical enemy at a tactical exercise at the Ashuluk test site, in the Astrakhan Region, the acting chief of the 14th Air Force and Air Defense Army’s air defense department, Colonel Gennady Shlag said on Friday.

"During the exercise the S-400 air defense systems were for the first time pooled into one system with the near-range system Pantsir-S1. Guided by one commander, they entered duty and managed to repel two massive missile attacks," he said.

S-400 crews destroyed targets imitating high-speed ballistic missiles, while Pantsir-S1 simultaneously destroyed low altitude small targets, such as cruise missiles and drones of a hypothetical enemy.

"This tandem creates a multi-tier system of protection under one commander," Shlag said.

The district’s press-service said the experiment was successful.

"All targets were identified on time, tracked and destroyed. Manufacturers’ delegates were present at the exercise," the press-service added.
..

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 10 Apr 2018 08:45

RuAF MiG-31BM armed with Kinzhal missiles.

Image

Cain Marko
BRF Oldie
Posts: 3110
Joined: 26 Jun 2005 10:26

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Cain Marko » 10 Apr 2018 10:22

Kartik wrote:Russia's S-400, Pantsir systems hit ballistic cruise missiles during military drills

MOSCOW, April 6. /TASS/. A group of air defense systems S-400 Triumf and artillery and missile systems Pantsir-S1 of the Central Military District have for the first time been used as an integral system to repel a massive missile attack of a hypothetical enemy at a tactical exercise at the Ashuluk test site, in the Astrakhan Region, the acting chief of the 14th Air Force and Air Defense Army’s air defense department, Colonel Gennady Shlag said on Friday.

"During the exercise the S-400 air defense systems were for the first time pooled into one system with the near-range system Pantsir-S1. Guided by one commander, they entered duty and managed to repel two massive missile attacks," he said.

S-400 crews destroyed targets imitating high-speed ballistic missiles, while Pantsir-S1 simultaneously destroyed low altitude small targets, such as cruise missiles and drones of a hypothetical enemy.

"This tandem creates a multi-tier system of protection under one commander," Shlag said.

The district’s press-service said the experiment was successful.

"All targets were identified on time, tracked and destroyed. Manufacturers’ delegates were present at the exercise," the press-service added.
..


I wouldn't be surprised if NS was one of those watching the show.... :twisted:

Austin
BRF Oldie
Posts: 21590
Joined: 23 Jul 2000 11:31

Re: Russian weapons and military technology

Postby Austin » 10 Apr 2018 21:41

International Forum of Engine Building MFD-2018 in Moscow

1 )

The civil aircraft engine industry was represented by the SaM146 powerplant, which is equipped with Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ100) airliners. It is produced by Rybinsk PJSC "ODK-Saturn" on terms of equal partnership with Safran Aircraft Engines (France). The SaM146 engine is certified according to EASA and AR MAC standards and since 2011 is in commercial operation. The total operating time of the operating SaM146 powerplants in March 2018 exceeded 830,000 flight hours

Image
Image
Image

2 )

For the first time at the exhibition, the UDK demonstrated the full-scale sample of the turboprop engine TV7-117ST, developed by the St. Petersburg JSC "ODK-Klimov" and intended for equipping the regional IL-114-300 airliner and IL-112V light military transport aircraft. ground tests, for which in 2016 a test stand was created at JSC "ODK-Klimov", the capabilities of which allow testing the power plant at once with the propeller, nacelle and other elements of the aircraft (parts of the wing and fuselage). The use of a unified engine on IL-112 B and IL-114-300 aircraft will help reduce costs in production and will be an example of the transfer of military technology to the civilian sector. Resource tests of the TV7-117ST engine continue. In 2018, the advanced flight tests of TV7-117VST will continue as part of the IL-76LL flying laboratory. Produced by JSC "ODK-Klimov" in cooperation with other enterprises of the JDC.

Image
Image
Image

3 )

JSC "ODK-Klimov" developed and successfully tested the latest modification of the VK-2500 helicopter turbo-engine - VK-2500PS engine with improved performance characteristics and the use of modern Russian digital electronic control and monitoring system. The engine implements solutions that allow managing the resource characteristics depending on the specific operating conditions. The basic application of VK-2500PS is the newest civil Mi-171A2 helicopter. Earlier, the UDK provided the VK-2500 engine for production in Russia. Today, the UDK is increasing the pace of production of VK-2500 engines taking into account the needs of the state customer, as well as export supplies. The assembly is carried out from the Russian components.

Image

4 )

PD-14 is the basic turbofan engine, which is created in the wide cooperation of the enterprises of the UDC for the MS-21-300 airliner with the use of the newest technologies and materials, including composite ones. It is not inferior to foreign analogues in operation, but in many respects, in particular, emissions into the atmosphere, noise , etc., surpasses them. The UDK continues the flight and ground tests of the PD-14 engine, during which it confirms the declared parameters. The procedure for certification of the PD-14 basic engine both for Russian and international standards is in accordance with the established deadlines. In 2018, it is planned to receive a certificate of the Federal Air Transport Agency, and in 2019 - EASA. The main executor of the PD-14 program is JSC "ODK", the lead developer is JSC "ODK-Aviadvigatel", the parent manufacturer - JSC "ODK-Perm Motors"

Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image
Image

5 )

The liquid rocket engine NK-33 was created by the legendary Soviet designer Nikolai Kuznetsov for the "lunar" space project N1. It became the first in the world in its class - an engine, made in a closed circuit, working on oxygen-kerosene components, which has a multi-launch and repeated use. The development and production of the Samara enterprise ODK PJSC "Kuznetsov" presented at the forum of NK-33A is distinguished by reliability and perfection of technical parameters, demonstrates the maximum ratio of thrust to mass among modern engines. March 29, 2018 engine NK-33A, ensured the successful launch of a light carrier rocket Soyuz-2-1v from the military cosmodrome Plesetsk (Arkhangelsk region).

Image
Image

6 )

The engine TRDD-50AT (36MT) is designed for installation on unmanned aerial vehicles for special purposes. The main requirements for such GTE are the minimum dimensions and weight, high efficiency and reliability. UDC on the basis of PJSC "ODK-Saturn" had previously successfully implemented the import substitution program for small-sized engines.

Image
Image

7 )

AL-41F-1C produced by the Ufa-based PJSC "UDK-UMPO", it is a turbojet two-loop engine of the 4+ generation with an afterburner and a controlled thrust vector, a deep modernization of the AL-31F engine. From the predecessor, the engine is distinguished by an increased life and a thrust of 14.5 tons. AL-41F-1C allows the aircraft to develop supersonic speed without the use of afterburner.

Image
Image
Image

8 )

RD-33MK - turbojet dual-loop engine with afterburner - modification of the basic engine RD-33, subjected to serious design refinement. Designed for the MiG-29K / KUB deck fighter aircraft, as well as for the newest multi-purpose MiG-35 fighter. In January 2017 engines RD-33MK worked without any comments during the first test flight MiG-35. When creating the RD-33MK, all the advantages of the base platform were retained, while the engine has increased traction (in the forced modes it is increased to 10%). The engine is equipped with a modern digital automatic control and monitoring system BARK-42. The resource is significantly increased due to the application of the modernized turbine cooling system. The developer is JSC "ODK-Klimov", manufacturer - JSC "MMP named after V.V. Chernyshev "(Moscow).

Image
Image

9 )

In 2015, the UDC completed the measures for import replacement of engine parts and engine components AI-222-25, which are equipped with Yak-130 combat training aircraft. Currently, it is manufactured by the Moscow NPC of gas turbine construction "Salyut" entirely from Russian components. Earlier, about half of the components were supplied from abroad.

Image

10 )

Floating model of the first domestic jet engine TR-1, developed under the leadership of A.M. Cradles

Image
Image

11 )

AL-31FN - turbojet two-circuit, two-shaft engine with mixing of internal and external contours behind the turbine, afterburner and all-variable adjustable supersonic jet nozzle. It is a modification of the AL-31F engine with the lower location of the boxes of engine and aircraft units. Designed for single-engine fighter aircraft manufactured in China. At MFD-2018 is presented a variant with a jet nozzle with a controlled thrust vector. This nozzle developed by the Moscow JSC "NPC gas turbine construction" Salyut "is an additional option for the engine, which allows to significantly improve the flight performance of the aircraft.

Image
Image

12 )

Ural Civil Aviation Plant (UZGA) will produce VK-800S engines intended for use as part of a twin-engine propulsion system on L-410UVP-E20 turboprops, as well as in power units of other light aircraft. The development of the project within the import substitution program is carried out by a separate subdivision of the enterprise in St. Petersburg. The customer is Minpromtorg of Russia.

Image

13 )

The input module of a high-speed fuel-gas-fueled hydrogen-fueled fuel test at the CIAM stand

Image


Return to “Military Issues & History Forum”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: Nitesh, Shakthi, ssaravanan and 49 guests