The most important thing at the moment is to try and understand China's motives in all this.
Maybe they are trying to do a reverse Doklam and stop the infrastructure building on the Indian side. However, the DS-DBO road has been under construction for a long time and was completed last year. Only a small bridge probably remains.
Also, China obviously knows our force levels in the region and would have a decent idea about our ORBAT for eastern ladakh and the Sikkim-AP border region. Also, about the reserves that we have and can call up. In fact recently IA had also conducted an exercise with the newly created IBG, simulating offensive action on the eastern front.
Also, after doklam they also know that we have the resolve to stand up to them and would not give in easily.
Maybe the Chinese have only small localized goals in the sector, like taking control of some hills or dominating heights, so as to negate the new roads being built by India, or have a much larger design, which we need to decipher and counter accordingly.
In today's TOI, Maroof Raza says its more about water and Chinese desire to try and link KK pass with Aksai cheen and further westerward to Shaksgam valley. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/blo ... c-designs/
The Chinese are funding 5 dams in Gilgit-Baltistan, with the latest being $5.4 billion for the Diamer-Basha dam (previously the foolish Niazi was trying to get it built with crowd funding
). They wouldn't be putting in so much money, just to generate electricity and to sell to bankrupt power discoms in porkiland.
What the Chinese action is also doing is what India did with Paki nuclear bluster. They are showing that limited conventional conflict is possible between nuclear armed countries, especially if one feels that they have an advantage in conventional weapons. For example, if the Chinese were to somehow capture say upto 2,000-3,000 SqKms of Indian territory in eastern ladakh, would India threaten to use nuclear weapons? Our Nuclear posture espouses NFU anyways. Realistically, India would not think of this option, even if we loose that sliver of territory.
At this juncture understanding what the Chinese are after is most important and our response should be commensurate with that. If the Chinese are looking for just some small regional gains, then negotiated de-escalation should be the route. However, if there is much larger Chinese strategic objective in all this, then escalating the conflict and giving the Chinese a bloody nose (throw in a black eye and few broken teeth as well), should be the way forward. In the second option, we have to be prepared for a longer conflict raging over a few months, which would have serious implications for our economy. Perhaps also opening up of the western front by the pakis or worse still paki-cheen combined force on the western border.
Some reports have indicated Chinese troop mobilisation near Kashgar in Xinjiang. Happens to be 480 Kms from LAC, but what if the Chinese move that force in Gilgit-Baltistan, via the Khunjerab pass? Maybe all this LAC noise could also be preparing the ground for permanent PLAGF presence in GB!!