China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

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jamwal
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China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 26 Dec 2020 14:15

CHINESE ARMED FORCES ORDER OF BATTLE (ORBAT)

In 2017, 18 Group Armies (GA, similar to Corps in other militaries) were reorganised into 13 GAs. Air Force, Navy, Rocket forces are being included in these new GAs under new designations. Previously 7 Military Regions(MR) have been converted in to five Theater Commands (TC) Northern, Southern, Central, Eastern and Western. Space, Cyber and Electronic warfare has been consolidated under Strategic Support Force.

MRs were responsible for a wide range of combat and non-combat functions such as management, command, peacetime operations and force building. Additionally, in case of a war, command staff drawn from Beijing would be in command. New TCs are responsible for only training and joint operations. Rest of the functions have been given to other organisations.
Among a few other things, this allows the Central Military Commission (CMC) to have direct authority over Chinese armed forces. Many of these reforms seem to be based on changing US war doctrines. How will Chinese manage remains to be seen. CMC now has:

6 Departments:
    Logistical Support: Overall logistics command
    Political Work: Political control through commissars.
    Joint Staff: Operational planning, logistics and strategy,
    Training & Administration: Training command.
    Equipment Development: Technological R&D, acquisition & maintenance.
    National Defence Mobilisation Development: Management & mobilisation of reserve forces.

3 Commissions
    Politics & Law: Military law & governance.
    Science & technology: Development and liaising with civil scientific fields
    Discipline Inspection: Organisational cohesiveness.

6 Offices
    General Office
    Administration
    Auditing,
    International Cooperation
    Reform & Organisation Structure
    Strategic Planning

Chairman of CMC, who is also the President of China Xi Jinping now has direct command and leadership over the entirety of Chinese armed forces through this structure. Under the new structure, the Armies will have Combined Arms Brigades and a few support brigades. Each TC has ground and air forces under its command in addition to conventional missile units. Northern, Eastern and Southern commands also have naval units

Image

Composition of Group Army : -
    6 Combined Arms Brigades
    Six Support Brigades
    1 Artillery
    1 Air Defense
    1 Army aviation or Air Assault
    Special Operations
    Engineer
    Service Support

Combined Arms Brigade are classified as light (mountain or light mechanised) or heavy (mechanised infantry or armoured)

Composition of Combined Arms Brigade : -
    4 Combined Arms Battalions
    1 Artillery Battalion
    1 Air Defense Battalion
    1 Combat Support Battalion
    1 Logistic Support Battalion
    1 Reconnaissance Battalion
    1 Guard & Service Company
Battalion Command
After discarding Soviet system of command in which regimental HQs did most of planning and staff work for battalions. PLA has now eliminated regiments from chain of command. Battalions will now be capable of planning and executing operations independently. Battalion Commander directly commands a deputy battalion commander, master sergeant, chief of staff and four non-commissioned officers.

Further, a battalion will have following staff personnel:
    Operations and Reconnaissance Officer
    Artillery and engineering officer??
    Communications officer
    Support Officer

Brigades
    Army Aviation Brigades (AAB): 15. Each GA and Xinjiang and Tibet MDs are assigned an AAB. Personnel and aircraft from 7 brigades, 5 regiments and new equipment were used for their creation.

    Special Operations Forces Brigades (SOFB) : 16. Created from existing 9 SOFBs, 2 regiments and new personnel.

    Support Brigades: 87

    Marine Brigades: 6. One motorised infantry brigade in Shandong, coastal defense units in Fujian, Shandong were consolidated into 4 new marine brigades. South Sea Fleet under Southern TC already had two MBs. Now Northern and Eastern TCs have two new MBs each.

SOUTHERN THEATER COMMAND. Guangzhou, Guangdong
AREA OF OPERATIONS:
LAND: Hunan, Guangxi,, Hainan, Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau. Laos and Myanmar borders.
MARITIME: South China Sea

NOTES
Rocket Force’s 61 Base (Formerly 51 Base) is one of biggest bases for conventional missiles, most or all of which will be assigned to Eastern TC. But control of nuclear missiles will remain under direct control of CMC.
It will support Eastern TC in Taiwan theater

74th Group Army (Former 41st Group Army)
    1st Combined Arms Brigade
    16th Combined Arms Brigade
    125th Combined Arms Brigade
    132nd Combined Arms Brigade
    154th Combined Arms Brigade
    163rd Combined Arms Brigade??
    74th Artillery Brigade
    74th Air Defence Brigade
    74th Joint Logistics Support Brigade
    74th Engineering Brigade
    74th Special Operations Brigade
    75th Group Army (Former 42nd Group Army)
    18th Combined Arms Brigade (Formerly 18th Armoured Brigade of 14th GA)??
    31st Combined Arms Brigade
    32nd Combined Arms Brigade
    42nd Combined Arms Brigade89j-7d
    122nd Combined Arms Brigade
    123rd Combined Arms Brigade
    121st Air Assault (para??)
    75th Artillery Brigade
    75th Air Defence Brigade
    75th Joint Logistics Support Brigade
    75th Engineering Brigade
    75th Special Operations Brigade
    Decommissioned: 14th Group Army

South Sea Fleet (Naval)

Aircraft Carrier: Shandong
Landing Ships
    Type 072A. Yuting III class. 4800 t
    6 ships, Huading, Luoxiao, Daiyun, Wanyang, Laotie and Luhua
    Type 072III. Yuting II class. 4800 t
    1 ship. Emei
    Type 072II Yuting Class. 4170t
    3 ships.Donting, Helan, Liupan
    Type 071 Amphibious Transport Dock, Yuzhao Class. 25000t
    5 ships. Kunlun, Jinggang, Changbai, Wuzhi and Qilian
Destroyers
    Type 052D, Luyang III Class, 7500 t
    3 ships. Kunming, Changsha, Hefei, Yinchuan
    Type 052C, Luyang II Class, 6300 t
    2 ships. Lanzhou and Haikou
    Type 052B, Luyang I Class, 5900 t
    2 Ships, Guangzhou and Wuhan
    Type 051B, Luhai Class, 6100 t
    1 Ship, Shenzhen
Frigates
    Type 054A, Jiangkai II Class. 4200 t
    10 ships. Huangshan, Hengyang, Yuncheng, Yulin, Hengshiu, Liuzhou, Yueyang, Sanya, Xuchang
    Type 053H3 Jiangwei II Class. 2400 t
    2 Ships. Xianning and Luoyang.
    Type 053H1 Jianghu Class. 2000 t
    3 Ships. Dandong, Shaoguan and Zhaotong
Corvettes
    Type 056, Jiangdao Class. 1500 t
    3 ships. Baise, Luzhao, Qingyuan.
    Type 056A, Jiangdao Class. 1500 t
    17 ships. Suqian, Jingmen, Qujing, Liupanshui, Hanzhong, Guangyuan, Sunung, Nanchong, Bazhong, Wuzhou, Wenshan, Panzhihua, Ganzhou, Enshi, Guangan, Yongzhou, Suizhou
Fleet Replenishment
    Type 904B & A General Stores Issue Ship, Dayun Class. 15000 t
    4 Ships. Lugu, Jushan, Fuxian, Dongting
    Type 903 & A replenishment ship, Fuchi I and II Class. 25000t
    3 Ships. Weishan, Hong, Luoma
    Type 908 replenishment ship, Fusu Class. 37000 t
    1 Ship. Qinghai

Air Assets
    4th Fighter Brigade, Foshan
    Su-27SK, J-11, Su-27UBK.
    5th Fighter Brigade, Guilin
    J-10B, J-10C. J-10S, Nanning,
    6th Fighter Brigade, Suixi
    Su-30MKK, Su-35S
    25th Fighter Brigade, Shantou
    J-7E
    26th Fighter Brigade, Huiyang.
    J-16.
    27th Fighter Brigade, Pulandian,
    J-7D,
    52nd Fighter Brigade, Wuhan
    J-7G, JJ-7A.
    54th Fighter Brigade, Changsha
    Su-30MKK,
    96th Fighter Brigade
    98th Fighter Brigade
    99th Fighter Brigade
    8th Bomber Division
    13th Transport Division
    20th Special Missions Division
    Unmanned Attack Brigade, Yangtang??
    J-6 Drones. 2nd Dadui.
    Transport & SAR Brigade. Guangzhou
    Y-7, Z-8K, Z-9, Mi-17.
    Independent Helicopter Regiment. Hong Kong
    Z-8KH, Z-9WZ, Z-9ZH.
    UAV Battalion
    GJ-2 Wing Loong II. Mangshi.

Air Bases
    Kunming
    Nanning

WESTERN THEATER COMMAND Guangzhou, Guangdong
AREA OF OPERATIONS:
LAND: Sichuan, Chongqing and Tibet. India, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan borders.
MARITIME: None.

NOTES
Major focus on India. Naval conflict would be through Southern?? TC’s Naval Fleet.

76th Group Army (Former 21st Group Army)
76th Artillery Brigade.
PHL-03 and 122mm MBRLs, Type 66 152mm howitzer, PYZ89 SPATG.
14th Heavy Combined Arms Brigade
77th Group Army (Former 13th Group Army)
Decommissioned: 47th Group Army

No naval fleet

Air Assets
    16th Fighter Brigade
    Ürümqi Base. J-11,Su-27SK, J-11BS Su-27UBK
    36th Bomber Division
    Wugong and Lintong Airbases. H-6M/6K, Can launch 3-4 CJ-10
    108th Air Regiment
    4th Transport Division
    10th Air Regiment, Y-9
    11th Air Regiment, Y-9
    12th Air Regiment, Y-7, Y-7H, Y-20, Mi-17v

Air Bases
    Lanzhou
    Urumqi
    Xi’an Flying Academy

TIBET MILITARY DIVISION
PLA had 3 line brigades (52nd, 53rd and 54th mountain brigades) deployed in Tibet. 15th Airborne Corps from Wuhan was assigned in 2016-17 in response to Indian new mountain strike corps.
It had 3 Divisions (43rd, 44th and 45th) which were reformed into 6 independent brigades (127th, 128th, 130th, 131st, 133rd and 134th). It’ll also have a Special Operations Brigade, an aviation brigade and a Strategic Support Brigade (Communications and Engineering). Total of 9 independent brigades under one Corps HQ.
52nd Mountain Infantry Brigade (4600 troops)
    Unit 77675, Mountain Infantry battalion. 700 troops.
    Unit 77678, Artillery regiment. 1100 troops.
    1st Infantry Battalion. 700 troops
    2nd Infantry Battalion. 700 troops
    3rd Infantry Battalion. 700 troops
    4th Infantry Battalion. 700 troops

53rd Mountain Infantry Brigade (4600 troops)
    Unit 77680, Mountain Infantry battalion. 700 troops.
    Unit 77683, Artillery regiment. 1100 troops.
    1st Infantry Battalion. 700 troops
    2nd Infantry Battalion. 700 troops
    3rd Infantry Battalion. 700 troops
    4th Infantry Battalion. 700 troops

54th Mechanised Infantry Brigade (3000 troops)

308th Mechanised Infantry Brigade (3000 troops)
Independent Battalions ??

    Unit 77655, Gyantse County 1st (I) Infantry Battalion. Bhutan border. 700 troops.
    Unit 77656, Gangba County 2nd (I) Infantry Battalion. 700 troops
    Medog County 3rd (I) Infantry Battalion. 700 troops
    Milin 4th (I) Infantry Battalion. 700 troops
    Luoza County 5th (I) Infantry Battalion. Bhutan border. 700 troops

    Unit 77629, 1st Border Defense Regiment. 2800 troops. Bhutan & India Border
    Unit 77635, 2nd Border Defense Regiment. 2800 troops. Bhutan & India Border
    Unit 77639, 3rd Border Defense Regiment. 2800 troops. Nepal & India Border.
    Unit 77643, 4th Border Defense Regiment. 2800 troops. India Border.
    Unit 77646, 5th Border Defense Regiment. 2800 troops. Nepal Border
    Unit 77649, 6th Border Defense Regiment. India border
    Nathu La Outpost, 6th Border Defense Regiment.
    9th Border Defense Regiment

15th Airborne Corps

    127th (I) Brigade
    128th (I) Brigade
    130th (I) Brigade
    131st (I) Brigade
    133rd (I) Brigade
    134th (I) Brigade
    Special Operations Brigade
    Strategic Support Brigade
    Aviation Brigade

CENTRAL THEATER COMMAND. Beijing
AREA OF OPERATIONS:
LAND: Beijing, Hebei, Shanxi and Tianjin.
MARITIME: South China Sea

NOTES
It has no naval fleet, but has a few naval training and aviation bases. Apparently it doesn’t not have any naval vessels but controls a few other service branches of navy.

81st Group Army (Former 65th Group Army)
    7th Heavy Combined Arms Brigade
    70th Light Combined Arms Brigade Tangshan Prefecture, Hebei Province
    189th Medium Combined Arms Brigade
    194th Combined Arms Brigade
    195th Heavy Combined Army Brigade. Yutian County, Hebei Province
    162nd Motorised Infantry Division??

82nd Group Army (Former 38th Group Army)
    6th Heavy Combined Arms Brigade, Nankou Town Area, Changping District
    80th Medium Combined Arms Brigade
    151st Heavy Combined Arms Brigade
    188th Heavy Combined Army Brigade.
    196th Light Combined Arms Brigade.
    127th Light Mechanised Infantry Division??

83rd Group Army (Former 54th Group Army)
[list=]11th Heavy Combined Arms Brigade
58th Medium Combined Arms Brigade, Xuchang Prefecture, Henan Province
60th Medium Combined Arms Brigade, Xinyang Prefecture, Henan Province
113th Combined Army Brigade. Baoding Prefecture, Hebei Province
131st Combined Arms Brigade.
193rd Medium Combined Arms Brigade.
3rd (I) Combined Arms Brigade (Former 3rd Motorised Infantry Brigade of 1st GA
112nd (I) Mechanised Infantry Division (Formerly with 1st GA)
Decommissioned: 20th and 27th Group Army[/list]

No naval fleet

Air Assets
    19th Fighter Brigade
    55th Fighter Brigade
    56th Fighter Brigade
    70th Fighter Brigade
    71st Fighter Brigade
    72nd Fighter Brigade
    43rd Multirole Brigade
    44th Multirole Brigade

Air Bases
    Datong
    Wuhan
    Shijiazhuang Flying Academy


NORTHERN THEATER COMMAND. Shenyang, Liaoning
AREA OF OPERATIONS:
LAND: Jilin, Heilongjiang and Shenyang and Inner Mongolia.
MARITIME: Bay of Korea

    78th Group Army (Former 16th Group Army)
    78th Special Combat Brigade (Formerly Special Operations Brigade of 16th GA)
    79th Group Army (Former 39th Group Army)
    80th Group Army (Former 26th Group Army)
    116th (I) Mechanised Infantry Division (Formerly with 39th GA)
Decommissioned: 40th Group Army

North Sea Fleet
Aircraft Carrier: Liaoning
Destroyers
    Type 055, Renhai Class (cruiser?) 13000t
    1 Ship. Nanchang
    Type 052D, Luyang III Class. 7500 t
    6 ships. Xining, Urumqi, Guiyang, Chengdu, Qiqhar and Tangshan
    Type 051C Luzhou Class. 7100 t
    2 Ships. Shenyang amd Shijiazhuang
    Type 052, Luhu Class. 4800 t
    2 Ships. Harbin and Qingdao
Frigates
    Type 054A, Jiangkai II Class. 4200 t
    8 Ships. Yancheng, Linyi, Weifang, Daqing, Handan, Wuhu, Rizhao, Zaozhuang
    Type 053H3, Jiangwei II Class. 2400 t
    2 Ships. Yichang and Huludao.
Corvettes
    Type 056 & A, Jiangdao Class. 1500 t
    14 ships. Datong, Yingkou, Weihai, Fishun, Zinyang, Huangshi, Qinhuangdaom Wuhai, Zhangye, Dingzhou, Zhangijakou, Mudanjiang, Songyuan, Pingdingshan
Landing Ships
    Type 072A and 072III. Yuting III and II Class. 4800 t
    5 Ships. Tianzhu, Daqing, Yandang, Jiuhua and Huanggang.
Fleet Replenishment
    Type 903A replenishment ship, Fuchi II Class. 25000 t
    3 Ships. Tai, Dongping, Kekezili

Air Assets
    15th Attack Brigade
    31st Attack Brigade
    32nd Attack Brigade
    34th Fighter Brigade
    35st Fighter Brigade
    36th Fighter Brigade
    61st Fighter Brigade
    63rd Fighter Brigade
    16th Special Missions Division

Air Bases
    Dalian
    Jinan
    Harbin Flying Academy

EASTERN THEATER COMMAND. Nanjing, Jiangsu
AREA OF OPERATIONS:
LAND: Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian and Jianxi
MARITIME: East China Sea and Taiwan.

NOTES
Rocket Force’s 61 Base (Formerly 51 Base) is one of biggest bases for conventional missiles, most or all of which will be assigned to Eastern TC. But control of nuclear missiles will remain under direct control of CMC.


East Fleet Commander will serve as deputy theater commander and commander of all naval forces in Eastern TC.


73rd Group Army (Former 31st Group Army)
    3rd Combined Arms Brigade (Formerly 3rd Motorised Infantry Brigade of 31st GA)
    14th Combined Arms Brigade (Formerly 14th Amphibious Armoured Brigade)
    86th Combined Arms Brigade (Formerly 86th Motorised Division)
    91st Combined Arms Brigade (91st Motorized Infantry Division of 31st GA)
    92nd Combined Arms Brigade
    163rd Combined Arms Brigade
    73rd Artillery Brigade
    73rd Air Defence Brigade
    73rd Special Operations Brigade
71st Group Army (Former 12th Group Army)
    2nd Combined Arms Brigade
    35th Combined Arms Brigade
    160th Combined Arms Brigade
    178th Combined Arms Brigade
    179th Combined Arms Brigade
    235th Combined Arms Brigade
    71st Artillery Brigade
    71st Air Defence Brigade

72nd Group Army (Former 1st Group Army)
    5th Combined Arms Brigade
    10th Combined Arms Brigade
    34th Combined Arms Brigade ((Formerly 86th Mechanised Infantry Brigade of 12th GA)
    85th Combined Arms Brigade
    90th Combined Arms Brigade
    124th Combined Arms Brigade
    72nd Artillery Brigade
    72nd Air Defence Brigade

East Sea Fleet (Naval)
Destroyers
[list=]Type 052D, Luyang III Class. 7500 t
4 ships.Xiamen, Nanjing, Taiyun and Zibo
Type 052C, Luyang II Class. 6500 t
4 ships.Changchun, ZHengzhou, Jinan and Xi’an.
Type 051C Luzhou Class. 7100 t
2 Ships. Shenyang amd Shijiazhuang
Sovremenny, Sovremenny Class. 7900 t
4 Ships. Hangzhou, Fuzhou, Taizhou and Ningbo[/list]
Frigates
    Type 054A, Jiangkai II Class. 4200 t
    13 Ships. Zuzhou, Zhoushan, Yiyang, Changzhou, Huanggang, Yangzhou, Jingzhou, BinzhouAnyang, Nantong, Ma’anshan and Wenzhou
    Type 053H3, Jiangwei II Class. 2400 t
    3 Ships. Sanming, ZIangyang, Huaihua
    Type 053H1G Jiangwei II Class. 2000 t
    4 ships.Beihai, Dongguan, SHantou and Foshan.
Corvettes
    Type 056 & A, Jiangdao Class. 1500 t
    25 ships. Bengbu, Shangrao, Ji’an, Jieyang, Quanzhou, CHaozhou, Suzhou, Huaian, Heze, Baoding, Ningde, Sanmenxia, Zhuzou, Tongren, Ezhou, Yiwu, Xuancheng, Yichun, Deyang, SHuozhou, Luan, Liaocheng, Luan, Liaocheng, Taian, Jingdezhen and Xiaogan
Fleet Replenishment
    Type 903 & A replenishment ship, Fuchi II Class. 25000 t
    3 Ships. Qiandao, Chao and Gaoyo.
Air Assets
    10th Bomber Division
    40th Fighter Brigade
    41st Fighter Brigade
    42nd Fighter Brigade
    26th Special Mission Division
    83rd Attack Brigade
Air Bases
    Fuzhou
    Shanghai

PLA ROCKET FORCE
Formerly 2nd Artillery Corps, PLA Rocket Force is now considered a separate service branch in itself with 90,000 to 1,20,000 personnel. It seems like the TC in their respective areas may command some of the resources of certain units belonging to PLARF.
This command is led by a full general and theater leader grade officer is assigned as Political Commissar. 6 Army Leader grade officers command 6 bases (or armies) numbered 61-66 with subordinate launch brigades and regiments. There is a Base 67 (formerly Force 22) which stockpiles nuclear weapons. Base 61 operates only conventional missiles. There are between 90000 to 1,20,000 personnel.
There are 3 training bases and 1 engineering base.

Missile Base Structure: Each such base has a local HQ with multiple launch units.
3-5 Missile Brigades
Launch Battalions and/or Launch Companies. They can operate mobile or silo based missiles. Some have cave storage to launch site system .

Each brigade may have hundreds or just a handful of missiles depending upon its role. Conventional missile brigades usually have a larger number of missiles with up to 30-36 launchers with 2-6 missiles on each. Nuclear missile brigades usually have 6-8 missile launchers or silos or cave sites.

NOTE: It’s not clear whether anti-satellite and BMD assets are with PLARF or SSF.
Missile Bases

Base 61. HQ at Huangshan, Anhui
    611 Brigade, Chizhou. DF-21
    612 Brigade, Jingdezhen. DF-21A
    613 Brigade, Shangaro, DF-15B
    614 Brigade, Yon’gan. DF-11A
    615 Brigade, Meizhou, DF-11A
    616 Brigade, Ganzhou. DF-15
    617 Brigade, Jinhua. DF-15
Base 62. HQ at Kumming, Yunnan.
    621 Brigade, Yibin. DF-21A
    622 Brigade, Yuxi. DF-31A
    623 Brigade, Liuzhou. DH-10A
    624 Brigade, Qingyuan DF-21D
    625 Brigade, Jianshui. DF-21??
    626 Brigade, Qingyuan, DF-21C/D, DF-26 ??
    627 Brigade??, Puning?? ???
Base 63, HQ at Huaihua, Hunan.
    631 Brigade, Jingzhou. DF-5B
    632 Brigade, Shaoyang. DF-31
    633 Brigade, Huitong. DF-5A.
    634 Brigade, ?? ???
    635 Brigade, Yichun. DH-10
    636 Brigade. Shaoguan. DF-16
    637 Brigade ?? ???
Base 64, Lanzhou.
    641 Brigade, Hancheng. DF-31
    642 Brigade, Datong. DF-31A
    643 Brigade, Tianshui, DF-31A
    644 Brigade, Hanzhong. ??
    645 Brigade, ??? ??
    646 Brigade, Korle. DF-21B/C??
    Base 65, Shenyang
    651 Brigade, Dalian. DF-21
    652 Brigade, Tonghua. DF-21C/D??
    653 Brigade. Laiwu. DF-21C
    654 Brigade. Dalian.??
Base 66, Luoyang
    661 Brigade, Lingbao. DF-5B
    662 Brigade, Luanchuan. DF-4 or DF-5A
    663 Brigade, Nanyang. DF-31A
    664 Brigade Luoyang. ??
    665 Brigade ?? ??
    666 Brigade, Xinyang. DF-26

CHINESE MISSILES

NAME
NUMBERS
RANGE (km)
STORAGE
PROPULSION


BALLISTIC MISSILES
DF-21
40-50
1700
Road mobile
Solid


DF-21A
40-50
1700
Road mobile
Solid


DF-21C
25-30
1700
Road mobile
Solid


DF-21D


1500
Road Mobile
Solid
Anti ship
DF-26
16-20
4-5000
Road mobile
Solid


DF-31
6-10
7000+
Road mobile
Solid


DF-31A
15-20
11000+
Road Mobile
Solid


DF-41
??
15000
Road mobile
Solid
Under development
DF-3A
10-15??
3000
Road mobile
Liquid
Old
DF-4
10-15
5500
Silo
Liquid
Old
DF-5A
15-20
12000+
Silo
Liquid


DF-15/M-9
90-100
600
Road mobile
Solid


DF-15A
850
Road Mobile
Solid


DF-15B
750
Road Mobile
Solid


DF-16


800
Road Mobile
Solid


DF-11/M-11
100-140
300
Road Mobile
Solid


DF-11A
600
Road mobile
Solid


JL-1
??
1700
SLBM
Solid
Retired?
JL-2
48
7000
SLBM
Solid
Type 094 submarines












CRUISE MISSILES
CJ-10/DH-10


1500
Multiple
Subsonic
LACM
YJ-63/KD-63


200
Air, H6 bomber
Subsonic
LACM
KD-88


200
Air
Subsonic


YJ-18


220-240
Multiple
Supersonic in Terminal
AShM, LACM
YJ-62


290-400
Multiple
Subsonic
AShM
YJ-7


25
Multiple
Subsonic
AShM
YJ-8/C-801


42
Multiple
Subsonic
AShM
YJ-82


42
Submarine
Subsonic
AShM
YJ-83


120
Multiple
Subsonic
AShM
YJ-83A/J


180
Multiple
Subsonic
AShM
YJ-91/KH-31P


110
Multiple
Supersonic
AShM, LACM Anti-radiation
YJ-100/KD-20


1500-2000
Air??/Land
Subsonic
LACM
AS-13/KH-59MK


115
Su-30MKK
Subsonic
AShM, LACM
SS-N-22 Moskit


240
Sovremenny ships
Supersonic
AShM, LACM
SS-N-27B Kalibr


200
Kilo Submarine
Supersonic
AShM, LACM
Changfeng


800
Land
Subsonic
LACM




STRATEGIC SUPPORT FORCE

This organisation seems to be heavily influenced by US Cyber Command and US Strategic Command. SSF was formed using Space, Cyber and Electronic Warfare units from CMC’s General Political Department GPD (formerly General Staff Department GSD), Political Work Department PWD (formerly General Political Department GPD), Equipment Development Department EDD (formerly General Armament Department GAD) and Logistics Support Department LSD (formerly General Logistics Department GLD). It’s also believed that some of the functions of these departments have been transferred to some PLA units too.

Chinese doctrine places emphasis on what they claim to be multi-dimensional war fighting capabilities which include new ways of non-kinetic warfare which include hacking of computer networks, space warfare, psychological warfare, political warfare, propaganda, data theft and espionage. In this regard, it’s more than just likely that CMC is actively indulging in corporate data theft as a way of warfare through Chinese companies and overseas citizens.

In peacetime, SSF is commanded by CMC’s Joint Staff Department Operations Bureau or it’s Joint Operations Command Center.

BASIC STRUCTURE OF SSF
    Strategic Support Force
    Staff Department
    Logistics Department
    Equipment Department
    Space Systems Department
    Network Systems Department
    Political Work Department.

SSF Space Systems Department Units

Space Launch & Support

    Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center
    20th Testing and Training Base
    Oldest and largest launch site, sole base for human spaceflight launches.

    Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center
    25th Testing and Training Base
    Satellites for sun-synchronous and low-earth orbits.

    Xichang Satellite Launch Center
    27th Testing and Training Base
    Geosynchronous satellites. Maintains mobile tracking stations.

    Wenchang Aerospace Launch Site
    Long March 5 heavy rockets and National Defense University.

Space Base C4ISR

    Aerospace Reconnaissance Bureau : Space based surveillance, reconnaissance and intelligence gathering.
    Satellite Communications Main Station: Space based communications.
    Satellite Positioning Main Station: Military use of Beidou navigation System

Telemetry Tracking and Control (TT&C)

    23rd Test & Training Base.
    26th Testing and Training Base.
    Xi’an Satellite Control Center: Telemetry, tracking and control network
    Beijing Aerospace Flight Control Center : Manned spaceflight program
    China Satellite Maritime Tracking & Control Department: Maritime TT&C for space launches & ICBM tests. Has Yuanwang tracking ship.

SSF Network Systems Departments Units

    Operations & Administration
    Regional Satellite Station, Hainan (Could be in SSD)
    Satellite Main Station, Beijing (Could be in SSD)
    Electronic Countermeasure Center
    Beidaihe ECM Brigade Detachment
    Langfang ECM Brigade Detachment, Yingtan
    Electronic Countermeasure Brigade, Langfang
    Electronic Countermeasure Brigade, Beidaihe
    4th PLA HQ. (Transferred to JSD as Network Electronic Bureau)

    54th Research Institute
    Electrical Engineering Institute. (Renamed National University of Defense Technology Electronic Countermeasures Institute)

LOGISTICS
In March 2016, PLA renamed General Logistics Department (GLD) as CMC’s Logistics Support Department (LSD) and created Joint Logistics Support Force (JLSF). Logistics management which includes training infrastructure and resource management is now done by LSD. JLSF plans and executes integrated joint logistics support for combat.

Central Military Commission (CMC)
    Wuhan Joint Logistics Support Base
    Wuxi Joint Logistics Support Centre (Eastern TC)
    Guilin Joint Logistics Support Centre (Southern TC)
    Xining Joint Logistics Support Centre (Western TC)
    Shenyang Joint Logistics Support Centre (Northern TC)
    Zhengzhou Joint Logistics Support Centre (Central TC)





Original post with slightly better formatting : http://jjamwal.in/yayavar/chinese-armed ... tle-orbat/

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 26 Dec 2020 14:23

Twitter link for images https://twitter.com/JaidevJamwal/status ... 8851021824


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[img]https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EqEYkkDUcAEH19o?format=png&name=900x900][/img]

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 26 Dec 2020 21:54

Ramana ji is saying
"Good job!!!
Are you sure the divisions were regrouped in Western Theater Command? I believe 4 divisions still retained."


They are 4, 6, 8, and 11 Divisions. Interesting that despite reorganizing they retained division formations facing India.


Rohit Vats agrees with him
There are four divisions under Xinjiang Military District of WTC.


Gurmeet Kanwal says the same thing.
But I haven't found anything which confirms this. May be the vehicles have not been painted with new formation signs or there have been some logistical or bureau issues or something else. I find it hard to believe that all other military assets have been reorganised in to Theater commands while those deployed against India in Tibet haven't.

If they trust the reforms, Western TC should undergo same changes as the rest.
Any ideas?

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 27 Dec 2020 21:45

Chinese Infantry Squads composition and weapons loadout.

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Chinese 77th Group Army ORBAT
This is one of 2 GAs (plus a few independent brigades & divisions) which will see action in case of Indo-China war in Tibet.
Chinese Combined Arms Brigades here are similar to Indian Integrated Battle Groups.
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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby Deans » 28 Dec 2020 21:35

jamwal wrote:Ramana ji is saying
"Good job!!!
Are you sure the divisions were regrouped in Western Theater Command? I believe 4 divisions still retained."


They are 4, 6, 8, and 11 Divisions. Interesting that despite reorganizing they retained division formations facing India.


Rohit Vats agrees with him
There are four divisions under Xinjiang Military District of WTC.


Gurmeet Kanwal says the same thing.
But I haven't found anything which confirms this. May be the vehicles have not been painted with new formation signs or there have been some logistical or bureau issues or something else. I find it hard to believe that all other military assets have been reorganised in to Theater commands while those deployed against India in Tibet haven't.

If they trust the reforms, Western TC should undergo same changes as the rest.
Any ideas?


I had tried to research this question for my book. My best guess, they have retained these 4 divisions outside the Group armies. Two of these are
of course, currently facing us. It may be that their roles - intimidating the Xinjiang population and facing off against us in Ladakh require more infantry than what a group army provides for.

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby ramana » 29 Dec 2020 07:37

These 4 divisions are facing India and Xinkiang, 2 each.
Division number are 4,6,8, and 11.

Look at Wiki for details and histories of these formations.

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 30 Dec 2020 12:55

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1s Image: PLA Air Force #ORBAT and Structure till 2011 . It's fighters and ground attack aircraft were allotted to 14 divisions under 4 military regions and had 7 levels from PLAAF till Flight Squadron.

Image 2 and 3, Starting from 2017, Divisions were abolished & 94? Air Brigades created. Separate brigades were created for special mission aircrafts, UAVs, heavy bombers and transport. Fighters are under Theater Commands while rest are under administrative control of PLAAF HQ

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 01 Jan 2021 19:18

LINK: http://jjamwal.in/yayavar/chinese-armed ... tle-orbat/
PDF: http://jjamwal.in/yayavar/wp-content/up ... -ORBAT.pdf

This is more or less most of Chinese ORBAT. If I find any good book or online sources, I'll update it. Taking a break for now.

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby VinodTK » 06 Jan 2021 10:35



Guide to China's Modern Infantry Squads | Organization

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 15 Jan 2021 14:59

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Chinese Marine Corps ORBAT.
They have used their existing forces to raise a few new units and army has kept atleast 5 combined arms brigade with itself for amphibious roles. Lots of troops for South China sea, Taiwan and others.
https://twitter.com/JaidevJamwal/status ... 1170460674

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 15 Jan 2021 18:04

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1st draft of Chinese SAM site ORBAT
They probably have more air defence installations than Soviets, most of them on eastern sector.

Rahul M: Please check email.

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby rohitvats » 16 Jan 2021 12:44

[Chinese Combined Arms Brigade]

- Combined Arms Brigade (CAB) has three types: Heavy, Medium and Light.
- Heavy and medium consist of mainly tanks and IFVs
- Each CAB has 8 battalions under it.
- 4 x Combined Arms Battalions (CABn) + 4 x Arms/Support Battalions
- Each CABn has 8 x companies.

Medium CAB - This will most likely consist of the following:

- 4 x IFV Companies (10 each)
- 1 x Tank Company (10 tanks)
- 1 x Fire Support Coy (6 x SP 120mm mortars or 122mm SP (Wheeled))
- 1 x Recce Company (Wheeled IFV)
- 1 x Tpt & Supply Coy

So, a Medium CAB will most likely have the following strength:

- 40 x 4 = 160 IFV
- 10 x 4 = 40 tanks.
- 12-15 Recce IFVs (wheeled)

- Plus, it has an arty battalion with a mix of tube and rocket artillery.
- And a an AD battalion with a mix of SPAAG and SAM based systems.

- A Supply & Transport Battalion.
- A Chemical and Engineering Bn.

- CAB structure has been created with flexibility of either dividing it into sub-units (2 x Regiment level Combat Teams) or marry 2 x CAB into a Division sized force.

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby ramana » 17 Jan 2021 09:56

Rohit very good summary and last bullet explains the flexibility of the Chinese CAB.

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby ramana » 17 Jan 2021 09:56

Can you write an article?

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby rohitvats » 17 Jan 2021 20:36

ramana wrote:Can you write an article?


Finishing a paper on division level force structure required by us first, and where the news about 1 Corps being reoriented for Ladakh comes into play.

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 18 Jan 2021 18:15

Mapping PLA Ground Forces in Tibet Region. Lots of units outside the Western Theater Command plus a few from Air Force too. Chinese know how to make this difficult for outsiders.

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 19 Jan 2021 18:43

Some of Chinese Border Defense Regiments. Each has 3 battalions with 3 companies each + regimental HQ.
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Locations of units belonging to Chinese 52nd and 53rd mountain infantry brigades under Tibet MD. Each has 3-4 infantry battalions supported by one artillery regiment and perhaps 1-2 engineering & other support units.
Green lines are G-219 & S-306 highways
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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 27 Jan 2021 14:31

I don't know how to post all this data here. Could barely get it on website, please take a look.
Chinese Armed Forces ORBAT Part 3: Ground Forces ORBAT
http://jjamwal.in/yayavar/chinese-armed ... ces-orbat/
Following is the list of PLA ground forces divided among five different Theater Commands. Some of these TCs command a few independent brigades, divisions and even regiments in addition to regular Combined Arms Brigades. The data is collected from multiple sources which will be presented in the last post of this series.
In addition to regular PLA Army units, there are a few Border Defence Regiment units which usually form the first line of defence on borders during peacetime. They are lightly armed and meant for border patrols, marine patrols, reconnaissance, law & order, guard duty etc. Central TC has no such BDRs assigned to it.


This data is incomplete but as accurate as it can be at the time of writing (Jan 2021) and I’ll be adding updates and improving formatting whenever possible.

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 04 Feb 2021 17:46

Again, too long and unwieldy to post here

Chinese Armed Forces ORBAT Part 4: Rocket Forces http://jjamwal.in/yayavar/chinese-armed ... et-forces/

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612 Brigade HQ

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Base 62 Technical Support Regiment

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Heiping Uranium Enrichment Facility 1

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3rd Engineering Regiment, Luoyang

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Sundian ICBM Complex. Huge place with a lot of interesting sites. Will need a few days to analyse fully.

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One of many huge tunnel storages

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624 Brigade, one of newer units with base still under construction

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One possible UAV station for Base 61

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 16 Feb 2021 23:06

Chinese Air Force Orbat
In December 2011, PLAAF started creation of Air Brigade structure by upgrading 14 existing Air Regiment (AR) HQs and abolished 4 existing Air Division HQs. All the brigades were assigned to one of four Bases

New Command Structure for fighter and ground attack aircraft is as following:

PLAAF HQ
MRAF HQ
Base
Air Brigade
Flight Group
Flight Squadron

On the other hand, heavy bombers, transport and most of special mission aircraft (like refuellers?) air divisions are attached to PLAAF HQ, but tactical control most likely lies with the theater commander. As far as fighters and ground attack jets are concerned, new system puts them in independent brigade unit structure with no divisional HQ control.

Each combat air Brigade has 24 aircraft plus trainers in three to five battalion level flight groups, though most seem to have only three. There are five to six airframes as spares and reserves. But brigades comprising of foreign aircraft like Su-27 may not have such reserves. Chinese manufacturers produce aircraft in batches of ten, of which eight are operationally inducted while remaining two are considered reserves.

14 subordinate training brigades were created from former training regiments and control of flight college was given to PLAAF HQ from MRAF HQ. In 2017, more changes were implemented and are probably still going on. 23 Air Division HQs were abolished, most of remaining regiments were converted to brigades or were dissolved completely.

AIR COMBAT BRIGADE STRUCTURE
24 Aircraft + Trainers + 6 spares divided in 3-5 battalion grade flight groups (FG). Most brigades have 3 rather than 5 FGs.
Some air brigades with foreign aircraft like Su-27 don’t have any spares.
Training and some specialised brigades may have different structures.
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AWACS and other EW Aircraft in Chenggu

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One of 3 known airbases belonging to Chinese Airborne Corps



Rest of the data is in tables and google maps which can't be pasted here.
http://jjamwal.in/yayavar/chinese-armed ... air-force/

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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 23 Feb 2021 18:20

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Added some new data to Chinese Air Force page and made it a bit more readable. It's still difficult to include all information on a webpage, so left out a bit. Scroll down for map. Airbases are now coloured & classified by the the Command and types. Details about airstrips added in map entries.
Data is a bit more readable now on the webpage. http://jjamwal.in/yayavar/chinese-armed ... air-force/

Code: Select all

[b]Central TC            
Location   Units   LAT   LONG   AIRCRAFT[/b]
Dangyang     "39th Air Regiment
Xiongfeng    Aircraft Overhaul Factory"    30°47'50.87"N   111°48'34.96"E   IL-76
Dingxing      3rd Training Brigade            39°15'17.88"N   115°49'46.27"E   JL-8
Huairen   43rd Air Brigade             39°42'59.10"N   113° 8'19.77"E   J-10A, J-10SY
Jining   55th Air Brigade             35°17'45.68"N   116°21'25.89"E   J-11, Su-27
Kaifeng   "13th Transport Div
37th Air Regiment"                             34°45'13.96"N   114°20'28.64"E   Y-8, Y-20A
Lintong   107th/108th Air Regiment     34°22'24.93"N   109° 7'17.62"E   H-6M/6K
Paozhuwan   38th Air Regiment     30°40'43.29"N   114°37'56.76"E   Il-76, Il-78
Qizhou   45th Air Regiment             38°35'58.81"N   112°58'37.25"E   
Shangqiu   57th Air Brigade             34°26'42.30"N   115°27'28.28"E   J-11B, Su-27SK
Shijiazhuang   "1st Training Brigade
Factory 5721"                                      38° 5'0.03"N   114°24'50.06"E   JL-10
Tangguantun   4th Training Brigade       38°47'17.14"N   117° 3'57.54"E   
Tangshan   20th Air Regiment              39°43'10.09"N   117°59'47.09"E   J-7, JJ-7
Wudangshan   53rd Air Regiment      32°23'27.22"N   111°41'43.02"E    J-7, JJ-7
Wugong   "108th Air Regiment
Factory 5702"                                       34°16'21.76"N    108°15'28.88"E   H-6
Xishanbeixiang   71st Air Regiment       39° 9'17.74"N   115°17'38.56"E   J-7, JJ-7
Yangcun   "72nd Air Brigade
1st August Aerial Demonstration Team"    39° 9'17.74"N   115°17'38.56"E   "J-10C, J-10SY.
"
Yongji   2nd Training Brigade        34°52'13.73"N   110°21'37.47"E   JL-8
Yongning   21st Air Brigade            40°30'30.96"N   116° 6'55.70"E   J-7, JJ-7
Zhangjiakou   19th Air Brigade    40°44'11.96"N   114°56'10.07"E   J-11
Zhengzhou   56th Air Brigade    34°51'40.43"N   113°43'39.78"E   J-10B, J-10SY
Zhouzhou       39°27'29.63"N            115°59'46.12"E   Y-5, Z-8, Z-9
Zunhua   70th Air Brigade            40° 6'8.19"N   117°52'54.47"E   J-10A, J-10SY
Chenggu   "Aerial Survey Regiment
Shaanxi Aircraft Corp."                     33° 8'4.53"N   107°12'4.74"E   "An-30, Y-8, Y-1
AWACS"




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Re: China Order of Battle (ORBAT)

Postby jamwal » 28 Feb 2021 14:42

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Locations of most of PLA units including some battalions belonging to 52nd, 53rd & 54th CABs under Tibet MD, Western Theater Command. Not many soldiers spread thin over a huge area.

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Lhasa is such a target rich environment for an Indian offensive. So many bases so close to each other which is very much unlike PLA in rest of their controlled territory. There is atleast 1 more base which I have not identified yet.


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55th Light CAB of 77 GA, meant for mountain warfare is the closest CAB HQ, located 173 km from Bhutan border. Rest are all 100s to 1000s km away.


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77th Special Operations Brigade

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17th Heavy CAB Xixia District, Yinchuan City, 76th GA. Its equipped with GSL-130 Combat Engineer Vehicles, ZBD04A ICVs and ZTZ99 tanks. Pretty strong on paper.

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149th Medium CAB, Litong District, Wuzhong City, Ningxia Hui of 76th GA. It was a Motr Inf Div earlier.

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150th Light CAB, Dongpo District, Meishan City, Sichuan of 77th GA.

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77th Army Aviation Brigade, Nyingzhi


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Locations of all known units of Chinese PLA's 78th Group Army, Northern Theater Command

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202nd Heavy CA and 78th Artillery Brigades are neighbours(?)

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204th Heavy CAB

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78th Special Ops Brigade. Getting some new toys & facilities.

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78th GA HQ & 8th Heavy CAB. Airbase 2km west.

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78th Air Defence Brigade

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EvENEaYVEAQ ... name=large
8th Heavy CA Brigade

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78th Chemical Engg Brigade


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