ramana garu, No problem. just trying to inject some humor.
Atri: Thanks. Looks like my deracination is complete
OTOH, there is this alternate interpretation of "bhArata bhAgya vidhAta" which I remember from my childhood. But Gurudev's repudiation of that interpretation is not well-known (or atleast not known to me till now when I looked at Wikipedia).Wikipedia
Wikipedia wrote:Controversy shadowed Jana Gana Mana from the day of its first rendition in 1911 at the Congress session in Calcutta. King George V was scheduled to arrive in the city on 30 December and a section of the Anglo-Indian English press in Calcutta thought – and duly reported – that Tagore's anthem was a homage to the emperor.
The poet claims in a letter written in 1939: "I should only insult myself if I cared to answer those who consider me capable of such unbounded stupidity." In another letter to Pulin Behari Sen, Tagore later wrote, "A certain high official in His Majesty's service, who was also my friend, had requested that I write a song of felicitation towards the Emperor. The request simply amazed me. It caused a great stir in my heart. In response to that great mental turmoil, I pronounced the victory in Jana Gana Mana of that Bhagya Vidhata [ed. God of Destiny] of India who has from age after age held steadfast the reins of India's chariot through rise and fall, through the straight path and the curved. That Lord of Destiny, that Reader of the Collective Mind of India, that Perennial Guide, could never be George V, George VI, or any other George. Even my official friend understood this about the song. After all, even if his admiration for the crown was excessive, he was not lacking in simple common sense."
Somehow the 'rightwing' is more prone to the negative stories about Tagore as it feeds into the generic 'oh! if only all those leaders had not sold out...'. I had not thought of looking at wikipedia but thanks to the unkown guy who has clarified this. Will look up the original reference as well.
Tagore's explanation seems unconvincing to me... too little too late(in completely changed situations). The song was written in 1911 and Tagore 'refuted' in some letter to someone in 1939?!! Thats totally inadequate.
Given the situation and the lyrics of the song, it is reasonable to conclude that the song was written in honor of George V.
'Western Education' for India was recommended and adopted by a committee comprising of Alexander Duff and Macualay. Missionaries were expecting the Indians to convert enmasse in next 20-30 yrs due to this education. - 1835
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay starts his literary career. He wrote in Eng and Bengali. He was one of the sole english-educated nationalist voices while most other english educated ones were already half-converted or ready to convert to X-ism. 'Western Education' introduced by Macualay 30 yrs ago was successfully alienating the Hindus from their culture which was portrayed as a mass of superstitions. Missionaries were having a field day. - 1865
Anandamath(novel) of Bankim. The novel was the source of 'Vande Matram' - 1882
Vandhe Maathram was adopted as the warcry by all independent strugglers. So, brits had to neutralize Bankim's influence.
Tagore released his manasi poems - 1890
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay died - 1894
First Nobel Prizes given - 1901
Tagore found an ashram at Shantiniketan. He started becoming popular.(Now that Bankim was no longer there) - 1901
Brits tried to divide Bengal and there was severe resistance to it in 1905. Kongis split in 1907 and then, severe crackdown on the nationalists by the brits to allow the brit lackeys to remain unchallenged. Tilak was sentenced to Jail and Lala Lajpat Rai went to US to avoid arrest. Aurobindo Ghosh was arrested and released only after he had become spiritual. Violent revolutions were spawning against the brits. The patriotic fervour had reached its crescendo. There was urgent need for the brits to neutralize this. Gokhale was nearing his end and about to retire. His replacement had to be found. The unrest in Bengal was severe enough for the brits to change their capital from Calcutta(Kolkatta) to New Dilli. So, the unrest in Bengal had to be quelled for the brits.
Bengal was reunited - 1911
Veer Savarkar sentenced to 50 yrs imprisonment in Kaala Paani(Cellular Jail) for justifying the action of Madanlal Dhingra - 1911Tagore wrote Jana Gana Mana. It was sung on the occasion when George V was supposed to visit India. - 1911
It was reported at that time that Tagore's song was in honour of George V. There is nothing to show that he refuted it at that time. By his silence, it was understood that the song was in honour of George V.
Gokhale visits South Africa to mentor Gandhi - 1912
Harappan seals were found - 1912Tagore went to England to parade his work there. He caught the eye of a Gandhi protege(missionary) and other literary figures. Then he went to US. Tagore was appreciated by Swedish Academy. - 1912
It was one of the friends of Gandhi who was instrumental in making Tagore popular abroad.
Please note that Jinnah, Gandhi and Tagore all came on the screen almost at the same time. Jinnah and Gandhi even shared the same mentor: Gokhale. Gokhale also mentored the person who founded the Muslim League. Gokhale was opposed to Tilak all his life. Tilak and Gokhale represented two poles. Tilak was arrested and sent to Mandalay while Gokhale trained Gandhi, Jinnah and others. Tagore was given a Nobel Prize in Literature - 1913
Gadar Party formed - 1913
Wakf validation act was passed. It was introduced by Jinnah in Imperial Legislative Council - 1913
Jinnah joined Muslim League even though he was already a member of Congress - 1913
These phoren awards... should one really think that they are given only for excellence without any motive? Please understand that Tagore was not in favour of the independence movement. He criticized the revolutionaries and others. He seemed to believe that brit rule was the best that Bhaarath could hope for.
Note that Jinnah was simultaneously the member of Muslim League and Congress.
South Africa brit govt accepts the 'demands' of Gandhi because of the recommendations by the Indian brit administration - 1914
Gandhi hailed by media in US, India and UK - 1914
Gandhi went to England and Gokhale was also in Europe for medical treatment - 1914
Gokhale Died - 1915
Gandhi returned to India and was declared a 'Mahathma' immediately on his arrival. He was being built up as a second Jesus. American Papers were also building him up - 1915Tagore was granted a Knighthood by the brits. These various phoren awards made Tagore immensely popular. - 1915
Jallianwala Bagh massacre and subsequent outrage among Indians against brits - Apr 1919
Ottoman Empire(Turkey) was sought to be divided by the brits after WWI - 1919
Khilafat Movement started under leadership of Gandhi. Gandhi's position was weak. So, he tried to acquire the support of muslims. - 1919
Ramachandra Baba led Peasant Protest in UP(Awadh) - 1919
Ramachandra Baba was arrested and jailed for 2 yrs. Motilal started another Kisan Sabha. Kongis were happy with the removal of Ramachandra Baba - 1919
Lala Lajpat Rai returned to India from US - 1919Tagore renounced his brit Knighthood - 1919
Note when Tagore renounced his brit knighthood. He was given the Knighthood in 1915. He renounced it in 1919 when the mood in Bhaarath was completely against the brits.
Tagore went on a world tour - 1924
Tagore had been raised on a pedestal. Tagore disliked Nationalism(i.e. independence movement and any overt Hinduism) and hence was a darling of brits, naram-dal and crpto-jihadis. They tried to praise him into some kind of a 'seer'. - 1930
From 1935 onwards, there were massive changes in the world. Rise of Fascists in Italy, spanish civil war, japanese invasion of china, rise of Nazis, ...etc. In Bhaarath, Bose became very popular and exceeded the popularity of even Gandhi. Germany and USSR signed a non-aggression pact in 1939 and the German war against the Brits was imminent. Various brit lackeys were hedging their bets. It was at this time that Tagore supposedly wrote some letter to someone. This is too little and too late to be taken seriously.
Even Gandhi had written once that brits should not fight the Nazis but simply surrender to them and try the 'non-violent' methods. Do you really think that Gandhi did not know what he was saying? He was also hedging his bets.Link