US is almost successful in pushing thru the back door of 123 agreement several objectionable agreements like fissile material cut off traety,test ban treaty,NPT ofcourse
There is absolutely no secret about the US trying to bring about:
2. Test ban treaty
3. NPT (in some form)
India is not, and never has been, against (1) or (2), except that India insists on those being meaningful, as in leading to full global WMD disarmament.
As for NPT, India is against that, because it is blatantly discriminatory.
As far as I can see it, far from "pushing through the back door of 123" any of these things, the US-India 123 agreement clearly avoids all of those, and recognizes India's role as a nation that is free to maintain and develop a strategic nuclear program.
As for TESTING nukes, that is recognized by all to be an unacceptable escalation at a time when the world is desperately trying to go the other route, towards eliminating nukes.
Following May 1998, it was India's govt. that explicitly declared a unilateral moratorium, declared that the five tests had been successful enough that India did not need more tests, and EXPRESSED WILLINGNESS TO SIGN THE CTBT AS A NUCLEAR WEAPON STATE.
Once the CTBT is signed, the deal is that the signatories will not test EXCEPT UNDER COMPELLING NATIONAL SECURITY IMPERATIVES.
The CTBT, unfortunately, is dead. But the 123 offers India exactly what India wanted: recognition that India has a nuclear weapons program, freedom to continue to develop that with indigenous fuel... BUT... hoping that India continues to abide basically by the same constraints as CTBT-for-an-NWS: no testing except under compelling national security imperatives. No continued series of tests just for the heck of it.
No one has said anything about banning labs, simulations, supercomputers etc.
So WHAT's THE HANGUP? (Yeah, I know, it's like yelling the same question into a vacuum.)
You guys are arguing as if
1. India's unilateral moratorium was bogus
2. India's tests of 5/98 were flops
3. Given any nuclear fuel, India will immediately divert it to make bombs
4. India intends to conduct big megaton tests at any time. IOW, the EBs' argument is exactly the same as that of the racist Non-Proliferation Ayatollahs' argument. Same as that of the worst of the COTUS types who want to destroy India.
Indians have spent 40 years convincing the world that India is nothing like the yahoo idiot state painted by the EBs. And that is why we got to the point where the US is willing to tell the world that India is a responsible Nuclear Weapon State.
Brings back the old saying:
WE HAVE MET THE ENEMY. THEY ARE EBs ONLEE YAAR!
And most disgustingly, the EBs are doing this out of some petty political bigotry, not out of any conviction.