Acharya wrote:ShibaPJ wrote:India could have gone nuclear in '65 with US nod
India could have gone nuclear in '65 with US nod
19 Sep 2007, 0001 hrs IST,Gautam Siddharth,TNN
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NEW DELHI: Had Washington given a green signal to New Delhi in February 1965, India would have been able to conduct a "dramatic peaceful achievement" - a euphemism for nuclear test as, indeed, how it was described with Pokhran 1 - well within a year of Chinese nuclear blast at Lop Nor in 1964.
According to declassified US State Department "memorandum of conversation" dated February 22, 1965, between US undersecretary of state George W Ball and India's secretary of Department of Nuclear Enegry Homi J Bhabha, the Indian scientist had explicitly told the American official that "if India went all out, it could produce a nuclear device in 18 months, and with a US blueprint it could do the job in six months".
The memorandum, along with reams of other documents, has been reproduced and released for public for the first time in the book 'India and the United States: Politics of the Sixties' by senior journalist Kalyani Shankar.
While the stated US reason for not supporting India's nuclear test was that America was trying to ensure that all the major non-nuclear countries renounced nuclear weapons, the subtext from several other declassified letters, memorandums and reports of US Directorate of Intelligence, CIA and then American ambassador in Delhi Chester Bowles' letters to US officials in Washington reveal that it was India's inheritance of the non-aligned worldview from Nehru and Delhiâ€™s refusal to support the US in several key international situations through the 1960s that queered the pitch for fostering the sort of understanding that's being attempted today, more than 40 years later.
In one of her letters to President Lyndon B Johnson (dated May 12, 1966), Indira Gandhi describes the extent of hostile opposition she faced, writing in one place, "My critics have chosen the Indo-US foundation as the springboard for a personal attack on me, even though the basic idea had been agreed long before I came to office."
Now this is an interesting article.
1) HB's idea appears not implementable. If he needs US help then he is definitely not independent. And why would US provide this 'help"? Is there something missing that is not being reported? Was US handing out the technology to others and so he expected the same with respect to India?
2) It shows that India always was under US tutelage vis a vis the nuke test issue.
3) Something happened in 1965 that changed the US perception with respect to India. Was it the elevation of LBS to the PM's post?
4) This article shows that the 123 is a way of resuming business and that PVNR and ABV are the mavericks who came to power and rocked the apple cart.
5) US policy was consistent in seeking alignment of India's policies with those of the US from dropping NAM during JLN's time to Iran policy under UPA. This is the menaing of preventing local or regional powers from challenging the US way of thinking which was foramlized in the post Cold War era.