India has an explicit agreement with IAEA and NSG and US which says that certain facilities are under safeguards. Period. IOW, this is what NWS do. Lesson: India is NWS.
There is absolutely no grounds for US/P5 to ask P6 to place ALL under safeguards - it is up to the P6th to say
to that. Completely legal by signed and sealed agreements.
As long as there is a P-5, there can and will be a P-6, P-7, P-8 ............. Drop that P- and we have no 6/7/8. Just a thought.
Anyways, coming back to Obamaese.
He is trying to roll Bushism into NPT/CTBT. Simple. He says everything is acceptable as long as you adhere to CTBT/NPT (I am sure FMCT is coming too).
Here, IMHO, the issue is not the NSG signature, etc. It will be what support he gets from France, Russia, etc.
My gut feel is that for the time being both France and Russia are sitting on the fence. Both these nations ahev subscribed to an earlier US effort called GNEP. Within GNEP the "P-5" with the help of Canada, Australia and a few other smaller entities will control the supply of the ore. Very few nations would be responsible for handling the glowing material, but supply that to any nation that wants to gen elec from nuclear sources. Idea being that the entire system is closed and therefore controlled.
This breaks the nations into suppliers and recipients. India was supposed to be a recipient!!!!
It also does not allow newer techs or techs developed by other nations to be acceptable means of generating electricity. India's three stage will get booted out.
With the recent support of France and Russia to the deals made with India, it SEEMS they have created another category for India. BUT, they can withdraw this support at any time too (in theory).
It is my feel that Obama is hammering away at this structure - FR/RU support for India outside the mechanism he is proposing.
Furthermore, Obama will ONLY try and chip away at it. IF he gets it all - very good, else he is very content getting very small slices.
Let us see what the GoI does and what FR/RU do in the UNSC in a week or so.