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Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

karunamurthy
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Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby karunamurthy » 27 Sep 2002 13:09

<img src="http://images.jsc.nasa.gov/iams/images/earth/STS059/lowres/20143034.jpg" alt="" />

Is this true? link to the source

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby karunamurthy » 27 Sep 2002 15:13

Space images taken by NASA reveal a mysterious ancient bridge in the Palk Strait between India and Sri Lanka. The recently discovered bridge currently named as Adam´s Bridge is made of chain of shoals, c.18 mi (30 km) long.

The bridge´s unique curvature and composition by age reveals that it is man made. The legends as well as Archeological studies reveal that the first signs of human inhabitants in Sri Lanka date back to the a primitive age, about 1,750,000 years ago and the bridge´s age is also almost equivalent.

This information is a crucial aspect for an insight into the mysterious legend called Ramayana, which was supposed to have taken place in tredha yuga (more than 1,700,000 years ago).

In this epic, there is a mentioning about a bridge, which was built between Rameshwaram (India) and Srilankan coast under the supervision of a dynamic and invincible figure called Rama who is supposed to be the incarnation of the supreme.

This information may not be of much importance to the archeologists who are interested in exploring the origins of man, but it is sure to open the spiritual gates of the people of the world to have come to know an ancient history linked to the Indian mythology.

:)

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Rahul Mehta » 27 Sep 2002 20:04

Originally posted by karan:
The bridge´s unique curvature and composition by age reveals that it is man made. The legends as well as Archeological studies reveal that the first signs of human inhabitants in Sri Lanka date back to the a primitive age, about 1,750,000 years ago and the bridge´s age is also almost equivalent.
Did NASA or any known scientific agency say that the bridge is 17,50,000 years old? Becuase most scientific people claim that homo sapience arrived some 10,00,000 year ago.

Can someone [private] raise money and conduct a deep sea mission to get more details? No matter how old the bridge is, if indeed there is a bridge, it would quite interesting.

-Rahul Mehta

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Shalav » 27 Sep 2002 20:17

Rahul

Modern Homo sapiens evolved around 40,000 years ago. Perhaps at most a 100,000 years ago at the earliest. Homo erectus evolved around 1,000,000 years ago and 1.7 mil years ago was the era of the Homo habilis.

Rahul Mehta>>> Becuase most scientific people claim that homo sapience arrived some 10,00,000 year ago.

<img src="http://home.houston.rr.com/apologia/images/evoltree.GIF" alt="" />

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Rahul Mehta » 28 Sep 2002 06:36

Karan: Space images taken by NASA reveal a mysterious ancient bridge in the Palk Strait between India and Sri Lanka. ... about 1,750,000 years ago and the bridge´s age is also almost equivalent.

Rahul : Did NASA or any known scientific agency say that the bridge is 17,50,000 years old? Becuase most scientific people claim that homo sapience arrived some 10,00,000 year ago.

Shalav:Modern Homo sapiens evolved around 40,000 years ago. Perhaps at most a 100,000 years ago at the earliest. Homo erectus evolved around 1,000,000 years ago and 1.7 mil years ago was the era of the Homo habilis.
If homo sapience arrived only 40,000 or 100,000 years ago, than who made this man-made bridge 17,00,000 years ago? IIRC, the previous versions Homo did not have that much engineering capability.

The claim that bridge is 17,00,000 years old and it is man made looks fishy to me. Is it a claim made by a scietific body or some spiritual body which builds hypothesises on findings of scientific bodies by interpreting the findings in their own spiritual ways?

As such, only a deep sea excavation can prove or disprove. Does any BRite know diving?

-Rahul Mehta

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Kuttan » 28 Sep 2002 06:50

Sure I believe it - and did you know that bridge is up for sale? Like to put a down payment on it???

(insults deleted in the process of eating crow... :o )

BTW, it is true that the sea between the mainland and the Rameshwaram island is full of huge rocks - as big as houses. A child can easily imagine that a Hanuman of immense strength and devotion could lift those and toss them along and make the causeway Sri Rama's army.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Rak » 28 Sep 2002 06:52

Any idea why Ceylon changed its name to Sri Lanka ?

added later:

Okay, I have it here:

http://www.winne.com/srilanka/bfhistory.htm

Very peculiar of a country to change its name
based on an Indian Epic.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Kuttan » 28 Sep 2002 06:57

Because that's what they've always called their island. Try saying "Sri Lanka" after drinking 5 whiskeys, and you'll end up saying "Ceylaan" like the feringhees. :D

Their national anthem has been "Sri Lanka .. Maathaa .." since at least the 1960s when I knew it. The official name change came much later.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby yensoy » 28 Sep 2002 07:23

1. The pictures are definitely not a hoax (unless the good indolink folks infiltrated NASA) - the pics are actually linked to NASA.
2. However, the pics are old. Read the two 6 digit numbers at the bottom. It seems quite likely that it is YYMMDD HHMMSS of the picture. On an average 9 years old. Then again, if we have waited for 17500000 years, why not for 9 more :confused:

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Kuttan » 28 Sep 2002 07:57

Yes, the same pictures do come up when you click on the NASA link. I am going to check if you really get there if you go to the NASA page without first going to the IndoLink page....

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Kuttan » 28 Sep 2002 08:08

OK: going through the NASA site:

http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/scripts/sseop/photo.pl?mission=STS109&roll=707&frame=39

http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/scripts/sseop/photo.pl?mission=STS104&roll=725&frame=4

http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/scripts/sseop/photo.pl?mission=STS104&roll=725&frame=5

YES! I stand corrected: Its there all right - a clear narrow trace of very shallow water. That must be about a mile wide. I seriously doubt if that was human- or ape-built, but it indicates that in a bygone era, when the 7 temples of Mahabalipuram were high and dry, there must have been a nearly-unbroken land connection. Maybe there were channels a few hundred yards wide to be bridged with rocks for people to cross at low tide.

This one is much clearer:
http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/scripts/sseop/photo.pl?mission=STS102&roll=714&frame=2

From Sri Lanka side:
http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/scripts/sseop/photo.pl?mission=STS102&roll=714&frame=4

Here's another good one:

http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/scripts/sseop/photo.pl?mission=STS099&roll=702&frame=7

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Victor » 28 Sep 2002 08:31

Just a mere 2000 years ago, we were killing each other with bows and arrows. 5000 years ago, with rocks. So if we could go from that to being capable of blowing up the solar system in a mere 5k years, what's to say this cycles has not happened at least a couple of times before in, ok, 40000 years? :cool:

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Rak » 28 Sep 2002 08:41

I think India and Sri Lanka were one piece of land
in the time of Yore.

The small strand that is being called the
man-made bridge is actually a pinch effect caused
by two land masses pulling apart from each other.

An analogy would be to hold a piece of soft clay
with two hands and pull the clay in opposite
directions. You will get a narrow strand of man
made bridge even then.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Kuttan » 28 Sep 2002 19:37

Ah! So Jatayu was what the Feringhees called "Pterodactyl" when they sat up in the trees holding on to the branches with their tails, huh??

:D

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby AJames » 29 Sep 2002 03:56

There is no way this could be man made. Homo Erectus left Africa only about 0.6 million years ago. Before this there was no Homo species outside Africa. At 1.75 million years ago There was Australopithicus which was an upright ape with the brain size of a chimpanzee in Africa, but there is no evidence it made it out of Africa. Homo Sapiens (modern man) only made it out of Africa into what is now Yemen about 150,000 years ago, and was stuck there hemmed in by desert until about 75,000 years ago. Homo Sapiens then made it along the coast to Australia by about 70,000 years ago and then onward to China following the coast. A massive volcanic explosion in Malaysia at about 70,000 years ago then wiped out the entire human population in Indo-China and India, and India was then re-populated from the Middle East and Indo-China from China and Australia. Homo Sapiens didn't make it to Europe until 40,000 years ago because the route was hemmed in by a large expanse of desert. Until they became extinct at about 35,000 years there were two other species of Hominoid: Neanderthal man in Europe and Homo Erectus in Asia. DNA analysis of modern man shows that every person on this planet is decended directly from a single woman who lived 150,000 years ago and a single man who lived about 75,000 years ago. Analysis of DNA Neanderthal and Homo Erectus bones shows that the species diverged and did not interbreed since more than 600,000 years ago. There is some evidence from skeletons found in Portugal that Homo Sapiens and Neanderthal man may have interbred, but being different species produced sterile offspring (like donkeys and horses produce mules). Incidentally it has also been determined by DNA evidence that at one time Homo Sapiens faced near extinction in the recent past due to severe desertification in Africa. The amount of genetic variation in Homo Sapiens is minute: there is more genetic variation in one troop of chimpanzees than the entire human race, which leads to the conclusion that humans faced a near extinction in the recent past. At one time about 150,000 years ago, the world population of Homo Sapiens was under 10,000 and stayed fairly low until about 60,000 years ago.

Getting back to the issue of the land bridge, it would have been well above sea level up until the end of the last ice age at about 10,000 years ago when sea levels were lower since the bridge is now only about 2m below sea level for most of it's length.

The "bridge" should be cut for good soon since an Indian project to create a navigable waterway through the shallows to allow coastal shipping to go from the west to east coast of India without circumnavigating Sri Lanka is built. It is also vital from a strategic military perspective since it would allow warships to be moved more quickly from the east to west and vice versa and also prevent other navies from cutting coastal Indian east/west shipping routes.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby AJames » 29 Sep 2002 04:05

Any idea why Ceylon changed its name to Sri Lanka ?

I think it is the same reason why Madras, Bombay and Calcutta are changing names - trying to replace colonial names with supposedly more historic names.

Anyway more interestingly how did Chennai get the name Madras?

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Rak » 29 Sep 2002 04:45

Originally posted by AJames:

Anyway more interestingly how did Chennai get the name Madras?
Chennai and Madras were two different towns in
their original long names chennaipatanam and madarasapatinam.

For some reason both became one and the same
during the British era.

http://www.indtravel.com/chennai/chennai.html

I know Ceylon wanted to shed its colonial name,
and become Sri Lanka, but I was wondering why
Sri Lanka and not something else like Ceylondesh.

I later found out the reason from here:

http://www.winne.com/srilanka/bfhistory.htm

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby member_4471 » 30 Sep 2002 01:22

[quote]Originally posted by Victor:
[b]Just a mere 2000 years ago, we were killing each other with bows and arrows. 5000 years ago, with rocks. So if we could go from that to being capable of blowing up the solar system in a mere 5k years, what's to say this cycles has not happened at least a couple of times before in, ok, 40000 years? ;) The "vimanas" are actually fighter aircraft (sometimes transport aircraft). Remember the dogfight between Krishna and Shalya as reported in the Mahabharata. Krishna brought down Shalya with an astra (actually an AAM). Also the "rathas" are armored vehicles and not horse-drawn carriages. The "astras" were advanced missiles of various types as mentioned in our epics. :p Tactical nukes were used often by the Indians during wars to inflict small-scale damage.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby member_4697 » 30 Sep 2002 02:09

Area wise srilanka is much smaller than southern india. In this image southern india looks smaller than srilanka. So this is bullshit.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby rajeevnair » 30 Sep 2002 02:35

There is nothing wrong in the picture. The big land mass is India. The view is looking downward from the east coast with Sri Lanka as the small island on your left and the Indian land masss to the right.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby S Bajwa » 30 Sep 2002 02:44

There is the Jaffna Peninsula to the left and South India(Tamil Nadu) to the right?

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby saint » 30 Sep 2002 03:05

It was a big mass and then India and or Sri Lanka became physicially independent.

Q How did the asian elephants moved from india-sri lanka or vice-versa?? which then migrated to the western and northern lands before big sea erosions came..??

I do believe in this sea swallowing and land errosion theory.. in a larger or global perspecitive.. and I do have "faith" in our myths.. {no matter the facts were said in the form of myth or myth was actually science those days where people in large were scientifically little dumb}. Hence, I believe myth equals science [more or less] given the variables : the modern scientific knowledge of ancestors, have the behavior of story telling and educating the mass, etc.}.

It could be a fact that it was largely after errosion, that gigantic monkeys could build bridges under the training {instruction - ofcourse you can train monkeys or guerillas to do things.. I have heard monkey stealing from apartments and dogs catching criminals: enough for believing}.. And why is this argument that the bridge was created by MAN??? [:AJames]

Of course not, the myth never said that. Thy myth said, guerilla forces built it. and not human force.. so please.. and please know it was all stones carried by these gimongous monkeys. May be the need {per myth} was to crossover into the lands of the island. Please remember it was only a bridge with stones.. meaning it could be the time then when the waters were'nt deep enough.. so it could be possible and plausible that errosion was a snail-slow one and not a sudden destruction.

Don't forget dinasaurs were existing then in sri lanka {Jurassic Lanka - Part IV / spielberg? ;) Where the ravanasaurus could be highlight of the story. of course without Indian help, if he were to create the story, might get into problems in releasing it {myth based}}

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby karunamurthy » 01 Oct 2002 10:07

Thanx all for ur prompt views,

I could not find an scientfic evaluation and summary of the adams bridge, can some one if found an article supporting this theory give the link,

I have few thoughts, from few of the BR respondents, my views are all on based on my own asumsitions no flamings please

Even in our myths there is a mention about dragons and and creatures which have different shapes and forms, does that resemble the dinosaurs? :D

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Manne » 01 Oct 2002 18:35

DNA analysis of modern man shows that every person on this planet is decended directly from a single woman who lived 150,000 years ago and a single man who lived about 75,000 years ago
Does this sound right ? Was the single woman alone for 75,000 years ? :confused: :confused: :confused:

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby A_Gupta » 02 Oct 2002 01:46

Originally posted by Manne:
[b]DNA analysis of modern man shows that every person on this planet is decended directly from a single woman who lived 150,000 years ago and a single man who lived about 75,000 years ago
Does this sound right ? Was the single woman alone for 75,000 years ? :confused: :confused: :confused: [/b]
Everyone has a mother, and mother's mother, and mother's mother's mother, and so on. So everyone alive today is at the end of line of matrilineal descent. A woman having only sons or no children breaks a particular matrilineal line.

Then, given the fact that there were many fewer people in the past, if you go back far enough in time, there is only one unbroken line of matrilineal descent. Everyone alive today shares an ultimate maternal great-grandmother. This woman, who supposedly lived 150,000 years ago, was not alone; it just means that the matrilineal lines of descent of the other women of her time all terminated.

The time scale is measured by analyzing the varitions in today's population of mitochondrial DNA which is inherited only from the mother; the key things are the rate of the random mutations, and the amount of variation that exists today.

Presumably a similar story holds using the Y chromosome which is inherited by men only from their fathers.

At least, this is my understanding.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Prateek » 02 Oct 2002 06:21

Originally posted by brjay:
Area wise srilanka is much smaller than southern india. In this image southern india looks smaller than srilanka. So this is bullshit.
This happens if you look the wrong way! May be you are treating India as Lanka and vice-versa!

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Prateek » 02 Oct 2002 06:24

Originally posted by AJames:
There is no way this could be man made.
TRUE! because the structure lies in the EAST that too Inidan subcontinent! Hence it can't be man made.

It would have been a manmade bridge if it was either in the Mediteranian sea or in the Northern Atlantic ocean!

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby A_Gupta » 02 Oct 2002 06:43

Please, guys, the picture at the beginning of this thread is of a very small area, the "bridge" is not more than 20 kilometers in length.

See :

http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/sri_lanka_pol01.jpg

[amended] : north is to the right. Sri Lanka is to the left. The central thick cloud is over Jaffna.

-Arun

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Rak » 02 Oct 2002 06:46

Why is it called Adam's bridge ?

Was it built by Adam (an Indian citizen) to get
to Eve, who lived in Sri Lanka ?

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby A_Gupta » 02 Oct 2002 07:10

Well, it is an Indian Muslim belief (apparently not shared by most of the Islamic world) that Allah set down Adam in India or Sri Lanka.

BTW, this proposal for building a road bridge over Adam's Bridge probably belongs in the infrastructure folder ?

http://www.boisrilanka.org/LAND%20BRIDGE.pdf

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Kuttan » 02 Oct 2002 07:16

Was it built by Adam (an Indian citizen) to get to Eve, who lived in Sri Lanka ?
"Adam" is originally "Ah-Daahm" (phonetic spelling) which may be "Hi! Ram! " pronounced by Feringhis following too many bottles of rum.

Now the whole story is clear. Ram ran from Sri Lanka, chased by Ms. Soorpanakha (??), sister of the King of SL, and then he pulled the bridge down after he got across. Excellent thinking on his part, IMO. Else the whole of India might have been infested with people descended directly from this Single Woman type who was alone for 75,000 years.

The "bridge", incidentally, is about 15 miles long and is a causeway. It must also be a mile or so wide to show up in an image of that scale. The other images linked there (from much later Shuttle flights) show better resolution - and they show other flatter, tear-drop shaped islands in between, unlike the thin line (which I still maintain is an edited image, or a freak cloud formation) in the first image of this thread. No, it does NOT look man-made. Why build a causeway a mile wide, in a place known for its storms (then again, maybe you need some width to avoid being washed over by the frequent tidal waves).

In the first image, please look carefully at the clouds. There are clouds only above land, not over the sea. Also, there is a really narrow thread of cloud over S. India, getting even narrower and aimed right over the Pamban peninsula (the India end of this "bridge")

Now if the sea is really shallow over Hai - Ram's bridge, and there are barely-covered islands there, its possible that the sea-water temperature there is higher in the middle of the day there - almost as high as the land temperature. The conditions right above it could therefore be conducive to cloud formation on a smaller scale, as over land. This would explain why there appears to be a thin line of something foggy right over this strip. So the "bridge" in the first image does not really show a continuous immersed causeway - it just shows a continuous thread of clouds or fog.

Look at the later images to see the real geometry of the immersed land-link.

Just as a historical note: In the Palk Straits, rough seas and strong currents are very common, and cyclones come around once in a while.

The land is only a small height above sea level - the highest point on the Dhanushkodi island is probably a sand-dune a few feet high.

In 1965 a cyclone hammered that region - and the huge tidal waves completely changed the geography of the region. Some islands were washed out, others came up. If such changes could occur on a narayanan-era time scale, then on a geological time scale, the entire region may have looked very different in the age when Jatayu and Hanuman roamed the region and stayed clear of Ms. Soorpanaka.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby AJames » 04 Oct 2002 06:01

BTW, this proposal for building a road bridge over Adam's Bridge probably belongs in the infrastructure folder ?

http://www.boisrilanka.org/LAND BRIDGE.pdf


I think this was a response by the Sri Lankan Govt to India's proposal to build a dredged channel to allow large shipping through the Palk straight since this counter-scheme appeared shortly after India anounced the dredged channel scheme. At the moment East-West Indian coastal shipping has to go around Sri Lanka. Also India is developing a major a container port in Tuticorin at the southern tip of India to serve as a hub. If the dredged channel scheme is implemented, it will make Tuticorin a major hub for Indian East-West coastal shipping as well as compete favorably with Colombo for international shipping plying between Singapore and the Suez canal. This is bad news for the port of Colombo which is trying to build itself as the major hub for servicing shipping with India. Hence the scheme for the bridge has been put through now as an alternative scheme that will allow Colombo to maintain it's predominant position as India's shipping hub and prevent Tuticorin challenging Colombo.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Kuttan » 04 Oct 2002 06:50

What stops India from dredging a channel inside Indian territorial waters? It seems rather silly to have to send our ships all round SL. .

A bridge is a major pain because you would then have to have sections which can open up, etc. to let the big ships go underneath. Since it is so shallow, maybe a causeway with a tunnel under the shipping channel would be a lot better - also less likely to be blown away in a storm. Another tunnel for the Lashkar-e-Toiba to commit suicide in.

Guest

Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Guest » 04 Oct 2002 08:39

Originally posted by narayanan:
What stops India from dredging a channel inside Indian territorial waters? It seems rather silly to have to send our ships all round SL. .
N^3. That dredging project (Sethusamudram canal project) seems to be stuck in various feasibility and environmental impact studies from a loooooong time. But there seems to be some deliberate moves of late... so there is hope that this may materialize in the near future.

Govt to take up Sethusamudram canal project at the earliest. (Mar 19, 2002)

How the Sri Lankans view it.

Even the untutored layman can grasp the consequences of the channel for Sri Lanka's economy. The plain fact is that the Colombo port will be the first victim of the channel.
....
The development of Tuticorin into a key port with container facilities can seriously hit what may not be wrong to call the monopoly we hitherto enjoyed at this geographical point on the east-west sea-lanes of the Indian Ocean.

An official at the Ministry of Ports and Shipping on Friday acknowledged unofficially the potential problems Sri Lanka has to face as a consequence of the Sethusamudram channel, including an inevitable fall in revenue.
....
Those benefits of the Indo-Lanka trade pact that are expected to accrue to India will, in practice, go to Tamil Nadu once the Sethusamudram project is complete. Sheer costs will count then as now. It will be cheaper to buy goods in Tamil Nadu and bring them to Colombo through the expanded Tuticorin port.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby AJames » 04 Oct 2002 13:41


N^3. That dredging project (Sethusamudram canal project) seems to be stuck in various feasibility and environmental impact studies from a loooooong time. But there seems to be some deliberate moves of late... so there is hope that this may materialize in the near future.


I think the reason why nothing has been done so far are the usual reasons - bureaucracy and corruption in government. Other smaller projects probably give a better return in terms of backhanders per rubber stamp (regardless of long term economic returns). The new impetus is due to the strategic military importance of the channel since it would allow deployment of ships from the eastern to western sea board more quickly and also make much it easier to protect ships including naval vessels against submarines. Forcing enemy submarines to come into shallow coastal waters makes it much easier detect submarines using ASW surveilance and patroling close to the coast allows a far more extensive coverage than if the international waters around Sri Lanka had to be patroled. Having to patrol around Sri Lanka would tie up India's aircraft carriers and prevent them from being deployed for other purposes. It would also make the carriers more vulnerable to attack and would be much less effective than ASW surveilance operating close to shore.

In economic terms, if you make the channel the same depth and width as the Suez canal, then you have an entire new sea route and India's first major trans-shipment hub since every ship coming out of the Suez canal can take a detour through Indian territorial waters and stop in Tuticorin without taking any longer than going to Colombo and rounding Sri Lanka would require.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Kuttan » 04 Oct 2002 19:29

My personal interest in this is that a highway / railway link between Tuticorin and central Kerala is easy - the rail track is already doubled and electrified most of the way. Which would greatly increase the viability of Nedumbassery International Airport.

NIA is close to sea-level, with flat-land approaches on every side, plenty of expansion land for more runways, and really long runways already. The sea approach is pretty near the coast. This means that NIA is the best hope for the Supersonic Transport industry. Draw a line on a map between Western Europe, staying over the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, and extend it towards Singapore and Australia - and you see that NIA would be the ideal refuelling point. Near sea-level runways, calm winds year-round, no fog, and no worries about having to slow down over land because by the time you go supersonic from NIA you'll have crossed the East coast of India.

WHICH of course, would enable me to go USA - Kerala for a weekend trip (when my YAHOO.com stock gets back up to $500, I mean :( )

Imtiaz Ahmed
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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby Imtiaz Ahmed » 08 Oct 2002 10:08

N, a straight line on a flat map (mercater projection) is not the shortest distance between two points on the surface of the earth. Did u draw a great circle, and did it pass thru NIA? If you did not, or if you did and it did not, regardless of a resurgence in dotcom exuberance, ....

Further, check

http://www.indianrailways.gov.in/

click on network map, zonal map, and southern railway to be rewarded by the best looking map of Indian railway network, I have ever seen. After admiring its beauty (gotta stop to smell the roses sometimes after all), notice long sections of MG between Tuticorin and central Kerala.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby AdityaM » 19 Oct 2002 03:49

Finally, the article today (18 oct) in Hindustantimes, center page, puts to rest all the claims.
Its says that NASA accepts that while the image might be its own, the interpretation is not by NASA, but by some private sites that published the news.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby member_4589 » 19 Oct 2002 06:21

I am reading a nice book called "underworld" by Grahm Hancock who is a diver that worked with the NIO (india) and found "collapsed walls and city like structures" 24 feet below the sea in Dwaraka and in poompuhar.

He has dated the ruins underwater to 10,000 years(8000 BC) and makes the point that there was glacial flooding 9000 years agothat submerged vast areas of Indian coastline. He puts up maps of preflood India, which shows a contiguous landmass between India and srilanks (and slightly beyond).

His view is that the legends say that the Sangam period of tamil was created in a "kumari kandam" and the frst two tamil sangams were in a place called ten madurai(as poopsed to the vadamadurai, which is our madurai) which was near a river called pahuli in "kumarikandam" which was south of kanyakumari, as one contiguous landmass. His theory is that the maldivs were the south tip of the "continent" and were a mountain range before glacial flooding 10-15000 years ago.

Also that there was a costal set of cities/ civilization (including dwaraka, poompuhar, some cities in Indonesia etc)which got wiped out from Glacial flooding and that mohanjodaro/ harappa are recreations/ remenants of the older civilization.

Mainly uses textual study with a backup of actual facts/prehistoric maps/ ruins as the basis of all this.

Interesting book.

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Re: Ancient bridge between India and Sri Lanka

Postby member_4589 » 21 Oct 2002 03:23

Thought i would post a photo from the graham hancock website, because this is very interesting.

<img src="http://www.grahamhancock.com/images/underworld/mahabalipuram2/img_31.jpg" alt="" />

<img src="http://www.grahamhancock.com/images/underworld/cambay/slide3.jpg" alt="" />


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