since we are on HDI topic, I wrote a twitter thread on HDI few months ago. Reproducing it here with some edits. The only true wealth of nation is its high skilled citizens! That's why Germany & Japan were able to very quickly bounce back from devastating world war II where as we still remain in poverty despite escaping WW II.
This is the simple fact. We should focus on two simple aspect: providing cheap, high quality education to the entire population AND focus on production of goods that is required by the population.
Income, services, jobs, health, HDI etc will automatically flow from this two criteria.
the premise has been simplified to a very large extent and it has negated the marshall plan, the per capita investment in dollar terms in japan as well as germany, the money saved by these two in not maintaining a credible and expensive armed force because of the nuclear umbrella provided by the US and hence having the wherewithal to invest in "quality education"
for instance, we forget that in germany, they have had professional guilds for centuries and even today, it takes about 3-4 years for a kid out of school to apprentice as a butcher and even then he will only be able to work under another butcher as his assistant for many years.
Watch you tube to see how carefully and culturally, depending on the market, the meat is dressed and made ready for sale in many of these countries.
and here, all it takes is some callous kid, some bloodstained clothes, a sharp knife and some muttered AOAs whatever to hack the carcass into unidentifiable pieces which the customers happily buy.
Very few goat/sheep/pork/beef carcasses in India have a municipal health stamp and those will only be found in some shops in the main markets.
most shops illegally slaughter in their own little outlets, in the most unhygienic of conditions and without any health checks by the vet.
This is also the state of technical education and training in India. Some companies train at their expense and the guy then jumps ship by leveraging the training for higher wages in another company. This is an endemic problem today and one that I see all the time and companies simply do not have the money to rinse and repeat this expensive process indefinitely.
a company's needs are differentiated by product, process, and equipment and come what may the govt simply cannot produce workmen who are technically qualified to be unleashed on the shop floor right out of the training institute.
India is trying to get there but is stymied by reservations, quota, minority exemptions and caste equations and what not.
I guess that we will get there eventually, in the fullness of time.
BTW, more than a million Indians were directly involved in fighting during WWII and we were taxed like hell to pay for it. We contributed trillions in money and many million tons of food, steel, and other war materiels so your premise that the war passed us by is highly debatable.
The bengal famine was a direct result of this mismanaged war and millions died because of callous britshit policies in handling the bengal food crisis. This was a war crime.
for decades after WWII, the per capita investment in israel by the US was in the hundreds of dollars whereas in India it was in the mere tens of cents and India most certainly contributed much more, very much more than the jews did in terms of the outcome of the war.
we have cha cha neverwho to thank for this.
Just saying onlee.