Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

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nam
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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby nam » 18 Dec 2019 15:02

The current Radar on LCA (the modified 2032) is a kick-ass piece in both modes. But the signal processing is Israeli onlee. As I hear, one of the reasons why the yindoo signal processor was replaced with yehudi one was the poor A2G performance. Essentially too much clutter.


I am not surprised.. DSP was never a favorite of anyone in my class.. It is difficult find people who like Fourier series.. :rotfl:

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby mody » 18 Dec 2019 15:06

JayS wrote:
Dileep wrote:Yes, a lot of stuff is ready for MK1A and also getting back ported to Mk1. But the cockpit avionics of MK1A will 'look' the same, ie three 5X5 MFDs.

I also heard that Uttam A2A mode is excellent. But A2G was not so. The 'opinion' of my source is that LRDE used to say "Oh.. we know A2G very well onlee" and the results surprised them.


Dileep Saar, are we starting to productionise Uttam now..? If not, what is stopping us..?? SW issues can be worked out in parallel and even after induction. Would Uttam need tweaks at HW level now..?? If yes, can the changes be managed in the form of modular design, so that we get on with the long lead items while those particular HW modules are still fine tuned. How much time would be needed for starting serial production..?? If they are expecting it to finish certification in 2-3yrs timeframe, the production line should have been starting to warm up now itself. The long lead items are the ones which are frozen on priority and component level Mfg drawings are released. I never understood this production-go-ahead thinggy we have in our domestic MIC.

The MK1A will have 5x5 SMFDs which is an upgrade over MK1 itself as I understand. Its perfectly fine to keep it that way.


I don't know if the production agency has been identified as yet for the Uttam Aesa. Till the development is complete, nothing will move.
The sad reality of Indian defence production. Maybe Dileep would have better info.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Dileep » 18 Dec 2019 15:32

I once got a chirp that Uttam is entering LSP, but no further information came. They are currently have an EoI running for technology transfer for the TX/RX modules. The pictures do not match that of Uttam modules we saw at Aero India.

LRDE is rightly very secretive organization, so information is difficult to come by. But I am pretty sure we will hear when they are ready for production.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby tsarkar » 18 Dec 2019 16:35

mody wrote:Even for the Netra AEW, the air to ground modes took the longest to develop.

Nethra has A2G modes?

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby JayS » 18 Dec 2019 19:06

Dileep wrote:I once got a chirp that Uttam is entering LSP, but no further information came. They are currently have an EoI running for technology transfer for the TX/RX modules. The pictures do not match that of Uttam modules we saw at Aero India.

LRDE is rightly very secretive organization, so information is difficult to come by. But I am pretty sure we will hear when they are ready for production.


Program level details need not be kept secrete for any projects other than classified projects. The technical and other key details can be redacted from public disclosures easily. We still live in communist era in this matter. And on the other hand some of the DRDO labs are happily releasing crucial drawaings in various tenders.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby JayS » 18 Dec 2019 19:07

mody wrote:
I don't know if the production agency has been identified as yet for the Uttam Aesa. Till the development is complete, nothing will move.
The sad reality of Indian defence production. Maybe Dileep would have better info.

Apart from BEL and Astra, who are the likely candidates..??? In this short list too, BEL is most likely, with Astra getting some modules.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Karan M » 18 Dec 2019 20:42

Uttam is to be made by BEL. TRM modules were made by both Astra and BEL. They are also being made for several other programs.

Regarding no further hardware changes, can't say that easily. Tests will refine hardware and software.

About A2G modes - people keep forgetting the XV-2004 radar. It was used to develop A2S modes (which see the highest clutter) with SAR/ISAR for the Navy's chopper and D0-228 installation mix. Same was leveraged for AEW&CS program, which again was to feature both A2A and A2S modes.

Furthermore, A2G software has been developed for a SAR radar developed for UAV application.

This is the reason why LRDE was so confident about A2G. However, the relative speed matters. The algorithm which worked at x speed won't if the speed is several times higher, or will show up issues where minor issues with platform stabilization cause problems.

This is also why your hardware and software both may need tweaking. You may end up realizing you are consuming far more cycles of a far more computationally intensive algo, and the entire programmable signal processor needs to be redesigned for higher performance.

Remember, in an AESA radar you are talking of near simultaneous interleaved modes - this places far more strain on the PSP than just the Mech radar where you alternate between modes in a more graduated fashion.

So I wouldn't expect, with our budget, for a dozen Uttams to be flying but more like 2-3 which will be run through a lot of tests, constantly modified, tweaked and then a LSP then a SP build cleared.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby ramana » 18 Dec 2019 20:59

KaranM, After the basic design is proofed what stops more engineering development units (EDU) hardware units to be built for the rest of the testing to be completed.
I can understand building a few early development units for hardware testing.
ADA should fund a few more EDUs to complete the testing.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Karan M » 18 Dec 2019 21:06

They will have a mix of ground bench units and a couple of flight test units. IIRC the Uttam was being tested for look up air to air modes from a rooftop.
The biggest delay has been in terms of getting a flight test bed, finally they got a biz jet sometime back. The rooftop test bed can't replicate an actual aircraft because you can't look down, and test accordingly, and after a while you need a fighter. We really need to stop skimping and get a Su-30 test bed.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby ramana » 18 Dec 2019 21:22

Anyone with contacts with actual developers get a list of things that need to be done would be good.

Sunlight is oxygen for such matters.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Kartik » 18 Dec 2019 23:29

Indranil wrote:Kartik,

Trainers for the IAF have not been built yet! The trainers are with NFTC. drawings have been released to HAL in June last year.

Mk1A will have three 5X5 screens.


IR, I am aware of that, but I do recall that one of the trainers was basically handed over to No.45 Squadron for its training activities. Nevertheless, I was hoping for actual exercises with the single seaters of No.45 Squadron rather than a familiarization flight for a Russian pilot.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Kartik » 19 Dec 2019 00:02

Karan M wrote:Uttam is to be made by BEL. TRM modules were made by both Astra and BEL. They are also being made for several other programs.

Regarding no further hardware changes, can't say that easily. Tests will refine hardware and software.

About A2G modes - people keep forgetting the XV-2004 radar. It was used to develop A2S modes (which see the highest clutter) with SAR/ISAR for the Navy's chopper and D0-228 installation mix. Same was leveraged for AEW&CS program, which again was to feature both A2A and A2S modes.

Furthermore, A2G software has been developed for a SAR radar developed for UAV application.

This is the reason why LRDE was so confident about A2G. However, the relative speed matters. The algorithm which worked at x speed won't if the speed is several times higher, or will show up issues where minor issues with platform stabilization cause problems.

This is also why your hardware and software both may need tweaking. You may end up realizing you are consuming far more cycles of a far more computationally intensive algo, and the entire programmable signal processor needs to be redesigned for higher performance.

Remember, in an AESA radar you are talking of near simultaneous interleaved modes - this places far more strain on the PSP than just the Mech radar where you alternate between modes in a more graduated fashion.

So I wouldn't expect, with our budget, for a dozen Uttams to be flying but more like 2-3 which will be run through a lot of tests, constantly modified, tweaked and then a LSP then a SP build cleared.


As usual, great post. Makes it a lot clearer for me.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Kartik » 19 Dec 2019 00:14

From the IAF FB page, the Russian pilot Lt Col that flew in the Tejas trainer along with Grp Cpt Deepak, CTP at NFTC (and former No.7 Battle Axes Mirage-2000 pilot from the patch he wore). LGB attack and SAR attack displayed and the pitch and roll capabilities of the aircraft were demonstrated.

Video 1
Video 2

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Cybaru » 20 Dec 2019 03:10

What is the process of adding new larger external fuel tanks to LCA like?

Any work on adding a larger 2000 liter centerline tank on Tejas?

Are both the 800 and 1200 liters supersonic rated?

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Indranil » 20 Dec 2019 03:27

Cybaru wrote:What is the process of adding new larger external fuel tanks to LCA like?

What do you mean? :D

Cybaru wrote:Any work on adding a larger 2000 liter centerline tank on Tejas?

Not on the centerline. There is length limitation. In the front can't go past nose wheel. At the back can't go back too far where tank will scrape runway during takeoff.

They have also studied larger tanks for inboard pylons. You can see them on the MWF models. It's bulbous in the front (like Rafale/Mirage tanks). It allows larger capacity (IIRC 1360 ltrs) with no additional drag penalties. It also has less adverse affects on LGBs carried on centerline/midboard positions.

Cybaru wrote:Are both the 800 and 1200 liters supersonic rated?

Neither of them are. LCA cannot be go supersonic with 2X800/1200 ltr tanks. They are developing larger supersonic DT for the centerline with oval cross section.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Cybaru » 20 Dec 2019 03:49

Any chaiwallah info about any conformal fuel tanks? Any interest there for MWF?

Thanks for your answers above!

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby VKumar » 20 Dec 2019 04:18

Time to deploy LCA on a border airfield

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Indranil » 20 Dec 2019 04:53

IAF hasn't asked for CFTs on any of the ADA aircraft. Frankly, it's not a priority.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Indranil » 20 Dec 2019 04:54

Love the pylon on the F-18. Never noticed it before. Can somebody shed more light onto this pylon.

Image

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Cybaru » 20 Dec 2019 05:04

Not sure - but here is a good take from A/B/ to E/F - I like the last section.

https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/p011127.pdf

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Indranil » 20 Dec 2019 07:05

Kartik wrote:IR, I am aware of that, but I do recall that one of the trainers was basically handed over to No.45 Squadron for its training activities. Nevertheless, I was hoping for actual exercises with the single seaters of No.45 Squadron rather than a familiarization flight for a Russian pilot.

The trainer was never handed over. As you know they are co located and. The daggers use the trainer whenever required.

I also hope that single seaters took part in the exercise. Let's wait for IAF's future press releases on the exercise.

In other news, FOC SPs are getting there. No roadblocks. Should hear something in month or so.

Another great news is that NLCA has been flown in VikAd's wake. No problems. Pilots are confident. Team returned to Bangalore. Over to IN now.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby chola » 21 Dec 2019 16:18

^^^ I could hardly wait for the first landing of the NLCA on the Viki, Indranil ji!

Before end of year on according to a few on twitter. Realistic?

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Indranil » 22 Dec 2019 06:42

Not before end of year AFAIK.

Test team is ready. It is IN's call to make the ship ready.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Aarvee » 22 Dec 2019 19:09

https://bangaloremirror.indiatimes.com/ ... 893852.cms

Not that we need validation from others but....

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby andy B » 22 Dec 2019 19:18

Indranil wrote:Love the pylon on the F-18. Never noticed it before. Can somebody shed more light onto this pylon.

Image


Saar from memory those are pylons that can either support a ATFLIR or a LANTIRN type of pod solution for with laser designator or support a armaan solution on the rhino but also on the original hornet

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby VinodTK » 23 Dec 2019 14:48

Fom Defenseworld.net: India May Sign Deal For 20% Cheaper LCA Jets At DefExpo-2020
India is likely to finalise the INR 40,000 crore contract for 83 Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas jets, 20% cheaper from previously quoted price, next February at DefExpo-2020 event in Lucknow city, Uttar Pradesh state.
In November 2016, Defense Acquisition Council (DAC), India's highest decision-making body on procurement, approved purchase of Tejas Mark-1A fighters by the IAF at a cost of Rs 50,025 crore.
Subsequent negotiations between defense ministry, Indian Air Force (IAF) and manufacturer Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has helped bring down the price of the jets from INR 50,025 crore to INR 40,000 crore, Indian media reported late last week.
"The draft contract of the deal has been readied by the HAL and the cost of the deal has now come down to around Rs 40,000 crore. This is Rs 10,000 crore less than the Acceptance of Necessity given by the Defense Ministry in 2016," defense sources said.:
:
:
:

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Indranil » 24 Dec 2019 02:49

Good discussion. Wrong thread boys.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Kartik » 24 Dec 2019 03:54

Indranil, any update on SP-21first flight?

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Cybaru » 24 Dec 2019 04:44

Perhaps deelayed for some good reason. Seems like it will be next year only saar at the moment.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Indranil » 24 Dec 2019 08:40

Kartik wrote:Indranil, any update on SP-21first flight?

I had replied earlier. May have been lost in the clutter. In equipping phase. Should be flying in a month or so.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Kartik » 24 Dec 2019 11:09

Indranil wrote:
Kartik wrote:Indranil, any update on SP-21first flight?

I had replied earlier. May have been lost in the clutter. In equipping phase. Should be flying in a month or so.


So they're 3 months delayed already on the earlier mentioned October first flight date for SP-21.

And will that mean a cascading delay on SP-22, 23 and 24 as well, which were to be delivered by March 2020?

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby JayS » 24 Dec 2019 11:35

2-3 months delay for First article is OK. I always expected that much. They can cover it later.

HAL has habit of slogging at the end of FY. So they may still manage 3-4 aircrafts before March end. Lets see.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Kartik » 25 Dec 2019 02:05

JayS wrote:2-3 months delay for First article is OK. I always expected that much. They can cover it later.

HAL has habit of slogging at the end of FY. So they may still manage 3-4 aircrafts before March end. Lets see.


Jay, this is no longer acceptable. They're competing against the likes of Boeing and Dassault, which are delivering their airplanes on time or even ahead of schedule. Now, there is a clear requirement for hundreds of HAL built LCA and MWF fighters and yet HAL seems to give IAF and its critics the ammo to criticize its non-adherence to schedules.

Earlier we all used to crib about the IAF not committing to enough numbers to justify speeding up production, but that is no longer the case.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby nam » 25 Dec 2019 02:17

What is the point of on time or early delivery of FoC, when the line will be idle for 1 to 2 years after the end of the delivery, till Mk1A starts production?

We have IAF on one end, which does not order FOC in numbers and wants to wait for better version and is ready to fly Mig21 till it arrives.

On the order side, we have HAL.. less said the better.

And everyone is screaming about falling sqd numbers and Mig21. I don't think anyone is really serious about sqd numbers.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby LakshmanPST » 25 Dec 2019 07:32

nam wrote:I don't think anyone is really serious about sqd numbers.


I think the 2 Rafale squadrons, 5 S400s and 2 Tejas Mk1 squadrons have relieved the IAF for the time-being...

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby nam » 25 Dec 2019 16:05

LakshmanPST wrote:
nam wrote:I don't think anyone is really serious about sqd numbers.


I think the 2 Rafale squadrons, 5 S400s and 2 Tejas Mk1 squadrons have relieved the IAF for the time-being...


That is true, however we need LCA in numbers. IAF could have continued FOC production with upgrade to Mk1A once available.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby Nihat » 25 Dec 2019 16:40

nam wrote:What is the point of on time or early delivery of FoC, when the line will be idle for 1 to 2 years after the end of the delivery, till Mk1A starts production?

We have IAF on one end, which does not order FOC in numbers and wants to wait for better version and is ready to fly Mig21 till it arrives.

On the order side, we have HAL.. less said the better.

And everyone is screaming about falling sqd numbers and Mig21. I don't think anyone is really serious about sqd numbers.


The defence ministry needs to step in somewhere and clear the clutter in terms of additional Tejas orders, which can always be upgraded later. Keeping the line idle would be borderline criminal wastage IP.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby nam » 25 Dec 2019 16:47

Nihat wrote:The defence ministry needs to step in somewhere and clear the clutter in terms of additional Tejas orders, which can always be upgraded later. Keeping the line idle would be borderline criminal wastage IP.


There has been no deliveries in the past 9 months of IOC version. No one gave a toss. The IOC could have updated to FOC/MK1A as well.

For all the noise, neither IAF nor MoD is interesting in increasing the LCA line to 24.

The screaming is used only to justify MMRCA 2.0. Some one should ask this question to IAF, when they complain about sqd numbers.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby JayS » 26 Dec 2019 00:26

Kartik wrote:
JayS wrote:2-3 months delay for First article is OK. I always expected that much. They can cover it later.

HAL has habit of slogging at the end of FY. So they may still manage 3-4 aircrafts before March end. Lets see.


Jay, this is no longer acceptable. They're competing against the likes of Boeing and Dassault, which are delivering their airplanes on time or even ahead of schedule. Now, there is a clear requirement for hundreds of HAL built LCA and MWF fighters and yet HAL seems to give IAF and its critics the ammo to criticize its non-adherence to schedules.

Earlier we all used to crib about the IAF not committing to enough numbers to justify speeding up production, but that is no longer the case.


IMO, its OK for Slight delays on first article. Small delay now can be absorbed over next 1.5yrs. We do not have exact idea how many changes are there from IOC to FOC. Things are too fluid and IOC SOP was frozen in 2015. Better to take a bit more time and set all processes properly, than to hurry and end up having a crash. The issue with LCA is that HAL has little control over the configuration. The risk management to maintain time and cost has to be the integral part of the program management itself. I'm sure you have noticed by now that we still do not have hard- nosed program management that OEMs like Boeing have. We are pushing too many changes constantly. Had Boeing been making LCA they would never have entertained so many change requests from IAF or ADA, as MFG agency. We have a unique hybrid system currently. Also, Whenever you have a new Baseline or configuration it disturbs the MFG rhythm. A lot of changes and relook at processes are scheduled at such events. Its take a while to set everything in order and get back to rhythm. Thats why ordering too small batches introduce delays. We cannot expect HAL to directly resume from where they left at the end of IOC batch. Ideally the production should not have waited for final FOC production go-ahead, the FOC config frozen much before actual FOC is planned, so production can smoothly switch from IOC to FOC batch without such long gap. But HAL alone has no control on it. We did start production early, could habe been even earlier. I dont think in Western system there is such thing as Production go-ahead. A particular config is frozen for certification and its certified from certifying agency. The OEM controls when and how to manage production in order to keep delivery commitments.

Delays for First Article are quite common for all OEM. Just see how much delayed 777x is currently. Deliveries were to start next year and its yet to make first flight still. Just an example off the top of my head.

HAL should make sure it delivers all 16 FOC fighters by March 2021.

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Re: Tejas Mk.1 & Mk.1A: News & Discussions: 23 February 2019

Postby srai » 26 Dec 2019 05:42

+1

We tend to single out one entity when it’s an issue with the whole immature ecosystem. Growing pains.


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